Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (57 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (14 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

provocationn: action or speech that intentionally causes someone to become angry, irritated, or frustrated; a reason or motive for something, often negative or undesired
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
thermostatn: a device that automatically regulates temperature by controlling the heating or cooling system based on the temperature in a room or building
temperaturen: the degree of hotness or coldness of a thing or place
plausibleadj: seeming reasonable or likely to be true, and therefore convincing
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
misunderstandv: to interpret or understand something in the wrong way
convincev: to persuade someone or make someone believe that something is true
curiosityn: a strong desire to know or learn about something
geoengineeringn: the study of finding ways to change the Earth’s climate system, primarily to reduce global warming; deliberate and large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climate system
sunlightn: the light emitted by the sun; the rays of the sun
low-lyingadj: situated at or near ground level; located in an area that is susceptible to flooding or inundation; having a position, status, or condition that is humble or inferior in relation to others
transparentadj: easy to perceive, detect, or understand; (of a material or article) permitting light to pass through freely
contrailn: (short for “condensation trail”) a visible trail of condensed water vapor or ice crystals that form in the wake of an aircraft, rocket, or another object as it moves through the air
jetn: a type of aircraft that is powered by one or more jet engines and can fly at high speeds, typically over long distances
enginen: a machine that converts thermal energy to mechanical work; something that has an important role used to achieve a purpose
accidentn: an unfortunate event, especially one causing damage or injury
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
conspiracyn: a secret agreement between two or more people to perform something harmful or illegal
lanen: a narrow road in the countryside; a well-defined track or path for someone such as a swimmer or driver
degreen: a unit of measurement for angles, temperature, or level of proficiency or achievement; a rank or level of academic or professional attainment
giantadj: enormous; much bigger or more important than similar items usually are
parasoln: a lightweight and often decorative umbrella, primarily used to protect against sun or rain
fizzv: to make a hissing or bubbling sound, often accompanied by the release of gas or effervescence; to be lively, exciting, or effervescent in character or atmosphere; (noun) the sound, process, or result of something producing small bubbles
bubblen: a thin, round, and often transparent mass of gas that is surrounded by a thin layer of liquid; a state of economic or social prosperity that is unsustainable and eventually collapses
chalkn: a soft, white, porous sedimentary rock composed of calcium carbonate, often used for drawing or writing on surfaces such as blackboards
stratospheren: the second layer of the Earth’s atmosphere, extending from about 7 to 50 kilometers above the Earth’s surface, containing the ozone layer
neatadj: clean or tidy, with everything in its place
mineraln: a solid inorganic substance occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
dissolvev: to be or cause to be absorbed by a liquid to form a part of the solution; to close down or dismiss
rainwatern: water that falls from the clouds in the form of rain and is collected
calculatev: to judge or find out the amount or number of something by using mathematics
back-of-the-envelopeadj: describing a rough calculation, estimation, or assessment made with minimal information and done quickly, often literally scribbled on any available piece of paper, such as the back of an envelope
calculationn: the act or process of using numbers to judge an amount of something
undov: to reverse the effect of an action or event, typically one that is recent or specific
visualizev: to form a mental image or concept of something; to make something visible
hosen: a flexible tube or pipe used to convey fluids, typically water or air; to spray someone or something with water or another liquid in a forceful manner
pumpv: to cause water, air, gas, etc. to move from one place to another by using mechanical equipment; to get or supply something such as money, information, etc. in significant quantities
industrialadj: of or relating to or resulting from industry
amazingadj: extremely surprising, especially in a way that you like or admire
addictionn: the inability to stop using or doing something as a habit, especially something harmful
fossiln: any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing that has become hard and turned into rock
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
messn: a state of confusion, dirtiness, or untidiness; (verb) to fail to do something or to make something dirty or untidy
planetn: any of the nine large celestial bodies that circle in the solar system; any celestial body that revolves around a star
atmospheren: the mass of air that surrounds the Earth; the pervading tone or mood of a place, situation, or creative work
mitigatev: to make less severe or less intense; to alleviate or lessen the adverse effects of something
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
creativeadj: relating to or involving the use of skill and original and unusual ideas to create something
cautionn: great care and attention that you take to avoid danger or mistakes; a warning against certain acts
bulletn: a metal projectile that is shot from a gun
optimistn: a person who tends to expect the best in all things and to be hopeful and confident about the future
sparkv: to start something or make it grow, especially suddenly; to emit a tiny piece of fire or electricity
controversyn: a lot of discussion and argument about something, often involving strong feelings of anger or disapproval
encouragev: to give someone support, confidence, or hope; to persuade someone to do or continue to do something by making it easier for them and making them believe it is a good thing to do
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic