Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (192 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (55 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

ferretn: a small, carnivorous mammal with a long slender body and a pointed snout, often used for hunting rats or other small animals; (verb) to search persistently and relentlessly for something, often in a secretive or concealed manner, as if hunting with a ferret
endangeredadj: at risk of extinction because it is facing significant threats
clonen: a plant or animal whose genetic information is identical to that of a parent organism from which it was created; an unauthorized copy or imitation
geneticadj: of or relating to genes (= parts of the DNA in cells) or the science of genes
diversityn: the quality or fact of many different types of things or people being included in something; a range of different things or people
intentn: a strong determination or attention to do or achieve something; (adjective) having a strong determination to do or achieve something
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
conservationn: the protection of something important, such as the natural environment or artificial structures, especially from the damaging effects of human activity
innovativeadj: introducing or using new methods, ideas, etc.
biotechnologyn: the application of technological processes and methods to biological systems to develop new products or techniques, such as genetically modified organisms or biopharmaceuticals
wildlifen: animals, birds, insects, etc. that grow independently of people and live in natural conditions
escalatev: to increase in intensity, size, or severity; to make something greater, worse, or more serious
threatn: a strong indication or likelihood of harm, danger, or adverse consequences; an expression of intent to inflict harm or injury on someone or something, often made as a means of coercion or intimidation
biodiversityn: the number and variety of plants and animals that exist in a particular area or the world and make a balanced environment
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
fragmentn: a small piece or part broken off or detached
diseasen: a disorder or illness that affects the body or mind, often characterized by specific symptoms or abnormal functioning of organs or systems
unintendedadj: not planned or meant
dominatev: to have or control a lot of power and influence over somebody or something
toolboxn: a container or storage unit for tools, typically characterized by a handle and one or more compartments for organizing and storing various tools and equipment
rescuev: to save someone or something from a dangerous or difficult situation
extinctionn: the complete disappearance of a species from the earth
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
convertv: to have a talk with someone; (adjective) reversed in order, relation, or action
ranchn: a large farm typically devoted to raising cattle or other livestock; a rural property of considerable size and often featuring a large house
farmlandn: land used for farming or agricultural purposes
colonyn: a country or an area that is governed by a more powerful country that is often far away
captivityn: the situation in which a person or animal is kept in prison or a space that they cannot escape from
breedv: to keep animals for producing offspring in a regulated manner
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
descendantn: children or offspring of a specific person, plant, or animal
ancestorn: a person from whom one is descended; a forefather
inbreedingn: the practice of breeding closely related individuals or strains within a particular population or group, often resulting in increased homozygosity and decreased genetic diversity
jeopardizev: to put something at risk or in danger; to threaten or endanger something or someone
survivaln: the state of continuing to exist or live, frequently in the face of difficulty or danger
variationn: the act or state of changing; a difference or change in the way something is done, made or said
foresightn: the ability to anticipate or predict future events or outcomes; the act of planning for the future with wisdom and prudence; an intuitive sense of what is to come
uniqueadj: being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else
offspringn: descendant; any immature animal or plant
resilientadj: able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
roamv: to move about or travel aimlessly or without a fixed destination; to wander
extinctadj: no longer in existence
conservationistn: a person who advocates or acts to protect and preserve the environment and wildlife
reintroducev: to bring back something that has been previously abolished or discontinued
referv: to direct someone’s attention, thoughts, or questions to another source or person; to mention, cite, or allude to something as evidence or support
vortexn: a mass of whirling air, water, dust, or smoke, especially a whirlpool or whirlwind
dwindlev: to gradually decrease in size, amount, or strength; to become smaller
reversev: to change something’s direction, order, position, decision, etc., to the opposite one; (adjective) directed or moving toward the rear
foaln: a young horse, typically under one year of age
surrogateadj: acting as a substitute or replacement for someone or something else; having a similar function or purpose
quartern: one of four equal parts; a fourth part or portion
genomen: the complete set or sequence of genes of a human, animal, plant, or other living things
vibrantadj: full of energy, life, and enthusiasm
collaborationn: the act or situation of working together to create or produce something
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
essentialadj: indispensable; fundamental
sequencen: a series of related events, actions, numbers, etc., which have a particular order
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
vitron: (used as “in vitro”) a scientific experiment or procedure that takes place outside of a living organism, usually in a test tube or petri dish
adoptv: to choose to follow something; to legally take a child from another family and care for them as if they were one’s own
emergingadj: starting to exist, mature, or become well-known
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
adaptv: to make fit for or change to suit a new purpose or environment
invasiveadj: spreading very quickly, and often aggressively, and difficult to stop
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
stymiev: to obstruct, hinder, or prevent something from succeeding or happening; to present an obstacle or impediment to progress or achievement
innovationn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation
get-gon: the start or beginning of something
probableadj: likely to happen or likely to be true
urgentadj: requiring immediate attention or action; pressing
overcomev: to succeed in controlling or dealing with something, such as a problem or difficulty; to defeat or overwhelm someone
reluctancen: a feeling of unwillingness or hesitation, especially when faced with a decision or undertaking
coraln: a rock-like substance created in the sea by groupings of specific types of small animals, commonly used in jewelry
diverseadj: including numerous categories of individuals or entities; various
ecosystemn: all the plants and living creatures in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
reefn: a long chain or range of rocks or sand near the ocean’s surface
dwellingn: a house or place that someone is living in
barriern: a fence or other obstruction that makes it hard to move or get in; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
degradationn: the condition or process of changing to a lower state, or a less respected state
estimatev: to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
predictv: to state beforehand that something will happen in the future, mainly based on knowledge or experience
utilizev: to use something for a practical purpose in an effective way
cryopreservationn: the process of preserving biological material at very low temperatures, often below -150°C, to maintain its viability and function
transplantv: to move or transfer something from one place or person to another; to take living tissue or an organ from one person, animal, part of the body, etc. and put it into or onto another
pioneeringadj: involving new ideas or methods; being the first of their kind; leading the way in a particular field
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
stemn: the central part of something from which other parts can develop or grow; the part of a word common to all its inflected variants; (verb) to grow out of, have roots in, or originate in
editv: to prepare written material for publication by correcting, condensing, or otherwise modifying it
thermaladj: relating to heat or temperature; designed for or capable of producing or maintaining heat
geneticallyadv: in a way that relates to or is produced by genes (= the units in the cells of a living thing received by an animal or plant from its parents) or heredity
modifyv: to change something slightly, such as a plan, option, law, etc., especially to make it more suitable for a particular purpose
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
identifyv: to recognize someone or something and say or prove who or what they are
intervenev: to intentionally get involved in a situation to improve it or prevent it from getting worse
disastern: an unexpected event or series of events that cause widespread damage, destruction, or loss of life
classicadj: judged or deserving to be regarded as one of the best or most important of its kind over a period of time; of a well-known type
rodentn: a small, gnawing mammal, such as a mouse, rat, or squirrel, that has sharp incisors and typically has a long, thin tail
stowv: to pack or store something safely and securely, especially on a ship or aircraft; to hide or conceal something
colonialadj: of or relating to a colony (= a territory that is controlled by a more powerful country); to the period of time during which a country or region was a colony
intentionallyadv: in a planned or intended way
poisonousadj: containing or producing toxic substances; harmful or dangerous to living beings, often causing illness, injury, or death; capable of causing serious harm or destruction
toadn: a small, tailless amphibian with dry, warty skin and short legs; a person who is disliked or contemptible
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
beetlen: an insect having a hard shell-like back covering its wings
cropn: a plant that is cultivated in large amounts, particularly for food
stokev: to add fuel to the fire or furnace; to increase the intensity or strength of something, such as an emotion or conflict
interventionn: the action or process of being done to improve or help a circumstance, often they have not been asked to do so
regardv: to think about or consider somebody or something in a specified way
profitn: money that is earned in business or by selling things after deducting the costs involved
motivationn: the reason or enthusiasm for acting or behaving in a particular way
globen: the earth or world, mainly used to emphasize its vastness
introductionn: a preliminary explanation or remarks given before the start of a text, performance, or event; the act of bringing something new into existence or introducing something to a wider audience or new market
freshwateradj: living in, found in, or connecting with water that does not contain salt
achievev: to successfully complete a task or goal, often through hard work, perseverance, and dedication; to attain or accomplish something that one has set out to do
invisibleadj: impossible or nearly impossible to see
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
pristineadj: new and completely free from dirt or contamination
elkn: a large species of deer native to North America and eastern Asia, known for its large antlers and imposing size
absentadj: not present in a particular place at a particular time
meadown: a field of grass and wildflowers, especially one used for hay
insectn: any small creature that has six legs and a body divided into three sections
pathogenn: a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that causes disease
pestn: a destructive insect or other animals that are harmful to crops, animals, or humans; someone or something that is annoying or troublesome
iconn: a picture or statue of a holy person considered to be a sacred thing; a little icon on the screen of a computer or smartphone that denotes an application or a file
chestnutn: a tree or its nut, with a smooth brown shell and a sweet edible kernel
majesticadj: impressive or grand in appearance, size, or manner; stately
alikeadv: similar or identical in nature or appearance
abundantadj: present in great quantity
deciduousadj: (of plants and shrubs) shedding its foliage annually; (of teeth, antlers, etc.) shedding its body parts at the end of a period of growth
lumbern: wood that has been sawn or cut into planks, boards, or other structural shapes for use in construction; the act of moving heavily or clumsily
instrumentn: an object used to make musical sounds, such as a piano, guitar, or drum; a tool or device used for a specific activity, particularly in specialist or scientific work
hardwoodn: the wood of a broadleaf tree, such as oak, ash, or beech, as contrasted to that of conifers
blightv: to have a detrimental effect on something, typically causing it to deteriorate or fail; (noun) any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting
fungusn: a type of organism that includes yeasts, molds, and mushrooms, which are heterotrophic, meaning they do not produce their food and must consume organic matter to survive
wipev: to clean or dry something by rubbing with a piece of cloth or paper or one’s hand and removing dirt, food, or liquid
decimatev: to destroy a significant portion of something or reduce by ten percent; to cause extensive destruction or severe damage; to drastically reduce in size or number
resistantadj: not affected by something, especially changes or new ideas; of or relating to immunity to disease or infection
insertv: to put something inside something else
genen: the fundamental unit of heredity and the sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for the creation of RNA or protein.
wheatn: a cereal plant that is the most important kind grown in temperate countries, the grain of which is ground to make flour for bread, pasta, pastry, etc
conveyv: to express ideas, feelings, etc. so that it is known or understood by other people; to carry something from one place to another
resistancen: the act of defending oneself from an aggressor or refusing to accept something
agriculturen: the practice or science of cultivating the land or raising stock
boldadj: brave, daring, and confident; not frightened of danger or afraid to say what you feel or to take risks
withstandv: to resist the effect or impact of something
engagementn: a mutual promise to marry someone; an agreement to do something, especially at a particular time
balancen: a condition in which everything has the same weight or force; something left after other parts have been taken away
unexpectedadj: not anticipated or regarded as likely to happen
outcomen: the result or effect of an action, event, etc.
protocoln: a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data or conducting a process or activity, especially in computer networks or scientific experiments; the initial or original version of an agreement
minimizev: to make something, especially something bad, small or less serious
maximumadj: the largest or greatest amount or value attainable or attained
luxuryn: a state of great comfort or sophistication, mainly provided by expensive and beautiful things
overreactv: to react more strongly or excessively than is necessary or appropriate
wrestlingn: a sport in which two contestants grapple and try to throw each other to the ground
moraladj: concerned with the principles of what is right and wrong, fairness, honesty, etc.
philosophyn: the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind
intentionaladj: done, made or performed with purpose and intent
inactionn: the lack of action or activity; the state of not doing anything; the failure to take action when action is needed
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
distinctionn: a difference or contrast between similar things or people
innovatev: to introduce new methods, ideas, or products
shamn: something that is not as good or true as it seems to be and is intended to deceive people; a person who pretends to be something they are not
encouragev: to give someone support, confidence, or hope; to persuade someone to do or continue to do something by making it easier for them and making them believe it is a good thing to do
behoovev: to be necessary, proper, or advantageous for someone to do something; to be fitting or appropriate in a particular situation
advantagen: a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favorable or superior position; a beneficial feature or asset that someone or something has
blamev: to think or say that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad
creditorn: a person, company, etc. to whom a debtor owes money
syntheticadj: made by combining chemical substances as opposed to being naturally occurring
biologyn: the scientific study of life and the natural processes of living things
principlen: a fundamental law or truth that explains or controls how something happens or works
planetn: any of the nine large celestial bodies that circle in the solar system; any celestial body that revolves around a star
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
terrifyv: to frighten someone very much
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
sproutv: to grow or develop new parts typically leaves or shoots, from a plant; to emerge, develop, or arise gradually or suddenly
woollyadj: covered with thick, soft, and often curly hair or fibers; lacking clarity or precision
mammothadj: exceedingly large or extensive; (noun) any of numerous extinct elephants widely distributed in the Pleistocene
pigeonn: a stout-bodied bird with a small head, short legs, and a short, cooing call, typically found in cities and domesticated for food
motivatev: to make someone want to do something, especially something that requires tremendous work and effort
hairyadj: covered with hair or having a furry texture; difficult, dangerous, or complicated
audaciousadj: showing a willingness to take bold risks or to do something that is considered unconventional or daring; marked by originality, creativity, or boldness
grandadj: important and large in size, scope, or extent
kitn: a set of tools, supplies, or equipment for a particular purpose
compellingadj: arousing strong and irresistible interest, attention, or admiration
persuasiveadj: tending to make you want to do or believe a particular thing; convincing
trustworthyadj: reliable and dependable

Leave a Reply