Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (96 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (29 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
rotv: to decay, or cause something to decay, naturally and gradually
motorn: a device that converts electricity, fuel, etc. into movement and makes a machine, vehicle, etc. work
unnaturaladj: not in accordance with the normal or natural order or not normal, typical, or expected
constantadj: happening repeatedly or all the time
constantlyadv: all the time
exposedadj: having no protection or shield from something, such as bad weather, attack, or criticism
depressedadj: sad and without any hope
tinnitusn: a ringing, buzzing, or other noise in the ears or head that is not caused by an external sound source; often associated with hearing loss or damage to the ear
contrastv: to put in opposition to show or emphasize differences
glidev: to move smoothly and effortlessly
wigglev: to move or cause to move up and down or from side to side in short and quick movements
rattlev: to make or cause to make short, successive, sharp, and loud sounds
rigidadj: extremely strict and difficult to change or adapt; incapable of or resistant to bending
rubv: to move one’s hand or an object over the surface of something with pressure
haulv: to physically drag or pull someone or something with effort
biomimeticsn: the study of natural systems and structures to create new technologies or improve existing ones
adaptiveadj: capable of adjusting to new situations or changing conditions
submarinen: a type of underwater vehicle or vessel that can operate beneath the surface of the water; (adjective) beneath the surface of the sea
propelv: to move, drive or push something forward or in a particular direction, often with a lot of force
imitatev: to copy the speech, behavior, appearance, etc. of someone or something
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
replacev: to take the place of something
spinningn: the act of rotating rapidly around an axis; in the context of textiles, the process of twisting fibers together to form thread or yarn
propellern: a device with rotating blades or vanes used for propulsion or creating lift, typically used on boats or aircraft
disruptv: to prevent or stop something, especially an event, activity, or process, from continuing in the usual way by causing a problem or disturbance
introductoryadj: intended as an introduction or preliminary; serving as a base or starting point
roboticadj: of or relating to mechanical robots; (robotics) the interdisciplinary branch of computer science and engineering with the practical use of robots
demonstrationn: a display or show, often of a particular skill or product, intended to convince or persuade others
untetheredadj: not tied or secured to anything; free to move or roam without restriction or confinement
explorev: to travel to or penetrate an area or a country to learn about it; to thoroughly examine a subject or a possibility to learn more about it
pumpv: to cause water, air, gas, etc. to move from one place to another by using mechanical equipment; to get or supply something such as money, information, etc. in significant quantities
deformv: to change or distort the shape or appearance of something; to become misshapen or distorted
monitorv: to observe, check, and track the progress or quality of something over a period of time
aquaticadj: growing or living in, on or near, or connected with water
propn: a piece of wood, metal, etc., placed beneath or against something to support it or keep it in position; a system, institution, or person that gives help or support to someone or something
noisyadj: making a lot of sounds, especially loud or disruptive sound
desiren: a strong feeling of wanting to have or do something
silentadj: without any or little sound
efficientlyadv: in a way that produces maximum output with minimum effort or expense
convertv: to have a talk with someone; (adjective) reversed in order, relation, or action
electricaladj: relating to electricity
contractionn: the act or process of becoming smaller or shorter in size, volume, or amount
liftv: to raise something to a higher position or level; to pick up something or somebody and move them to a different position
stackn: a pile of something arranged or laid one on top of another; a large tall chimney through which combustion gases and smoke can be evacuated
flexibleadj: able to change or be changed to suit new conditions or situations; able to bend easily
contractn: a legally binding agreement between two or more parties, setting out their rights and obligations to each other, typically in writing and enforceable by law
relaxv: to become or cause someone to become less active or tense and calmer
thighn: the part of the human leg between the hip and the knee; in animals, the corresponding upper part of the hind leg
laminaten: a material made by bonding together two or more layers of different materials, often used in furniture or flooring
pouchn: a small bag or container with a drawstring or zipper used to carry small items; a small sac or pocket within an organ or tissue in the body
conductivityn: the quality of a material’s ability to conduct electricity, heat, etc.
sprayn: a fine mist of liquid that is dispersed into the air; flower arrangement consisting of a single branch or shoot bearing flowers and foliage
injectv: to put a liquid such as a drug or other substance into a person’s or an animal’s body using a needle and syringe (= small tube)
electroden: either of two points or ends of a conductor at which electricity enters or leaves an object, substance, or region
squeezev: to apply pressure from two or more sides; to hold someone or something tightly in your arms, usually with fondness
liquidn: a substance, such as water or oil that flows freely and is neither a solid nor a gas
voltagen: the difference in the force of an electric current between two points
antagonisticadj: characterized by opposition or hostility towards someone or something, often used to describe a confrontational or aggressive attitude
hulln: the main body or frame of a ship, airplane, or other vehicles, or the outer covering or shell of a seed, fruit, or other objects
spinen: the series of bones running down the center of the back that protect the spinal cord and support the body; the backbone or vertebral column
alternateadj: occurring or existing one after the other regularly
fashionn: a style that is popular at a particular time or place; the state of being popular
improvev: to make or become better
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
tediousadj: tiresome or boring because of being repetitive, dull, or too long; causing mental or physical fatigue due to its unrelenting nature
fabricatev: to make something, especially by assembling parts or constructing it from raw materials; to invent and present something false as true or real to deceive someone
softwaren: a set of computer programs and associated documentation and data for doing particular computational jobs
simulatev: to make a pretense of someone’s behavior or looks; to reproduce something that exists in real life using computers, models, etc., usually for study or training purposes
optimizev: to make the best or most effective use of something
continuousadj: occurring or existing without a pause or interruption
interpolationn: the insertion of something, such as a word or phrase, into a text or speech; the estimation of a value within an existing set of data by calculating values that are based on surrounding known values
creaturen: a living being, especially an animal
healv: to make a wound or injury to become well again
stimulatev: to encourage something to develop or become more active; to stir the feelings or emotions
lastingadj: durable and enduring over time; continuing or permanent in effect
fascinatingadj: extremely interesting
standaloneadj: (of computer hardware or software) able to operate the system without being connected to other hardware or software; (also stand-alone) capable of working independently
immuneadj: protected against a particular disease or toxin due to the presence of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells
chemicaladj: relating to or connected with chemistry;
nutrientn: any substance that is essential for the maintenance and growth of living things
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
sustainableadj: able to continue or be continued for a long time
biodegradev: to decay naturally by microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi
emissionn: the act of production or sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
pollutionn: the introduction of harmful substances or waste into the natural environment that causes adverse change
mimicv: to imitate someone’s speech, movement, or behavior, especially to make others laugh
rethinkv: to consider again a plan, idea, etc., especially to change it
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
holisticadj: relating to or dealing with the whole of something rather than just its parts
perspectiven: a confident attitude toward something; a particular style of thinking about something
integratev: to combine one thing with another so that they form a whole or work together; to accept equal participation for members of all races and ethnic groups
pollutev: to make an area or substance, such as land, air, water, etc., dirty or harmful to living things by adding waste matter or harmful chemicals
reimaginev: to imagine or conceive of something in a new or different way
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known

Leave a Reply