Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (119 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (33 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

philosophyn: the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, reason, knowledge, values, mind
accusev: to charge or criticize someone with a crime or wrongdoing
corruptibleadj: capable of being made to do something dishonest or immoral
refusev: to show that one is not willing to do or accept something
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
loathadj: unwilling or reluctant to; feeling strong dislike or aversion towards
frequentadj: happening constantly
engagev: to attract and keep someone’s attention and interest; to participate in or obtain services of something
lengthyadj: tediously continuing for a long time; very long in time or size
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
moralityn: principles of right and evil or good and bad behavior
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic
debaten: a formal discussion or argument of opposing viewpoints, often to persuade others to adopt a specific position; a public discussion, often on an issue of current interest, in which participants offer opinions and differing perspectives
explicitadj: stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
proben: a tool used for testing or examining, especially for medical or scientific purposes, or an exploratory mission to a planet or other celestial body; (verb) to investigate, examine, or search into something
logicn: a way of thinking or reasoning conducted or evaluated by strict validity principles; the study of correct reasoning or good arguments
revn: a measure of the rate at which an engine or motor rotates, often expressed in revolutions per minute (RPM); (verb) to increase the number of rotations per minute
flawn: a fault, mistake, or weakness that causes something not to be perfect
robustadj: sturdy and healthy in form, constitution, or construction; strong enough to withstand or overcome intellectual challenges or adversity
insightfuladj: having or showing a deep understanding and perception of a situation or subject
belovedadj: loved very much
platonicadj: (of relationship or emotion) friendly or affectionate but not sexual
inspirev: to make somebody fill with the desire, confidence, or enthusiasm, especially to do something creative
mentorn: a person who helps and advises a younger or less experienced person over time, usually at work or school
fictionaladj: imaginary and not real; of or related to literary fiction
dialoguen: a conversation in a book, play, or film
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
exchangev: to give something and receive something else in return, often with the implication that the items being traded are of equal or comparable value; (noun) the act of giving or taking something in return for something else; a place or system where goods or services can be bought, sold, or traded
fabricn: cloth or other material produced by weaving wool, cotton, silk, etc., used for making clothes, covering furniture, etc.
conversev: to talk informally
confidentadj: feeling sure about your abilities or qualities or having trust in people, plans, or the future
injusticen: a violation of the rights of others or the laws of a society
labeln: a small piece of paper, fabric, or other material attached to an object and giving information about it; (verb) to assign to a category
theftn: the act of taking anything from someone or somewhere unlawfully; stealing
unjustadj: not fair or equitable; lacking in justice or impartiality; morally unacceptable or wrong
categorizev: to put people or things into groups according to their features, types, etc.
promptv: to make someone decide to or try to do something, or to make something happen
deceivev: to cause someone to believe something that is not true, often by telling a lie or creating a false impression
pillagen: the act of looting or plundering, particularly during times of war or conflict; the theft or destruction of property or valuables; (verb) to rob, loot, or plunder a place or area, usually in a violent and destructive way
hostileadj: unfriendly or aggressively opposed
revisev: to examine and make corrections or alterations to the idea, piece of writing, etc. to improve it
assertv: to state something firmly and confidently, often in a way that is intended to convince others that it is true
commandern: a person who holds authority or control over a group or organization, particularly in a military, naval, or aerospace context; an official in charge of a particular aspect of operations, such as a commander of a ship or a commander of the air force
troopn: a group of soldiers, especially a large one; a group of people, animals, or things considered as a unit.
boostv: to improve, raise, or increase something
moralen: the emotional or mental state of a person or group, especially in relation to confidence, enthusiasm, and determination
despondentadj: in low spirits; feeling or showing extreme discouragement or gloom
constitutev: to be the essential or fundamental elements or parts of something; to establish, appoint, or assign someone to a particular office or position; to make up or compose something
employv: to give somebody a job and pay them for it; to make use of
orientedadj: referring to someone or something that is focused or directed toward a particular goal or objective; organized around a specific principle or approach
midwifen: a person trained to assist women during childbirth and to provide care for the mother and baby
inquiryn: the act or process of asking a question or asking for information; an official process of investigating a matter of public interest
assistv: to help someone in doing anything
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
examinev: to study or consider a person or object attentively and thoroughly to learn something about them
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
biasn: a strong feeling in favor of or against one group of people, an idea, or thing, often not based on fair judgment
definitiveadj: serving to provide a final solution or to end a situation; final and not able to be changed
clarifyv: to make something, such as a statement or situation, less confusing and more understandable
eliminatev: to remove or get rid of someone or something
contradictoryadj: containing or consisting of conflicting or incompatible elements
circularadj: shaped like a circle; having a round form
unexpectedadj: not anticipated or regarded as likely to happen
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
incrediblyadv: in a way that is very difficult to believe; exceedingly or extremely
numerousadj: amounting to a large indefinite number
Renaissancen: a new growth in activity or enthusiasm in anything, particularly art, literature, or music
clinicaladj: of or relating to the examination and treatment of patients rather than theoretical or laboratory studies
medicinaladj: of or relating to the treatment or cure of disease
studn: a small object with a head on one end and a sharp point on the other, used for fastening clothing, leather, or other materials; an animal used for breeding, typically a male horse or bull that is of superior breeding stock; (verb) to decorate or adorn with studs; to provide with studs for support
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
diagnosev: to determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a careful analysis
modn: a modification or alteration, typically one made to improve something or increase its functionality; a British teenager or young adult in the 1960s, noted for their clothes consciousness and opposition to the rockers
conclusiveadj: serving to settle an issue or put an end to doubt or uncertainty; irrefutable and leaves no room for doubt
astronomyn: the scientific study of objects and matter outside the Earth’s atmosphere, especially the positions, motions, and evolution of celestial bodies
botanyn: the scientific study of plants
mathematicsn: the science dealing with the logic of quantities, shapes, spaces, and arrangement
protestantadj: a member of a Western Christian church that is separate from the Roman Catholic Church and that is based on the teachings of Martin Luther and other Reformers
reformn: the act of improving or correcting something that is wrong or bad; a change made to correct a flaw or problem
adaptv: to make fit for or change to suit a new purpose or environment
tacklev: to try to deal with a complex problem or situation
abstractadj: based on general ideas, feelings, or qualities and not on any a physical or concrete existence
faithn: complete trust in something or someone’s ability or knowledge; a strong belief in religion, divine power, etc.
essentialadj: indispensable; fundamental
professv: to declare openly, often publicly or formally, that one has a particular skill, belief, or feeling; to admit or affirm
explorev: to travel to or penetrate an area or a country to learn about it; to thoroughly examine a subject or a possibility to learn more about it
judicialadj: of or relating to a court, a judge, or legal judgment
foreseev: to perceive or predict; to anticipate or expect something to happen in the future
hypothesisn: a proposed idea or explanation that is based on a few known facts but has not yet been proven to be true or accurate
supremeadj: highest in rank, level, or importance
unintendedadj: not planned or meant
topicn: a subject that is being discussed or written about
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
educatorn: a person who teaches or educates people
versedadj: well-informed or experienced in a particular field or skill; knowledgeable or proficient
bullyn: a person who uses strength or power to harm or intimidate those who are weaker; (verb) to intimidate, harass, or mistreat someone weaker or less powerful
superioradj: better, higher in quality, or more advanced than others
intellectn: the ability to think logically and comprehend information, especially at an advanced level
modestadj: having or showing a humble estimate of one’s merits, importance, etc.; free from vanity, egotism, boastfulness, or great pretensions
genuineadj: real and exactly; not pretended; sincerely felt or expressed
affirmv: to assert that something is true or real; to state positively
contributionn: the act of giving something, especially money, to a particular cause or organization; a voluntary gift as of money or service or ideas made to some worthwhile cause
regardv: to think about or consider somebody or something in a specified way
subtleadj: not readily apparent or visible
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
brandn: a type of product, service, etc., made by a particular company and sold under a specific name; identification mark on the skin of livestock, criminals, etc., made by burning
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
subversiveadj: intended to undermine or overthrow a system, authority, or established order through an intentional effort to cause disruption or to challenge the existing norms or beliefs; (noun) a person or thing intended to undermine the power or authority of an established system or institution
distortv: to change something’s shape, appearance, or sound so that it appears weird or unclear
pupiln: the black circular opening in the center of the iris of the eye, through which light enters the eye; a student in school or university
treasonn: the act of betraying one’s country or government, especially by attempting to overthrow it or give aid and comfort to its enemies; a violation of allegiance or loyalty to one’s country or government
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
deathbedn: a person’s bed, especially one in a hospital or home, on which they are expected to die or have died; a situation or event that occurs shortly before the end of someone’s life
depictv: to illustrate someone or something in a photograph
sereneadj: calm, peaceful, and untroubled; free from disturbances or worries
ultimateadj: furthest or highest in degree or order

Leave a Reply