Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (82 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (22 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

exposuren: the state of being in a particular situation or place where there is no protection from or guarantee to something harmful; the disclosure of something secret
outdov: to do better than someone; to surpass
pollutionn: the introduction of harmful substances or waste into the natural environment that causes adverse change
petrin: (petri dish) a small, clear, and round dish with a lid used in laboratories, especially for growing bacteria
approximatelyadv: close to a specific number or time but not exactly that number or time
capturev: to catch a person or an animal and confine them in an area which they cannot escape
pyrolysisn: a chemical reaction that occurs with the application of heat, resulting in the breakdown of material into smaller chemical components or constituents, often involving the release of gases or liquid byproducts
particlen: a small piece of something; a word or piece of a term with grammatical function but little or no significance
lungn: either of the two organs in the chest that people and some animals use for breathing
filtern: any of several types of equipment or systems used to separate particles from liquids or gases or to remove specific forms of light
asthman: a chronic respiratory disease characterized by wheezing, coughing, and difficulty breathing
cancern: abnormal growth of cells that can invade and destroy surrounding tissues and organs; a disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
stickv: to put something, usually a sharp object, into something; to restrict yourself to doing or using one certain thing and not change; (noun) a thin piece of wood or other material
exhaustn: the system in a vehicle that removes waste gases from the engine; (verb) to make someone completely tired
dieseln: a type of heavy oil used as fuel; a vehicle or engine that uses diesel fuel
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
industrializev: to organize the production of something into an industry
triangularadj: having three angles or sides; forming or shaped like a triangle (= a three-sided polygon)
swatchn: a small sample or piece taken from a larger whole, often used for testing or comparison; a range of samples or colors used to demonstrate or promote a product or brand
residualadj: relating to or constituting a remainder or leftover portion; remaining after other elements or factors have been removed or taken into account
particulateadj: consisting of small particles, especially those that are suspended in a fluid or air
emissionn: the act of production or sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
rethinkv: to consider again a plan, idea, etc., especially to change it
conventionallyadv: in a way that follows accepted customs, rules, or standards; in a way that is typical or traditional
traditionallyadv: in accordance with tradition; typically or commonly done in a particular way
fossiln: any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing that has become hard and turned into rock
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
basisn: the most important facts, ideas, or events from which something is developed; the way how things are organized or arranged
enginen: a machine that converts thermal energy to mechanical work; something that has an important role used to achieve a purpose
recyclev: to sort and collect things to process them and produce valuable materials that can be used again
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
experimentn: the scientific test conducted to observe what happens and gain new knowledge
labn: a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a laboratory
conductv: to organize and carry out a particular activity
resortn: a place where many people go for rest, sport, or another stated purpose; (verb) to turn to or take a course of action, especially an extreme or undesirable one, to resolve a difficult circumstance
contraptionn: a machine or device that is made up of a combination of interconnected parts and often appears complicated or unusual
sootn: a black, powdery substance that is produced by the incomplete burning of a material such as coal, wood, or oil and is often found on surfaces near the source of the fire
vodkan: a distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grains or potatoes, typically with high alcohol content and little or no added flavoring
hackv: to hit and cut somebody or something roughly and violently; to find a bug in a computer program and break into their systems or networks
churnv: to stir or agitate a liquid, substance, or mixture vigorously to produce foam or because of violent movement; to cause a large number of people to move or leave; to produce something, such as money, through continuous activity or turnover
rudimentaryadj: relating to basic facts or principles; fundamental
cartridgen: a container, usually made of paper, containing a charge or charges of explosive or combustible material used in firearms or pyrotechnics
disastern: an unexpected event or series of events that cause widespread damage, destruction, or loss of life
passersbyn: people who are walking past a particular place often used to refer to a group of people or an undefined number of individuals
bombn: a weapon that explodes and is used to kill or injure people or to cause damage to something
vicinityn: the area or region surrounding or in the general vicinity of a particular place or location; a nearby or neighboring region
garagen: a building or part of a building used to store a vehicle or vehicles, typically a car
prototypen: a first or preliminary example of something such as a device or vehicle from which other forms are developed
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
conventionaladj: based on or following traditional rules, standards, customs, etc.
advancev: to go or move forward; to develop in a positive way
staticadj: not moving or not capable of moving, not changing or not capable of changing
fumev: to emit gas, smoke, vapor, or a strong, unpleasant odor; to show anger, irritation, or annoyance in a visible way; (noun) gas or vapor that is emitted from a substance, usually as a result of heating or combustion
disappearv: to cease to exist or be visible
brandn: a type of product, service, etc., made by a particular company and sold under a specific name; identification mark on the skin of livestock, criminals, etc., made by burning
celebratedadj: renowned for possessing admirable attributes
incorrectadj: not in accordance with fact or truth or not accurate
corporationn: a large company or group of companies that are controlled together by law as a single unit
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
deployv: to move troops or weapons into a position or military action; to bring into something in an effective way
assemblyn: a group of people who have been elected, especially one that meets regularly and makes decisions or laws for a specific region or country
cofoundern: one of several people who establishes an organization or starts a business
artworkn: the pieces of art, such as pictures and photographs used in books, magazines, etc.
emergingadj: starting to exist, mature, or become well-known
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
satisfyv: to make somebody pleased by giving them what they want or need
contagiousadj: able to be passed on to others through contact or proximity, especially by infection or disease
Christn: the man that Christians believe is the prophet and the son of God, and whose life and sermons form the basis for Christianity
rollv: to move in a particular direction by turning over and over or from side to side
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
replacev: to take the place of something
spamn: unwanted email, usually of advertising material sent out in bulk
pollutev: to make an area or substance, such as land, air, water, etc., dirty or harmful to living things by adding waste matter or harmful chemicals
specificadj: clearly defined or particular to a certain thing or situation; distinct, explicit, and precise
landfilln: a site for the disposal of waste materials
dumpv: to deposit or dispose of something, such as trash, waste, etc., carelessly or hurriedly
economicsn: the branch of social science that deals with the production, consumption, and transfer of goods and services
incentivizev: to make someone want to do in a particular way by offering them a reward
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
slightlyadv: in a small degree or extent; a little
outdoorsadv: in or into the open air; outside a building or structure