Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (145 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (37 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

denn: a wild animal’s lair or hiding places, such as a fox or bear
shockingadj: extremely or surprisingly bad, or causing a strong emotional response such as surprise or disgust
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
politiciann: a person who is a member of a government or law-making organization, especially as an elected member of parliament, etc.
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
revn: a measure of the rate at which an engine or motor rotates, often expressed in revolutions per minute (RPM); (verb) to increase the number of rotations per minute
professionn: an occupation or vocation requiring advanced education or specialized training
iguanan: a large tropical lizard with a ridge of spines down its back and a long tail, native to the Americas
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
colleaguen: one of a group of a coworker, especially in a profession or a business
parliamentn: a legislative body, especially the one that represents the people of a country or state
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
impressiveadj: arousing admiration due to size, quality, or skill
increasinglyadv: more and more
educatedadj: having received a high standard of education
energeticadj: possessing or exerting or displaying energy
disappointmentn: the feeling of sadness, frustration, or dissatisfaction that arises when something does not live up to one’s expectations or hopes
intaken: the act or process of taking food, air, etc., into your body through the mouth; the amount of food, air, or another substance that you take into your body
businesspersonn: a person who is engaged in business, typically as an owner or executive
distinguishedadj: (used of persons or their work) standing above others in quality, attainment, or reputation
economicaladj: providing a satisfactory return on the money, time, or effort; not using more money, fuel, etc. than necessary
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
coloneln: a military rank above a lieutenant colonel and below a general
regimentn: a large military unit, usually consisting of several battalions and commanded by a colonel or higher-ranking officer; a strict or organized system or routine
sergeantn: a rank of non-commissioned officer in the armed forces, typically above corporal but below staff sergeant or sergeant first class
underneathadv: under or below something else
gargoylen: a grotesque or monstrous decorative figure, usually carved from stone, that is often used as a waterspout or ornamental feature on the exterior of a building, typically a cathedral or a Gothic-style structure
profoundlyadv: to a great or complete degree; deeply
diminishv: to reduce or be reduced in size, extent, or importance; to make something smaller, weaker, etc.
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
downtownadv: in or towards the central area of a town or city
depressv: to make someone feel sad, low in spirits, or without hope; to make markets, businesses, etc., less active
dismaladj: depressing or dreary; causing or showing unhappiness or despair
landscapen: an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view; a large area of land, especially in the country and relating to its appearance
abandonv: to leave a place, thing, or person with no intention of returning; (noun) a feeling of extreme emotional intensity
handovern: the act of transferring something, such as authority, control, or possession, from one entity or individual to another
scholarn: professor; a person who studies a topic in considerable depth, particularly in a university
economicsn: the branch of social science that deals with the production, consumption, and transfer of goods and services
relatev: to establish a connection or association between two or more things; to narrate or tell about an event, experience, or relationship; to empathize or feel sympathy with someone or something
violentadj: involving or caused by physical force or aggression against someone or something
extraordinaryadj: exceptional, unexpected, very unusual; surpassing the ordinary or usual
bushn: a plant growing thickly with many small branches and several stiff stems coming up from the root
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
unionn: a group of employees who have banded together to advocate for their rights and better their working conditions; the act or the state of joining together or being joined together
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
academicadj: associated with schools, colleges, and universities, especially studying and thinking, not with practical skills
arguev: to express differing opinions or points of view, often in a heated or contentious manner; to present a case or reasoning to persuade or convince others
incredibleadj: unbelievable; enormous
prosperityn: the state of being successful and having the good fortune
overcomev: to succeed in controlling or dealing with something, such as a problem or difficulty; to defeat or overwhelm someone
sectarianadj: relating to a group or faction that is narrowly focused on its own religious, political, or ideological beliefs, often at the expense of others or in opposition to differing viewpoints
harborn: an area of water next to the coast where ships and boats are protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures; (verb) keep in one’s possession
electv: to choose someone for a specific position by voting for them; to decide or choose to do something
presidentn: the leader of a republic, for example, the US; the person in charge of the organization such as a company, university, club, etc.
parliamentaryadj: of or relating to a parliament (= a legislative body) or the system of government it is a part of
flourishv: to grow or develop vigorously or successfully
vigorousadj: characterized by energy or intensity; physically strong and healthy; robust and enthusiastic in action or thought
judiciaryn: persons who administer or enforce justice
corruptadj: characterized by dishonest behavior or actions, often involving bribery, fraud, or the abuse of power for personal gain; morally or ethically flawed or polluted; (verb) to make someone or something morally depraved or causing it to become dishonest
largelyadv: virtually entirely; to a large degree
ineffectiveadj: not producing any significant or intended effect or result
unpopularadj: not liked, supported, or approved by many people; having an unfavorable reputation
perceivev: to become aware or conscious of something through the senses
sub-Saharanadj: of or relating to or situated in the area south of the Sahara Desert
compatibleadj: capable of coexisting or working together without conflict or inconsistency; harmonious or well-matched
unstableadj: lacking solidity, persistence, or firmness and therefore not strong, safe, or likely to continue; lacking control of one’s emotions
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
riotn: a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd, characterized by destruction of property, looting, arson, and attacks on individuals
mobn: a large and disorderly crowd of people; a large horde of animals
ransackv: to search through something thoroughly, often in a destructive or violent manner
provincialadj: of or relating to a local government; having characteristics or views that are narrow in scope or limited by a narrow outlook
counciln: a group of people who have been elected or appointed to make decisions or give advice on a particular subject or in a particular place
extentn: the point or degree or area to which something extends
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
absurdadj: ridiculously silly, unreasonable, or illogical
engagev: to attract and keep someone’s attention and interest; to participate in or obtain services of something
suddenlyadv: quickly and unexpectedly
imposingadj: having an appearance that commands respect and admiration; impressive or grand in scale or size
contraryn: acting in opposition to what is expected or desired
delayv: to cause something to happen at a later time than originally intended or expected
enshrinev: to cherish or protect something as if it is sacred; to place something in a position of honor or respect
extremistn: a person who holds extreme political or religious views and who is willing to use violent or illegal methods to promote those views
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
votern: a person who votes or has a legal right to vote in a political election
stickv: to put something, usually a sharp object, into something; to restrict yourself to doing or using one certain thing and not change; (noun) a thin piece of wood or other material
photographn: a picture or image that is produced by a camera; a visual representation or record of a person, object, or scene that has been captured electronically or on film
screamv: to give a loud, high shout suddenly, especially because of fear, anger, excitement, etc.; to utter or declare in a very loud voice
interimadj: serving as a temporary or provisional measure or arrangement; intended to be in place only for a limited time or until a permanent solution can be found; occurring in the meantime or in between two major events or periods
sheikhn: a title given to the leader or ruler of an Arab tribe, village, or Islamic community, commonly used in the Arabian Peninsula and some other parts of the Middle East
triben: a social group made up of members who live together, sharing the same language, culture, religion, etc., especially those who do not live in towns or cities
Christn: the man that Christians believe is the prophet and the son of God, and whose life and sermons form the basis for Christianity
representativen: someone who speaks or acts officially on behalf of another person or group of people
governv: to legally control and direct a country, city, group of people, etc. and be responsible for introducing new laws, organizing and maintaining public services
villagern: a person who lives in a village or small rural community; a person who is part of a close-knit and traditional community
acknowledgev: to accept or admit the existence, reality, or truth of something; to accept that someone or something has a particular authority or quality; to express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for someone’s help, commitment, etc.;
dubiousadj: having doubts or reservations; uncertain
polln: an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people; the process of voting at an election
preferv: to like, choose, or want one thing or person better than another
relativeadj: considered and evaluated through comparison with something else
prosperousadj: successful financially or materially; bringing success or good fortune
monarchyn: a form of government in which a country is ruled by a king or a queen who typically inherits the authority
instrumentaladj: of, relating to, or performed on musical instruments; useful or important in achieving a purpose
argumentn: a set of statements or reasons used to support or refute a proposition or theory; a verbal or physical fight or dispute
torturen: the act of causing intense pain or suffering to someone to punish them, extract information from them, or for some other reason
extractn: a short passage taken from a book, piece of music, etc.; a substance obtained from something through a specific process; (verb) to obtain from something or to remove something by effort or force
stimmingn: a behavior often exhibited by individuals on the autism spectrum characterized by repetitive bodily movements or sounds, such as hand flapping or rocking, often used as a form of self-regulation or sensory stimulation
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
legitimateadj: accordant with or allowed by law; lawful
intrinsicadj: belonging naturally; essential
libertyn: the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one’s way of life, behavior, or political views
dignityn: the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect; high office or rank or station
vivifyv: to bring to life; to make something more lively, vibrant, or animated
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
structuren: the way of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts, or a complex thing constructed of many parts
honestyn: the quality of being truthful, sincere, and morally upright; adherence to moral and ethical principles
questn: a long or challenging search for something
creditorn: a person, company, etc. to whom a debtor owes money
penguinn: a flightless sea bird that is found in the Southern Hemisphere and is known for its distinctive black and white coloring and its upright, waddling gait
contributev: to give something, especially money or goods, to provide or achieve something together with other people
sustainableadj: able to continue or be continued for a long time
carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
capturev: to catch a person or an animal and confine them in an area which they cannot escape
pretensionn: the act of claiming or asserting something, especially without good reason or without evidence; an unfounded or excessive claim or ambition
omniscientadj: having complete or unlimited knowledge, awareness, or understanding
occasionallyadv: now and then; sometimes but not often
geniusn: someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality
energizev: to give energy or vitality to someone or something; to invigorate
banquetn: a lavish meal or feast, often for a large group of people, and often accompanied by entertainment and celebration
ceilingn: a room’s top interior surface
enthronev: to install or seat someone on a throne, thereby making them the official ruler or leader; to elevate someone to a position of power or authority
draman: a play in a theatre, television, or radio, or performance on a stage
lopv: to cut off or remove a part of something, usually a branch, in a rough or hasty manner
thronen: a chair or seat of state for a monarch or other high-ranking person; the position of being a king or queen
tapv: to hit someone or something quickly, gently, and often repeatedly; to use existing resources, such as energy, knowledge, etc.
communionn: the act or condition of exchanging or sharing thoughts and feelings; (Christianity) the act of participating in the celebration of the Eucharist
concentrationn: the ability to focus all your time and energy on one thing without thinking about anything else.
constitutionn: the set of fundamental principles or established precedents that a state, a country, or an organization is governed by; the act of forming or establishing something
districtn: a part of a country or town, especially one with particular features
governorn: the person who holds the highest executive office in a state or province
mediatev: to try to bring about an agreement or understanding between people who are in conflict
engagementn: a mutual promise to marry someone; an agreement to do something, especially at a particular time
rebuildv: to build again or anew
vibrantadj: full of energy, life, and enthusiasm