Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (174 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (35 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

principlen: a fundamental law or truth that explains or controls how something happens or works
commitmentn: a promise or firm decision to do something or to behave in a certain way
employeen: a person who is hired to work for a business or organization in exchange for wages or salary; a worker
basisn: the most important facts, ideas, or events from which something is developed; the way how things are organized or arranged
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
refusev: to show that one is not willing to do or accept something
counseln: advice or guidance given by a person with specialized knowledge or experience, particularly in a professional or legal context; the act of providing advice or guidance
navigatev: to plan and direct the way that a ship, plane, etc. will travel, often by using a map
ideologicaladj: relating to or concerned with ideas and theories rather than practical matters
disagreev: to have or express a different opinion, idea, etc.
controversialadj: causing a lot of hot public discussion and dispute
defendv: to protect someone or something from attack, criticism, danger, etc.
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
structuren: the way of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts, or a complex thing constructed of many parts
recommendv: to suggest that someone or something would be a suitable fit for a particular purpose or role
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
promotev: to encourage or persuade people to like, buy, use, do, or support something; to raise someone to a higher position or rank
dialoguen: a conversation in a book, play, or film
creativeadj: relating to or involving the use of skill and original and unusual ideas to create something
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
enlightenv: to give someone greater knowledge or understanding about a particular subject or situation, often in a spiritual or moral sense
satisfyv: to make somebody pleased by giving them what they want or need
discordn: lack of agreement or harmony between people or things; a disagreement or dispute; a harsh, unpleasant sound or noise
violentadj: involving or caused by physical force or aggression against someone or something
polarizationn: the division or separation of something into two opposing or contrasting groups or factions; the condition of being polarized or having poles
innovationn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation
exponentialadj: becoming more and more rapid; of or involving mathematical exponents
vigorousadj: characterized by energy or intensity; physically strong and healthy; robust and enthusiastic in action or thought
constitutionn: the set of fundamental principles or established precedents that a state, a country, or an organization is governed by; the act of forming or establishing something
amendmentn: the act or the process of changing something, especially a document or proposed new law
restrictionn: a limitation or constraint placed on something, or the act of limiting or constraining something
employern: a person or organization that pays workers to work for them
violn: a stringed instrument, typically with six strings and frets, played with a bow, also called a viola da gamba
relevancen: the state or degree of being closely connected or appropriate to the matter at hand
suppressv: to bring something under control by force or authority; to put an end by force
bluntadj: having a dull or rounded edge or point; not sharp; straightforward in speech or manner, often to the point of being rude or insensitive
instrumentn: an object used to make musical sounds, such as a piano, guitar, or drum; a tool or device used for a specific activity, particularly in specialist or scientific work
banv: to officially or legally forbid or refuse to allow something
entityn: something that exists independently and has its own identity
regulatev: to control something, especially by means of rules or laws
disposev: to put things or people in a particular manner or position; to incline someone towards a specific activity or mood; throw or cast away
broadadj: very wide; general
flexibleadj: able to change or be changed to suit new conditions or situations; able to bend easily
prohibitv: to officially stop something from being done or used, especially by enforcing the law
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
unrestrictedadj: not limited or confined in any way
exchangev: to give something and receive something else in return, often with the implication that the items being traded are of equal or comparable value; (noun) the act of giving or taking something in return for something else; a place or system where goods or services can be bought, sold, or traded
intentionallyadv: in a planned or intended way
inflamev: to cause very strong feelings such as anger or excitement in a person or a group of people
explorationn: the activity of searching and finding out about something through a place
intellectn: the ability to think logically and comprehend information, especially at an advanced level
vulnerableadj: capable of being hurt or influenced physically or mentally
possibilityn: a chance that something may happen or be true
sanctionn: official permission or approval for an action, especially an economic or political action by a government or international organization; a penalty or punishment imposed for breaking the law, rule, or agreement; (verb) to impose a penalty or punishment for breaking the law, rule, or agreement
viewpointn: a way of thinking about a specific subject; a place from which something can be viewed, especially in an area of natural beauty
circumstancen: the specific conditions or events that surround a particular situation or occurrence
mediatev: to try to bring about an agreement or understanding between people who are in conflict
exposuren: the state of being in a particular situation or place where there is no protection from or guarantee to something harmful; the disclosure of something secret
opposingadj: competing, fighting, or working against each other
acknowledgmentn: the act of accepting or admitting something, or the fact of being accepted or admitted; recognition or acceptance of the existence or truth of something
recognitionn: the action or process of recognizing or being recognized, especially by remembering; an agreement that something is true or legal
unintendedadj: not planned or meant
broadenv: to make or become wider or more extensive; to make or become more tolerant or liberal.
perspectiven: a confident attitude toward something; a particular style of thinking about something
constantlyadv: all the time
disruptv: to prevent or stop something, especially an event, activity, or process, from continuing in the usual way by causing a problem or disturbance
engagingadj: attracting, pleasant, or charming
verbaladj: expressed in spoken rather than written words
confrontationn: the act of facing or dealing with something directly and openly; a direct and often hostile encounter or disagreement
violatev: to break or disrupt a rule, law, or agreement; to intrude on someone’s privacy or rights
disciplinaryadj: of or relating to the punishment of people who break the rules; of or relating to a specific field of academic study
invitev: to ask someone to come or join; to offer an opportunity or possibility for something to happen or take place
starkadj: empty, simple, or apparent; devoid of any qualifications
rancorn: bitterness or resentment, especially long-standing or deep-seated animosity
dissipatedadj: dispersed or scattered in different directions; wasted or squandered on excessive or extravagant pleasures such as drinking, partying, or gambling; characterized by a lack of focus or discipline
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
separatev: to force, take, or pull apart; mark as different
reactionn: a response that reveals a person’s feelings or attitude; (in chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
institutionalizev: to establish or make something a part of an institution (= a place such as a university, hospital, etc.)
biasn: a strong feeling in favor of or against one group of people, an idea, or thing, often not based on fair judgment
influencen: the ability to affect someone’s or something’s character, growth, or behavior, or the effect itself
backgroundn: the details of a person’s social heritage, such as family, vocational or educational experience; past information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem
organizationn: a group of people who work together for a shared purpose
governv: to legally control and direct a country, city, group of people, etc. and be responsible for introducing new laws, organizing and maintaining public services
marketplacen: a physical or virtual venue where goods or services are bought and sold; an economic system that facilitates exchange between buyers and sellers
competev: to strive to achieve more success than someone or something
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
identityn: the fact of being who or what somebody or something is; the features, emotions, or ideas that distinguish persons from one another
vitaladj: necessary for the success or continued existence of something
attractv: to draw or entice someone or something towards them through the qualities they have, especially positive ones
retainv: to keep or continue to possess or maintain something
talentn: a natural ability to be good at something; someone who has a natural ability to be good at something
temptationn: the desire to do or have something that you know you should not do or have; the act of influencing by exciting hope or desire
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
complexityn: the state or quality of being complicated or intricate and difficult to understand
spotn: a particular location or place; a small round or roundish area, differing in color or feels from the surface around it
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
povertyn: the condition of being extremely poor
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
diverseadj: including numerous categories of individuals or entities; various
contextn: the circumstances, facts, or conditions that surround a particular event, situation, or statement and that give it meaning
accusev: to charge or criticize someone with a crime or wrongdoing
self-interestn: the fact or action of only considering their own interests and of not caring about others
hazyadj: not clear due to a lack of recollection, comprehension, or detail; unsure or perplexed about something
topicn: a subject that is being discussed or written about
verifyv: to check that something exists or is true, or to prove that something is correct
flat-outadj: at the highest or maximum level of speed, effort, or intensity; unequivocal or without hesitation or qualification; (adverb) at full speed or maximum effort
circulationn: the movement of blood through the body or of a fluid through a system; the number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold
currencyn: a system of money in general use in a particular country
appropriateadj: suitable or proper in the circumstances; fitting
fosterv: to promoto growth; to take care of another person’s child, usually for a limited time, without becoming their legal parents
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
debaten: a formal discussion or argument of opposing viewpoints, often to persuade others to adopt a specific position; a public discussion, often on an issue of current interest, in which participants offer opinions and differing perspectives
labeln: a small piece of paper, fabric, or other material attached to an object and giving information about it; (verb) to assign to a category
tweetn: a short, high sound made by a small bird; a message sent using Twitter, the social media application
misleadv: to cause someone to believe something that is not true
deceptiveadj: tending to mislead or deceive either deliberately or inadvertently; causing one to believe what is not true or fail to believe what is true
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
coronavirusn: a large family of viruses that can cause illness in humans and animals, which name comes from the crown-like spikes on the surface of the virus, which can be seen under a microscope, and COVID-19 is caused by a specific type of coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2
up-to-the-minuteadj: completely current and timely; having the latest or most recent information or developments
virusn: a tiny infectious organic material that causes disease in people, animals, and plants
contractn: a legally binding agreement between two or more parties, setting out their rights and obligations to each other, typically in writing and enforceable by law
assertv: to state something firmly and confidently, often in a way that is intended to convince others that it is true
authoritativeadj: having or showing knowledge, expertise, or power in a particular field or area; recognized as being accurate or reliable; commanding respect or obedience
incentiven: something, such as a punishment, reward, etc., that encourages a person to do something
isolatev: to physically or socially separate someone or something from other people or things
inevitablyadv: in a manner that cannot be avoided or prevented
offensiveadj: rude in a way that causes someone to feel anger, annoyance, or resentment; for the purpose of attack rather than defense
contributev: to give something, especially money or goods, to provide or achieve something together with other people
innovativeadj: introducing or using new methods, ideas, etc.
squelchv: to make a sucking sound like that made by walking heavily through mud; to suppress or silence something completely; to crush or quash something, especially through force or authority
unfamiliaradj: not known or recognized; not experienced or encountered before
definitionn: a concise explanation of the meaning of a word, phrase, or symbol
orthodoxyn: adherence to a conventional or widely accepted set of beliefs or practices, especially in religion or politics; the accepted or established doctrine or teachings of a particular group or institution
scaredadj: afraid or frightened
deficiencyn: the state of lack, or not having enough of, something that is essential
suppressionn: the act of stopping or preventing something from being expressed or revealed
devastatingadj: causing a great deal of destruction or damage
witchn: a person, typically a woman, who is believed to have magic powers and practices witchcraft
lynchv: to put to death or punish (usually by hanging) without legal authorization or due process, often as an act of mob justice or vigilante action; (noun) a violent punishment, often extrajudicial, in which a mob or group of people seize and kill someone, usually by hanging, as a form of punishment or vengeance
genociden: the intentional killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation
remedyn: a successful way of dealing with or improving an unpleasant or difficult situation or curing an illness
Nazin: a member or supporter of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, which controlled Germany from 1933 to 1945 and carried out a genocidal campaign against Jews and other marginalized groups; someone who subscribes to similar racist or authoritarian beliefs
marchv: to walk militarily with stiff, regular steps
leafyadj: covered with or having many leaves; of or relating to plants that produce many leaves, especially those that are broad and flat
peacefuladj: not involving violence, conflict, or war
suburbn: an outlying district or residential area of a city or town, typically comprising middle-class and affluent neighborhoods
holocaustn: the systematic killing of millions of Jews and other minority groups by the Nazis during World War II, or any similar act of mass destruction
survivorn: a person who remains alive after an event in which others have died
counciln: a group of people who have been elected or appointed to make decisions or give advice on a particular subject or in a particular place
immediatelyadv: now or without delay
ordinancen: a law or regulation enacted by a local government or governing authority; typically used about laws that concern public health, safety, or morals
suev: to claim a person or organization, especially by filing a legal claim for money or redress
supremeadj: highest in rank, level, or importance
displayv: to exhibit or show something to others, often to attract attention or demonstrate its features, properties, or value
swastikan: an ancient symbol consisting of a cross with arms bent at right angles, often used by cultures around the world as a symbol of good fortune or well-being, but more recently and unfortunately, associated with the Nazi party and its atrocities during World War II
salutev: to show respect or recognition for someone or something, often by making a gesture or performing an action; to greet or acknowledge someone in a formal or ceremonious way
litigationn: the process of resolving legal disputes through the court system
federaladj: relating to a central government or national authority; refers to government policies, laws, or programs that are implemented at a national level rather than a state or local level
protestn: a strong expression of disagreement, disapproval, or opposition
inclusiveadj: including much or everything, and especially including stated limits; not excluding any of the people, things, ideas, etc. involved in something
tribunen: an official in ancient Rome who represented various social groups and had the power to veto decisions made by other officials; a platform or elevated area used for speaking or addressing a public audience
sputterv: to emit or make a series of explosive popping or spitting sounds; to speak quickly or in a confused or agitated manner; to work or operate in an erratic or uneven manner
spectacularadj: striking or impressive to look at or in performance or achievement
fallacyn: a mistaken belief, idea, or argument that is not supported by facts or evidence; a deceptive or misleading statement or belief
moraladj: concerned with the principles of what is right and wrong, fairness, honesty, etc.
bankruptcyn: the legal status of a person or business that cannot repay debts to creditors
countervailv: to oppose or balance something with equal force or weight; to counteract or compensate for something
nobleadj: having or showing excellent personal qualities or high moral principles that people admire

Leave a Reply