Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (167 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (36 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

uncoverv: to remove the cover from something; to discover something previously unseen or hidden
scandaln: an action or event regarded as morally or legally wrong and causing general public outrage
traditionn: a belief, custom, or way of doing something that has been passed down from generation to generation within a group or society
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
scrapn: a small piece or amount of something, especially leftover from a larger whole
staleadj: no longer fresh, new, or interesting; dull or uninteresting
grocern: a person who owns a shop that sells foodstuffs and some household supplies
deliciousadj: exceptionally pleasing to taste or smell
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
consumptionn: the amount used or eaten; the act of using up a resource such as energy, food, or materials
scratchv: to cut or damage the surface of something or the skin with a sharp or pointed object
chainn: a series of connected links or objects; a system or group of interconnected elements; a restraint or shackle
hemorrhagen: profuse bleeding, often caused by a ruptured vessel
binn: a container, usually that has a lid and used for waste
landfilln: a site for the disposal of waste materials
tastyadj: having a strong and pleasant flavor when it is eaten
loafn: a quantity of bread that is shaped and baked in one piece and usually sliced for serving; (verb) to be lazy or idle
cropn: a plant that is cultivated in large amounts, particularly for food
grabv: to take hold of something or someone suddenly with a hand, especially in a violent way
exhibitionn: a public event or display of works of art, scientific or industrial objects, or other items of interest, usually held in a museum or art gallery
injusticen: a violation of the rights of others or the laws of a society
provisionn: the act of providing or supplying something; a clause in a document or law that specifies a particular requirement or condition
confrontv: to face, meet or deal with a problem or difficult situation or person
expositionn: a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory; a collection of things, such as goods or works of art, etc., for public display
rotv: to decay, or cause something to decay, naturally and gradually
paleadj: having skin that is very light colored; lacking in vitality or interest or effectiveness
colossaladj: extremely large and impressive
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
demonstratev: to display something or give an exhibition to an interested audience
extentn: the point or degree or area to which something extends
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
breakdownn: a failure or collapse of a system or organization
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
empiricaladj: based on or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
proxyn: a person or entity that is authorized to act on behalf of another person or entity
consumev: to spend something, especially fuel, energy, or time, in a large amount
dietn: the food and drink that a person, animal, or community eats and drinks regularly; a legislative assembly in certain countries, for example, Japan
intaken: the act or process of taking food, air, etc., into your body through the mouth; the amount of food, air, or another substance that you take into your body
surveyn: an investigation of the opinions, behavior, etc. of a particular group of people, made by asking people questions
obesityn: the condition of being significantly overweight, typically defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater.
approximateadj: nearly accurate or correct, but not completely so
inevitableadj: certain to happen and unavoidable
realisticadj: having or showing a sensible and practical idea that is possible to achieve
stableadj: firm and steady; not easily moved, disturbed, or changed
nutritionaladj: of or relating to the substance required by the body to maintain health and growth
dotn: a very small circular mark, especially one that is printed
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
unnecessaryadj: not needed or required; not essential or important
surplusn: an amount of something more than what is needed or required; excess or extra supply
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
requirementn: something that is needed or wanted
strikev: to wallop somebody or something with the hand, fist, or weapon; to have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
plotn: a secret plan or scheme to achieve a specific goal; the plan or main story of a literary work; (verb) to plan secretly, usually something illegal
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
unpackv: to open and remove stored items from a container or package; to analyze or examine something in detail, often to clarify or understand it better
livestockn: farm animals and birds such as cows, sheep, and chickens
maizen: a cereal grain that is native to the Americas and cultivated in wide varieties for its large, yellow, edible seed and as a feed for livestock
soyn: a legume plant that is widely cultivated for its edible bean, which has many uses, such as for oil, food, and animal feed
wheatn: a cereal plant that is the most important kind grown in temperate countries, the grain of which is ground to make flour for bread, pasta, pastry, etc
dairyn: a room, building, or establishment where milk and milk products are produced and processed; milk and milk products, such as butter and cheese
planetn: any of the nine large celestial bodies that circle in the solar system; any celestial body that revolves around a star
graphn: a picture consisting of a line, lines, points, etc., that shows how two or more sets of certain quantities are related to each other
enormousadj: extremely large or great
buffern: a device, material, or person that reduces the impact or effect of an external force or provides protection against harm or damage
gargantuanadj: of immense size, volume, or magnitude; gigantic
agriculturen: the practice or science of cultivating the land or raising stock
achievev: to successfully complete a task or goal, often through hard work, perseverance, and dedication; to attain or accomplish something that one has set out to do
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
ecologyn: the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment
chopv: to cut something into pieces with a sharp tool, such as a knife
extractn: a short passage taken from a book, piece of music, etc.; a substance obtained from something through a specific process; (verb) to obtain from something or to remove something by effort or force
depletev: to reduce something, especially supplies of energy, money, etc., by a large amount; to use up resources or materials
reservev: to keep something for future use or contingency; to obtain or arrange something, such as a meeting, seat, etc., in advance
emitv: to give off or send out something such as light, heat, sound, gas, etc.
fossiln: any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing that has become hard and turned into rock
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
emissionn: the act of production or sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
questn: a long or challenging search for something
inspectv: to look at someone or something closely, usually to examine their condition or to detect flaws
packetn: a small container or envelope that holds one or more items typically used for storing or transporting items like food, medicine, or marketing materials
symboln: something visible that is used to represent something else
primarilyadv: mainly
associatev: to mentally connect someone or something with someone or something else
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
infrastructuren: the basic systems, services, or features that are necessary for an organization or country, such as transport and power supplies
refrigerationn: the process of cooling or freezing something, especially food, to preserve it
grainn: wheat or any other small hard seeds used as a food; a relatively small granular particle of a substance
craten: a large container, typically made of wood or metal, used for transporting or storing goods
inefficientadj: lacking the ability or skill and not making the best use of time, money, energy, etc.
fecesn: waste matter eliminated from the bowels; excrement
garbagen: waste material, especially food waste and kitchen refuse
superlativeadj: of the highest degree, quality, or intensity; surpassing all others, used to describe comparisons that are extreme or the highest in a particular category
efficientadj: performing at the highest level of productivity with the least wasted effort or resources; capable of achieving maximum output with minimum wasted effort, time, or materials
unofficialadj: not authorized or recognized by an authority or organization; informal; not having an official status or position
inspectionn: the act of examining, assessing, or reviewing something to ensure its accuracy, quality, safety, or compliance; the process of investigating or evaluating something
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
corporationn: a large company or group of companies that are controlled together by law as a single unit
sneakingadj: characterized by stealth, secrecy, or furtiveness; done in a surreptitious or underhanded manner
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known
evidentadj: apparent to the mind, senses, or judgment
abundancen: a significant amount of something; the situation in which there is too much of something
tipn: the top or extreme point of something slender or tapering, usually a mountain or hill; a piece of advice about something practical; a small amount of money given for services
icebergn: a large piece of ice floating in the sea, detached from a glacier
slicen: a flat, often thin, piece of bread, meat, cheese, etc., that has been cut from a larger piece; a wound made by cutting
crustn: a hard outer layer that forms on the surface of a liquid as it cools or on a solid as a result of exposure to air or moisture
squeezev: to apply pressure from two or more sides; to hold someone or something tightly in your arms, usually with fondness
contributev: to give something, especially money or goods, to provide or achieve something together with other people
depositn: a sum of money or materials placed or kept in a bank, safety deposit box, or other secure places for safekeeping; a layer of rock, sand, or other material left behind by a flowing liquid or eroding force
harvestn: yields of plants in a single growing season; the period of the year when gathering occurs on a farm
cosmeticadj: relating to treatment aimed at restoring or improving a person’s appearance and attractiveness; (noun) a substance that you put on your face or body to enhance its appearance and make it more attractive
poundn: the standard unit of money in the UK; the standard unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
spinachn: a leafy green vegetable with a slightly bitter taste and high nutritional value, often used in salads or cooked dishes, and also famously associated with the cartoon character Popeye, who claimed eating spinach made him stronger
cosmeticallyadv: in terms of appearance, especially about improving or enhancing the appearance of something; superficially
imperfectlyadv: in a faulty or incomplete way
specificationn: a detailed description of the characteristics, features, or requirements of something, typically a product or system; a written statement that outlines the standards, procedures, or requirements for a project or job
discardv: to throw something away or get rid of something that you no longer wanted or need
betv: to risk money on the result of an event or a competition, such as a race or game, to get more money; to have faith or confidence in something
livern: a large organ in the body, involved in many metabolic processes, such as detoxification of the organism, and the synthesis of proteins
lungn: either of the two organs in the chest that people and some animals use for breathing
kidneyn: either of a pair of small organs in the body that filter waste products, especially urea, from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
testiclen: one of the two oval-shaped organs in men that produce sperm and testosterone; in animals, the equivalent organ responsible for producing sperm and often also regulating testosterone levels
gastronomyn: the art or science of preparing and serving good food; the study of food and its relationship to culture and society
halvev: to divide something into two equal parts; to reduce something by half its original amount or size
incineratev: to burn something, especially waste material completely
provincen: the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
tabooadj: prohibited or restricted by social custom
chefn: a cook, especially the chief cook in a restaurant or hotel
halfwayadj: in or at a point midway or an equal distance between two points
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
frownv: to make an angry or severe expression by bringing your eyebrows together to indicate disapproval, displeasure, or concentration
insultn: a remark or action that causes offense or disrespect; (verb) to treat, mention, or speak to rudely
thrashv: to beat violently with a stick or whip; to move violently and uncontrollably; to defeat soundly in a competition or contest
faithn: complete trust in something or someone’s ability or knowledge; a strong belief in religion, divine power, etc.
tragicadj: causing great sadness or suffering; very unfortunate
regardv: to think about or consider somebody or something in a specified way
unacceptablyadv: in a way that is not acceptable or satisfactory
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
experimentn: the scientific test conducted to observe what happens and gain new knowledge
lettucen: a leafy vegetable that is often used as a base for salads or sandwiches; it has green leaves and a mild flavor
fridgen: a piece of electrical equipment in which food can be stored at low temperatures so that it stays fresh
stickv: to put something, usually a sharp object, into something; to restrict yourself to doing or using one certain thing and not change; (noun) a thin piece of wood or other material
vasen: a container, typically ornamental, for holding flowers or other decorative objects
inevitablyadv: in a manner that cannot be avoided or prevented
domesticatev: to take control of animals or plants to provide food, power, or company
illegaladj: not allowed by law
foot-and-mouthn: a highly contagious viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, such as cattle, pigs, and sheep, causing fever and the development of painful blisters on the feet and in the mouth
outbreakn: a sudden start of something, usually a disease or something dangerous or unpleasant
renderv: to bring someone or something into a particular state; to provide something such as service, help, etc.
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
importv: to bring goods or services into a country from another country; to transfer electronic data into a database or document;
deforestationn: the act of cutting down or burning trees in a large area
biodiversityn: the number and variety of plants and animals that exist in a particular area or the world and make a balanced environment
carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
ridv: to make someone or something free of unwanted or unpleasant tasks, objects, or person
anaerobicadj: living or occurring in the absence of oxygen; relating to or involving a process that does not require oxygen
digestionn: the process of breaking down food in the body into smaller, more usable components, typically involving enzymes and other bodily processes; the process of assimilating, understanding, or absorbing information or ideas
electrifyv: to make a machine or system work by using electricity; to make someone extremely enthusiastic about or interested in something
paltryadj: lacking in importance, value, or quality; insignificant; meager or inadequate
oxiden: a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element
tacklev: to try to deal with a complex problem or situation
feen: a sum of money charged for a particular service
internv: to put someone in prison, especially for political or military reasons; (noun) a student or trainee who works, sometimes for free, to get work experience or to fulfill qualification criteria
celebratev: to acknowledge a memorable or good day or event with a social gathering or enjoyable activity
saken: purpose; reason for wanting something done
terrestrialadj: of or relating to the Earth; relating to or inhabiting the land or the ground as opposed to the sea or air
trashn: discarded material, refuse, or waste