Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (269 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (65 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

consciousadj: being aware of and able to respond to what is happening around you
visibleadj: capable of being seen; or open to easy view
photographn: a picture or image that is produced by a camera; a visual representation or record of a person, object, or scene that has been captured electronically or on film
paramedicn: a healthcare professional who is trained to provide emergency medical care to patients in the pre-hospital setting, often in ambulances or other emergency vehicles
wreckagen: the remains of something that has been destroyed, ruined, severely damaged, or crashed, usually referring to vehicles, buildings, or machinery
survivorn: a person who remains alive after an event in which others have died
departv: to go away or leave, especially to start a journey
extractn: a short passage taken from a book, piece of music, etc.; a substance obtained from something through a specific process; (verb) to obtain from something or to remove something by effort or force
skulln: a bone framework that surrounds the brain and gives the head its shape
crushv: to press it firmly, usually with your hands or a tool, so that it becomes flat or smaller
collarn: a band of material worn around the neck, typically forming part of a shirt or jacket; (verb) to grab or catch hold of someone or something
ribn: each of a series of curved bones that are connected to the spine and surround the chest; (adjective) subject to laughter or ridicule
pelvicadj: of or relating to the pelvis, the lower part of the trunk of the human body, between the hips
pulsen: the regular heartbeat as it sends blood around the body, especially when it is felt at the wrist or side of the neck; a solid regular vibration of sound, electric current, light, or other waves
internaladj: of or relating to the inside of something
replacementn: the act of replacing something with something else, especially that is newer or better; a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
staunchadj: firmly loyal and devoted, unyielding or resolute
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
stroken: a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain causes cell death; the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club, racket, etc.
brainn: the organ inside the head that is responsible for one’s movement, thought, memory, and feeling
coman: a state of prolonged unconsciousness, typically caused by severe injury or illness, during which a person is unresponsive and lacks awareness of their surroundings
essentiallyadv: relating to the essential features or concepts of anything
rimn: the edge of something in the shape of a more or less circular object
comatoseadj: relating to, associated with, or in a coma (= a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness)
definev: to state or explain precisely the nature, scope, or meaning of something
functionn: the purpose or use of an object, system, or process; a particular activity or operation that is designed to serve a specific purpose; a mathematical concept that describes a relationship between two sets of values, called the input and output sets; (verb) to operate or work in a specific way, or to perform a particular task or purpose
broadadj: very wide; general
contextn: the circumstances, facts, or conditions that surround a particular event, situation, or statement and that give it meaning
eternaladj: being without beginning or end; lasting forever
alienn: a person who comes from a different country, race, or group; a form of life assumed to exist outside the Earth or its atmosphere
intergalacticadj: existing or occurring between different galaxies (= an independent group of stars)
satelliten: an electronic device that is sent up into space and moves around the Earth or another planet, used for gathering information or communicating by radio, television, etc.
unpredictableadj: not capable of being foreseen or calculated; not regular or certain
fragileadj: delicate or easily broken or damaged
awashadj: flooded or overflowing with water, typically suddenly or unexpectedly; abundant or prevalent to the extent of being overwhelming or excessive
valleyn: a long depression on the surface of the land, which typically contains a river
tremendousadj: very great in degree or extent or amount or impact; extremely good
catastrophicadj: extremely harmful; causing physical or financial destruction
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
paralleladj: being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting; of or relating to the simultaneous performance of multiple operations
tiltv: to incline or bend from a vertical position; (noun) the act of inclining or the state of being inclined or leaning to one side
axisn: a real or imaginary straight line through a body or figure around which the object turns; a group of countries in special alliance
crackv: to break or cause to break without dividing into separate parts; (noun) a line on the surface of something along which it has separated without breaking
marrown: a soft, fatty, vascular substance in the cavities of bones, in which blood cells are produced; the choicest or most essential part of some idea or experience
threatn: a strong indication or likelihood of harm, danger, or adverse consequences; an expression of intent to inflict harm or injury on someone or something, often made as a means of coercion or intimidation
evolvev: to develop gradually, or to cause the development of something or someone gradually
planetn: any of the nine large celestial bodies that circle in the solar system; any celestial body that revolves around a star
dotn: a very small circular mark, especially one that is printed
symboln: something visible that is used to represent something else
prosperityn: the state of being successful and having the good fortune
wisdomn: the quality of being wise, or the ability to use your knowledge and experience to make sensible decisions
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
providencen: the protective care or guidance of God or nature as a spiritual power; divine intervention; the timely preparation for future eventualities or emergencies
preciousadj: uncommon and extremely valuable
surroundv: to be all around something or somebody
grantv: to agree to give or allow somebody
stripv: to remove the surface from something; (noun) a sizeable narrow piece of something such as paper, metal, cloth, etc., or area of land, sea, etc.
recoverv: to return to a former condition, health, mind, or strength
distinctionn: a difference or contrast between similar things or people
injuryn: harm done to a person’s or an animal’s body caused by an accident or an attack
drasticadj: radical and extreme; likely to have a significant or far-reaching impact
gapn: a conspicuous disparity or difference separates something such as a figure, people, their opinions, situation, etc.
severeadj: extremely serious or bad in feeling, manner, or strict and harsh; extremely strong or vigorous
entailv: to involve or require something as necessary, particularly as a consequence of a particular situation or action; to impose a burden or restriction on something
rehabilitatev: to restore to good health or physical condition; to help someone return to a normal life, especially after a period of illness, addiction, or imprisonment
accumulatev: to collect or acquire a large number of things over a long period of time
millenniumn: a span of 1000 years, or the 1000th anniversary (plural: millennia)
Alzheimern: a neurodegenerative disease that causes memory loss, cognitive decline, and behavioral issues; is the most common cause of dementia in older adults
diseasen: a disorder or illness that affects the body or mind, often characterized by specific symptoms or abnormal functioning of organs or systems
succumbv: to fail to oppose something, such as desire, pressure, or some other opposing force; to die or suffer badly from the effect of a disease or injury
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
organizationn: a group of people who work together for a shared purpose
depressionn: a mental condition in which a person feels very unhappy and without hope for the future; a severe recession in an economy or market
depressedadj: sad and without any hope
alarmingadj: causing concern or apprehension; causing a feeling of danger, harm, or emergency; unsettling or disturbing
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known
suiciden: the act of killing yourself intentionally
concussionn: a violent blow or jolt to the head or body that jars the brain, often resulting in temporary or prolonged unconsciousness, confusion, or memory loss; a shock or upheaval caused by a sudden change or event
adolescentn: a young person who is in the process of developing from a child into an adult
migrainen: a severe headache typically felt as a throbbing pain on one side of the head
sufferv: to experience pain, distress, or hardship; to undergo or endure something painful or unpleasant
episodicadj: happening or appearing at irregular intervals; not continuous or steady; of or relating to writing or narration
headachen: pain in the head; someone or something that causes anxiety or trouble
wipev: to clean or dry something by rubbing with a piece of cloth or paper or one’s hand and removing dirt, food, or liquid
addictionn: the inability to stop using or doing something as a habit, especially something harmful
frequentadj: happening constantly
digitaladj: processing or storing information as a succession of 1 and 0 to show that a signal is present or missing; relating to the use of computer technology, especially the internet
devicen: a piece of equipment, tool, or technology that serves a particular purpose or function, often mechanical or electronic
retreatn: the act of moving back or withdrawing from a position or situation; a period of rest or relaxation away from work or everyday life
associationn: a people or groups of people who have joined in a single organization together for a particular purpose; a social or business connection or relationship
confrontv: to face, meet or deal with a problem or difficult situation or person
episoden: a happening or story that is distinctive in a series of related events; an abrupt short period during which someone suffers from the effects of a physical or mental illness
medicaladj: relating to the treatment of illness or injuries; relating to the practice of medicine
denseadj: containing a large number of people or something with little space between them
arrayn: a large group or collection of things or people, especially one that is impressive or attractive
digestv: to transform food into absorbable substances; break down
asleepadj: in a state of sleep
awakenv: to stop sleeping or to cause someone to stop sleeping
hoen: a garden tool with a flat blade attached at right angles to a long handle
surgeryn: medical treatment of injuries or diseases involving an incision with instruments and often removing or replacing some parts of the body; the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
rescuev: to save someone or something from a dangerous or difficult situation
simultaneouslyadv: at the same time
euphoricadj: an extreme feeling of well-being or excitement
functionaladj: designed for or capable of a particular activity, purpose, or task; practical or ready for use or service
quantumn: the smallest amount or unit of something, especially (electromagnetic) energy
occupyv: to consume all of someone’s space, attention, or time
damn: a wall constructed over a river to block the flow of water, mainly used to generate energy
swivelv: to rotate or turn around a fixed point or axis, often used to describe the action of a chair or other similar object that can rotate horizontally; (noun) a fastening device that allows the thing fastened to it to rotate or turn around freely
flashn: a sudden intense burst of radiant energy; a momentary brightness
dischargev: to release or let go of something or someone; to dismiss or terminate an employee or member of an organization; to emit or give off a substance or energy
conceptn: an idea or principle associated with something abstract
neurologicaladj: of or relating to the science of neurology or the nervous system
damagev: to harm or cause injury to something or someone, often resulting in decreased value or functionality; to impair or negatively affect something, such as a reputation or relationship; (noun) harm or injury that is caused to a person, thing, or entity
perspectiven: a confident attitude toward something; a particular style of thinking about something
gamman: the third letter of the Greek alphabet; a type of radiation having the shortest wavelength and highest energy of electromagnetic waves
radiationn: the energy that comes from a nuclear reaction in the form of rays, waves, or particles and that can be hazardous to health
specificationn: a detailed description of the characteristics, features, or requirements of something, typically a product or system; a written statement that outlines the standards, procedures, or requirements for a project or job
scanv: to examine something hastily, with the eyes or with a machine, to get information
dimensionn: a measurable extent of a particular kind, such as width, height, or length
laboratoryn: a workplace for doing scientific research or teaching science; a lab
symmetryn: balance or proportion in design or structure, with elements arranged evenly on either side of an axis
illuminationn: light or source of light; the degree of visibility of your environment
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
destroyv: to ruin or damage severely or completely; to eradicate or eliminate completely
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
degreen: a unit of measurement for angles, temperature, or level of proficiency or achievement; a rank or level of academic or professional attainment
advancev: to go or move forward; to develop in a positive way
miraculousadj: very effective or lucky, or completely unexpected
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
pandemicn: an outbreak of a disease that affects many people over a very wide area
aspectn: one part or feature of a situation, problem, subject, etc.
cognitiveadj: of or relating to mental processes of understanding
smashingadj: very successful or impressive; causing something to be broken or destroyed
possibilityn: a chance that something may happen or be true
regainv: to get something back or recover something after it has been lost or taken away
plasticityn: the quality or state of being easily molded, shaped, or modified; the capacity for change, adaptability, or flexibility, particularly about a material substance, biological process, or psychological trait
rebuildv: to build again or anew
redefinev: to change the meaning or interpretation of something; to make people think about something in a new or different way
demonstratev: to display something or give an exhibition to an interested audience
specializev: to become an expert in a specific career field, study, or business
appropriateadj: suitable or proper in the circumstances; fitting
detectv: to find or recognize something, especially something difficult to see, hear, etc.
academicadj: associated with schools, colleges, and universities, especially studying and thinking, not with practical skills
neuropsychologyn: the branch of psychology that deals with the relationships between brain function and behavior
acquirev: to buy or obtain something such as an asset, object, knowledge, etc., for oneself
retainv: to keep or continue to possess or maintain something
retrievev: to find or get something back
essentialadj: indispensable; fundamental
columnn: one of the vertical blocks that split content on a page or screen from top to bottom; an upright pillar that often supports an arch, entablature, or other structure or stands alone as a monument
creepv: to move slowly, quietly, and carefully, usually to avoid being seen or heard
undergov: to go through something unpleasant or that involves a change
supposev: to think that something is likely to be actual or possible
stabilizev: to become or cause to become steady or unlikely to give way
solidifyv: to make solid, firm, or compact; to cause to become solid
journaln: a newspaper or magazine specialized in a specific topic or profession
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
memoirn: a historical account or biography written from the writer’s knowledge of famous people, places, or events
clinicaladj: of or relating to the examination and treatment of patients rather than theoretical or laboratory studies
backgroundn: the details of a person’s social heritage, such as family, vocational or educational experience; past information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem
whatsoeveradv: not at all; no matter what
peern: a person who has the same age, status, or ability
scatterv: to cause to separate and go in different directions
neurologyn: the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system
identifyv: to recognize someone or something and say or prove who or what they are
accommodationn: a place to live, work, or stay, particularly for a temporary or short-term period; adjustment or adaptation to meet various needs or circumstances
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
muscularadj: of or relating to the muscles; having or suggesting great physical power or force
skeletaladj: of, relating to, or forming a skeleton (= frame of bones); very thin or emaciated
imbalancen: a situation in which two or more things are not equal or equally treated
mandiblen: the lower jawbone in vertebrates, including humans, which is usually hinged to the skull and movable; a pair of these bones forming the lower jaw of an insect
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
disordern: an untidy state or a lack of organization; a physical condition or illness that causes problems with how a section of the body or brain functions
dysfunctionn: a problem or fault in a system, organism, or part of the body or machine
jawn: either of the two bones at the bottom of the face that moves when you open your mouth; (verb) talk socially without exchanging too much information
fortunateadj: having good luck or lucky
dentistn: a person who is qualified and licensed to treat people’s teeth
universen: everything that exists, especially all physical matter, including planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy
repositionv: to move to a new or different position or location
resolvev: to find a suitable answer to the problems or difficulty
orthodonticsn: a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities, particularly those related to the misalignment of teeth and jaws; the use of various devices, including braces and retainers, to correct such irregularities and improve oral and facial function and appearance
alignmentn: an arrangement in which two or more elements are placed in a straight line or parallel to each other
boldadj: brave, daring, and confident; not frightened of danger or afraid to say what you feel or to take risks
grainn: wheat or any other small hard seeds used as a food; a relatively small granular particle of a substance
sandn: finely granulated particles of rock or mineral material typically found along beaches, deserts, or riverbeds; used in construction, landscaping, and other applications requiring drainage or abrasive action
misalignedadj: not properly aligned or arranged; not placed in the correct position or orientation
nervousadj: worried and anxious about something; relating to the nerves
largelyadv: virtually entirely; to a large degree
aneurysmn: an abnormal, localized, and often dangerous bulging or dilation of a blood vessel, typically an artery, due to weakening of the vessel wall
cancern: abnormal growth of cells that can invade and destroy surrounding tissues and organs; a disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
hormonen: a chemical substance made by organs that encourages or influences the development, growth, sex, etc., of an animal and is carried around the body in the blood
circulationn: the movement of blood through the body or of a fluid through a system; the number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold
sealedadj: closed or secured with
nutrientn: any substance that is essential for the maintenance and growth of living things
hosen: a flexible tube or pipe used to convey fluids, typically water or air; to spray someone or something with water or another liquid in a forceful manner
bulgev: to protrude or extend outward
someplaceadv: somewhere without specifying a particular or exact location
vascularadj: of or relating to blood vessels, especially the veins and arteries that carry blood throughout the body
volumetricadj: relating to or measured by volume, which refers to the amount of space occupied by an object or substance
compressionn: the act or process of pressing or squeezing something together, often using force or pressure; (of physics) the reduction of volume or increase in pressure of a gas or fluid
surgeonn: a doctor who is trained to perform medical operations that involve cutting open a person’s body
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
fortunen: a large amount of money or property; chance or luck as an unknown and arbitrary force affecting human affairs
foundationn: the lowest load-bearing part of a building, typically below ground level; a fundamental basis or principle upon which something is built or established; an organization that provides funding or support for charitable or educational purposes
brilliantadj: extremely clever, skilled, or impressive
physicistn: a scientist who specializes in the field of physics
innovatev: to introduce new methods, ideas, or products
fascinatev: to attract and hold the attention of someone deeply and irresistibly
deafadj: lacking the ability to hear, or having impaired hearing; unresponsive or unaware of certain sounds or signals
visionn: the ability to think about or see the future with imagination and intelligence; the faculty of being able to see
blindadj: unable to see; unable or unwilling to perceive or understand the true nature of something
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
paralyzev: to cause a person or part of the body to become unable to move or feel
weighv: to have a particular weight; to carefully evaluate things before making a conclusion
gramn: a metric unit of weight equal to one-thousandth of a kilogram
implantv: to insert or fix an artificial device in a person’s body; to put an idea, attitude, etc., firmly in the mind
dimen: an American or Canadian coin worth one-tenth of a dollar
corrosionn: the process of gradual deterioration or destruction of a material, typically metal, due to a chemical reaction with its environment, often resulting in rust or decay
prototypen: a first or preliminary example of something such as a device or vehicle from which other forms are developed
motorn: a device that converts electricity, fuel, etc. into movement and makes a machine, vehicle, etc. work
cortexn: the outermost layer of an organ, especially the brain
relevancen: the state or degree of being closely connected or appropriate to the matter at hand
fingertipn: the end or tip of a finger
fictionn: the type of book or story, especially novels, that describes imaginary events and people; anything made up or imagined that is not true
presencen: the fact or state that someone or something exists, occurs, or is present
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
gradualadj: happening slowly over a long period of time or distance; not steep or abrupt
whisperv: to speak very quietly to somebody using the breath rather than the voice so that only those close to you can hear you
nursen: a healthcare professional who is trained to provide care for the sick or injured; (verb) to try to cure by special care or treatment of an illness or injury
instantlyadv: immediately
hometownn: the town or city where one was born or grew up
phoenixn: a mythical bird that is said to live for several hundred years before dying in flames and then rising again from its ashes; a symbol of rebirth, regeneration, or immortality
surroundingadj: that is near or around, or closely encircling something
envelopv: to surround and cover completely; to encase
overcomev: to succeed in controlling or dealing with something, such as a problem or difficulty; to defeat or overwhelm someone
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
difficultyn: a condition or state that causes problems
amazev: to fill with wonder, surprise, or admiration
painstakingadj: cautious and correct, and requiring a significant amount of effort
near-missn: an incident or event that almost resulted in a serious accident or disaster but was ultimately avoided by chance, luck, or the timely intervention of someone or something
accidentallyadv: by chance or without planning
stumblev: to miss a step and fall or nearly fall; to walk unsteadily
innovationn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation
chirpn: a short, sharp sound that is made by birds or insects or by electronic devices such as alarms or beepers
antennan: an electrical device that sends or receives radio or television signals; (biology) one of one or more pairs of appendages used for sensing in insects
underneathadv: under or below something else
heeln: the rounded back part of the foot below the ankle; someone who is morally reprehensible; (verb) to follow someone or something
liftv: to raise something to a higher position or level; to pick up something or somebody and move them to a different position
blinkv: to shut and open the eyes quickly; to gleam or glow in a regular or intermittent way
intervaln: a period between two events or times; a short break or pause
acceleratev: to make something faster or earlier; to cause to develop or progress more quickly
stimulationn: the act of arousing interest or activity in something; the action of providing a stimulus
abandonv: to leave a place, thing, or person with no intention of returning; (noun) a feeling of extreme emotional intensity
retirev: to withdraw from one’s position or occupation, especially because of age
manufacturev: to make goods in large numbers, usually in a factory using machines
cochlean: a spiral-shaped cavity in the inner ear that is responsible for hearing; it contains sensory hair cells that convert vibrations into electrical signals that are sent to the brain for interpretation
retinan: the innermost light-sensitive membrane covering the back wall of the eyeball
exoskeletonn: a hard, external protective covering or framework that supports and gives shape to the body of an invertebrate animal, such as an insect or crab
clarifyv: to make something, such as a statement or situation, less confusing and more understandable
wrapv: to cover or enclose something entirely with paper, cloth, or other material
limbn: an arm and leg of a person or animal
amazingadj: extremely surprising, especially in a way that you like or admire
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
venturen: a business project or activity that is risky or daring
paybackn: a punishment or retaliation that is inflicted in response to an injury or offense; the benefit or gain obtained as a result of an investment, effort, or action
remarkableadj: worthy of attention because unusual or special
cutting-edgeadj: being at the forefront of a particular field or development; (noun) the latest or most advanced stage in the development of a specific type of work or activity