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All Words (549 Words)

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Advanced Words (152 Words)

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agriculturen: the practice or science of cultivating the land or raising stock
independencen: freedom from another’s or others’ control or influence
scholarn: professor; a person who studies a topic in considerable depth, particularly in a university
Mediterraneann: the sea encircled by southern Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia
desertn: arid land with little or no vegetation often covered with sand or rocks
sub-Saharanadj: of or relating to or situated in the area south of the Sahara Desert
settlev: to reach an agreement of disagreement
scatterv: to cause to separate and go in different directions
concentrationn: the ability to focus all your time and energy on one thing without thinking about anything else.
domesticatev: to take control of animals or plants to provide food, power, or company
cropn: a plant that is cultivated in large amounts, particularly for food
milletn: a tiny seed of any of several annual cereal types of grass used as food, mainly to manufacture flour and to feed birds and animals
sorghumn: a type of grain grown in tropical countries
originn: the first existence or beginning of something
diffuseadj: spread out widely; not concentrated in one place
demonstratev: to display something or give an exhibition to an interested audience
receptiveadj: willing to listen to or accept new ideas or suggestions
importationn: the commercial activity of buying and bringing in goods from a foreign country
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
extendv: to broaden in scope, range, or area
livestockn: farm animals and birds such as cows, sheep, and chickens
cattlen: cows, bulls, and buffalos that are raised for their milk or meat as farm animals
apparentlyadv: based on what you have heard or read
invadev: to enter aggressively into another’s territory by military force for conquest and occupation
chariotn: a two-wheeled horse-drawn battle vehicle used in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome for warfare and racing
traversev: to cross or move through a land or water area
adoptv: to choose to follow something; to legally take a child from another family and care for them as if they were one’s own
savannahn: a mixed forest and grassland ecosystem where the trees are far enough apart that the canopy doesn’t close
cavalryn: a highly mobile army unit
carvev: to create something by cutting wood or stone; to turn sharply
imperialadj: relating to or associated with an empire or the person or country that rules it
finalityn: the fact of being conclusive or settled
cameln: a cud-chewing mammal used as a draft or saddle animal in desert regions
innovationn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation
thrivev: to grow vigorously; to make steady progress
harshadj: severe and unkind; extremely tough and unpleasant to inhabit
cheaplyadv: in a stingy or inexpensive manner
transportn: a system for moving people or products from one location to another using automobiles, roads, and so on
transformv: to change in outward structure or looks;
barriern: a fence or other obstruction that makes it hard to move or get in; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
diffusionn: a spreading motion in multiple directions
intermediateadj: situated between two locations, things, states, etc.; around the middle of a scale of evaluation
bronzen: a dark red-brown metal that is created by combining copper and tin
metallurgyn: a branch of materials science and engineering that stands at metals’ physical and chemical properties, their compounds with other metals, and their mixtures, called alloys.
coppern: a chemical element that is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity
penetratev: to pass into or through something, often by overcoming resistance
roughlyadv: approximately but not precisely; with a violent manner
evidentadj: apparent to the mind, senses, or judgment
technologicaladj: based on scientific and industrial progress
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
profoundadj: extremely great; sensed or experienced very strongly; displaying a high level of knowledge or comprehension
blacksmithn: a smith who forges and shapes iron with a hammer and anvil
functionaryn: a worker who has official duties
hoen: a garden tool with a flat blade attached at right angles to a long handle
warriorn: a person who engaged in or experienced warfare, especially in the past
symboln: something visible that is used to represent something else
ritualn: any customary observance or practice; any prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies
limitationn: a rule or act that restricts the scope of something
ingeniousadj: showing inventiveness and ability or skill
furnacen: an enclosed chamber for heating metal or glass to very high temperatures
carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
adaptv: to make fit for or change to suit a new purpose or environment
accompanyv: to go somewhere or travel with someone or something
migrationn: the movement of animals to a new location, frequently as the seasons change
fleev: to leave by running away, especially out of fear or danger
desiccatev: to remove moisture and liquids from something thoroughly
tonguen: a moveable mass of muscle tissue covered with mucous membrane that is in the mouth; a language
archaeologyn: the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
conquerv: to bring under control by force or authority
opponentn: a person against whom you are playing or fighting in a game, competition, debate, etc.
implementv: to put a decision, plan, or system into effect
uncertainadj: not being sure of something; not being able to choose
peacefuladj: not involving violence, conflict, or war
demographicn: a statistic characterizing that describes people or groups of people based on their age, sex, income, etc.
explosionn: a violent release induced by a chemical or nuclear reaction
liquidn: a substance, such as water or oil that flows freely and is neither a solid nor a gas
quantityn: the amount or number of something; magnitude
Marsn: a small reddish planet that revolves around the sun at the fourth position and is periodically visible to the naked eye
runoffn: the occurrence of surplus liquid such as water that exceeds the limit or capacity; another competition, election, race, etc., following a tie or inconclusive outcome
outflown: the leakage of fluid from a container; a natural flow of groundwater
highlandadj: an area of elevated land or hilly terrain
extensiveadj: covering a large area; having a wide range
interconnectv: to connect similar things
twistv: to bend or turn something into a certain shape
mergev: to combine or integrate things, or to cause this to happen
resemblancen: similarity in appearance or exterior or superficial details
earthyadj: relating to or like earth or soil; not far removed from or suggestive of nature
geologistn: a scientist or specialist who studies geology
rainfalln: the amount of rain that falls in a specific location at a particular moment
valleyn: a long depression on the surface of the land, which typically contains a river
Martianadj: of or relating to Mars or its imaginary inhabitants
atmospheren: the mass of air that surrounds the Earth; the pervading tone or mood of a place, situation, or creative work
widespreadadj: existing or happening in various places or among many people
relicn: an object from a previous era, especially one of historical value
catastrophicadj: extremely harmful; causing physical or financial destruction
floodn: a large amount of water flowing beyond its normal limits; an overwhelming number or amount
equatorn: an line of latitude that separates Earth’s northern and southern hemispheres and has a radius of around 40,075 kilometers (24,901 miles)
volumen: the amount of space occupied by an object or substance; the magnitude of sound
drainv: to empty or dry something by removing the liquid from it
plainadj: without being decorated in any way; (Noun) a vast expanse of flat land with few trees
onrushn: a strong forward rush or flow; an offensive against an enemy
flashn: a sudden intense burst of radiant energy; a momentary brightness
oddadj: strange or unexpected; not divisible by two
teardropn: anything shaped like a falling drop as a pendant gem on an earring; a single tear that falls from the eye
resemblev: to look like or be similar to someone or something
miniatureadj: being on a very small scale
tiden: the cyclical rise and fall of sea level caused by the moon’s gravitational pull
judiciaryn: persons who administer or enforce justice
depthn: the distance between the top and bottom of something; between the top surface and a distance below it
approximatelyadv: close to a specific number or time but not exactly that number or time
volcanicadj: relating to or produced by or consisting of volcano
speculatev: to form a theory or conjecture or guess about a subject without solid evidence
extendedadj: longer than usual or anticipated
adornv: to make something or somebody more attractive or beautiful
surveyorn: an engineer who measures and records the details of areas of land
specializev: to become an expert in a specific career field, study, or business
sedimentn: the substance that forms a solid layer at the bottom of the liquid
cratern: a huge bowl-shaped cavity in the earth or an object in space, usually created by an explosion or the impact of a meteorite
expansen: a substance, such as water or oil, that flows freely and is neither a solid nor a gas
computev: to make a mathematical calculation
polaradj: relating to, or close to, the North or South Pole; characterized by complete opposites
extentn: the point or degree or area to which something extends
ancientadj: relating to the long ago, particularly the historical period preceding the fall of the Western Roman Empire; very old
lowlandn: low-lying country or region
basinn: a natural depression or valley that is circular or oval on the surface of the earth, especially one that has water in it; a container with a bowl form that is typically used to hold food or liquids
rimn: the edge of something in the shape of a more or less circular object
controversialadj: causing a lot of hot public discussion and dispute
proponentn: a person who supports an idea or pleads for a cause
terracen: commonly paved outdoor space next to a house; a row of homes that were all constructed in the same design and shared dividing walls
conceivableadj: imaginable or possible to understand or believe in the mind
evaporatev: to turn a liquid into a gas; to become less intense and disappear gradually
shorelinen: a line that separates land and sea
recedev: to pull back or move away or backward
detractv: to diminish the value or worth of a quality or performance
geologyn: a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
depressedadj: sad and without any hope
hemispheren: half of the terrestrial globe; half of a sphere
carbonaten: a carbonic acid salt or ester that contains the anion CO3
compoundn: an item composed of two or more distinct elements combined; a chemical formed by the combination of two or more elements
abundancen: a significant amount of something; the situation in which there is too much of something
absencen: the fact or condition of being away from a place where they are typically anticipated to be
implyv: to indicate the truth or existence of something without referring to it
planetn: any of the nine large celestial bodies that circle in the solar system; any celestial body that revolves around a star
gullyn: deep water-cut trench, especially after a prolonged downpour
inconclusiveadj: without any significant results or proof or decision
astronomern: a physicist who studies astronomy
vaporn: a mass of tiny liquid drops in the air
unprovenadj: not tested or proved
hintn: an indirect suggestion; a slight but appreciable amount of something
virtuallyadv: almost completely
permafrostn: a layer of soil that is permanently below freezing, usually in polar regions
cohesiveadj: causing cohesion; bringing people or things together
peculiaradj: odd and uncommon, sometimes in an unpleasant way
cementv: make fast as if with cement; (noun) a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay, used with water, sand, and small stones to make concrete
realmn: a domain of activity, interest, or knowledge
bondn: a close emotional connection between two or more people; a certificate of debt that a government or corporation issues to raise money
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
monolithicadj: characterized by massiveness, rigidity, and uniformity
entityn: something that exists independently and has its own identity
organizationn: a group of people who work together for a shared purpose
psychologyn: the scientific study of mind and behavior
garrisonn: a group of soldiers stationed to defend a town or fort
provincen: the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
principlen: a fundamental law or truth that explains or controls how something happens or works
universaladj: existing or affecting everywhere or everyone
enforcev: to make sure that people obey a particular law, rule, or situation
conductv: to organize and carry out a particular activity
absoluteadj: perfect or complete or to the most considerable degree possible
certaintyn: the state of being certain
threatenv: to utter intentions of injury or punishment against someone
utterlyadv: completely or absolutely
obsessionn: the state in which a person’s mind is filled with thoughts of one single object or particular person
unityn: the condition of being together or in agreement
cohesionn: the act or state of keeping or sticking together
organismn: a tiny living thing
expandv: to increase or to make something greater in size, number, or importance
lanen: a narrow road in the countryside; a well-defined track or path for someone such as a swimmer or driver
assemblev: to collect in one place as a single group
territorialadj: related to a specific country’s ownership of land or water
conquestn: the act or process of taking control of a country, area, or situation
contrastv: to put in opposition to show or emphasize differences
starkadj: empty, simple, or apparent; devoid of any qualifications
essentialadj: indispensable; fundamental
undeniableadj: not possible to deny; true or certain
marchv: to walk militarily with stiff, regular steps
wedv: to marry someone
landsmann: a person who lives and works on land
phenomenonn: something that exists and can be perceptible, especially one that is not fully understood
emphasisn: particular importance or significance that is given to something
instinctn: an inborn behavioral pattern that is often responsive to specific stimuli; an innate feeling that causes you to act or believe that something is true
imperativeadj: very important or requiring attention or action
priorityn: something that is more important than other things and should be dealt with first
exploitationn: the process of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful
probableadj: likely to happen or likely to be true
fertileadj: capable of producing abundant vegetation or crops; intellectually productive
habitualadj: commonly used or repeated
settlementn: an official agreement that brings an argument to a close; the process of establishing permanent residence in a place.
propertyn: a thing or things that belong to someone
geniusn: someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality
orderlyadj: clean or organized in a neat, careful and logical way
attachmentn: a feeling of affection for someone or something
stabilityn: the quality or attribute of being firm and steadfast
ruraladj: of or relating to the countryside
engenderv: to make a feeling or situation exist; to cause or give rise to
fosterv: to promoto growth; to take care of another person’s child, usually for a limited time, without becoming their legal parents
virtuen: high moral standards in behavior or attitudes
gravitasn: the quality of seriousness and importance
devotionn: great loyalty and love or deep consideration for someone or something
attituden: the way you think and feel about someone or something
infiniteadj: unlimited or very great; impossible to measure
impressiveadj: arousing admiration due to size, quality, or skill
thoroughadj: done completely; significantly careful and accurate
disgustn: a strong feeling of dislike or disapproval
worshipv: to have or show a strong feeling of profound respect and admiration for a religious entity such as God or a god
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
predisposev: to make someone susceptible
admirev: to have regard for or respect for someone’s qualities or the actions they have performed
attractv: to draw or entice someone or something towards them through the qualities they have, especially positive ones
subtletyn: the quality of being subtle
solidadj: hard or firm; characterized by good substantial quality
dislikev: to not like someone or something
imitationn: a duplicate of anything, particularly something valuable; the act of replicating someone or something
continuationn: the act of carrying something on over time without interruption
mereadj: used to emphasize how insignificant or minor someone or something is
derivativen: something which is based on another thing or word or idea; a financial instrument whose value is based on another security
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
divisionn: the act or outcome of splitting into separate parts; a critical organizational unit or sector
intellectn: the ability to think logically and comprehend information, especially at an advanced level
noveltyn: the quality of being new, attractive, and unusual
disdainv: to look down on
epistlen: a specially long, formal letter
debtn: something, especially money, goods, or services owed by one person to another; the state of owing something
enormousadj: extremely large or great
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
moralityn: principles of right and evil or good and bad behavior
philosophyn: the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind
consciouslyadv: with awareness; in a deliberate manner
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
educatedadj: having received a high standard of education
fluentadj: able to communicate in a specific language smoothly or effectively, or easily
advancev: to go or move forward; to develop in a positive way
achievementn: a thing that someone has accomplished, primarily through their effort and ability
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
sensibilityn: mental responsiveness and awareness toward something
accidentn: an unfortunate event, especially one causing damage or injury
statesmann: a man who is a respected leader or politician in national or international affairs
calibern: a level of excellence or worth of someone or something; diameter of a tube or gun barrel
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
professorshipn: a university lecturer of the highest rank, or the position of it
essayn: a short piece of writing on a particular topic, usually written by a student as a port of a course of study
draftn: a preliminary version of something that is not yet in its final form
overhearv: to hear what other people are saying without intending to and their knowledge
graduaten: a person who has a first degree from university or college; (verb) to complete the first course of university or college and get a degree
retirementn: the fact or act of stopping working and leaving one’s job
anthropologyn: the scientific study of humanity, concerned with human behavior, human biology, cultures, societies, and linguistics in both the present and past, including past human species
departv: to go away or leave, especially to start a journey
bulletinn: a short news report or program on the radio or television; an official statement or broadcast about something important
inspiringadj: stimulating and motivating you to want to do something
pitchn: the property of sound that varies with variation in the frequency of vibration; the degree of a slope, especially of a roof; short presentation for selling or sharing something
flashyadj: attractive or impressive by being bright, expensive, large, etc.; (used especially of clothes) marked by conspicuous display
administerv: to oversee and control the operation or arrangement of something
assistantn: someone who helps or supports someone else to do a job
excitingadj: causing a lot of interest or excitement
compilev: to create a book, a list, a report, etc., by combining various objects, articles, music, etc.
databasen: a large amount of data stored in a computer system in such a way that it can be searched and updated easily
facultyn: an inborn or natural ability to hear, see, think, move, etc.; a department or group of the university concerned with a major division of knowledge
gloryn: great honor or success won by notable achievements
hesitatev: to pause decision before saying or doing something
supposev: to think that something is likely to be actual or possible
versatileadj: able to do many things in different fields; having many talents
interactionn: the act of connecting with someone, mainly when working, playing, or spending time with them
influentialadj: having significant impact or power on someone or something
ethnologyn: an academic field that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationships between them
speciationn: the evolutionary process by which populations evolve to become distinct species
distinctadj: noticeable from something else of a similar type
populationn: the total number of people in a country, region, or location
isolatev: to physically or socially separate someone or something from other people or things
linguisticadj: relating to language or the study of language
fascinatingadj: extremely interesting
assignmentn: a duty or task given to someone, usually as part of their job or studies
volunteern: a person who performs or offers to perform a job or service without being paid for or forced to do
announcev: to make something known or officially inform people about something
refusev: to show that one is not willing to do or accept something
preferv: to like, choose, or want one thing or person better than another
preparationn: the activity of getting ready for something or making something ready
permanentadj: lasting for a long time without essential change
varyv: to become different in terms of size, shape, etc.
doubtn: a feeling of being uncertain about something, especially about how good or accurate it is
qualificationn: an official record of an exam showing that you have completed
recommendv: to suggest that someone or something would be a suitable fit for a particular purpose or role
apologizev: to express regret for committing wrongdoing or causing a problem
batn: a nocturnal animal with wings that flies and feeds at night, similar to a mouse; a piece of wood with a handle used for hitting the ball in sports including baseball, cricket, and table tennis
acousticsn: a branch of physics that deals with the study of mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids, including topics such as vibration, sound, ultrasound, and infrasound
biologyn: the scientific study of life and the natural processes of living things
ultrasoundn: higher frequency sound than humans can hear
frequencyn: an ordered array of colors into which a light beam can be split
blindadj: unable to see; unable or unwilling to perceive or understand the true nature of something
echolocationn: the use of reflected sound waves to locate objects, particularly by dolphins and bats.
locatev: to specify or determine the exact position of someone or something
navigationn: the act of directing a ship or airplane from place to place; advice or information intended to resolve a problem or challenge, especially as given by someone in authority
typicaladj: having the usual characteristics or traits of a specific group of things
insectn: any small creature that has six legs and a body divided into three sections
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
visionn: the ability to think about or see the future with imagination and intelligence; the faculty of being able to see
summaryn: a brief statement that provides the critical aspects of something without going into depth
emitv: to give off or send out something such as light, heat, sound, gas, etc.
ultrasonicadj: having frequencies above the upper limit of human hearing
analyzev: to think about in-depth and evaluate to discover essential features or meaning
bouncev: to cause to move up or away after hitting a surface; to spring back
diagramn: a simplified illustration of the appearance, structure, or workings of something
echon: a sound heard after being reflected off a surface, such as a wall or a cliff
caven: a large hole in the side of a hill, cliff, mountain, or under the ground
detectv: to find or recognize something, especially something difficult to see, hear, etc.
associatev: to mentally connect someone or something with someone or something else
mothn: an insect with wings similar to a butterfly that travels at night and is attracted to light
preyn: the object of a hunt; an animal hunted or trapped for eating
distinguishv: to notice or understand the difference between two people or things
underestimatev: to think or suppose that a quantity, price, or size is smaller than it is
sophisticatedadj: having a great deal of worldly experience and knowledge of people’s behavior, culture, and fashion
filtern: any of several types of equipment or systems used to separate particles from liquids or gases or to remove specific forms of light
radarn: a technology that employs radio waves to locate items that cannot be seen
ignorev: to intentionally not listen or pay attention to
stationaryadj: not moving or not capable of being changed
cluttern: to fill a room or place with so many items that it becomes messy
experimentn: the scientific test conducted to observe what happens and gain new knowledge
spearn: a weapon with a long shaft and a sharp metal point used for battle, hunting, and fishing in the past
massn: a large amount of a substance with no definite shape or form; a large number of people or things grouped or crowded together
chaoticadj: without any order or organization; extremely disorganized, unpredictable, and confusing
acousticadj: relating to sound or the sense of hearing
evaluatev: to assess or estimate the quality, significance, quantity, or value of something
deciduousadj: (of plants and shrubs) shedding its foliage annually; (of teeth, antlers, etc.) shedding its body parts at the end of a period of growth
maplen: a tall tree with five-pointed leaves that turn brilliant crimson or yellow in the fall that grows in the northern region
oakn: a large deciduous tree that is common in northern regions and produces small nuts called acorns
denseadj: containing a large number of people or something with little space between them
packedadj: extremely full of people; very crowded
faintadj: not strong, clear, or vigorous; slight or weak
waveformn: a curve illustrating the shape of a wave at a specific time
jaggedadj: having a rough and sharply uneven surface or outline
roughadj: not quite exact or correct; having or caused by an irregular surface
pulsen: the regular heartbeat as it sends blood around the body, especially when it is felt at the wrist or side of the neck; a solid regular vibration of sound, electric current, light, or other waves
comparisonn: the consideration or examination of the similarities between two or more people or things
accurateadj: correct and exact in all details
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
accordn: an official agreement or treaty between two organizations, countries, etc.; (verb) allow to have
reactv: to take action in response to something
presencen: the fact or state that someone or something exists, occurs, or is present
surroundv: to be all around something or somebody
trunkn: the main stem or body of a tree which its branches grow
intervaln: a period between two events or times; a short break or pause
praisen: an expression that shows approval and admiration of the achievements or characteristics of someone or something
requirementn: something that is needed or wanted
registrarn: an official in charge of maintaining official records
diploman: a document showing the completion of a course of study or a portion of the education program; a course of study at a college or university
warnv: to make someone aware of potential danger or difficulty, particularly one that may occur in the future
academicadj: associated with schools, colleges, and universities, especially studying and thinking, not with practical skills
outlinev: to describe the main facts or aspects involved in something
definitelyadv: without any question and beyond doubt; clearly
chairpersonn: the officer who presides over organization meetings
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
assignv: to give a specific job or piece of work to a someone
fieldworkn: real-world research or study conducted outside a library or laboratory.
supplementn: something that is added to something else to make it better or complete it
cancelv: to decide that a previously scheduled activity will not take place
immediatelyadv: now or without delay
verifyv: to check that something exists or is true, or to prove that something is correct
arrangementn: a plan or preparation for the future event; the action or process of placing things in a particular order
certifyv: to formally state, especially in writing, that something is true
deadlinen: a date or period by which something must be done
fulfillv: to meet the requirements or expectations; to achieve or realize
submitv: to give or offer a document, proposal, etc. to a decision-maker for examination or consideration
regularlyadv: at regular intervals or times
obtainv: to get something, especially by making a great effort
emphasizev: to give or show particular importance to something
motivationn: the reason or enthusiasm for acting or behaving in a particular way
resolvev: to find a suitable answer to the problems or difficulty
graden: a particular level of quality, size, importance, etc.
reliabilityn: the quality of being able to be trusted or believed in doing what someone desires or requires
approvev: to think that someone or something is favorable, acceptable, or appropriate; to officially accept a plan, request, etc.
habitatn: the type of natural environment in which an organism or group usually lives or occurs
dispersev: to spread out or distribute over a broad region, or to cause something to do so
reproducev: to make a copy of something such as a picture, piece of text, music, etc.; to produce offspring through a sexual or asexual process
physicallyadv: in a way related to a person’s body or appearance rather than their mind
breedv: to keep animals for producing offspring in a regulated manner
preferencen: a stronger liking or interest for something or someone than another thing or person
offspringn: descendant; any immature animal or plant
survivaln: the state of continuing to exist or live, frequently in the face of difficulty or danger
recapv: to repeat or summarize what has been said, decided, etc.
frankadj: honest and sincere; open and candid in expression
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
normallyadv: usually; under normal conditions
elementn: a fundamental or essential part of something
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
destructionn: the act of causing so much damage to something
shorebirdn: a bird that visits the seashore
shellfishn: water creatures that live in shells, especially one of the types that can be eaten
blendv: to mix or combine two or more substances
camouflagen: an outward appearance that conceals the underlying essence of something; the way of concealing troops or military equipment so they cannot be seen against the surrounding environment
predatorn: an animal whose natural behavior is to prey on others
shallowadj: not having much distance from the top to the bottom
depressionn: a mental condition in which a person feels very unhappy and without hope for the future; a severe recession in an economy or market
fledglingn: water creatures that live in shells, especially one of the types that can be eaten
nestn: a structure in which animals lay their eggs or give birth to their young
vulnerableadj: capable of being hurt or influenced physically or mentally
conservationistn: a person who advocates or acts to protect and preserve the environment and wildlife
sandbarn: an extended raised area of sand beneath the surface of the water, typically generated by moving currents, especially where a river enters the sea
inaccessibleadj: unable to travel to or reach; not available
instancen: a particular example or single occurrence of something
exhibitv: to show something in public for people to enjoy or to provide them with information
warblev: (of a bird) to sing, particularly with an unstable high voice
songbirdn: a bird with a musical call, such as a blackbird or thrush
hardwoodn: the wood of a broadleaf tree, such as oak, ash, or beech, as contrasted to that of conifers
bushn: a plant growing thickly with many small branches and several stiff stems coming up from the root
underneathadv: under or below something else
shrubn: a woody plant that is smaller than a tree and has several main stems emerging from the soil
densityn: the quality of compactness of a substance
spotn: a particular location or place; a small round or roundish area, differing in color or feels from the surface around it
dominantadj: more important, influential, or easy to notice than anything else of the same type
reproductiveadj: connected with the process of reproduction; relating to reproducing babies, young animals, or plants
chickn: a baby bird, especially a young chicken
correlatev: to have a connection or relationship in which one thing affects or depends on another
streamn: a small, narrow river; a continuous flow of something, such as liquid, gas, people, vehicles, etc.
essentiallyadv: relating to the essential features or concepts of anything
competev: to strive to achieve more success than someone or something
suitn: a set of clothes that are made from the same material; a claim or complaint that a person or organization can file in court against another party; (verb) to be fit or acceptable for
primeadj: main or most important; basic
competitorn: a person who participates in a sporting contest; a person or organization that competes with others, particularly in business
competitionn: a situation in which someone is attempting to beat or outperform another
examinev: to study or consider a person or object attentively and thoroughly to learn something about them
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
availv: to help or benefit; to use or take advantage of
predatoryadj: living by eating other animals, especially by catching prey that is still alive
illustratev: to provide pictures, photographs, diagrams, etc. in a book or something for explanation
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
vegetationn: plants in general, particularly those indigenous to a particular region or spot
disturbv: to interrupt someone who is trying to work, sleep, etc.
competitiveadj: involving competition or competitiveness
inferv: to form an opinion or conclude that something is true based on existing facts
contradictv: to deny the truth of a statement by stating the opposite; to be in conflict with
aspectn: one part or feature of a situation, problem, subject, etc.
recallv: to remember something
birchn: a slender, hardy tree with smooth bark and narrow branches, native to northern regions
barkn: the hard outer layer of a tree; a sound made by dogs or some other animals
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
soiln: the top layer of Earth in which plants grow
prevalentadj: existing very commonly in a particular area or in a specific time
waterproofadj: not permitting the passage of water
utensiln: a tool used in the house
peelv: to remove the skin of fruit and vegetables
adherev: to stick firmly; to be compatible
pliableadj: flexible; easy to bend without breaking or cracking
cordn: a strong, thick, or thin thread or rope; a piece of plastic-coated wire used to transport electricity to a piece of equipment
canoen: a narrow, light boat with pointy ends and no keel that is propelled by a paddle
vesseln: a ship or large boat
overgrownadj: covered in plants that have been allowed to grow naturally and have not been controlled
lightweightadj: composed of thinner and lighter material than average; not severe or impressive
sturdyadj: physically strong and not easily damaged
stretchv: to make or be capable of making anything longer or broader without hurting or breaking
framen: a strong border or structure of the wood, metal, etc. that surrounds something such as a picture, door, or window
stitchn: one of the tiny thread lines visible on a piece of fabric after it has been sewn
sealedadj: closed or secured with
stickyadj: made of or covered with an adhesive substance; hot or warm and humid
watertightadj: tightly sealed, secured or designed to prevent water entry or passage
cargon: the goods carried by ship, aircraft, or other vehicles
weighv: to have a particular weight; to carefully evaluate things before making a conclusion
poundn: the standard unit of money in the UK; the standard unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
vastadj: enormous in size, number, amount, or quantity
maneuvern: a motion or combination of moves that requires skill and care; a clever strategy, activity, or movement intended to give someone an advantage
occasionallyadv: now and then; sometimes but not often
alliancen: a partnership or association formed for mutual benefit, particularly between nations or organizations.
efficiencyn: the state or quality of doing something well with no waste of input such as time or money
lodgen: a small country house where people stay when they want to participate in outdoor activities; (verb) officially present a complaint, appeal, claim, etc. to the appropriate authorities
roofingn: the material used in the construction of roofs
adeptadj: having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude to do something quite difficult
characteristicn: a typical feature or quality that can identify, tell apart, or describe something or somebody
repelv: to force an attack or attacker to withdraw or retreat
texturen: the feel or appearance of a surface or substance
settlern: a person who moved with a group of others to live in a different country or area
misprintn: typography, such as a misspelled word in a printed text
explanationn: the information or arguments that someone provides to make something understandable or clear
geographyn: a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth
disagreev: to have or express a different opinion, idea, etc.
narratorn: a person who tells a story, especially in a book or film
prohibitv: to officially stop something from being done or used, especially by enforcing the law
semestern: one of the periods that the school or university divided into, especially in the US and Australia; a half-year term
intentionn: something you want to do and are going to do
pedestriann: a person who is in the street, especially in an area where vehicles go
collidev: to hit something violently when moving
posev: to present a risk, problem, or other issues that must be addressed
prohibitionn: the act of not allowing something, or an order that does so, especially by law or authority
operatev: to work in a particular way; to supervise something
convenientadj: useful, helpful, or quick to do
alternativen: one of two or more available possibilities or choice
suev: to claim a person or organization, especially by filing a legal claim for money or redress
hazardn: something dangerous and likely to cause damage
visibleadj: capable of being seen; or open to easy view
modificationn: the act of changing something, usually to improve it, or something changed
modifyv: to change something slightly, such as a plan, option, law, etc., especially to make it more suitable for a particular purpose
pleasantadj: enjoyable, attractive, friendly, or agreeable
unpleasantadj: not enjoyable or comfortable
discouragev: to make someone lose confidence, enthusiasm, or less willing to do something
repetitionn: the act of doing or saying something many times
frequentadj: happening constantly
interruptv: to say or do something that causes someone to stop in their speech or action
misbehavev: to behave badly
rewardn: a thing given in acknowledgment of service, hard work, achievement, etc.
stickv: to put something, usually a sharp object, into something; to restrict yourself to doing or using one certain thing and not change; (noun) a thin piece of wood or other material
reactionn: a response that reveals a person’s feelings or attitude; (in chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
identicallyadv: in the same way
analystn: someone whose job is to examine something to learn or understand more about it
reliableadj: worthy of being relied on; trustworthy
syllablen: a single unit of spoken language more significant than a phoneme containing a vowel sound and usually one or more consonants
unreliableadj: not able to be trusted or depended on
defectn: an imperfection, shortcoming, or lack of something or someone
pausev: to take a short break from talking or doing something before continuing
manufacturev: to make goods in large numbers, usually in a factory using machines
memoirn: a historical account or biography written from the writer’s knowledge of famous people, places, or events
recountv: to describe what happened or to narrate a story
adventuren: a journey or a series of events that is unusual, exciting, or dangerous
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
accuracyn: the state or degree of being exact or correct; the ability to perform something with proficiency and without mistake
distortv: to change something’s shape, appearance, or sound so that it appears weird or unclear
glamorousadj: highly attractive and exciting, and different from ordinary things or people
wealthn: a large amount of money, property, or other things that someone or an organization owns
gamblev: to take risky action in the hope of being successful; to play or game for money or other stakes
merchantn: a person who buys and sells a large number of goods, especially one who imports and exports goods
skepticaladj: doubting that something is accurate or useful
conversev: to talk informally
complainv: to say dissatisfaction or annoyance about something or somebody
capturev: to catch a person or an animal and confine them in an area which they cannot escape
phrasen: a group of words that mean something specific when used together
ceilingn: a room’s top interior surface
daringadj: brave and taking risks
jailn: a facility where criminals are kept to be punished for their crimes; a prison
bribev: to try to make someone do something to gain one’s favors or influence by giving a gift of money or other inducements
politicallyadv: in a way that relates to the government or public affairs of a nation
episoden: a happening or story that is distinctive in a series of related events; an abrupt short period during which someone suffers from the effects of a physical or mental illness
convertv: to have a talk with someone; (adjective) reversed in order, relation, or action
assetn: something or someone that is useful or valuable quality, skill, etc.; valuable property
witnessn: a person who sees something happen, especially a crime or an accident
confirmv: to support or establish the truth or certainty of something previously believed or suspected to be the case
consultv: to seek or get advice or information from a person, book, or other source having special knowledge on a particular subject
journaln: a newspaper or magazine specialized in a specific topic or profession
composev: to write music, poetry, or formal writing; to constitute or make up a whole, or a specified part of it
briberyn: the practice or attempt of offering something, usually money, to gain an unlawful advantage
revisev: to examine and make corrections or alterations to the idea, piece of writing, etc. to improve it
summarizev: to give a brief statement of the most important facts or ideas about something
conceptn: an idea or principle associated with something abstract

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