Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (195 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (62 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

conventionallyadv: in a way that follows accepted customs, rules, or standards; in a way that is typical or traditional
dividev: to separate or cause to separate into parts or groups
realmn: a domain of activity, interest, or knowledge
distinctionn: a difference or contrast between similar things or people
propertyn: a thing or things that belong to someone
attunev: to make receptive or aware; to bring into harmony or alignment
nuancen: a subtle or slight degree of difference in appearance, meaning, sound, someone’s feeling, etc.
translatev: to convert or change words into another language
genericadj: not specific; not linked to a particular brand or product
qualitativeadj: relating to or involving qualities, such as properties, characteristics, or features, rather than quantities or numbers, often used to describe research or analysis that focuses on subjective or non-measurable factors
studion: a room or building where creative or artistic work is produced; a television or radio production company
chunkn: a thick and solid mass or piece of something
transformv: to change in outward structure or looks;
neglectv: to not give enough care or attention to something; to leave something undone
industrialadj: of or relating to or resulting from industry
ruinv: to damage, spoil, or demolish something; (noun) an unrecoverable state of devastation and destruction,
viableadj: capable of being done as intended; able to succeed
backwardadv: at, to, or toward the direction or place that is behind or rear
relevancen: the state or degree of being closely connected or appropriate to the matter at hand
synchronizev: to happen or cause to happen at the same time or rate
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
operan: a drama set to music, in which the words are sung rather than spoken
erasev: to remove something completely, especially by rubbing it
architecturen: the art and science of designing and constructing buildings
urbanadj: relating to or located in a town or city
landscapen: an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view; a large area of land, especially in the country and relating to its appearance
transformationn: a complete change in form, nature, or appearance of someone or something
reveredv: highly respected or admired, often because of moral or spiritual qualities
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
malln: a large, enclosed shopping center that typically contains many stores, restaurants, and other businesses
symboln: something visible that is used to represent something else
fantasticadj: extremely good; excellent
artifactn: a person-made object, especially one of historical or cultural interest
definev: to state or explain precisely the nature, scope, or meaning of something
discontentn: dissatisfaction or unhappiness with a situation or condition; a feeling of displeasure or disapproval
pivotaladj: relating to or acting as a pivot or central point; crucial or essential to the success or outcome of something
inscribev: to write or carve something on a surface, especially as a formal or permanent record
marchv: to walk militarily with stiff, regular steps
protestn: a strong expression of disagreement, disapproval, or opposition
commemoratev: to honor the memory of someone or something by ceremony or tribute
pandemicn: an outbreak of a disease that affects many people over a very wide area
reproductiveadj: connected with the process of reproduction; relating to reproducing babies, young animals, or plants
civicadj: of or relating to a town, city, or the people who live in it
dissentn: possessing or expressing views that differ from those that are officially accepted
synonymousadj: having the same or a similar meaning as another word or phrase
disconnectv: to unfasten or disjoin something, especially to break the connection between a supply of gas, water, or electricity and a piece of equipment
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
discursiveadj: rambling or digressing from one topic to another without a clear or coherent structure; characterized by a tendency to wander or stray from the main point or subject
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
receivern: the part of a phone that you hold close to your ear and mouth; a person who receives something
dinosaurn: a large extinct reptile, often with an armored back, long neck, tail, and bony plates on the skin
insectn: any small creature that has six legs and a body divided into three sections
locomotiven: a powered rail vehicle used for pulling trains or railway cars; an engine that produces the necessary power for the train to move on the tracks
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
advantagen: a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favorable or superior position; a beneficial feature or asset that someone or something has
inherentadj: existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute
implicitadj: suggested but not directly expressed
forgev: to fashion or shape metal by heating it and hammering it into shape; to create or develop something new or original; to form strong bonds or relationships with others
ultimateadj: furthest or highest in degree or order
insertv: to put something inside something else
dialoguen: a conversation in a book, play, or film
affairn: event, situation, or subject that is significant from a political or public perspective; a secretive or illicit sexual relationship
diplomacyn: the art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations, organizations, or people; the fine art of dealing with people in a sensitive and effective way
embassyn: the diplomatic building where a country’s representatives to a foreign country are based
harnessv: to control and exploit the power of something, especially natural resources that produce energy; (noun) a set of narrow pieces of leather and metal that are used to control or hold in place a person, animal, or object
intellectn: the ability to think logically and comprehend information, especially at an advanced level
brainn: the organ inside the head that is responsible for one’s movement, thought, memory, and feeling
evolvev: to develop gradually, or to cause the development of something or someone gradually
exhibitv: to show something in public for people to enjoy or to provide them with information
contemporaryadj: belonging to the same or present time
discoursen: any form of communication in speech or writing
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
interdisciplinaryadj: involving or combining several academic disciplines or fields of study
conferv: to have a meeting or discussion to come to a decision or agreement or exchange ideas; to bestow something
expandv: to increase or to make something greater in size, number, or importance
appropriateadj: suitable or proper in the circumstances; fitting
deployv: to move troops or weapons into a position or military action; to bring into something in an effective way
structuren: the way of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts, or a complex thing constructed of many parts
concreteadj: existing in a physical or material form rather than an abstract one; based on facts rather than ideas or guesses; made of or covered with cement
doughn: a mixture of flour, liquid, and other ingredients, typically used to make bread, pastry, or pasta
hulkingadj: large, heavy, and clumsy
silentadj: without any or little sound
cloistern: a covered walkway, usually surrounding a central courtyard or garden, typically found in monasteries or convents; a tranquil and secluded place, often associated with religious or academic seclusion and contemplation
arrogantadj: having or revealing an exaggerated sense of one’s importance or abilities
redeemv: to compensate for the faults or bad aspects of something; to regain possession or assume ownership of something by paying a sum of money or fulfilling a condition; to rescue or save someone from a difficult or hopeless situation
featn: a notable or impressive achievement, especially one that requires great skill or bravery
liftv: to raise something to a higher position or level; to pick up something or somebody and move them to a different position
voidn: an empty space; a feeling of emptiness; (adjective) lacking any legal or binding force
spiritn: the part of a person which is the seat of their mind, feelings, and character rather than their physical body; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
facaden: the face or front of a building, especially a large one; superficial or false appearance intended to conceal something unpleasant
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
mountv: to increase, go up, or advance gradually or continuously; to prepare and supply with the necessary equipment for execution or performance; to ride on something or someone
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
maimv: to injure or wound someone seriously, particularly by permanently disabling or disfiguring a body part
monumentn: a statue, building, or other structure erected to commemorate a person or event
progressiveadj: relating to or supporting development or advancement, especially social or political one
courtyardn: an open space surrounded by buildings or walls, often in the center of a building or group of buildings
sculpturen: the art of creating three-dimensional objects or forms, typically by carving, modeling, or casting in a variety of materials such as stone, wood, metal, or clay
buryv: to place a dead body in the ground, grave, or tomb
invisibleadj: impossible or nearly impossible to see
iconn: a picture or statue of a holy person considered to be a sacred thing; a little icon on the screen of a computer or smartphone that denotes an application or a file
monumentaladj: great in importance or influence, size, extent, or solidity; massive
instituten: an organization that has a specific purpose, particularly one dealing with science, education, or a particular profession; (verb) to initiate, introduce, or establish something
neoclassicaladj: relating to a revival of classic forms, styles, or ideas, especially those of ancient Greek and Roman art and architecture, that emerged in the late 18th and early 19th centuries
opaqueadj: not transparent; not allowing light to pass through; not permitting a clear view
inhabitv: to live in a specific location; to reside
entirelyadv: completely
imaginaryadj: existing only in someone’s mind
ephemeraladj: lasting or used for only a short time
giantadj: enormous; much bigger or more important than similar items usually are
airbagn: a safety device designed to inflate rapidly in the event of a collision, protecting the occupants of a vehicle and reducing the risk of injury or death
expansionn: the process of becoming larger or more extensive, or the result of this process
oozev: to flow or seep out slowly, often in a thick, viscous manner; to exude or emit slowly and steadily
poeticadj: of or relating to poetry (= a piece of writing that emphasizes the expression of feelings and ideas); using language in an imaginative and expressive way
inhalev: to breathe in air or a different substance, such as smoke
dubv: to give someone or something an unofficial name or nickname; to provide movies with a voice of a foreign language
bubblen: a thin, round, and often transparent mass of gas that is surrounded by a thin layer of liquid; a state of economic or social prosperity that is unsustainable and eventually collapses
loungen: a waiting room as in a hotel or airport
volumen: the amount of space occupied by an object or substance; the magnitude of sound
membranen: a soft, thin layer that forms animal or vegetable tissue
translucentadj: allowing light to pass through but scattering it so that objects behind cannot be seen clearly; partially transparent
siliconn: a chemical element with the symbol Si that is a hard, brittle crystalline solid with a blue-grey metallic luster and used for the transistors and integrated circuit chips in computers
fibern: thread or filament used to make a vegetable tissue, mineral material, or textile
inflatedadj: swollen or blown up, especially with air or gas; excessively or unreasonably high
approvev: to think that someone or something is favorable, acceptable, or appropriate; to officially accept a plan, request, etc.
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
preservev: to keep or maintain a particular quality, feature, etc., especially to prevent it from decaying, being damaged, or being destroyed
dignityn: the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect; high office or rank or station
sanctityn: the quality of being sacred, holy, or blessed; the state of being pure, untainted, or inviolable; the ultimate importance or reverence attributed to something
blushv: to become red in the face from embarrassment, shame, or modesty
interpretv: to explain or assign the meaning of information, actions, etc.
combinationn: a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities
iconoclasticadj: characterized by a tendency to challenge or overthrow traditional beliefs, customs, or values; breaking or rejecting established norms or conventions
creativeadj: relating to or involving the use of skill and original and unusual ideas to create something
interpretationn: an explanation or opinion of something, especially that is not immediately obvious
congressionaladj: of or relating to Congress, especially to the Congress of the United States
spiren: a tall, pointed structure on a building or landscape; a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on a plant or an animal
towern: a structure that is exceptionally high in proportion to its width and either forms part of a building or stands alone
domen: a rounded vault forming the roof of a building or structure, typically with a circular base
minaretn: a tall, slender tower attached to a mosque, from which the muezzin calls Muslims to prayer
exemptadj: free from or not subject to a particular requirement or restriction; (verb) to excuse someone or something from an obligation, payment, etc.
churchn: a building or institution dedicated to religious worship or activities; a Christian religious organization or denomination
pantheonn: a temple dedicated to all the gods or goddesses of a particular religion or mythology; a group of something or someone that is remarkably respected, famous, or important
cubicadj: having the shape of a cube or being of three dimensions; measured in units that are the third power of a linear unit
compressv: to press or squeeze together to make something take up less space
arguev: to express differing opinions or points of view, often in a heated or contentious manner; to present a case or reasoning to persuade or convince others
meritn: the quality of being particularly good or worthy, especially to deserve praise or reward
landmarkn: a notable or important event, place, or achievement; a significant object or feature that serves as a reference point
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
sensitiveadj: able to notice slight changes, signals, or influences; able to feel or perceive other’s feelings; susceptible to the things people say or do
tracev: to find or discover someone or something that was lost
strainedadj: tight, tense, or stretched; under pressure or stress; characterized by a lack of ease or naturalness
cablen: a set of wires covered by plastic or rubber that carries electricity, phone signals, etc.; a solid thick rope made of twisted hemp or steel wire
bondn: a close emotional connection between two or more people; a certificate of debt that a government or corporation issues to raise money
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
permanentadj: lasting for a long time without essential change
steeln: a strong metal alloy made up of iron with typically a few tenths of a percent of carbon used for making things that need a strong structure
vantagen: a position or place that provides a commanding or advantageous view or perspective; a favorable position or advantage
restrictionn: a limitation or constraint placed on something, or the act of limiting or constraining something
glowv: to give out a steady, strong light
capitoln: a building that houses a legislative assembly, especially the US Congress
hierarchyn: a system in which people or things are organized into different levels of importance from highest to lowest
deliveryn: the act of taking or sending something to a destination; the bringing of a baby during childbirth
hoistv: to elevate or drag anything to a higher position, usually with the help of ropes or specific equipment
restrainv: to prevent or hold back from doing something, often by physical or moral force; to limit or restrict one’s actions or behavior; to control or moderate strong emotions or impulses
ballastn: heavy material, usually stones or sand, used to stabilize a ship or other structure; anything that provides stability or support
bureaucracyn: a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives
installv: to fix furniture, a machine, or a piece of equipment into position so that it can be used; put into an office or a position
erectv: to construct or build something; to cause to rise; (adjective) upright or vertical
hurdlen: a barrier or obstacle that must be overcome
warpv: to twist or bend out of shape, especially as a result of being heated; to distort or twist the meaning or sense of something
weftn: a thread or yarn that is woven horizontally through a loom, intersecting with the warp and forming the fabric
extremeadj: very great in amount or degree
gravityn: the force that attracts a body towards the center of the earth or towards any other physical body having mass; a manner that is solemn
zipn: a fastener made of interlocking teeth or ridges that is used to join two edges or pieces of fabric; a sound or motion that resembles the sound made by a zipper when it is pulled; (of a computer) a popular file compression and archiving format; (short for Zone Improvement Plan) a system of postal codes used in the United States to help facilitate mail delivery more efficiently
slidev: to move or cause to move smoothly along a surface without interruption
flexibleadj: able to change or be changed to suit new conditions or situations; able to bend easily
interiorn: the inside or inner part of something; the space within the walls of a building
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic
luminousadj: emitting or reflecting light, especially in the dark; shining or glowing brightly; full of light or enlightenment
reconfigurev: to change the configuration or arrangement of something, often to improve its performance or functionality
installationn: the act or process of fixing furniture, a machine, or a piece of equipment into position so that it can be used; the act or process of putting into an office or a position
partnershipn: the state of a cooperative relationship between people or groups, especially in business
counciln: a group of people who have been elected or appointed to make decisions or give advice on a particular subject or in a particular place
participatev: to take part in something
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
suppleadj: flexible and easy to bend or move; gracefully agile; adaptable or responsive to change or new ideas
rigidityn: the state or quality of being rigid or inflexible; the inability to adapt to change or new circumstances; the condition of being stiff or unyielding
occupyv: to consume all of someone’s space, attention, or time
ambiguousadj: open to more than one interpretation; not clear or decided
blendv: to mix or combine two or more substances
inflatev: to fill something with air or gas so that it becomes bigger and rounder