Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (359 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (93 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
interimadj: serving as a temporary or provisional measure or arrangement; intended to be in place only for a limited time or until a permanent solution can be found; occurring in the meantime or in between two major events or periods
controversyn: a lot of discussion and argument about something, often involving strong feelings of anger or disapproval
inspirev: to make somebody fill with the desire, confidence, or enthusiasm, especially to do something creative
blankadj: without any writing or printing; empty or devoid of ideas, information, or meaning; unable to remember or recall information
slaten: a flat piece of rock or stone that is typically used as a roofing or flooring material; a list of candidates for an election arranged in a specific order
structuren: the way of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts, or a complex thing constructed of many parts
parn: a state of being equal to someone or something
influentialadj: having significant impact or power on someone or something
quotev: to repeat or reproduce the words or statement of someone else, often acknowledging the source; to give an estimated cost or price for goods or services
indicatev: to show, point out, or make known something, often through a sign or a symbol; to suggest or imply something without stating it directly
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
instinctn: an inborn behavioral pattern that is often responsive to specific stimuli; an innate feeling that causes you to act or believe that something is true
anthropologyn: the scientific study of humanity, concerned with human behavior, human biology, cultures, societies, and linguistics in both the present and past, including past human species
brainn: the organ inside the head that is responsible for one’s movement, thought, memory, and feeling
capableadj: having the ability, skill, or potential to do something; competent or proficient in a particular task or area of expertise
predisposev: to make someone susceptible
jayn: a type of bird that belongs to the crow family and is known for its brightly colored feathers and loud, raucous call
doubtn: a feeling of being uncertain about something, especially about how good or accurate it is
temperamentn: a person’s nature or disposition, especially as it permanently affects their behavior
talentn: a natural ability to be good at something; someone who has a natural ability to be good at something
petn: an animal that you have at home as a companion and treated kindly
exposedadj: having no protection or shield from something, such as bad weather, attack, or criticism
acquirev: to buy or obtain something such as an asset, object, knowledge, etc., for oneself
presumablyadv: believed to be true or likely based on the available evidence, or supposed to be the case without definite proof
innateadj: existing naturally or from birth; inherent or inborn; not acquired or learned through experience
heterosexualadj: attracted to individuals of the opposite sex
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
indistinctadj: not clear or easily seen, heard, or understood
hummingadj: producing a continuous, low, vibrating sound like that of the bee
universaladj: existing or affecting everywhere or everyone
occupationn: a person’s job or profession; the act of taking possession
exoticadj: originating from or characteristic of a foreign country or culture; strikingly unusual, uncommon, or intriguing
cultn: a small religious group, especially one that is not part of a larger religion and that is regarded as outside the norm; followers of an exclusive system of beliefs and practices
supposedlyadv: according to what is generally assumed or believed without actually knowing for sure
oppositionn: the act of disagreeing or resisting; the state of strong disagreement
enormousadj: extremely large or great
emotionn: a strong feeling such as love, anger, etc. deriving from one’s situation, mood, or relationships with others
construev: to interpret or understand the meaning of something, typically in a particular way; to analyze or explain the grammar or structure of a sentence or phrase
aestheticadj: connected with the enjoyment or study of beauty
affectionn: a feeling of fondness, love, or attachment towards someone or something; a gentle or tender feeling; often used to describe a warm or caring relationship between individuals
weanv: to gradually stop feeding a baby or young animal with its mother’s milk and to start or accustom to eating other food
attemptn: an act or effort of trying to do something, especially something difficult
worldviewn: a particular philosophy or cognitive orientation of life or conception of the world
geneticsn: the branch of biology that studies genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms
neurosciencen: the scientific study of the function, structure, and disorder of the brain and the nervous system
increasinglyadv: more and more
intricatelyadv: in a manner that involves a lot of detailed and complex arrangement or planning; with many interconnected parts or components
neurobiologyn: a field of biology that studies the structure, function, and development of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves encompassing a wide range of research topics, including the molecular and cellular processes involved in neural signaling, the organization of neural circuits, and the neural basis of behavior, cognition, and emotion
colleaguen: one of a group of a coworker, especially in a profession or a business
measuredadj: done with careful consideration or calculated precision; controlled or regulated in manner or speech; deliberate and thoughtful
distributev: to give something to a large number of individuals, or to spread or furnish something
layern: a sheet, quantity, or thickness of the material, typically one of several, covering a surface or body; a level or part within a system or set of ideas
cortexn: the outermost layer of an organ, especially the brain
correlationn: a statistical relationship between two variables in which one variable is affected by the other; a reciprocal relation between two or more facts, numbers, etc.
schemen: an organized and often large-scale plan or arrangement for doing something
purpleadj: of a color intermediate between red and blue
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
significancen: the importance or value attached to something; the quality of being significant or noteworthy
randomadj: made, done, or happening without method, conscious decision, or any regular pattern
definitionn: a concise explanation of the meaning of a word, phrase, or symbol
fraternaladj: relating to or like a brother or brothers; (of twins) derived from two separate fertilized ova (= the female reproductive cell)
twinn: either of two children born at the same time from the same mother
clonen: a plant or animal whose genetic information is identical to that of a parent organism from which it was created; an unauthorized copy or imitation
identicaladj: being the exact same one
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
differv: to be not like someone or something in some way
anatomyn: the scientific study that deals with the physical structure of humans, animals, or plants
loben: a rounded projection or division, especially of the brain, lung, or liver
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
illustratev: to provide pictures, photographs, diagrams, etc. in a book or something for explanation
cartoonn: a simple drawing depicting a humorous or critical situation, often accompanied by a caption
separatev: to force, take, or pull apart; mark as different
accidentallyadv: by chance or without planning
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
contraptionn: a machine or device that is made up of a combination of interconnected parts and often appears complicated or unusual
patentn: a legal document that grants an inventor exclusive rights to their invention for a certain period of time; the invention or process for which a patent has been granted
exaggerationn: an overstatement of facts or description; the act of making something seem larger, more important, or more significant than it is
astonishingadj: surprising or shocking; difficult to believe
studiedadj: deliberately considered or scrutinized; carefully thought out or planned
Catholicadj: universal and including many different types of things; related to or associated with the part of the Christian Church that has the Pope as its leader
Jewishadj: of or relating to people whose traditional religion is Judaism
labn: a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a laboratory
navaladj: of or relating to ships, sailors, or the navy
dipv: to put something into a liquid for a short time and take it out again
buttv: to strike or push something with the flat end of your hip or buttocks; to hit or knock forcefully; (noun) the remaining end of a smoked cigarette
toastn: slices of bread browned on both sides that have been put near a high heat; a drink in honor of or to the health of a person or even
rubv: to move one’s hand or an object over the surface of something with pressure
wristn: the joint between the hand and the forearm; the narrow part of the hand near this joint
flushv: to become red on your face, especially because you are embarrassed, angry, or hot; to rinse, clean, or empty something, especially a toilet, by causing large quantities of water to flow
toiletn: a bowl-shaped plumbing fixture with a seat for defecation and urination, or a room or building containing one or more of this fixture
sneezev: to make a sudden, involuntary expulsion of air from the nose and mouth, usually due to irritation caused by the presence of dust, pollen, or other irritants
elevatorn: a mechanical device used for vertical transportation, typically in multi-story buildings, consisting of a compartmentalized platform that moves between floors
administerv: to oversee and control the operation or arrangement of something
batteryn: a device that is placed inside a car, gadget, equipment, etc. and that provides electrical power to them
psychologyn: the scientific study of mind and behavior
doctrinen: a belief or set of ideas held and taught by a church, political party, or other groups
appealingadj: attractive or exciting; evoking a positive response or desire; having qualities that are likely to encourage someone to like or enjoy something
notionn: a general idea or understanding of something, particularly an abstract or complex concept; a belief or opinion, often one that is not based on solid evidence or facts
congenialadj: pleasant, friendly, or pleasing in nature; compatible or well-suited
foremostadj: most important, leading, or prominent
justifyv: to provide a valid or reasonable explanation, reasoning, or evidence in support of a belief, action, or decision; to defend or vindicate something as right or valid
discriminatev: to treat a person or particular group of people worse or better than another, especially in an unfair way; to recognize or perceive the difference between people or things
inequalityn: the unfairness of a society in which some people have more opportunity, money, etc. than others; (mathematics) relation between two values when they are different
humankindn: the whole of the living human inhabitants of the earth
perfectibleadj: capable of being improved or made perfect; having the potential for achieving an ideal or flawless state
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
condemnv: to express strong disapproval or criticism of something
selfishadj: concerned primarily with one’s profit or pleasure without regard for others; forming or arising from a person’s self or interest
prejudicen: a thought or feeling that is unfair and makes no sense, mainly when it is formed without enough thought or knowledge
violentadj: involving or caused by physical force or aggression against someone or something
arguev: to express differing opinions or points of view, often in a heated or contentious manner; to present a case or reasoning to persuade or convince others
non-sequiturn: a statement, response, or conclusion that does not logically follow from the previous statement or premise; a remark or argument that is unrelated or irrelevant to the current topic or context
conceptn: an idea or principle associated with something abstract
declarationn: a formal or explicit statement or announcement
independencen: freedom from another’s or others’ control or influence
evidentadj: apparent to the mind, senses, or judgment
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
judgen: a person who makes decisions in a court of law; (verb) to determine the result of or form a critical opinion of something
belongv: to be the property of someone or something; to be a member or part of a group; to be in the proper or appropriate place
ignobleadj: lacking qualities or characteristics that are noble, honorable, or admirable; morally or socially inferior
motifn: a recurring element in an artistic or literary work, typically a particular image or idea; a theme that is repeated or elaborated in a piece of music
automaticallyadv: without needing a direct human control
complexityn: the state or quality of being complicated or intricate and difficult to understand
inhibitv: to prevent something, such as an action, process, etc., from happening or make it less likely to happen than normal
virtuallyadv: almost completely
moraladj: concerned with the principles of what is right and wrong, fairness, honesty, etc.
cognitiveadj: of or relating to mental processes of understanding
profitn: money that is earned in business or by selling things after deducting the costs involved
impulsen: a sudden strong and unreflective wish or need to do something; the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
greedyadj: having or showing an intense or insatiable desire for wealth, status, power, or food
skulln: a bone framework that surrounds the brain and gives the head its shape
counteractv: to act against something to reduce its bad or harmful effects or neutralize it
zonen: a specific area, region, or section that is marked off or defined in some way
railn: a long, thin piece of metal or wood that is used to make fences or as a support for something; (verb) to complain bitterly
evolutionn: a gradual process of transformation of living things
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
homosexualadj: sexually attracted to people of one’s own sex
infantn: a baby or very young child
moralityn: principles of right and evil or good and bad behavior
rapn: a type of music characterized by a strong, repetitive beat and lyrics that often focus on social and political issues; a reproach for some lapse or misdeed
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
depletionn: the reduction of something, especially a natural resource, to a critically low level
technologicaladj: based on scientific and industrial progress
needlessadj: describing something unnecessary, pointless, or superfluous and could be avoided without any harm or adverse consequences
draftn: a preliminary version of something that is not yet in its final form
circulatev: to move continuously or freely around a place or closed system
reactionn: a response that reveals a person’s feelings or attitude; (in chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
securityn: the state of being free from danger, risk, or harm; measures taken to protect against threats or attacks; a financial asset, such as a stock or bond that derives value exclusively from the ownership interest or claim to a particular underlying asset or obligation
awardn: a prize or other mark of recognition given in honor of an achievement
positv: to suggest or accept something as fact or as a basis for argument or consideration
scholarlyadj: relating to or characteristic of academic study
hometownn: the town or city where one was born or grew up
tenuren: the holding or possessing of a specific position, job, or property; the right to hold a position or property for a period of time
nervousadj: worried and anxious about something; relating to the nerves
controversialadj: causing a lot of hot public discussion and dispute
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known
disquietn: a feeling of anxiety or unease; a sense of restlessness or agitation; a state of mental or emotional disturbance; (verb) to cause or feel unease, restlessness, or agitation
slandern: the act of making false and damaging statements about someone
physicallyadv: in a way related to a person’s body or appearance rather than their mind
assaultn: a violent physical attack; the crime of forcing someone to submit to sexual intercourse against their will
threatenv: to utter intentions of injury or punishment against someone
criminaln: a person who has committed a crime
prosecutionn: the act of bringing legal charges against someone for a crime they are accused of committing; the legal team responsible for presenting the case against the defendant in a criminal trial
stumblev: to miss a step and fall or nearly fall; to walk unsteadily
trapn: a piece of equipment or hole for catching animals or people; (verb) to catch animals or people and prevent them from escaping
susceptibleadj: easily influenced, harmed, or affected by something
diseasen: a disorder or illness that affects the body or mind, often characterized by specific symptoms or abnormal functioning of organs or systems
proneadj: inclined or likely to do something or to show a particular characteristic, especially something bad; lying face downward
accidentn: an unfortunate event, especially one causing damage or injury
lifespann: the length of time for which a person, animal lives, or thing exists
accurateadj: correct and exact in all details
generalizationn: the act of making a broad statement or conclusion based on limited information or experience; a statement that applies to a large group or category of things or people, often without considering the unique qualities or circumstances of each individual
barragen: a concentrated and continuous outpouring or overwhelming amount of something, such as bombs, questions, criticisms, or comments; a defensive barrier of artillery fire or gunfire
enragev: to make someone extremely angry
threatn: a strong indication or likelihood of harm, danger, or adverse consequences; an expression of intent to inflict harm or injury on someone or something, often made as a means of coercion or intimidation
banv: to officially or legally forbid or refuse to allow something
topicn: a subject that is being discussed or written about
journaln: a newspaper or magazine specialized in a specific topic or profession
irateadj: feeling or showing strong anger or annoyance
advocaten: a person who supports or suggests an idea, development, or way of doing something
literallyadv: in the real or original meaning of a word or phrase; in a literal sense or way; not figuratively
venomn: a toxic substance produced by an animal, typically a snake or insect, and injected into prey or an enemy by biting or stinging
vituperatev: to criticize or berate someone severely or abusively; to use harsh and abusive language towards someone
inadvertentlyadv: unintentionally; accidentally; without purpose or deliberate intent
direadj: extremely serious or urgent; critical, grave, or disastrous
professionaladj: having or showing the skill appropriate to a particular job; competent or skillful
exilen: the state of being forced to leave one’s country or home, typically for political or punitive reasons
arousev: to awaken strong feelings or emotions in someone; to excite or inspire a physical or emotional response
estimatev: to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
probableadj: likely to happen or likely to be true
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
outrageousadj: highly unusual, unconventional, or shocking; going beyond the bounds of what is considered acceptable or proper
slidev: to move or cause to move smoothly along a surface without interruption
visualadj: relating to seeing or sight
decorationn: the act of adding something that is intended to make something more attractive; an award or honor that is given to someone in recognition of their achievements
poetryn: poems in general as a genre of literature
themen: a subject or topic of discourse or artistic representation
preferencen: a stronger liking or interest for something or someone than another thing or person
symmetricaladj: having similarity in size, shape, and relative position of corresponding parts
repetitionn: the act of doing or saying something many times
variationn: the act or state of changing; a difference or change in the way something is done, made or said
specificadj: clearly defined or particular to a certain thing or situation; distinct, explicit, and precise
pausev: to take a short break from talking or doing something before continuing
frequentadj: happening constantly
declinev: to become gradually smaller, fewer, worse, etc.; to refuse to accept
headlinen: a heading at the top of a newspaper or magazine story or page
highbrowadj: relating to or appealing to people who are highly educated or intellectual; involving or interested in serious artistic or cultural ideas
deplorev: to feel or express strong disapproval or condemnation towards something; to regard with grief, regret, or deep sorrow
representativen: someone who speaks or acts officially on behalf of another person or group of people
assertv: to state something firmly and confidently, often in a way that is intended to convince others that it is true
confidencen: the feeling or attitude that one can trust or rely on the abilities or good qualities of someone or something
visibleadj: capable of being seen; or open to easy view
departv: to go away or leave, especially to start a journey
possibilityn: a chance that something may happen or be true
sustainv: to supply enough of what somebody or something needs to survive or exist; to accept as valid
franchisen: a legal agreement between two parties in which one party grants the other the right to use or sell its products or services under a specific brand name and business model; a business that operates under such an agreement; the right to vote in an election
nonprofitadj: not established for commercial profit
survivev: to live or exist despite a dangerous event or period
primarilyadv: mainly
commercializev: to make something available for sale or use on a large scale
repertoryn: a collection of works, such as plays, operas, or pieces of music, that a company or performer is prepared to perform
symphonyn: a long musical composition in Western classical music for orchestra, usually with three or four main parts called movements
orchestran: a large group of musicians who play classical music together, usually with instruments such as strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion
dilutev: to make a substance less concentrated by adding a liquid or another substance to it
dependencen: the state or condition of relying or depending on someone or something else; a relationship in which one person or thing is influenced, controlled, or supported by another
rerunn: the act of repeating or replaying a previously aired episode of a television show or a past event or performance; (verb) to broadcast or play again an item, especially a television or radio program; to run a race or other sporting event again
sitcomn: a television or radio program that features a continuing cast of characters in humorous or dramatic situations, typically presented in a half-hour format
classicadj: judged or deserving to be regarded as one of the best or most important of its kind over a period of time; of a well-known type
dwindlev: to gradually decrease in size, amount, or strength; to become smaller
resortn: a place where many people go for rest, sport, or another stated purpose; (verb) to turn to or take a course of action, especially an extreme or undesirable one, to resolve a difficult circumstance
blockbustern: a movie, book, or other product that is extremely successful and popular, especially one that makes much money
draman: a play in a theatre, television, or radio, or performance on a stage
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
republicn: a state or country in which the people and their elected representatives hold supreme power and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch
flourishv: to grow or develop vigorously or successfully
extentn: the point or degree or area to which something extends
entirelyadv: completely
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
skyrocketv: to rapidly ascend to a very high level; increase rapidly;
operan: a drama set to music, in which the words are sung rather than spoken
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
grainn: wheat or any other small hard seeds used as a food; a relatively small granular particle of a substance
complaintn: a statement that expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance about something
spheren: a round object or geometric shape that is three-dimensional and symmetrical around a central point; a particular aspect or scope of life or activity
eliteadj: belonging to the wealthiest, most potent, best-educated, or best-trained group in a society
prestigiousadj: having a high reputation or status; respected or honored; widely recognized as being of high quality or importance
literaryadj: relating to or characteristic of literature (= written or spoken works of artistic expression) or other related works, particularly in terms of style and content
criticismn: the act of analyzing, evaluating, or judging something, especially literary or artistic work, to find fault with it or to offer suggestions for improvement; the expression of disapproval or censure
analyzev: to think about in-depth and evaluate to discover essential features or meaning
heron: a person who is admired or idealized for courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities; a character in literature or history who is central to the plot and who exhibits heroic qualities
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
humanityn: all people living on the earth; the quality or state of being human rather than an animal, a machine, etc.
studn: a small object with a head on one end and a sharp point on the other, used for fastening clothing, leather, or other materials; an animal used for breeding, typically a male horse or bull that is of superior breeding stock; (verb) to decorate or adorn with studs; to provide with studs for support
disinvestmentn: the act of reducing or withdrawing the amount of money you have provided in a particular area or sector
diagnosev: to determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a careful analysis
admissionn: the act of allowing someone to enter or become a member of a group, organization, institution, or place; the act of acknowledging or confessing something, often a truth or a wrongdoing
coincidencen: an occasion when two or more similar things happen at the same time by chance, in a surprising way
supposev: to think that something is likely to be actual or possible
widespreadadj: existing or happening in various places or among many people
denialn: a statement that something is not true or does not exist
quotationn: a group of words taken from a text or speech and repeated by someone other than the original author or speaker
coren: the most essential or fundamental part of something
syllabusn: an outline or summary of the topics, themes, and assignments to be covered in a particular course or educational program; a list or summary of key themes or components of a particular document, work, or project
paraphrasev: to restate or reword a passage in one’s own words, often to clarify or simplify the original meaning
debaten: a formal discussion or argument of opposing viewpoints, often to persuade others to adopt a specific position; a public discussion, often on an issue of current interest, in which participants offer opinions and differing perspectives
appreciationn: the act of recognizing and valuing the worth or importance of something or someone; gratitude or thankfulness; an increase in value over time
millenniumn: a span of 1000 years, or the 1000th anniversary (plural: millennia)
discardv: to throw something away or get rid of something that you no longer wanted or need
saccharineadj: overly sweet or sentimental to the point of being cloying or sickly; artificially or excessively sweet
kitschn: art, objects, or design considered to be tasteless and overly sentimental, often produced to appeal to popular or commercial taste rather than for artistic value
commercen: the activity of buying and selling things, especially on a large scale
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
desiren: a strong feeling of wanting to have or do something
destroyv: to ruin or damage severely or completely; to eradicate or eliminate completely
bourgeoisn: a member of the middle class, typically with conservative or conformist attitudes or values; a person who seeks material wealth or social status through conventional means; a person concerned with conventional, materialistic pursuits
tackyadj: having a cheap or vulgar appearance, taste, or quality; lacking style or sophistication; gaudy or tastelessly showy
depictv: to illustrate someone or something in a photograph
appealn: a serious, earnest, or urgent request for money, information, or help; a quality that makes somebody or something attractive or interest
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
postmodernadj: relating to or characterized by a rejection of objective truth and global cultural narratives and instead emphasizing the role of personal interpretation
literaturen: written works, such as novels, plays, poems, or short stories that are considered to have artistic or intellectual value
narrativen: a story or a description of a series of events or process of telling a story
plotn: a secret plan or scheme to achieve a specific goal; the plan or main story of a literary work; (verb) to plan secretly, usually something illegal
metern: a device used to measure the amount of a particular substance or attribute, such as length, volume, or time; (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse
rhymen: a word or phrase that has the same last sound as another word or phrase, often used in poetry and songwriting
architecturen: the art and science of designing and constructing buildings
ornamentn: a decoration or embellishment that adds beauty or enhances the appearance of something, especially a Christmas tree or a piece of jewelry
melodyn: a succession of musical tones forming part of a larger piece of music
rhythmn: a strong regular repeated pattern of sounds, words, or musical notes that are used in music, poetry, and dancing
clarityn: the quality of being coherent and understandable; the quality of transparency or purity
insightn: the ability to gain an accurate and deep understanding of people or situations; an accurate and deep understanding of what something is like
scholarn: professor; a person who studies a topic in considerable depth, particularly in a university
butlern: a male servant in charge of serving food and drinks and taking care of household duties
structuralismn: a theoretical approach or methodology that analyzes and interprets phenomena by examining their underlying structures or systems
relativeadj: considered and evaluated through comparison with something else
homologousadj: having the same or similar structure, position, or function, particularly in different species or organisms; related by common ancestry
hegemonyn: the dominance or influence of one group, country, or ideology over others, especially in political, economic, or cultural domains
convergev: to move or draw together at a specific location; (of lines) to move towards the same point where they join or meet
articulatev: to express oneself clearly and effectively in spoken or written language
tempn: (a short form of “temporary worker” or “temporary employee”) someone who works in a job for a limited time period, often without job stability or security;
markedadj: having a noticeable feature or distinctive quality; easily noticeable or obvious
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
structuraladj: associated with the way on construction or organization of anything
theoreticaladj: relating to the concepts and principles upon which a particular topic is founded, rather than practice and experience
parsev: to separate a sentence into grammatical parts, such as subject, verb, etc., and describe their syntactic roles
argumentn: a set of statements or reasons used to support or refute a proposition or theory; a verbal or physical fight or dispute
disdainv: to look down on
puzzlen: a situation that is difficult to follow or solve; a game, problem, or toy that tests a person’s ingenuity or knowledge; (verb) to cause someone to feel confused because of something difficult to understand
stickv: to put something, usually a sharp object, into something; to restrict yourself to doing or using one certain thing and not change; (noun) a thin piece of wood or other material
deflectv: to cause something, especially a criticism or attack, to be directed away from someone
iren: intense or extreme anger or wrath; a strong feeling of displeasure or hostility towards someone or something
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic
energeticadj: possessing or exerting or displaying energy
professv: to declare openly, often publicly or formally, that one has a particular skill, belief, or feeling; to admit or affirm
industrialadj: of or relating to or resulting from industry
besiegev: to surround and attack or harass with relentless persistence; to crowd or overwhelm with a large number of requests or demands
overwhelmv: to defeat someone or something by using a great deal of force; to have a strong emotional effect on somebody
instillv: to impart, introduce, or cause to be absorbed gradually
fitnessn: the quality or state of being physically fit and healthy; the ability to perform physical tasks and activities with ease and efficiency
intellectn: the ability to think logically and comprehend information, especially at an advanced level
clayn: a natural, earthy material that is made up of very small particles of minerals and can be molded when wet and then fired to produce ceramics
dexterityn: skill and speed in performing physical tasks, especially with the hands; mental skill or adroitness in dealing with situations or problems
motorn: a device that converts electricity, fuel, etc. into movement and makes a machine, vehicle, etc. work
devotev: to commit or dedicate oneself or one’s time, effort, or energy to a particular task or purpose
sympathizev: to express or feel compassion or understanding for someone else’s pain, difficulty, or misfortune; to share in someone else’s emotions or experiences
soberadj: not drunk or affected by alcohol; dignified in manner or character and committed to keeping promises
uselessadj: not serving any useful purpose; having no practical result
heritableadj: able to be passed down or transmitted from one generation to the next
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
causaladj: relating to or indicating a cause or the relationship between causes and effects; resulting from a cause
spankn: a quick slap or strike, usually with an open hand, on the buttocks as a form of punishment or discipline; (verb) to strike someone, especially a child, on the buttocks as a punishment
genen: the fundamental unit of heredity and the sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for the creation of RNA or protein.
chantn: a simple melody or tune, typically one that is repeated or sung in a monotonous way; (verb) recite with musical intonation
redov: to do again, usually to correct or improve upon a previous attempt; to renovate or redesign something to make it better or more suitable
adoptv: to choose to follow something; to legally take a child from another family and care for them as if they were one’s own
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
concludev: to come to an end or close; to reach a judgment or opinion by reasoning
validadj: having a reasonable basis in logic or fact; still legally or officially acceptable
geneticallyadv: in a way that relates to or is produced by genes (= the units in the cells of a living thing received by an animal or plant from its parents) or heredity
remarkableadj: worthy of attention because unusual or special
siblingn: a brother or sister; member of a family born to the same parents
permanentadj: lasting for a long time without essential change
personalityn: a person’s distinct combination of character, behavioral, temperamental, emotional, and mental traits that define them as an individual and set them apart from others
complementaryadj: serving to complete or enhance something in a way that is suitable or pleasing
methodologyn: a set of ways or principles of doing, teaching, or studying something
rearadj: at, toward, or near the back part of something; (verb) to look after a child until it is an adult
peern: a person who has the same age, status, or ability
acknowledgev: to accept or admit the existence, reality, or truth of something; to accept that someone or something has a particular authority or quality; to express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for someone’s help, commitment, etc.;
uterusn: a hollow muscular organ in the body of a woman or other female mammal in which a baby or young animal develops before birth
remarkn: a comment or observation, or something said or written about a particular subject or situation; (verb) to give a spoken statement on a particular subject or situation
evolutionaryadj: relating to or denoting how living things develop or change from earlier forms
upsetadj: causing or marked by anxiety, uneasiness, trouble, or grief; (verb) to make someone anxious, unhappy, or angry
dogman: a belief or set of beliefs that the members of a group accept without being questioned or doubted
tabooadj: prohibited or restricted by social custom
forbiddenadj: not permitted or allowed by rules or laws
explorev: to travel to or penetrate an area or a country to learn about it; to thoroughly examine a subject or a possibility to learn more about it
eloquentadj: able to speak or write clearly and impressively