Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (50 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (16 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

spartanadj: of or relating to Sparta (= a prominent city-state in Laconia, in ancient Greece) or its people; showing self-discipline and determination, especially in the face of hardship or adversity
ancientadj: relating to the long ago, particularly the historical period preceding the fall of the Western Roman Empire; very old
gruelingadj: extremely tiring or demanding great effort, especially with long duration or intensity
bloodyadj: covered in or smeared with blood; involving or characterized by bloodshed or brutality
conflictn: a strong disagreement, argument, or a violent clash between two opposing groups or individuals
ragen: a strong feeling of anger or violence
constantlyadv: all the time
remarkableadj: worthy of attention because unusual or special
deformityn: a physical abnormality or distortion
deemv: to consider or decide something in a particular way
unlikelyadj: not probable or likely to happen
tossv: to throw something carelessly with a light motion
gorgen: a deep narrow valley between hills or mountains, usually with steep sides and a river running through it
crueladj: feeling or showing pleasure in causing pain or suffering to others
relentlessadj: persistent and determined; continuing despite difficulties or setbacks
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
essayn: a short piece of writing on a particular topic, usually written by a student as a port of a course of study
marchv: to walk militarily with stiff, regular steps
reliefn: a feeling of happiness and relaxation that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced
rivalryn: competition or opposition between people or groups, especially in sports or business
militarismn: a political belief of a people or a government that a country should maintain a strong military force and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
dominatev: to have or control a lot of power and influence over somebody or something
birthplacen: the house, town, etc., where someone was born
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
rigidadj: extremely strict and difficult to change or adapt; incapable of or resistant to bending
extraordinaryadj: exceptional, unexpected, very unusual; surpassing the ordinary or usual
accomplishmentn: the successful completion of a task or goal; an ability that has been acquired by training
philosophyn: the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind
playwrightn: a person who writes plays
platonicadj: (of relationship or emotion) friendly or affectionate but not sexual
temporarilyadv: for a limited time only or not permanently
defeatv: to win against somebody in a fight, war, or attempt
attemptn: an act or effort of trying to do something, especially something difficult
invasionn: army’s act of forcibly entering another country or territory to take control of it
competev: to strive to achieve more success than someone or something
repeatedlyadv: again and again; many times
clashn: a fight or argument between two groups of people; a loud noise caused by striking against something
famen: the condition of being well-known and discussed by a large number of people as a result of one’s accomplishments, abilities, and so on
abruptadj: sudden and unexpected
invadev: to enter aggressively into another’s territory by military force for conquest and occupation
swallowv: to make food, drink, pills, etc., pass down your throat into your stomach; (noun) small long-winged songbird noted for swift, graceful flight and the regularity of its migrations
empiren: a group of countries ruled by one leader or government
extendedadj: longer than usual or anticipated
laconicadj: using very few words to say something, especially in speech
derivev: to obtain or receive something from a source
taciturnadj: habitually silent or uncommunicative
attituden: the way you think and feel about someone or something
whipv: to hit a person or an animal severely with a thin, flexible stick with a cord or leather thong at the end, as a punishment, discipline, etc.
Acropolisn: a citadel in ancient Athens, Greece, on a high hill with the Parthenon temple
constructv: to build or create something; to assemble or combine different parts to form something whole

Leave a Reply