Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (167 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (44 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

confessionn: a formal statement in which one admits that they have done something wrong or illegal
archaeologyn: the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
curatorn: a person whose job is to manage the objects or artworks in a museum, art gallery, etc.
paradoxicaladj: seemingly contradictory or absurd because of having two opposite features or facts, though it is probably true
educationaladj: relating to education or providing knowledge or instruction
magicn: beliefs and actions employed to influence supernatural beings and forces; any art or performance that invokes supernatural powers
axn: a tool with a metal blade that is usually attached to a wooden handle and is used for chopping wood or other materials
totemn: a sacred object or symbol that represents a person, family, clan, or community, often used in indigenous cultures as part of a belief system or religious practice
polen: one of two antipodal points where the Earth’s axis of rotation intersects the Earth’s surface; a long, slender, rounded rod, typically of wood or metal, used as a support or to hang something
impressionismn: a style of art and literature that seeks to capture the fleeting momentary sensations and impressions of perception rather than objective reality or formal structure
imaginaryadj: existing only in someone’s mind
pausev: to take a short break from talking or doing something before continuing
musen: a source of inspiration, particularly for creative endeavors such as writing or art; a mythical spirit thought to inspire poets and artists
gazev: to stare at something or someone for an extended time, usually out of surprise or adoration, or because you are thinking about something else
empiren: a group of countries ruled by one leader or government
meditationn: the act of focusing one’s mind on a particular object or thought; activity to train attention and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state
battlegroundn: a place where a battle is fought
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
distantadj: far away in space, time, or where you are; far apart in relevance, relationship, or kinship
institutionalizev: to establish or make something a part of an institution (= a place such as a university, hospital, etc.)
treasuren: a valuable or desirable possession; something that is cherished or held dear; a collection of valuable objects or money that is hidden or protected
repatriatev: to return a person or group of people to their country of origin or citizenship; to bring back someone who was deported or exiled
originn: the first existence or beginning of something
sculpturen: the art of creating three-dimensional objects or forms, typically by carving, modeling, or casting in a variety of materials such as stone, wood, metal, or clay
antiquityn: the ancient past, especially the period of classical civilization
ancestraladj: related to or connected with members of your family from the past
tattoon: a form of body modification made by inserting ink, dyes, or pigments, either permanent or temporary, into the skin to form a design
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
paleadj: having skin that is very light colored; lacking in vitality or interest or effectiveness
comparisonn: the consideration or examination of the similarities between two or more people or things
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
artifactn: a person-made object, especially one of historical or cultural interest
skeletonn: the structure of bones in a human or animal body, or a framework of bones or other material that supports a plant
illustratev: to provide pictures, photographs, diagrams, etc. in a book or something for explanation
staken: a share or financial investment in something such as a business; a wooden or metal post set up to mark something
carvingn: the act or process of cutting or shaping a hard material, such as wood or stone, into a specific form or design
triben: a social group made up of members who live together, sharing the same language, culture, religion, etc., especially those who do not live in towns or cities
anthropologyn: the scientific study of humanity, concerned with human behavior, human biology, cultures, societies, and linguistics in both the present and past, including past human species
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
precursorn: a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind and that contributes to or influences its growth
starkadj: empty, simple, or apparent; devoid of any qualifications
ushern: a person who shows people to their seats in a theater or church or who guides them through a building
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
viewpointn: a way of thinking about a specific subject; a place from which something can be viewed, especially in an area of natural beauty
supposev: to think that something is likely to be actual or possible
introductionn: a preliminary explanation or remarks given before the start of a text, performance, or event; the act of bringing something new into existence or introducing something to a wider audience or new market
appreciatev: to value and acknowledge the worth of someone or something; to be grateful for something or someone
committedadj: willing to put in a lot of effort, time, and energy into something; firmly believing in something
violentadj: involving or caused by physical force or aggression against someone or something
priestn: a person who performs religious duties and ceremonies, especially in the Christian faith
ritualn: any customary observance or practice; any prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies
carvev: to create something by cutting wood or stone; to turn sharply
ceremonyn: a formal event or ritual, often religious or solemn
sacredadj: connected with religion or religious purposes; worthy of respect or dedication because of a connection with a god
shrinen: a place considered holy because of its association with a deity or a sacred person or relic or because it is a place of pilgrimage or worship
universen: everything that exists, especially all physical matter, including planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy
balancen: a condition in which everything has the same weight or force; something left after other parts have been taken away
belongv: to be the property of someone or something; to be a member or part of a group; to be in the proper or appropriate place
fulfillv: to meet the requirements or expectations; to achieve or realize
spiritualadj: relating to or affecting the human spirit or soul as opposed to material or physical things
startlingadj: extremely surprising, astonishing, and sometimes worrying
concludev: to come to an end or close; to reach a judgment or opinion by reasoning
contradictv: to deny the truth of a statement by stating the opposite; to be in conflict with
refrainv: to avoid or stop doing something; to hold oneself back from an action
plotn: a secret plan or scheme to achieve a specific goal; the plan or main story of a literary work; (verb) to plan secretly, usually something illegal
questionableadj: doubtful or uncertain and may be open to question or criticism
desertn: arid land with little or no vegetation often covered with sand or rocks
amazev: to fill with wonder, surprise, or admiration
beneathadv: in or to a lower place than someone or something
blandadj: lacking in strong flavor, character, or interest; unremarkable or unexciting
stripv: to remove the surface from something; (noun) a sizeable narrow piece of something such as paper, metal, cloth, etc., or area of land, sea, etc.
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known
laboratoryn: a workplace for doing scientific research or teaching science; a lab
racialadj: of or related to the race (= classification of humans into groups based on physical traits or social relations)
hierarchyn: a system in which people or things are organized into different levels of importance from highest to lowest
plunderv: to rob or steal, especially by force or in times of war or chaos; to pillage or loot a place or property
graven: a place where a dead body is buried, typically marked by a headstone or other memorial; a very serious, solemn, or important matter; (verb) to carve, cut, or etch a design, inscription, or mark onto a hard surface, such as stone or metal; (adjective) serious, solemn, or weighty in nature
battlefieldn: a place where a battle or conflict is fought
buryv: to place a dead body in the ground, grave, or tomb
depositn: a sum of money or materials placed or kept in a bank, safety deposit box, or other secure places for safekeeping; a layer of rock, sand, or other material left behind by a flowing liquid or eroding force
specimenn: an individual example or sample of something, typically used to represent a larger group or category
banv: to officially or legally forbid or refuse to allow something
cuspn: a pointed end, especially the pointed end of a crescent moon or the part of a curve that is most curved
extinctionn: the complete disappearance of a species from the earth
racismn: prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against a person or people based on their membership in a particular ethnic group, typically one that is a minority or marginalized
colonn: the punctuation mark ( : ) used to introduce a list, summary, explanation, etc., or before reporting what someone has said; a significant part of the large intestine, the final section of the digestive system
labeln: a small piece of paper, fabric, or other material attached to an object and giving information about it; (verb) to assign to a category
protestn: a strong expression of disagreement, disapproval, or opposition
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
congressn: a formal meeting of the representatives of different countries, constituent states, organizations, trade unions, political parties, or other groups
reclaimv: to take back something previously lost, given, or paid, or ask to have it back
panicn: a sudden strong feeling of fear that cannot be controlled and prevents reasonable thought and action
graspv: to take hold of something or someone quickly and firmly
spiritn: the part of a person which is the seat of their mind, feelings, and character rather than their physical body; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
surroundv: to be all around something or somebody
luminousadj: emitting or reflecting light, especially in the dark; shining or glowing brightly; full of light or enlightenment
insightn: the ability to gain an accurate and deep understanding of people or situations; an accurate and deep understanding of what something is like
frankadj: honest and sincere; open and candid in expression
declarev: to say, state, or announce something clearly, officially, or publicly
humankindn: the whole of the living human inhabitants of the earth
enigman: a puzzling or mysterious person, place, or thing; something that is difficult or impossible to understand or explain; a riddle or mysterious puzzle that requires a solution
decipherv: to read or understand something that is written in code or in a difficult or obscure way
heritagen: the culture and traditions that are passed down from previous generations
preservev: to keep or maintain a particular quality, feature, etc., especially to prevent it from decaying, being damaged, or being destroyed
graduatedadj: having received a degree from a school, college, or university; marked with or divided into levels or degrees
epiphanyn: a moment of sudden and great realization or revelation; a Christian festival, held on 6 January, celebrating the visit of the three wise men to the infant Jesus
vastadj: enormous in size, number, amount, or quantity
dividev: to separate or cause to separate into parts or groups
imperfectlyadv: in a faulty or incomplete way
reconciliationn: the restoration of cordial or friendly relations; getting two things to correspond
ruinv: to damage, spoil, or demolish something; (noun) an unrecoverable state of devastation and destruction,
hirev: to give somebody a job
proactiveadj: acting in advance to deal with an expected difficulty or to take advantage of an opportunity.
confrontv: to face, meet or deal with a problem or difficult situation or person
closetn: a small room or cabinet with a door used for storing things, especially clothes
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
negotiatev: to have formal discussions with someone to reach an agreement
transferv: to move, pass, or change from one person, place, or situation to another
undertakev: to do or begin to do something, such as an enterprise or responsibility
relativeadj: considered and evaluated through comparison with something else
unearthv: to discover or bring to light something that is in the ground or was previously hidden or unknown
endlessadj: having no end or conclusion; infinitely very large in size or amount
permanentadj: lasting for a long time without essential change
featn: a notable or impressive achievement, especially one that requires great skill or bravery
catalogn: a complete list of items, often including technical details and prices
ethnologyn: an academic field that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationships between them
dubiousadj: having doubts or reservations; uncertain
overlyadv: to a greater degree than is appropriate or desirable
enthusiasticadj: having or showing great excitement, interest, or eagerness; energetic or passionate about something
necklacen: a piece of jewelry that is worn around the neck, typically consisting of a chain or cord with a pendant, charms, or beads attached
propertyn: a thing or things that belong to someone
provisionn: the act of providing or supplying something; a clause in a document or law that specifies a particular requirement or condition
insistv: to say something clearly or demand something forcefully, especially when other people disagree with or oppose what you say
warnv: to make someone aware of potential danger or difficulty, particularly one that may occur in the future
precedentn: a previous event or action that serves as an example or rule to authorize or justify similar events or actions in the future
disputen: a disagreement, argument, or controversy between two people, groups, or countries, especially a formal one
strengthn: the quality or state of being physically, or sometimes mentally, strong
colleaguen: one of a group of a coworker, especially in a profession or a business
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
storagen: the act or process of putting in and keeping something in a particular place for use in the future; an electronic memory device that can store information
retainv: to keep or continue to possess or maintain something
traditionn: a belief, custom, or way of doing something that has been passed down from generation to generation within a group or society
potteryn: ceramic ware made from clay and baked in a kiln; the art or process of making objects from clay by shaping it and then firing it in a kiln or oven
jewelryn: decorative ornaments made of precious metals, gemstones, or other materials, worn as personal adornment, which can include items such as necklaces, bracelets, rings, earrings, and brooches
preciousadj: uncommon and extremely valuable
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
atopadv: on, to, or at the top
mesan: a flat-topped hill with steep sides, found in landscapes with horizontal strata
overlookv: to fail to notice something; to watch over someone; to provide a view from above
homelandn: a place regarded as one’s native country or where one belongs
enclosev: to surround, as with a fence, wall, or barrier; to put within boundaries; to include
threadn: a fine cord of natural or synthetic fibers or filaments, such as cotton or nylon, used in sewing, knitting, or weaving; a series of connected messages or comments on a social media platform or online forum, often related to a particular topic; a sequence or line of events, ideas, or actions that are connected or related; (verb) to pass a thread through a needle or other small opening, in preparation for sewing or stitching
barbn: a sharp projection or point, often on a plant or animal; a cutting remark or criticism that is meant to hurt or insult; a type of fishing lure that has small hooks and a brightly colored feather or hair
turquoisen: a greenish-blue mineral that is a hydrated copper and aluminum phosphate and is valued as a gemstone, often used in jewelry and decorative objects
shelln: hard outer covering or case of eggs, nuts, some seeds, and some animals
ancientadj: relating to the long ago, particularly the historical period preceding the fall of the Western Roman Empire; very old
glimpsen: a brief or partial view; the act of seeing something or someone for a very short time or only partly
inheritv: to receive money, property, or a title from someone after they have died
pillagen: the act of looting or plundering, particularly during times of war or conflict; the theft or destruction of property or valuables; (verb) to rob, loot, or plunder a place or area, usually in a violent and destructive way
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
dignityn: the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect; high office or rank or station
voicelessadj: without a voice or the ability to speak
curiosityn: a strong desire to know or learn about something
templen: a place of worship, especially one that is associated with a particular religion or faith; the flat area on either side of the forehead
eaglen: a large predatory bird with a hooked beak and broad wings, known for its keen eyesight and powerful flight; a symbol of strength and freedom in many cultures