Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (165 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (46 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

unseenadj: not seen or noticed; not perceived
unheardadj: not heard, listened to, or noticed; not having been brought to public attention
ignorev: to intentionally not listen or pay attention to
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
journalistn: a person who collects and writes news stories or articles for newspapers, magazines, radio, television, or other online media
preciseadj: sharply exact or accurate or delimited
investigatev: to conduct a systematic or formal inquiry to identify and evaluate the facts of a crime, problem, statement, etc. to establish the truth
experimentaladj: relating to or based on new ideas, forms, methods, etc. that have not been tried before, usually to find out what effect they have
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
tiern: one of a series of rows or levels arranged one above the other, typically used to describe the arrangement of objects or levels of importance
hauten: a French term meaning “high” or “elevated,” often used in the context of haute couture, referring to high-end fashion or custom-made clothing
undergov: to go through something unpleasant or that involves a change
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
convictv: to prove or declare someone to be guilty of a crime; (noun) a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
threatn: a strong indication or likelihood of harm, danger, or adverse consequences; an expression of intent to inflict harm or injury on someone or something, often made as a means of coercion or intimidation
violentadj: involving or caused by physical force or aggression against someone or something
arguev: to express differing opinions or points of view, often in a heated or contentious manner; to present a case or reasoning to persuade or convince others
guiltn: the fact of having committed something illegal; the negative feelings caused by believing or knowing that you have done something wrong
innocentadj: not guilty of a crime, offense, etc.; not having an evil mind or knowledge
supremeadj: highest in rank, level, or importance
justicen: the quality of being fair and reasonable and treating people equally according to their due
marshaln: a military officer of high rank or a person in charge of organizing or leading a parade or public event; a law enforcement official or officer responsible for maintaining order and enforcing regulations; (verb) to organize, arrange, or gather together resources, information, or people in a deliberate and systematic manner
slamv: to shut a door or window noisily; to strike something violently or noisily
fleckn: a small patch, spot, or discoloration, often caused by dirt, grime, or a foreign substance
solitaryadj: existing, living, or doing without others
confinementn: the act of confining or limiting movement, often by keeping someone in a specific place or within a specific area; a state of being physically or emotionally restricted or limited
restrictv: to limit someone’s actions or movements, or to limit something to lessen its size or prevent it from increasing
exceedv: to surpass or go beyond a limit, expectation, or requirement; to be better or greater than anticipated or desired
extremeadj: very great in amount or degree
bombn: a weapon that explodes and is used to kill or injure people or to cause damage to something
supermaxadj: used to describe a high-security prison designed to house the most dangerous inmates, often characterized by strict confinement, reduced privileges, and intense surveillance
torturen: the act of causing intense pain or suffering to someone to punish them, extract information from them, or for some other reason
psychologyn: the scientific study of mind and behavior
imprisonv: to confine a person to a prison, a detention facility, or a place of involuntary confinement
estimatev: to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
overwhelmingadj: very great or intense; so powerful that you cannot fight or react against it
violn: a stringed instrument, typically with six strings and frets, played with a bow, also called a viola da gamba
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
sanctionn: official permission or approval for an action, especially an economic or political action by a government or international organization; a penalty or punishment imposed for breaking the law, rule, or agreement; (verb) to impose a penalty or punishment for breaking the law, rule, or agreement
medicaladj: relating to the treatment of illness or injuries; relating to the practice of medicine
fleev: to leave by running away, especially out of fear or danger
refugeen: a displaced person who has crossed national borders and who cannot or is unwilling to return home due to political, religious, or economic reasons or because of a war
arrestv: to take into custody
imamn: a religious leader of the Muslim community, especially the leader of a mosque and a community
witnessn: a person who sees something happen, especially a crime or an accident
traditionn: a belief, custom, or way of doing something that has been passed down from generation to generation within a group or society
enlistv: to sign up to serve in the military or a particular organization
fakeadj: not genuine; fraudulent or counterfeit
conspiracyn: a secret agreement between two or more people to perform something harmful or illegal
Muslimn: a follower of the religion of Islam
balancen: a condition in which everything has the same weight or force; something left after other parts have been taken away
racialadj: of or related to the race (= classification of humans into groups based on physical traits or social relations)
deflectv: to cause something, especially a criticism or attack, to be directed away from someone
suitn: a set of clothes that are made from the same material; a claim or complaint that a person or organization can file in court against another party; (verb) to be fit or acceptable for
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
participatev: to take part in something
arsonn: the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property or buildings
defendv: to protect someone or something from attack, criticism, danger, etc.
liberatev: to set free; to release or rescue from captivity or oppression
rumorn: a piece of unverified information of uncertain origin that is spread by word of mouth
judgen: a person who makes decisions in a court of law; (verb) to determine the result of or form a critical opinion of something
dismissv: to regard something or someone as not important and not worth considering; to terminate someone’s employment
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
transferv: to move, pass, or change from one person, place, or situation to another
domesticadj: relating to or inside a particular country, not foreign or international
securityn: the state of being free from danger, risk, or harm; measures taken to protect against threats or attacks; a financial asset, such as a stock or bond that derives value exclusively from the ownership interest or claim to a particular underlying asset or obligation
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
violationn: an action that breaches a law, rule, or agreement; an infringement of rights or duties
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
appealn: a serious, earnest, or urgent request for money, information, or help; a quality that makes somebody or something attractive or interest
wardenn: a person responsible for the supervision and management of a particular place, such as a prison, a national park, or a university campus
recommendv: to suggest that someone or something would be a suitable fit for a particular purpose or role
citev: to refer to something such as a passage, book, etc. as evidence for a theory or as a reason why something has happened
overrulev: to make a decision or judgment that is different from an earlier one; to overturn or override a decision or action
bureaun: an office or agency that specializes in a particular type of work, often related to collecting or compiling data or information
terrorismn: the use of violence to attain political or religious goals or to compel a government to act
jointadj: shared, held, or made between two or more people; (noun) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton
memon: a short written message or communication intended for internal use within an organization or company
conceptn: an idea or principle associated with something abstract
approvev: to think that someone or something is favorable, acceptable, or appropriate; to officially accept a plan, request, etc.
shockn: a strong feeling or physical reaction to a sudden and unexpected event or experience, especially something unpleasant
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic
monitorv: to observe, check, and track the progress or quality of something over a period of time
punn: a humorous play on words or use of words that sound similar but have different meanings, often for a comedic effect; a form of wordplay
attemptn: an act or effort of trying to do something, especially something difficult
terminatev: to bring to an end or stop
checkpointn: a designated location or point along a route or journey where travelers are required to stop and undergo a security or documentation check
silentadj: without any or little sound
lockdownn: an emergency policy for people, communities, or a country to stay where they are, usually due to specific risks, such as COVID-19
ushern: a person who shows people to their seats in a theater or church or who guides them through a building
outstretchv: to stretch out one’s body, limbs, or arms to their furthest extent; to extend something so that it exceeds a certain limit or boundary
orbn: a sphere or ball-shaped object, often referring to celestial bodies such as planets or stars
ceilingn: a room’s top interior surface
insistv: to say something clearly or demand something forcefully, especially when other people disagree with or oppose what you say
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
foggyadj: characterized by or filled with dense clouds of mist or fog; unclear or hazy, as in thought or memory
bulletproofadj: intended to resist bullet penetration
handsetn: a component of a telephone or communication device that is held or grasped by the hand and used to transmit and receive audio signals during a conversation, often includes a microphone and speaker
attachv: to fasten, join, or connect one thing to another
boredomn: a state of weariness, restlessness, or impatience that arises from not being interested or engaged in an activity, task, or situation
amusev: to entertain or divert the mind; to make someone laugh
presidentn: the leader of a republic, for example, the US; the person in charge of the organization such as a company, university, club, etc.
twilightn: the soft, diffused light from the sky when the sun is below the horizon, either from sunrise to sunrise or sunset to sunset
fann: a person who admires and supports a person, group, sport, sports team, etc.; a device for creating a current of air by the movement of a surface or surfaces
niecen: a daughter of one’s sibling, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law
lilyn: a flowering plant with large, showy, trumpet-shaped flowers, typically symbolizing purity, innocence, and beauty
torturousadj: causing extreme physical or mental pain or suffering; marked by or involving a slow, painful, or tortuous process or experience
warnv: to make someone aware of potential danger or difficulty, particularly one that may occur in the future
leakv: to allow liquid or gas to get in or out from a hole or crack in a pipe or container
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
headlinen: a heading at the top of a newspaper or magazine story or page
jailn: a facility where criminals are kept to be punished for their crimes; a prison
bushn: a plant growing thickly with many small branches and several stiff stems coming up from the root
administerv: to oversee and control the operation or arrangement of something
accordn: an official agreement or treaty between two organizations, countries, etc.; (verb) allow to have
inspirationn: something that motivates or encourages someone to create or achieve something, or a feeling of excitement or creativity
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
rejectv: to refuse to accept, consider, or use something or someone
intentn: a strong determination or attention to do or achieve something; (adjective) having a strong determination to do or achieve something
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
disproportionatelyadv: in a way that is not reasonably or appropriately balanced, equal, or distributed; in a manner that is unequal or excessive about something else
revolutionaryadj: relating to or characterized by a complete or dramatic change
attituden: the way you think and feel about someone or something
experimentn: the scientific test conducted to observe what happens and gain new knowledge
undergroundadj: under the surface of the ground; a secret group organized to achieve a specific purpose, such as overthrowing the government or occupying a force
independencen: freedom from another’s or others’ control or influence
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
restrictedadj: limited in extent, number, scope, or action, especially by official rules, laws, etc.
deprivationn: a state of not having something, such as food or money, that you need for a pleasant life
constantadj: happening repeatedly or all the time
ideologicaladj: relating to or concerned with ideas and theories rather than practical matters
conversionn: the act or process of changing something from one thing to another; the state of being changed
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
advocaten: a person who supports or suggests an idea, development, or way of doing something
amnestyn: a general pardon for crimes, especially political crimes
constitutionaladj: of or relating to a constitution (= the set of fundamental principles), especially of a country or government; existing as an essential characteristic
deprivev: to take away something from someone
retaliatev: to respond to an action or attack with a similar action, especially one that is intended to harm or punish the other person
lawsuitn: a legal action taken by one party against another in a court of law, typically seeking damages or some other form of remedy for perceived wrongs or harms suffered
commitmentn: a promise or firm decision to do something or to behave in a certain way
constitutionn: the set of fundamental principles or established precedents that a state, a country, or an organization is governed by; the act of forming or establishing something
pottern: a person who makes pottery, objects that are made of clay and then fired in a kiln to make them hard and durable; (verb, also putter) to occupy oneself in a leisurely or casual way, often with no particular goal or aim in mind
abusen: the use of something in an incorrect or harmful manner
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
disenfranchisev: to prevent someone from having the right to vote or from having an equal opportunity to vote
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
representationn: the act of speaking, acting, or being present on behalf of someone officially; a statement of facts and reasons made in appealing or protesting
mentionv: to speak or write about something or someone briefly
guaranteev: to promise something will happen formally, especially that certain conditions about a product, service, or transaction would be met
counciln: a group of people who have been elected or appointed to make decisions or give advice on a particular subject or in a particular place
bogusadj: false or imitation; not genuine
legitimateadj: accordant with or allowed by law; lawful
damn: a wall constructed over a river to block the flow of water, mainly used to generate energy
narrativen: a story or a description of a series of events or process of telling a story
blindadj: unable to see; unable or unwilling to perceive or understand the true nature of something
unchangedadj: not altered, modified, or varied in any way
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
uploadv: to transfer digital data or files from a local computer or device to a remote server or network; the act of transferring such data or files
footnoten: a note of additional information provided at the bottom of a page in a book or document, often indicated by a superscript number or symbol in the main text
snippetn: a small piece or brief extract of something
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
primaryadj: first or highest in rank, order, or importance; most fundamental or essential; pertaining to the initial or introductory stage of something, such as a school year or election cycle
courageousadj: able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching