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All Words (186 Words)

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Advanced Words (48 Words)

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Word List

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introductionn: a preliminary explanation or remarks given before the start of a text, performance, or event; the act of bringing something new into existence or introducing something to a wider audience or new market
drawdownn: the reduction or depletion of a resource, such as water, as a result of extraction or use; the act of withdrawing funds from an account or asset, typically associated with investment or borrowing
reversev: to change something’s direction, order, position, decision, etc., to the opposite one; (adjective) directed or moving toward the rear
atmosphericadj: about or located in the earth’s atmosphere
concentrationn: the ability to focus all your time and energy on one thing without thinking about anything else.
greenhousen: a building with walls and roof made chiefly of transparent material, such as glass, for growing plants in
declinev: to become gradually smaller, fewer, worse, etc.; to refuse to accept
basisn: the most important facts, ideas, or events from which something is developed; the way how things are organized or arranged
atmospheren: the mass of air that surrounds the Earth; the pervading tone or mood of a place, situation, or creative work
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
planetn: any of the nine large celestial bodies that circle in the solar system; any celestial body that revolves around a star
provokev: to stimulate or give rise to a particular reaction or have a particular effect
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
achievev: to successfully complete a task or goal, often through hard work, perseverance, and dedication; to attain or accomplish something that one has set out to do
acceleratev: to make something faster or earlier; to cause to develop or progress more quickly
implementv: to put a decision, plan, or system into effect
discoursen: any form of communication in speech or writing
confusionn: the state of being mixed up or unclear, or the state of disorder or uncertainty
apathyn: lack of emotion, concern, or enthusiasm
possibilityn: a chance that something may happen or be true
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
attractionn: a sense of like someone, particularly sexually; something that causes individuals to desire to go to a specific area or do a specific activity
pipelinen: a very long large tube that is usually underground and is used for carrying liquid or gas for long distances
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
viableadj: capable of being done as intended; able to succeed
scalableadj: capable of being easily expanded or increased in size, number, or scale to meet changing demands
finn: a thin flat part on the body of a fish or other aquatic animal used for propulsion or balance
feasibleadj: capable of being or likely to be made, done, or achieved
replacev: to take the place of something
fossiln: any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing that has become hard and turned into rock
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
renewableadj: capable of being renewed, extended, or replaced
consumptionn: the amount used or eaten; the act of using up a resource such as energy, food, or materials
technologicaladj: based on scientific and industrial progress
efficiencyn: the state or quality of doing something well with no waste of input such as time or money
sequesterv: to take temporary possession of someone’s property until a debt is paid.
carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
biomassn: the total quantity of living matter in a given unit of environment, including plants, animals, and microorganisms
soiln: the top layer of Earth in which plants grow
graden: a particular level of quality, size, importance, etc.
magicn: beliefs and actions employed to influence supernatural beings and forces; any art or performance that invokes supernatural powers
photosynthesisn: the process through which plants and other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy, which is then released through cellular respiration to power the organism’s activities.
combinationn: a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities
mechanismn: a part of a machine, or a set of parts that performs a task; a natural or established process that occurs during a specific situation or reaction
eclecticadj: deriving ideas, styles, or features from a diverse range of sources; representing a broad or diverse range of ideas or interests
onshoreadj: located or happening on or near the shore or coastline; relating to activities or operations that take place on land as opposed to at sea
turbinen: a machine that rotates to generate power from fluids such as water or gas
dietn: the food and drink that a person, animal, or community eats and drinks regularly; a legislative assembly in certain countries, for example, Japan
rooftopn: the upper surface or cover of a building’s roof, often used for recreational or other purposes
slidev: to move or cause to move smoothly along a surface without interruption
gigatonn: a unit of explosive energy equal to one billion tons of TNT (= a powerful, yellow explosive substance); one billion tons
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
equivalentn: having the same value, quality, meaning, purpose, etc.
oxiden: a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element
electrifyv: to make a machine or system work by using electricity; to make someone extremely enthusiastic about or interested in something
incrediblyadv: in a way that is very difficult to believe; exceedingly or extremely
relatev: to establish a connection or association between two or more things; to narrate or tell about an event, experience, or relationship; to empathize or feel sympathy with someone or something
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
consumev: to spend something, especially fuel, energy, or time, in a large amount
contributionn: the act of giving something, especially money, to a particular cause or organization; a voluntary gift as of money or service or ideas made to some worthwhile cause
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
wetlandadj: land that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such as swamps, marshes, and bogs
safeguardv: to protect something or someone from harm, damage, or loss
expandv: to increase or to make something greater in size, number, or importance
sinkv: to submerge or go down below the surface of a liquid or substance; to decline or deteriorate; to cause something to go down into a liquid substance or sink into something else
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
traditionn: a belief, custom, or way of doing something that has been passed down from generation to generation within a group or society
analyzev: to think about in-depth and evaluate to discover essential features or meaning
refrigerationn: the process of cooling or freezing something, especially food, to preserve it
propn: a piece of wood, metal, etc., placed beneath or against something to support it or keep it in position; a system, institution, or person that gives help or support to someone or something
disposev: to put things or people in a particular manner or position; to incline someone towards a specific activity or mood; throw or cast away
fluorocarbonn: any of a group of synthetic organic compounds containing carbon, fluorine, and sometimes other elements used as refrigerants, solvents, propellants, and lubricants
refrigeratorn: an appliance or device used for preserving and cooling food and beverages by maintaining a low temperature within a closed compartment
protocoln: a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data or conducting a process or activity, especially in computer networks or scientific experiments; the initial or original version of an agreement
chlorofluorocarbonn: a type of organic compound containing carbon, chlorine, and fluorine, which was commonly used as a refrigerant and propellant, but which is now largely banned or restricted due to its destructive effect on the ozone layer
ozonen: a poisonous gas with the chemical formula O3, which has a strong smell
conservativeadj: holding traditional views and values and opposed to change or innovation
phase-outn: the gradual and deliberate process of discontinuing or reducing the use or production of a particular product, service, or technology, often in favor of a newer or more efficient alternative
refrigerantn: a substance used to transfer heat from one place to another in a refrigeration (the act of making or keeping things cold) system, usually in the form of a liquid or gas
specificadj: clearly defined or particular to a certain thing or situation; distinct, explicit, and precise
calculationn: the act or process of using numbers to judge an amount of something
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
underliev: to be the support, basis, hidden cause of something; to be located under or below
ambitiousadj: having a great desire to attain achievement, power, or wealth
plausiblyadv: in a manner that is believable, reasonable, or credible; in a way that appears to be true or likely based on available evidence or reasoning
coaln: a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock that is found below the ground and burnt to produce heat
calculatev: to judge or find out the amount or number of something by using mathematics
emissionn: the act of production or sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
recyclev: to sort and collect things to process them and produce valuable materials that can be used again
landfilln: a site for the disposal of waste materials
regenerativeadj: tending to regrow or restore lost or injured tissue
industrialadj: of or relating to or resulting from industry
agriculturen: the practice or science of cultivating the land or raising stock
integratev: to combine one thing with another so that they form a whole or work together; to accept equal participation for members of all races and ethnic groups
rankn: a position in a hierarchy of status or authority; (verb) to take or have a position relative to others
envisionv: to imagine or expect what a situation will be like in the future
warehousen: a large building for storing goods and merchandise, especially before they are sold, used, or sent out to shops
paneln: a square or rectangular and flat piece of something that forms a distinct section or component of something; a small group of specialists who discuss particular topics or give their advice or opinion about something
relevancen: the state or degree of being closely connected or appropriate to the matter at hand
urbanadj: relating to or located in a town or city
ruraladj: of or relating to the countryside
cascaden: a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls; a succession of stages or operations or processes or units
strawn: dry stalks of cereal plants used as fodder, fuel, basket, etc.
kerosenen: a flammable, colorless, or pale yellow liquid derived from the distillation of petroleum, used as a fuel for lamps, stoves, and heaters
installv: to fix furniture, a machine, or a piece of equipment into position so that it can be used; put into an office or a position
degradev: to make something worse, especially in quality; to show or treat someone in a way that makes them seem no value and do not have the respect or reasonable opinion of others
regenerationn: the process of regrowing or re-forming a body part or tissue that has been lost or damaged due to injury, disease, or other factors; restoration or renewal of vitality, strength, or spirit
giantadj: enormous; much bigger or more important than similar items usually are
stickv: to put something, usually a sharp object, into something; to restrict yourself to doing or using one certain thing and not change; (noun) a thin piece of wood or other material
convertv: to have a talk with someone; (adjective) reversed in order, relation, or action
organicadj: of or derived from biological substance; producing plants and animals for food and other items without the use of synthetic chemicals
rethinkv: to consider again a plan, idea, etc., especially to change it
increasinglyadv: more and more
displacev: to force someone or something to leave their home or place of origin, especially as a result of conflict, natural disaster, or manipulation
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
promotev: to encourage or persuade people to like, buy, use, do, or support something; to raise someone to a higher position or rank
monocroppingn: (also “monoculture”) a farming practice involving the cultivation of a single crop on the same land year after year
syntheticadj: made by combining chemical substances as opposed to being naturally occurring
fertilizern: a natural or chemical substance added to soil to make plants grow more successfully
pesticiden: a substance used for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest
emitv: to give off or send out something such as light, heat, sound, gas, etc.
yieldn: the total output of crops, profits, etc. that are produced; (verb) to produce or supply helpful something, such as a profit, an amount of food, or information
improvisationn: the act of making something up on the spot or creating or performing something without preparation
retainv: to keep or continue to possess or maintain something
smallholdingn: a small farm or estate that the owner or family typically works; often used to describe a farm that is smaller than a standard agricultural unit
alikeadv: similar or identical in nature or appearance
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
vegann: a person who does not eat or use any animal products, typically for ethical or environmental reasons
vegetariann: a person who does not eat meat or fish, or often any animal products, for health or religious reasons
applaudv: to express approval of someone or something by clapping the hands
insufficientadj: not enough for a particular purpose
calorien: unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius at atmospheric pressure, used by nutritionists to measure how much energy food will produce
proteinn: a molecule made up of a long chain of amino acids, which is essential for the structure and function of the body’s tissues
intaken: the act or process of taking food, air, etc., into your body through the mouth; the amount of food, air, or another substance that you take into your body
rebalancev: to adjust or distribute something proportionally to restore balance; to make changes to bring a situation back into equilibrium or stability
moreoveradv: indicating that what follows is an additional or supplementary point; furthermore; in addition to what has been said before
approximatelyadv: close to a specific number or time but not exactly that number or time
astoundv: to surprise or shock someone with wonder very much
chainn: a series of connected links or objects; a system or group of interconnected elements; a restraint or shackle
wastagen: the act or process of losing or destroying something, especially because it is old or has been dealt with carelessly
infrastructuren: the basic systems, services, or features that are necessary for an organization or country, such as transport and power supplies
storagen: the act or process of putting in and keeping something in a particular place for use in the future; an electronic memory device that can store information
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
methanen: a chemical compound with the chemical formula CH4 with no smell or color, often used as a fuel
decomposev: to break down or cause to break down over time into simpler substances or elements
adoptv: to choose to follow something; to legally take a child from another family and care for them as if they were one’s own
farmlandn: land used for farming or agricultural purposes
nutrientn: any substance that is essential for the maintenance and growth of living things
insecureadj: not firm or firmly fixed; likely to fail or give way, or not assured of safety
reproductiveadj: connected with the process of reproduction; relating to reproducing babies, young animals, or plants
clinicn: a building or hospital department where people can go for medical care or advice, especially of a particular condition
contraceptionn: the use of methods or devices to prevent pregnancy, typically by blocking fertilization or implantation of a fertilized egg, which options include contraceptives, condoms, intrauterine devices (IUDs), and sterilization procedures
devoidadj: completely lacking or free from something
persecutionn: the act or practice of treating someone cruelly or unfairly, especially based on race, religion, or political belief
estimatev: to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
denyv: to state that one refuses to admit the existence or truth of something
libertyn: the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one’s way of life, behavior, or political views
universaladj: existing or affecting everywhere or everyone
inextricableadj: unable to be separated or escaped from
intertwinev: to twist together or become twisted together
bulletn: a metal projectile that is shot from a gun
subsetn: a set of things that are contained within another larger set; a portion or division of a group or category
pathwayn: a track that constitutes or serves as a path; an approach or a way of doing something
well-beingn: the state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
abundantadj: present in great quantity
sustenancen: food and drink that living things need to nourish their body
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
improvev: to make or become better
grazev: to feed on grass or other vegetation, especially by nibbling at it repeatedly; to break the skin of a body part by scraping
agroforestryn: a land-use management system that combines the cultivation of crops or the raising of livestock with the growth of trees and shrubs on the same piece of land
pasturen: an area of land used for grazing livestock
ecosystemn: all the plants and living creatures in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
biodiversityn: the number and variety of plants and animals that exist in a particular area or the world and make a balanced environment
oxygenn: the chemical element with the symbol O that is present in air and water and is necessary for people, animals, and plants to live
tangibleadj: real and concrete; able to be perceived, especially able to be touched; (of business assets) having physical substance and intrinsic monetary value
incalculableadj: impossible to calculate or determine accurately; too great or numerous to be measured or counted
trillionn: the number 1,000,000,000,000; a million million
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
inherentadj: existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute
exploitv: to make full use of and gain an advantage from resources, opportunities, etc.
extractn: a short passage taken from a book, piece of music, etc.; a substance obtained from something through a specific process; (verb) to obtain from something or to remove something by effort or force
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
sustainableadj: able to continue or be continued for a long time