Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (85 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (19 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

deliberatelyadv: done in an intentional or slow and careful manner
destroyv: to ruin or damage severely or completely; to eradicate or eliminate completely
heritagen: the culture and traditions that are passed down from previous generations
erasev: to remove something completely, especially by rubbing it
erosionn: the wearing away of rock, soil, or land by natural processes such as wind or water
disastern: an unexpected event or series of events that cause widespread damage, destruction, or loss of life
reclaimv: to take back something previously lost, given, or paid, or ask to have it back
innovativeadj: introducing or using new methods, ideas, etc.
volunteern: a person who performs or offers to perform a job or service without being paid for or forced to do
archaeologyn: the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known
statuen: a sculpture of a person or animal, typically made of stone or metal, that is intended to represent the subject in a lifelike or symbolic way
artifactn: a person-made object, especially one of historical or cultural interest
ancientadj: relating to the long ago, particularly the historical period preceding the fall of the Western Roman Empire; very old
fragmentn: a small piece or part broken off or detached
posev: to present a risk, problem, or other issues that must be addressed
tunicn: a loose, flowing garment typically worn as an outer layer by ancient Greeks and Romans, or a similar piece of clothing with a similar style or purpose
representativen: someone who speaks or acts officially on behalf of another person or group of people
priestn: a person who performs religious duties and ceremonies, especially in the Christian faith
elaborateadj: containing a lot of carefully prepared and organized or many complicated and detailed parts
decorn: the arrangement and style of the furniture, art, and other items in a room or building, used to create a particular atmosphere or aesthetic
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
functionn: the purpose or use of an object, system, or process; a particular activity or operation that is designed to serve a specific purpose; a mathematical concept that describes a relationship between two sets of values, called the input and output sets; (verb) to operate or work in a specific way, or to perform a particular task or purpose
preservev: to keep or maintain a particular quality, feature, etc., especially to prevent it from decaying, being damaged, or being destroyed
invasionn: army’s act of forcibly entering another country or territory to take control of it
relocatev: to move or move something or someone to a new place and build a house or a business there
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
instantlyadv: immediately
viraladj: relating to or caused by a virus
clipn: a small metal or plastic device used for holding an object or objects together or in place; a short part of electronic media, either an audio clip or video clip
singev: to burn something slightly or superficially, usually by mistake
Arabicn: the Semitic language of the Arab people, widely spoken throughout the Middle East and North Africa; of or relating to Arab peoples, culture, or language
pleasantadj: enjoyable, attractive, friendly, or agreeable
sightn: the ability to see; anything that is seen
topplev: to cause to lose balance and fall over, especially by pushing
shockn: a strong feeling or physical reaction to a sudden and unexpected event or experience, especially something unpleasant
digitaladj: processing or storing information as a succession of 1 and 0 to show that a signal is present or missing; relating to the use of computer technology, especially the internet
preservationn: the act of keeping something in its original state or of preventing it from being damaged
crowdsourcingn: the practice of obtaining needed services, ideas, or content by enlisting the services of a large number of people, either paid or unpaid, typically via the internet
reconstructionn: the process of rebuilding or repairing something that has been damaged or destroyed or of restoring something to its original condition
virtualadj: being actually such in almost every respect; existing in essence or effect though not in actual fact
photogrammetryn: a technique for creating accurate 3D models of objects or landscapes using photographs that works by analyzing the locations and angles of multiple photographs of the same object or scene and using this data to build a 3D model
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
dimensionn: a measurable extent of a particular kind, such as width, height, or length
magicn: beliefs and actions employed to influence supernatural beings and forces; any art or performance that invokes supernatural powers
detectv: to find or recognize something, especially something difficult to see, hear, etc.
featn: a notable or impressive achievement, especially one that requires great skill or bravery
photographn: a picture or image that is produced by a camera; a visual representation or record of a person, object, or scene that has been captured electronically or on film
reconstructv: to build or form something again that has been damaged or destroyed
tripodn: a three-legged stand, typically one with a platform for a camera or other equipment
improvev: to make or become better
sparkv: to start something or make it grow, especially suddenly; to emit a tiny piece of fire or electricity
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
economicaladj: providing a satisfactory return on the money, time, or effort; not using more money, fuel, etc. than necessary
labn: a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a laboratory
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
initialadj: of or happening at the beginning; (noun) the first letter of a word, especially a person’s name
cardboardn: a stiff, thick material made from compressed paper pulp used to make boxes and other packaging materials
tabletn: a small flat electronic device used for browsing the internet, reading, writing, or playing games; a small, solid pill of medicine
screenshotn: a digital photograph or image of what is displayed on a computer or electronic screen, often used for capturing and sharing information or documenting an issue or problem
explicitadj: stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt
destructionn: the act of causing so much damage to something
primarilyadv: mainly
straightforwardadj: easy to do or understand, or simple; free from ambiguity
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
towern: a structure that is exceptionally high in proportion to its width and either forms part of a building or stands alone
tombn: a large stone structure or underground chamber in which the dead are buried
exterioradj: situated in or suitable for the outdoors or outside of something
ceilingn: a room’s top interior surface
architecturaladj: of or relating to the design and construction of buildings and other structures and the features and style of such structures
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
conflictn: a strong disagreement, argument, or a violent clash between two opposing groups or individuals
earthquaken: a sudden and violent shaking of the ground caused by the movement of rock beneath the earth’s surface
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
databasen: a large amount of data stored in a computer system in such a way that it can be searched and updated easily
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
extractn: a short passage taken from a book, piece of music, etc.; a substance obtained from something through a specific process; (verb) to obtain from something or to remove something by effort or force
geotagn: a tag or label added to a digital media file, often a photograph or video that indicates the location where it was taken or recorded
selfien: a photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically one taken with a smartphone or webcam to share on social media
phenomenonn: something that exists and can be perceptible, especially one that is not fully understood
fast-forwardv: to advance or move forward in time or progress, particularly in a rapid or accelerated manner; to increase the playback speed of a recording
ancestorn: a person from whom one is descended; a forefather
heartbreakn: a feeling of great sadness or disappointment