Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (105 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (43 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

waddlev: to walk with short, unsteady steps, swaying from side to side; (noun) a rolling gait or awkward walk, often accompanied by the swaying of the body from side to side, as is typical of certain birds and aquatic animals
parchedadj: extremely dry, hot, or thirsty; lacking moisture to the point of being brittle or withered
platypusn: a semiaquatic, egg-laying mammal native to Australia and Tasmania, having a broad tail, webbed feet, and a bill resembling that of a duck
severeadj: extremely serious or bad in feeling, manner, or strict and harsh; extremely strong or vigorous
droughtn: a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain, leading to a shortage of water and often causing damage to crops and other vegetation
streamn: a small, narrow river; a continuous flow of something, such as liquid, gas, people, vehicles, etc.
mereadj: used to emphasize how insignificant or minor someone or something is
tricklev: to flow or drip slowly and in small amounts; to happen or occur gradually or in small quantities
survivev: to live or exist despite a dangerous event or period
reproducev: to make a copy of something such as a picture, piece of text, music, etc.; to produce offspring through a sexual or asexual process
spillv: to cause or allow liquid to run or flow over the edge of its container by accident
huntv: to go after and try to catch wild animals to kill them for food, sport, or profit
propelv: to move, drive or push something forward or in a particular direction, often with a lot of force
waterproofadj: not permitting the passage of water
trapn: a piece of equipment or hole for catching animals or people; (verb) to catch animals or people and prevent them from escaping
underwateradv: below or under the surface of the water
surroundv: to be all around something or somebody
receptorn: an organ having nerve endings that respond to stimulation such as heat or cold and makes the body react in a particular way
detectv: to find or recognize something, especially something difficult to see, hear, etc.
minusculeadj: extremely small; tiny
electricaladj: relating to electricity
shrimpn: a small, freshwater or saltwater creature with a slender body and long legs
nervousadj: worried and anxious about something; relating to the nerves
clamberv: to climb or move in an awkward, laborious, or ungraceful way, often using one’s hands and feet
constructv: to build or create something; to assemble or combine different parts to form something whole
burrowv: to excavate a hole or make a tunnel in the ground by digging, typically for use as a dwelling of an animal
lizardn: a reptile that has a relatively long body, two pairs of legs, and a tapering tail
limbn: an arm and leg of a person or animal
horizontaladj: parallel to the ground or in a baseline; being at the same level as all members of a group
spinen: the series of bones running down the center of the back that protect the spinal cord and support the body; the backbone or vertebral column
quirkn: a peculiar behavior, habit, or characteristic that is distinctive to an individual or group
monotremen: a primitive mammal that lays eggs instead of giving birth to live young, such as a platypus or echidna
ancientadj: relating to the long ago, particularly the historical period preceding the fall of the Western Roman Empire; very old
lineagen: the ancestry of a person, group, or species
mammaln: any animal of which the female gives birth to live young, not eggs, and feeds her young on milk from her own body
consequentlyadv: as a result or outcome of something
mammalianadj: of or relating to mammals, a class of warm-blooded vertebrate animals that typically nurse their young and have hair or fur on their skin; characterized by mammalian qualities, such as nurturing and protective behavior
avianadj: relating to or characteristic of birds
reptilianadj: resembling or characteristic of reptiles, a diverse group of cold-blooded animals that are characterized by their scaly skin, internal fertilization, and typically laying eggs on land; cold-blooded; crafty or treacherous
featn: a notable or impressive achievement, especially one that requires great skill or bravery
genomen: the complete set or sequence of genes of a human, animal, plant, or other living things
instancen: a particular example or single occurrence of something
chromosomen: a long and string-like DNA molecule containing the part or all of the genetic material of an organism that controls what an animal or plant is like
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
resemblev: to look like or be similar to someone or something
regainv: to get something back or recover something after it has been lost or taken away
strengthn: the quality or state of being physically, or sometimes mentally, strong
surroundingadj: that is near or around, or closely encircling something
deforestv: to clear an area of forest or trees
riverbankn: the land along the edge of a river, often used for recreation or agricultural purposes
erodev: to gradually wear away or break down (rock, soil, or other material) through the action of wind, water, or other natural agents; to gradually weaken or undermine (something) over time
upstreamadj: in the direction against a stream’s current; (adverb) toward the source or beginning of a stream, river, or process
settlev: to reach an agreement of disagreement
shelteredadj: protected or shielded from danger or harmful influences; inexperienced or innocent of certain unpleasantness or harsh realities of life
gumn: a soft, sticky substance that is chewed to freshen the breath or to clean the teeth; the flesh that surrounds the teeth in the mouth
suddenlyadv: quickly and unexpectedly
rustlev: to make a soft, crackling sound, like the sound caused by the movement of dry leaves or paper; to move quietly or furtively to avoid being heard or noticed
flushv: to become red on your face, especially because you are embarrassed, angry, or hot; to rinse, clean, or empty something, especially a toilet, by causing large quantities of water to flow
undergrowthn: the plants, bushes, and vegetation that grow beneath the surface of a forest or woodland; the layer of plant life that exists at ground level beneath the taller trees and shrubs in a natural ecosystem
predatorn: an animal whose natural behavior is to prey on others
threatenv: to utter intentions of injury or punishment against someone
introductionn: a preliminary explanation or remarks given before the start of a text, performance, or event; the act of bringing something new into existence or introducing something to a wider audience or new market
settlern: a person who moved with a group of others to live in a different country or area
alertv: to warn or arouse to a sense of danger; (adjective) paying close attention or being in a state of readiness for action
occupyv: to consume all of someone’s space, attention, or time
competev: to strive to achieve more success than someone or something
spurn: a thing that encourages someone to do something; any sharply pointed projection; (verb) to incite or stimulate someone or something
hindadj: situated at the back or rear; coming after, following; of, or relating to the hindquarters or hind legs of an animal
venomn: a toxic substance produced by an animal, typically a snake or insect, and injected into prey or an enemy by biting or stinging
occasionallyadv: now and then; sometimes but not often
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
reciprocatev: to give, feel, or show in response to something that has been given, felt, or shown; to respond to a kind or friendly gesture by doing something similar in return; to exchange or interchange in a reciprocal manner
eccentricadj: weird or unusual, sometimes in a funny way
aidn: things sent to help countries in need, notably food or money; support
fertilizationn: the process of joining a sperm and an egg to produce an embryo
extensiveadj: covering a large area; having a wide range
furnishv: to provide a room or building with furniture and fittings; to provide something useful or necessary
cozyadj: comfortable and warm; giving a feeling of comfort, warmth, and relaxation
nestn: a structure in which animals lay their eggs or give birth to their young
tunneln: an underground or underwater passage, typically for trains or cars
reptilen: a cold-blooded animal that has dry, scaly skin and lays eggs on land, such as snakes, lizards, and turtles
cloacan: a common cavity that serves as the only opening for the digestive, reproductive, and urinary tracts in some animals, including birds, reptiles, and amphibians
reproductionn: the process by which organisms create offspring; the production of something similar to an original work
excretionn: the process of eliminating waste products from the body; the waste products themselves
incubatev: to keep warm and protected, especially to hatch eggs; to develop and nurture
bloomn: a flower, especially one having showy or colorful parts; the best time of youth
offspringn: descendant; any immature animal or plant
hatchv: to cause an egg to break to allow a young animal to come out; to produce and expand something that is in an early stage
nipplen: the dark part of the skin which sticks out from the breast of a mammal and from which milk can be secreted
oozev: to flow or seep out slowly, often in a thick, viscous manner; to exude or emit slowly and steadily
mammaryadj: of or relating to the breasts or milk-secreting organs
glandn: a group of cells in an animal’s body that produce substances needed by the body and release them through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
bellyn: the front part of the body below the chest, containing the stomach and bowels; the rounded or curved part of an object, such as a ship or aircraft
slurpv: to eat, drink, or consume with a loud or messy sucking noise; to make a loud or messy sucking noise while eating, drinking, or consuming
invitev: to ask someone to come or join; to offer an opportunity or possibility for something to happen or take place
bacterian: single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms that exist in large numbers in the air, water, and soil, and also in living and dead creatures and plants, and are often a cause of disease
proteinn: a molecule made up of a long chain of amino acids, which is essential for the structure and function of the body’s tissues
nursen: a healthcare professional who is trained to provide care for the sick or injured; (verb) to try to cure by special care or treatment of an illness or injury
evadev: to escape from or avoid meeting someone or something
debutn: the first public performance of an artist or actor
wanev: to decrease in size, strength, or intensity
nestlingn: a young bird that has not yet left its nest; a recently hatched or newly born animal that is still dependent on its mother
strikev: to wallop somebody or something with the hand, fist, or weapon; to have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
boroughn: a town, city, or district that is an administrative unit, typically smaller than a city
independencen: freedom from another’s or others’ control or influence

Leave a Reply