Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (172 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (30 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

capitalismn: an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit
spann: the entire length of something, such as time or space from beginning to end; the amount of space that something covers
grabv: to take hold of something or someone suddenly with a hand, especially in a violent way
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
economicsn: the branch of social science that deals with the production, consumption, and transfer of goods and services
professionn: an occupation or vocation requiring advanced education or specialized training
neo-liberaladj: relating to a modern political and economic philosophy that emphasizes the promotion of free markets, limited government intervention, privatization, and deregulation
corporationn: a large company or group of companies that are controlled together by law as a single unit
billionairen: a person who has a net worth of at least one billion dollars
enactv: to make a law; to put something into practice
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
regulatev: to control something, especially by means of rules or laws
wagen: a particular amount of money that somebody earns, usually every week or every month, for work or services
economicaladj: providing a satisfactory return on the money, time, or effort; not using more money, fuel, etc. than necessary
warnv: to make someone aware of potential danger or difficulty, particularly one that may occur in the future
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
regulationn: an official rule made and maintained by a government or some other authority; the act of controlling or directing something according to a rule
inefficientadj: lacking the ability or skill and not making the best use of time, money, energy, etc.
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
trillionn: the number 1,000,000,000,000; a million million
widenv: to become or make something broader, wider, more extensive
inequalityn: the unfairness of a society in which some people have more opportunity, money, etc. than others; (mathematics) relation between two values when they are different
largelyadv: virtually entirely; to a large degree
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
budgev: to move or shift slightly, particularly with effort or resistance; to make or cause a slight change in something
dislocatev: to move out of a position of the bone in a joint; to put out of its usual place, position, or relationship
austerityn: the state or condition of being stern, rigid, or uncompromising, or being simple or plain; an economic policy or measure that seeks to reduce government spending and debt
dismaladj: depressing or dreary; causing or showing unhappiness or despair
spiten: feelings of anger and resentment; (in spite of, also despite) a phrase that is used to indicate that something happened or exists even though there is a particular obstacle or difficulty
dazzlingadj: shining brightly; highly attractive or exciting
mathematicsn: the science dealing with the logic of quantities, shapes, spaces, and arrangement
academicadj: associated with schools, colleges, and universities, especially studying and thinking, not with practical skills
practitionern: a person who works in a profession or occupation, such as a doctor, lawyer, or teacher
concludev: to come to an end or close; to reach a judgment or opinion by reasoning
crisisn: a time of great disagreement, confusion, or danger when problems must be resolved or critical decisions must be taken
instabilityn: the state of being unstable or uncertain and likely to change suddenly
backwardadv: at, to, or toward the direction or place that is behind or rear
self-interestn: the fact or action of only considering their own interests and of not caring about others
promotev: to encourage or persuade people to like, buy, use, do, or support something; to raise someone to a higher position or rank
reciprocityn: a mutual exchange of help and advantages; privileges granted in return for similar privileges
competitionn: a situation in which someone is attempting to beat or outperform another
prosperityn: the state of being successful and having the good fortune
cooperationn: the act or situation of working together with someone towards a shared purpose, benefit, etc.
inclusiveadj: including much or everything, and especially including stated limits; not excluding any of the people, things, ideas, etc. involved in something
sustainv: to supply enough of what somebody or something needs to survive or exist; to accept as valid
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
thrivev: to grow vigorously; to make steady progress
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
undergirdv: to provide support or a foundation for something, often by strengthening or reinforcing a structure or system
efficientadj: performing at the highest level of productivity with the least wasted effort or resources; capable of achieving maximum output with minimum wasted effort, time, or materials
equilibriumn: a state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
freakn: an abnormality that is not typical or expected
preciousadj: uncommon and extremely valuable
laborn: productive work, especially physical work done for wages; the people who do manual or physical work in a country or company for wage; (verb) to work hard or to strive and make an effort to reach a goal
unemployedadj: not having a job, although able to work
dramaticallyadv: in a very impressive manner
boomn: a sudden increase in economic activity, or a sudden happening that brings good fortune; a deep, loud, and prolonged sound
instancen: a particular example or single occurrence of something
suddenlyadv: quickly and unexpectedly
affordv: to have enough money or time to be able to buy or do something
shrinkv: to become smaller, or to make something smaller in size or amount
comfortn: a state of physical ease and freedom from pain or constraint
povertyn: the condition of being extremely poor
nonsensen: an idea, behavior, or something spoken or written that has no meaning or makes no sense or that is silly or unacceptable
negotiatev: to have formal discussions with someone to reach an agreement
employern: a person or organization that pays workers to work for them
pretensionn: the act of claiming or asserting something, especially without good reason or without evidence; an unfounded or excessive claim or ambition
giantadj: enormous; much bigger or more important than similar items usually are
imbalancen: a situation in which two or more things are not equal or equally treated
essentiallyadv: relating to the essential features or concepts of anything
racketn: a loud and unpleasant noise that is often repeated or sustained over a period of time; a tool or implement used in various leisure activities or sports, such as tennis or badminton
perniciousadj: causing harm or destruction, often in a subtle or gradual way
homosexualadj: sexually attracted to people of one’s own sex
relentlessadj: persistent and determined; continuing despite difficulties or setbacks
maximumadj: the largest or greatest amount or value attainable or attained
plausibleadj: seeming reasonable or likely to be true, and therefore convincing
maximn: a well-known phrase that expresses a general or fundamental truth, principle, or rule for behavior
utilityn: the state or quality of being useful or convenient; the service, such as electric power or water or transportation, provided by a public
grenaden: a hand-held explosive device designed to be thrown or projected toward a target and detonate upon impact or after a specified time
defendv: to protect someone or something from attack, criticism, danger, etc.
fellowadj: someone who has the same job or interests as you, or is in the same class, profession, or situation as you
contraryn: acting in opposition to what is expected or desired
moraladj: concerned with the principles of what is right and wrong, fairness, honesty, etc.
intuitionn: the ability to understand or know something without reasoning or evidence; a feeling that guides a person to do or believe something without fully understanding why
crueladj: feeling or showing pleasure in causing pain or suffering to others
corrosiveadj: having the ability to corrode or erode a material or substance; causing damage or deterioration over time; harmful or destructive
ambiguousadj: open to more than one interpretation; not clear or decided
definitionn: a concise explanation of the meaning of a word, phrase, or symbol
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
magicaladj: produced by or containing supernatural powers
transubstantiatev: to change from one substance to another, especially in a religious context, such as the transformation of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ during the Eucharist
mereadj: used to emphasize how insignificant or minor someone or something is
logicn: a way of thinking or reasoning conducted or evaluated by strict validity principles; the study of correct reasoning or good arguments
greedyadj: having or showing an intense or insatiable desire for wealth, status, power, or food
enrichv: to make better or improve in quality by adding something else
shareholdern: a person who owns shares of stock in a company or business and therefore gets the company’s profit and has the right to control the company
gospeln: a set of beliefs or teachings of a particular religious group, especially when considered authoritative or sacred
ideologicaladj: relating to or concerned with ideas and theories rather than practical matters
cornerstonen: a fundamental or essential element or component of something; a basis or foundation upon which something is built or developed
buddyn: a close friend; a partner, especially one of a pair or team
virtuallyadv: almost completely
empiricaladj: based on or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic
cooperativeadj: involving doing something jointly or working with others to achieve a common goal
reciprocaladj: given or felt by each toward the other; mutual; corresponding or interchangeable
intuitiveadj: obtained through feelings rather than facts or proof
creaturen: a living being, especially an animal
inherentadj: existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute
superpowern: a country or nation that has significant global influence or formidable military, economic, or technological strength; a supernatural ability or force capable of extraordinary feats or feats beyond normal human capabilities
grantv: to agree to give or allow somebody
permitv: to allow for something to happen or be done; (noun) the act of giving a formal, usually written, authorization
virtuen: high moral standards in behavior or attitudes
emphasizev: to give or show particular importance to something
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
refinedadj: made pure by having impurities or unwanted elements removed by processing
complexityn: the state or quality of being complicated or intricate and difficult to understand
evolutionaryadj: relating to or denoting how living things develop or change from earlier forms
psychologyn: the scientific study of mind and behavior
anthropologyn: the scientific study of humanity, concerned with human behavior, human biology, cultures, societies, and linguistics in both the present and past, including past human species
disciplinen: the practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using and punishments if these are broken; a region of activity, knowledge, or influence
broadadj: very wide; general
stroken: a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain causes cell death; the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club, racket, etc.
explanationn: the information or arguments that someone provides to make something understandable or clear
emergev: to move out of or away from something and become visible
loopn: a shape like a curve or a circle made by something long and thin, such as a piece of string, that bends round and crosses itself
innovationn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation
consumev: to spend something, especially fuel, energy, or time, in a large amount
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
mechanismn: a part of a machine, or a set of parts that performs a task; a natural or established process that occurs during a specific situation or reaction
prosperousadj: successful financially or materially; bringing success or good fortune
definev: to state or explain precisely the nature, scope, or meaning of something
crucialadj: extremely vital or necessary
firmadj: resolute or unwavering in decision-making or action; strong or secure in structure, make, or composition; reliable, trustworthy, or dependable; (noun) a business or company
talentn: a natural ability to be good at something; someone who has a natural ability to be good at something
strategyn: a detailed plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall goal.
bunchn: a grouping of several similar things which are growing or fastened together
jerkv: to make a sudden, sharp movement, or cause something to do this
sustainableadj: able to continue or be continued for a long time
equitableadj: fair and impartial; treating everyone fairly
thumbn: the short, thick digit of the hand next to the index finger; (verb) to travel by getting free rides from motorists
junglen: an area of tropical forest where in which trees and plants grow very thickly
constrainv: to restrict or limit someone or something’s freedom or ability to do something
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
inevitablyadv: in a manner that cannot be avoided or prevented
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
fancyv: to want to do or have something; (noun) something that many people believe but that is false, or that does not exist; imagination or fantasy
luxuryn: a state of great comfort or sophistication, mainly provided by expensive and beautiful things
principlen: a fundamental law or truth that explains or controls how something happens or works
griftn: a dishonest scheme or fraud, often involving the theft of money or property
contemporaryadj: belonging to the same or present time
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
insistv: to say something clearly or demand something forcefully, especially when other people disagree with or oppose what you say
improvev: to make or become better
welfaren: the general health, happiness, and prosperous of a person or group
stakeholdern: a person or group that has an interest or concern in something, especially a business
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
alikeadv: similar or identical in nature or appearance
rapaciousadj: aggressively greedy or grasping, often about money or resources; devouring or predacious in nature
sociopathn: a person who exhibits a disregard for other people’s rights, feelings, and safety; someone who lacks empathy or the ability to understand and share the feelings of others; sometimes used interchangeably with the term “psychopath”
physicsn: the science of matter and energy and their interactions
unchangedadj: not altered, modified, or varied in any way
constructv: to build or create something; to assemble or combine different parts to form something whole
narrativen: a story or a description of a series of events or process of telling a story
pseudosciencen: a belief or practice that is presented as scientific but lacks supporting evidence or is contradicted by scientific evidence; a system of beliefs or practices that is not based on scientific principles
functionn: the purpose or use of an object, system, or process; a particular activity or operation that is designed to serve a specific purpose; a mathematical concept that describes a relationship between two sets of values, called the input and output sets; (verb) to operate or work in a specific way, or to perform a particular task or purpose
moderatorn: a person or thing that moderates or regulates something, such as a discussion or forum; a device or mechanism that controls or regulates the speed, temperature, or other variables of a process or operation
nickn: a small cut, notch, or indentation in a surface or an edge
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known

Leave a Reply