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unprecedentedadj: never having been seen, done, or known before
affairn: event, situation, or subject that is significant from a political or public perspective; a secretive or illicit sexual relationship
curatorn: a person whose job is to manage the objects or artworks in a museum, art gallery, etc.
tunen: a musical composition or set of musical notes that are played or sung; (verb) to adjust or set something to a specific condition or standard
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
disappearv: to cease to exist or be visible
monitorv: to observe, check, and track the progress or quality of something over a period of time
introductoryadj: intended as an introduction or preliminary; serving as a base or starting point
amazingadj: extremely surprising, especially in a way that you like or admire
sunshinen: the direct light and heat that comes from the sun
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
devotev: to commit or dedicate oneself or one’s time, effort, or energy to a particular task or purpose
profoundadj: extremely great; sensed or experienced very strongly; displaying a high level of knowledge or comprehension
vaccinen: a substance that is put into the body and protects them from disease by causing them to produce antibodies (= proteins that attack harmful bacteria, viruses, etc.)
extraordinaryadj: exceptional, unexpected, very unusual; surpassing the ordinary or usual
questn: a long or challenging search for something
coronavirusn: a large family of viruses that can cause illness in humans and animals, which name comes from the crown-like spikes on the surface of the virus, which can be seen under a microscope, and COVID-19 is caused by a specific type of coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2
delightn: a feeling of great pleasure or happiness
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
mentionv: to speak or write about something or someone briefly
celebratedadj: renowned for possessing admirable attributes
anniversaryn: the annual recurrence of a date marking a notable event; a date on which an event occurred in a previous year
wealthn: a large amount of money, property, or other things that someone or an organization owns
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
foundationn: the lowest load-bearing part of a building, typically below ground level; a fundamental basis or principle upon which something is built or established; an organization that provides funding or support for charitable or educational purposes
launchv: to send or propel something into the air or space using a device such as a rocket, missile, or spacecraft; to make something available or on sale for the first time
emergencyn: a sudden unforeseen crisis usually involving danger that requires immediate action
stockpilen: a large quantity or reserve of goods or materials that are accumulated and stored for future use, often used for emergency or contingency purposes; (verb) to accumulate or gather a large quantity of something, usually for future use or as a reserve
outbreakn: a sudden start of something, usually a disease or something dangerous or unpleasant
choleran: a severe infectious disease that causes acute diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration, often resulting in a rapid and dangerous loss of body fluids and electrolytes
meningitisn: inflammation of the protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord, typically caused by a bacterial or viral infection and characterized by fever, headache, and a stiff neck
diseasen: a disorder or illness that affects the body or mind, often characterized by specific symptoms or abnormal functioning of organs or systems
distributev: to give something to a large number of individuals, or to spread or furnish something
macron: (computing) a set of instructions that automate a frequently used series of keystrokes or mouse actions; (photography) a lens that allows you to take close-up photographs; (economics) a large-scale economic policy or system
immunizationn: the process of making a person or animal immune to a specific disease by administering a vaccine or other preventative measure
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
vaccinatev: to treat with a vaccine, usually by injection, to produce immunity against a disease
incredibleadj: unbelievable; enormous
interventionn: the action or process of being done to improve or help a circumstance, often they have not been asked to do so
vacationn: a period in which someone does not have to attend work or school and is free to do whatever they choose, such as travel or leisure
cown: a domesticated mammal with characteristic features such as a hump, large udders, and curved horns that is raised for its milk or meat
observationn: the act or activity of carefully examining or monitoring something or someone
maidn: a girl or young woman employed to do domestic work
pockmarkn: a small pit or indentation on the surface of something, particularly on the skin or on a surface that has been scarred or damaged
smallpoxn: a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, weakness, spots on the skin, and often death
conceptn: an idea or principle associated with something abstract
infectv: to affect a person, an animal, or a plant with a disease-causing organism
zoonoticadj: relating to a zoonosis, which is a disease or infection that can be transmitted from animals to humans
naturallyadv: as might be expected; by natural manners
cowpoxn: a viral infection that affects cows and can be transmitted to humans, often through direct contact with infected animals, and a vaccine for smallpox is derived from cowpox
virologyn: the scientific study of viruses and their properties, including their structure, behavior, transmission, and effects on organisms
stimulatev: to encourage something to develop or become more active; to stir the feelings or emotions
immuneadj: protected against a particular disease or toxin due to the presence of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells
miraculousadj: very effective or lucky, or completely unexpected
threatn: a strong indication or likelihood of harm, danger, or adverse consequences; an expression of intent to inflict harm or injury on someone or something, often made as a means of coercion or intimidation
perceivev: to become aware or conscious of something through the senses
irrationaladj: not based on, or not using reason or clear thinking; (mathematics) a real number that cannot be expressed as the ratio of two integers
scaredadj: afraid or frightened
subtleadj: not readily apparent or visible
grindv: to reduce something to small particles or powder by crushing or rubbing it; to work hard over a long period of time
injectv: to put a liquid such as a drug or other substance into a person’s or an animal’s body using a needle and syringe (= small tube)
whoppingadj: extremely large, impressive, or noteworthy; it can also be used to describe a surprise or shock
soreadj: painful or sensitive to the touch; inflamed or irritated; feeling deep distress, grief, or regret
virusn: a tiny infectious organic material that causes disease in people, animals, and plants
frankadj: honest and sincere; open and candid in expression
measlesn: a highly infectious viral disease that causes fever, red spots on the skin, and other flu-like symptoms, typically affects children
molecularadj: of or relating to molecules (= a group of two or more atoms held together by attractive forces known as chemical bonds)
biologyn: the scientific study of life and the natural processes of living things
organicadj: of or derived from biological substance; producing plants and animals for food and other items without the use of synthetic chemicals
scarev: to frighten a person or animal, or to become frightened
sequeln: a book, film, or other work that continues the story of an earlier one
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
coordinatedadj: effectively arranged or organized so that all the parts work smoothly or systematically together
tacklev: to try to deal with a complex problem or situation
excitingadj: causing a lot of interest or excitement
topicn: a subject that is being discussed or written about
backgroundn: the details of a person’s social heritage, such as family, vocational or educational experience; past information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem
candidadj: honest, straightforward, and frank in someone’s words or actions
terrifyingadj: very frightening or intimidating
epidemicn: the widespread outbreak of a particular disease in a large number of people at the same time
manufacturev: to make goods in large numbers, usually in a factory using machines
temporarilyadv: for a limited time only or not permanently
investigationn: the act or process of thoroughly examining a crime, problem, statement, etc., to uncover the truth
experimentaladj: relating to or based on new ideas, forms, methods, etc. that have not been tried before, usually to find out what effect they have
licensen: an official permission or authorization to do, use, or own something; a legal document that grants the holder the right to perform certain activities, such as driving a car, practicing a profession, or using a particular product or service
procurev: to obtain, acquire, or secure something, often by effort or skill
terrorismn: the use of violence to attain political or religious goals or to compel a government to act
anthraxn: a serious bacterial infection caused by Bacillus anthracis that can affect both humans and animals; it is characterized by a range of symptoms, including skin blisters, fever, and difficulty breathing, and can be fatal if left untreated
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
necessarilyadv: in an essential manner; in such a way as could not be otherwise
freezern: a device that keeps food, beverages, or other perishable items at low temperatures to maintain their freshness or preserve them for later use
deployv: to move troops or weapons into a position or military action; to bring into something in an effective way
clinicaladj: of or relating to the examination and treatment of patients rather than theoretical or laboratory studies
heroicadj: courageous and daring; having or displaying qualities appropriate for legendary figures that is courage and daring
purityn: the state of being undiluted or unmixed with anything else; the state of being free from immorality, especially of a sexual nature
zonen: a specific area, region, or section that is marked off or defined in some way
surroundingadj: that is near or around, or closely encircling something
enormousadj: extremely large or great
shockingadj: extremely or surprisingly bad, or causing a strong emotional response such as surprise or disgust
sequencen: a series of related events, actions, numbers, etc., which have a particular order
poorestadj: having the least wealth or resources
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
surveillancen: the act of carefully monitoring a person suspected of a crime or a place where a crime may be committed or expected
identifyv: to recognize someone or something and say or prove who or what they are
disruptv: to prevent or stop something, especially an event, activity, or process, from continuing in the usual way by causing a problem or disturbance
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
paradoxn: a statement, situation, or person that has two opposite facts or features and therefore seems impossible, is difficult to understand, or is strange;
administerv: to oversee and control the operation or arrangement of something
lifetimen: the duration of someone’s life or something’s existence;
medicaladj: relating to the treatment of illness or injuries; relating to the practice of medicine
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
revenuen: the income that a government receives from taxes or that a company earns from its business
streamn: a small, narrow river; a continuous flow of something, such as liquid, gas, people, vehicles, etc.
circumstancen: the specific conditions or events that surround a particular situation or occurrence
cripplingadj: causing someone to become unable to walk or move; causing severe damage or harm
softwaren: a set of computer programs and associated documentation and data for doing particular computational jobs
cheaplyadv: in a stingy or inexpensive manner
pharmaceuticaladj: relating to the production and selling of the medical drugs
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
profitn: money that is earned in business or by selling things after deducting the costs involved
entityn: something that exists independently and has its own identity
shareholdern: a person who owns shares of stock in a company or business and therefore gets the company’s profit and has the right to control the company
charitableadj: giving money, food, or help free to those who are poor or in need; full of love and generosity
coalitionn: a temporary alliance formed by two or more political parties for combined action; the state of being combined into one body
sectorn: a distinct part or division of something often used to refer to a segment of an economy or industry; an area or field of work or activity
primarilyadv: mainly
batn: a nocturnal animal with wings that flies and feeds at night, similar to a mouse; a piece of wood with a handle used for hitting the ball in sports including baseball, cricket, and table tennis
databasen: a large amount of data stored in a computer system in such a way that it can be searched and updated easily
isolatev: to physically or socially separate someone or something from other people or things
spiken: a narrow, thin, pointed piece of metal, wood, etc.; a sudden large increase in the magnitude or concentration of something
coronan: a crown-shaped structure, often referring to the outermost layer of the Sun’s atmosphere; a family of viruses known as coronaviruses; a halo or aura around a celestial body; a circular pattern or shape
attachen: a person who works at an embassy, usually having a specialized area of responsibility; a shallow and rectangular briefcase
receptorn: an organ having nerve endings that respond to stimulation such as heat or cold and makes the body react in a particular way
lungn: either of the two organs in the chest that people and some animals use for breathing
predictv: to state beforehand that something will happen in the future, mainly based on knowledge or experience
evolutionaryadj: relating to or denoting how living things develop or change from earlier forms
certaintyn: the state of being certain
ancientadj: relating to the long ago, particularly the historical period preceding the fall of the Western Roman Empire; very old
quartern: one of four equal parts; a fourth part or portion
immunityn: the ability of an organism to resist infection or disease, often due to the presence of antibodies
mutationn: the way in which genes of a person, plant, animal, or other organism change and produce permanent differences
slightlyadv: in a small degree or extent; a little
antibodyn: a substance produced in the blood that attacks and kills harmful bacteria, viruses, etc., to fight disease
influenzan: (formal for flu) a highly contagious viral disease that causes fever, severe aching, and catarrh and often occurs in epidemics
solvableadj: capable of being solved or resolved; able to be fixed or resolved with effort, skill, or knowledge
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
herdn: a group of animals of the same type that live or are kept together as livestock
miserableadj: very unhappy, uncomfortable, or unpleasant; causing great distress or suffering
horribleadj: extremely unpleasant or bad; causing fear or disgust
retakev: to take something again or a second time, especially an examination or a photograph, to correct mistakes or improve the result
mortalityn: the quality or state of being subject to death
reactv: to take action in response to something
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
epidemiologyn: the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events, including diseases, in specified populations, and the application of this study to the control of health problems
breakneckadj: extremely fast and reckless; dangerous and high-speed
pacen: the speed at which someone or something moves, or the rate at which something happens or changes
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
geneticadj: of or relating to genes (= parts of the DNA in cells) or the science of genes
nomenclaturen: a system or set of names or terms used in a particular field, such as science or medicine, or for classifying or categorizing things
vialn: a small glass container, especially one containing liquid medicine or perfume
messengern: someone or something that carries a message, especially one sent to convey information, news, or an official document
mRNAn: (an abbreviation for messenger RNA) a single-stranded molecule of RNA that corresponds to the genetic sequence of a gene, and is read by a ribosome in the process of synthesizing a protein
doen: a mature female of mammals of which the male is called a buck, such as a deer or a rabbit
conventionaladj: based on or following traditional rules, standards, customs, etc.
proteinn: a molecule made up of a long chain of amino acids, which is essential for the structure and function of the body’s tissues
vectorn: a quantity that has both magnitude and direction, often used in mathematics, physics, and engineering to describe forces, velocities, or other physical phenomena; any agent (person or animal, or microorganism) that carries and transmits a disease
diversityn: the quality or fact of many different types of things or people being included in something; a range of different things or people
intriguev: to make someone interested, especially by being strange, unusual, or mysterious; to make a secret plan with other people to harm someone
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
optimizev: to make the best or most effective use of something
bubblen: a thin, round, and often transparent mass of gas that is surrounded by a thin layer of liquid; a state of economic or social prosperity that is unsustainable and eventually collapses
academicadj: associated with schools, colleges, and universities, especially studying and thinking, not with practical skills
pathwayn: a track that constitutes or serves as a path; an approach or a way of doing something
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
acceleratev: to make something faster or earlier; to cause to develop or progress more quickly
gramn: a metric unit of weight equal to one-thousandth of a kilogram
chemicaladj: relating to or connected with chemistry;
stimulantn: a substance or drug that increases or heightens physiological or nervous system activity typically used to improve alertness, attention, or concentration
adjuvantn: a substance that is added to a vaccine or medication to enhance its effects or increase its effectiveness
outcomen: the result or effect of an action, event, etc.
elderlyadj: (a polite word for) old
regulatorn: a person or thing that controls or balances something; a person or an organization that is responsible for control and supervision of a particular activity or area of public interest
protocoln: a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data or conducting a process or activity, especially in computer networks or scientific experiments; the initial or original version of an agreement
complicatedadj: involving a lot of different things or parts in a way that is difficult to understand or analyze
summarizev: to give a brief statement of the most important facts or ideas about something
normallyadv: usually; under normal conditions
compressionn: the act or process of pressing or squeezing something together, often using force or pressure; (of physics) the reduction of volume or increase in pressure of a gas or fluid
compressv: to press or squeeze together to make something take up less space
preclinicaladj: of or relating to the early phases of a disease when an accurate diagnosis is not possible because symptoms of the disease have not yet appeared; of or relating to the first stage of a medical education
reproducibilityn: the ability of an experiment, study, or result to be replicated or repeated by different researchers or laboratories, often seen as a key aspect of scientific rigor
adaptiveadj: capable of adjusting to new situations or changing conditions
sequentadj: following as a result or consequence
enrollv: to officially register or sign up for something, particularly a course of study, an organization, or a service
dramaticallyadv: in a very impressive manner
consentn: permission or agreement to do something, especially given by somebody in authority
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
crucialadj: extremely vital or necessary
unsungadj: not praised or famous but deserving to be recognized for one’s accomplishments or contributions; not publicized or acclaimed
heron: a person who is admired or idealized for courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities; a character in literature or history who is central to the plot and who exhibits heroic qualities
volunteern: a person who performs or offers to perform a job or service without being paid for or forced to do
substancen: the real physical material of which a thing or person consist; the most important or main part of some idea or experience; an illegal drug
dotn: a very small circular mark, especially one that is printed
remotelyadv: at a distance; not directly or easily accessible
affordv: to have enough money or time to be able to buy or do something
scalableadj: capable of being easily expanded or increased in size, number, or scale to meet changing demands
squeezev: to apply pressure from two or more sides; to hold someone or something tightly in your arms, usually with fondness
ultimateadj: furthest or highest in degree or order
relatev: to establish a connection or association between two or more things; to narrate or tell about an event, experience, or relationship; to empathize or feel sympathy with someone or something
exposuren: the state of being in a particular situation or place where there is no protection from or guarantee to something harmful; the disclosure of something secret
vulnerableadj: capable of being hurt or influenced physically or mentally
asymptomaticadj: not experiencing or exhibiting any symptoms of a particular disease or condition, even though the individual may be infected or affected by it
afterwardadv: after the time mentioned
resistantadj: not affected by something, especially changes or new ideas; of or relating to immunity to disease or infection
infectionn: a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms or viruses have entered the body
severeadj: extremely serious or bad in feeling, manner, or strict and harsh; extremely strong or vigorous
recommendv: to suggest that someone or something would be a suitable fit for a particular purpose or role
intentionallyadv: in a planned or intended way
exposedadj: having no protection or shield from something, such as bad weather, attack, or criticism
isolationn: the condition of being alone or lonely; the act or state of separation between persons or groups
chainn: a series of connected links or objects; a system or group of interconnected elements; a restraint or shackle
transmissionn: the act or process of sending something from one person or place to another; the process of broadcasting over the airwaves, as in radio or television
suppressv: to bring something under control by force or authority; to put an end by force
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
reintroducev: to bring back something that has been previously abolished or discontinued
experimentn: the scientific test conducted to observe what happens and gain new knowledge
dampadj: slightly wet or moist; characterized by a lack of warmth, enthusiasm, or energy; depressing or dispiriting
normalcyn: the state or quality of being normal, typical, or expected; the condition of being in accordance with social norms or expectations
dynamicsn: the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of bodies under the action of forces, including the particular case in which a body remains at rest; forces that produce or stimulate movement, growth, or change
puzzledadj: confused or uncertain because you do not understand something
adaptv: to make fit for or change to suit a new purpose or environment
analogyn: a comparison between similar things that have similar aspects, often used to help explain a principle or concept
suddenlyadv: quickly and unexpectedly
horizonn: the line at which the earth’s surface and the sky appear to meet; the range of interest or activity that can be anticipated
galvanizev: to stimulate or shock someone into taking action; to cover metal containing zinc to protect it from rust
saken: purpose; reason for wanting something done
prevalentadj: existing very commonly in a particular area or in a specific time
trade-offn: a balance achieved between two desirable but incompatible features; an exchange that occurs as a compromise
humanlyadv: in a way that is characteristic of or relating to human beings; in a way that is possible for humans to achieve or accomplish
appropriateadj: suitable or proper in the circumstances; fitting
balancen: a condition in which everything has the same weight or force; something left after other parts have been taken away
bureaucracyn: a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives
delayv: to cause something to happen at a later time than originally intended or expected
ragen: a strong feeling of anger or violence
alarmn: a loud noise or an automatic signal that warns people of danger; a device that signals the occurrence of some undesirable event or particular danger
distancen: the amount of space between two points, measured in units such as miles, meters, or kilometers; the extent, scope, or range between two things, such as distance or emotional distance
curven: a bend or angle in a line or surface that deviates from a straight or flat path; a gradual or smooth change in direction or shape
resurgev: to experience a new period of growth or activity after a time of dormancy or decline; to rise again or come back into existence
recklessadj: marked by a lack of care about danger and the likely results of your actions
exposev: to show something by uncovering it; to make something accessible to some action or influence
bugn: any tiny insect; a fault or defect in a computer program, system, or machine
scaryadj: causing fear or fright; frightening; intimidating
crampn: a sudden, painful contraction or spasm of a muscle, typically in the leg or abdomen; a feeling of tightness or discomfort in a muscle caused by prolonged use or stress
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
associatev: to mentally connect someone or something with someone or something else
liftv: to raise something to a higher position or level; to pick up something or somebody and move them to a different position
lidn: a removable or hinged cover for the top of a container
surgen: a sudden and great increase of something, such as a feeling, the amount or number, etc.
scenarion: a description of possible actions or events in the future; a written outline of a play, film, or literary work
incrediblyadv: in a way that is very difficult to believe; exceedingly or extremely
clampv: to fasten or secure something tightly, often using a tool or device called a clamp; to restrict something or someone’s freedom or movement; (noun) a device used to secure, fasten, or hold objects together; a mass or group of things that are held or gathered tightly together
upscaleadj: denoting products, services, or properties that are considered high-end, luxurious, or exclusive; (adverb) in a way that is high-class, luxurious, or intended to appeal to affluent consumers
incentivizev: to make someone want to do in a particular way by offering them a reward
debaten: a formal discussion or argument of opposing viewpoints, often to persuade others to adopt a specific position; a public discussion, often on an issue of current interest, in which participants offer opinions and differing perspectives
symptomn: any sensation or change in body or mind that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
grantv: to agree to give or allow somebody
credibleadj: capable of being trusted or believed
invisibleadj: impossible or nearly impossible to see
mayorn: an elected official who presides over a city or town government
recoverv: to return to a former condition, health, mind, or strength
spreadern: a person or thing that spreads something, such as a disease, rumor, or substance
heroicallyadv: in a way that shows great bravery, courage, or self-sacrifice
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
initiallyadv: at the beginning; at first
finn: a thin flat part on the body of a fish or other aquatic animal used for propulsion or balance
contributev: to give something, especially money or goods, to provide or achieve something together with other people
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
adequateadj: enough, acceptable, satisfactory for a particular purpose or need
contractn: a legally binding agreement between two or more parties, setting out their rights and obligations to each other, typically in writing and enforceable by law
modularadj: consisting of distinct or separable parts or units that can be joined together and form a complete whole
competitiveadj: involving competition or competitiveness
extentn: the point or degree or area to which something extends
czarn: (also tsar or tzar) a title of rulers or monarchs, especially in Russia, before the Russian Revolution of 1917; an authoritarian or powerful political leader or high-level officeholder
coordinatev: to bring the different parts of the activity and the people into an organized, ordered, or efficient relationship; (adjective) of equal importance, rank, or degree
encouragingadj: giving hope, confidence, or support; inspiring
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
confusev: to mistake one thing for another; to make somebody hard to understand
explosionn: a violent release induced by a chemical or nuclear reaction
combinationn: a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities
organizationn: a group of people who work together for a shared purpose
maintainv: to continue to uphold or sustain; to keep in a particular state or condition; to assert or declare something to be true
criterian: (plural of criterion) standards or conditions by which something may be judged or decided
aggressiveadj: behaving in an angry, energetic, or threatening way towards another person; tending to spread quickly
handlev: to deal with a situation, problem, or strong emotion
trillionn: the number 1,000,000,000,000; a million million
comparisonn: the consideration or examination of the similarities between two or more people or things
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
damagev: to harm or cause injury to something or someone, often resulting in decreased value or functionality; to impair or negatively affect something, such as a reputation or relationship; (noun) harm or injury that is caused to a person, thing, or entity
perspectiven: a confident attitude toward something; a particular style of thinking about something
originn: the first existence or beginning of something
transferv: to move, pass, or change from one person, place, or situation to another
componentn: one of several parts that combines with others to form something bigger
ecosystemn: all the plants and living creatures in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
specificallyadv: only associated with or meant for one thing
recommendationn: an official suggestion that something is good or suitable for a particular purpose or job
tiern: one of a series of rows or levels arranged one above the other, typically used to describe the arrangement of objects or levels of importance
arguev: to express differing opinions or points of view, often in a heated or contentious manner; to present a case or reasoning to persuade or convince others
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
preexistv: to exist or occur before something else, especially referring to a time period or event; to predate or come before
equitableadj: fair and impartial; treating everyone fairly
hoardv: to collect money, valuables, etc., for future use secretly; (noun) a secret store or collection of money, valuables, etc., for future use
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
confidentadj: feeling sure about your abilities or qualities or having trust in people, plans, or the future
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
variabilityn: the fact or quality of something being likely to vary
constantlyadv: all the time
chasev: to pursue something or someone to catch or capture them; to go after something vigorously or with determination; (noun) a pursuit or a hunt; a narrow groove or channel cut into a surface, often used for decorative purposes
strainn: a force or pressure that stretches or pulls something, sometimes causing damage; (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
optimisticadj: hoping or expecting that good thing will happen or something will be successful
mucusn: a slimy liquid produced inside the nose and other body parts for lubrication, protection, etc.
serumn: the thin yellowish liquid that is a component of blood from which the clotting proteins have been removed, usually used to protect people or animals from disease, poison, etc.
bloodstreamn: the blood flowing through the body
cellularadj: of or connected with the cells of animals or plants; of or connected with a mobile telephone system that uses several short-range radio stations instead of wires
disbelievern: a person who does not believe in something, such as a religion or idea
nuclearadj: of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom; deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
submarinen: a type of underwater vehicle or vessel that can operate beneath the surface of the water; (adjective) beneath the surface of the sea
patroln: the act of guarding an area or conducting surveillance of an area to maintain order, perform security functions, or prevent crime; a group of officers or soldiers that conducts such an operation
preparationn: the activity of getting ready for something or making something ready
pandemicn: an outbreak of a disease that affects many people over a very wide area
sufferv: to experience pain, distress, or hardship; to undergo or endure something painful or unpleasant
structuraladj: associated with the way on construction or organization of anything
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
equivalentn: having the same value, quality, meaning, purpose, etc.
resilientadj: able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions
peripheryn: the outer edge or margin of something, especially a geographical area or a group of people
priorityn: something that is more important than other things and should be dealt with first
routinen: a usual or habitual way of doing things; a set sequence of steps, part of a larger computer program
spotn: a particular location or place; a small round or roundish area, differing in color or feels from the surface around it
urbanadj: relating to or located in a town or city
slumn: a heavily populated urban area characterized by poor, run-down housing and infrastructure, often associated with poverty and social neglect
densityn: the quality of compactness of a substance
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
AIn: (abbreviation for artificial intelligence) the theory and development of computer systems capable of doing activities that would ordinarily need human intelligence, such as object recognition, speech recognition, decision-making, and language translation
veterinaryadj: related to or involved in the practice of caring for animals, particularly in a medical or health-related context
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
militaryadj: relating to or characteristic of members of the armed forces; of or relating to war or warfare
baselinen: a starting point or minimum for comparing facts; the back line bounding each end of a tennis or handball court
back-to-backadj: situated close to each other and facing in opposite directions; arranged or scheduled consecutively without a break in between; (adverb) consecutively
preparatoryadj: relating to or involving the preparation or planning of something, often before the main or more important event or activity
infectiousadj: able to be passed quickly from one person, animal, or plant to another, especially through air or water
attractiveadj: immensely appealing in look or sound; having characteristics or qualities that make something appealing and valuable
laboratoryn: a workplace for doing scientific research or teaching science; a lab
infusev: to fill something with a particular quality, feeling, or influence; to imbue
traditionallyadv: in accordance with tradition; typically or commonly done in a particular way
optimistn: a person who tends to expect the best in all things and to be hopeful and confident about the future
begv: to ask for something urgently or earnestly; to appeal to someone to do something
huddlev: to crowd or press closely together; cuddle
mechanismn: a part of a machine, or a set of parts that performs a task; a natural or established process that occurs during a specific situation or reaction
cautionn: great care and attention that you take to avoid danger or mistakes; a warning against certain acts
dampenv: to make something wet or moist; to reduce the intensity or impact of something, such as a feeling, sound, or movement
betv: to risk money on the result of an event or a competition, such as a race or game, to get more money; to have faith or confidence in something
viraladj: relating to or caused by a virus
respiratoryadj: relating to the organs and processes involved in breathing, such as the lungs and the act of inhaling and exhaling air
continentn: one of the earth’s large landmasses; (adjective) abstaining from your feelings, especially your desire to have sex
psychologyn: the scientific study of mind and behavior
settlev: to reach an agreement of disagreement
haulv: to physically drag or pull someone or something with effort
celebratev: to acknowledge a memorable or good day or event with a social gathering or enjoyable activity
reproductiveadj: connected with the process of reproduction; relating to reproducing babies, young animals, or plants
availv: to help or benefit; to use or take advantage of
tabn: a small flap or strip of material attached to or projecting from something; the key on a typewriter or a word processor that causes a tabulation; a bill
predictionn: the act of predicting the future by reasoning; a statement made about the future
overwhelmingadj: very great or intense; so powerful that you cannot fight or react against it
startlingadj: extremely surprising, astonishing, and sometimes worrying
dropletn: a small drop of liquid
maskv: to conceal something; (noun) a covering that you wear over your face to hide it
arguablyadv: used when expressing an opinion or idea that you believe can be proven true
sanitizev: to clean or disinfect something to make it safe or hygienic; to remove potentially harmful or sensitive information from a document or communication
sanitationn: the process of maintaining a clean and hygienic environment, particularly in public health and safety contexts; the practice of disposing of waste products in a safe and appropriate manner
unlimitedadj: without any limits or restrictions
quantityn: the amount or number of something; magnitude
coughv: to expel air from the lungs suddenly and noisily, often as a reaction to irritation, illness, or some other physical condition; (noun) a sudden, forceful expulsion of air from the lungs, often accompanied by a distinctive sound
apparentlyadv: based on what you have heard or read
unconsciousadj: in the state of lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception, especially as the result of a head injury or illness
weirdadj: extraordinary, unexpected, or difficult to explain
automaticadj: able to work or operate with little or no direct human control; independent of external control
compliantadj: willing to comply with rules, requests, or demands
appreciatev: to value and acknowledge the worth of someone or something; to be grateful for something or someone
folkn: people in general, especially those of a particular group or type
advancev: to go or move forward; to develop in a positive way
applaudv: to express approval of someone or something by clapping the hands
politiciann: a person who is a member of a government or law-making organization, especially as an elected member of parliament, etc.
platformn: the raised flat space close to the track at a train station where passengers get on or off the train; (technology) a computational or digital environment in which a piece of software is executed
preciousadj: uncommon and extremely valuable
emphasizev: to give or show particular importance to something
wrapv: to cover or enclose something entirely with paper, cloth, or other material
functionn: the purpose or use of an object, system, or process; a particular activity or operation that is designed to serve a specific purpose; a mathematical concept that describes a relationship between two sets of values, called the input and output sets; (verb) to operate or work in a specific way, or to perform a particular task or purpose
bargainn: an agreement between two parties regarding the terms of a purchase or a transaction; a deal or a negotiation that results in a product or a service being acquired for a lower price than usual or expected
mindsetn: the established set of attitudes or fixed ideas held by someone
barriern: a fence or other obstruction that makes it hard to move or get in; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
trenchn: a long, deep ditch made in the ground, usually parallel to a plate boundary and marking a subduction zone; a long ditch built in the ground for carrying away water
immenseadj: extremely large or great
behalfn: represent; advantage, benefit, the interest of someone
threadn: a fine cord of natural or synthetic fibers or filaments, such as cotton or nylon, used in sewing, knitting, or weaving; a series of connected messages or comments on a social media platform or online forum, often related to a particular topic; a sequence or line of events, ideas, or actions that are connected or related; (verb) to pass a thread through a needle or other small opening, in preparation for sewing or stitching
brilliantadj: extremely clever, skilled, or impressive
excusen: a reason or explanation, either true or invented, given to justify a fault or defend your behavior; (verb) to make someone free from blame or clear from guilt
explorev: to travel to or penetrate an area or a country to learn about it; to thoroughly examine a subject or a possibility to learn more about it
depthn: the distance between the top and bottom of something; between the top surface and a distance below it
tipn: the top or extreme point of something slender or tapering, usually a mountain or hill; a piece of advice about something practical; a small amount of money given for services
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
physicallyadv: in a way related to a person’s body or appearance rather than their mind

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