Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (130 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (40 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

strapn: a long, narrow strip or belt of leather, fabric, or another material used for binding, fastening, or supporting something or someone; a band or string that attaches one object to another, often used to secure items during transport
athleten: a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed, or endurance
faminen: a severe shortage of food, often caused by drought, war, or economic reasons
victimn: a person who has been harmed, injured, or otherwise negatively affected by a particular action, circumstance, or event
unquenchableadj: unable to be satisfied or appeased; impossible to extinguish or put an end to
thirstn: a feeling of needing something to drink; a strong desire for something
digestv: to transform food into absorbable substances; break down
backpackn: a bag or pack that is worn on the back, often used for carrying books, equipment, or supplies
ragn: a piece of cloth, especially an old one, torn or cut into strips and used for cleaning
puddlen: a small pool of water, especially on a flat surface; a small and usually shallow accumulation of any liquid substance
emergencyn: a sudden unforeseen crisis usually involving danger that requires immediate action
diagnosev: to determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a careful analysis
diabetesn: a medical condition in which the body cannot produce enough insulin to control the glucose levels in the blood
full-blownadj: fully developed or manifesting in its complete form, often used to describe a difficult situation or condition
ketoacidosisn: a metabolic condition caused by the excess production of ketone bodies, which leads to a build-up of acids in the blood and can cause serious health complications, particularly in individuals with diabetes
recoverv: to return to a former condition, health, mind, or strength
miraclen: an act or occurrence that is not explicable by natural or scientific laws and is therefore believed to be caused by God
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
medicinaladj: of or relating to the treatment or cure of disease
insulinn: a hormone produced in the pancreas that controls the amount of sugar in the blood, or a similar artificial substance used for the treatment of diabetes
festerv: to become infected or inflamed and filled with pus; to become increasingly bitter, resentful, or irritated over time
autoimmuneadj: relating to a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue, mistaking it for harmful foreign substances
diseasen: a disorder or illness that affects the body or mind, often characterized by specific symptoms or abnormal functioning of organs or systems
exposuren: the state of being in a particular situation or place where there is no protection from or guarantee to something harmful; the disclosure of something secret
pathogenn: a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that causes disease
triggerv: to make something happen suddenly; to cause something such as a device, machine, etc. to function
immuneadj: protected against a particular disease or toxin due to the presence of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells
microben: a tiny living thing that can only be seen with a microscope and that may cause disease
assistantn: someone who helps or supports someone else to do a job
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
apologizev: to express regret for committing wrongdoing or causing a problem
skipv: to move along lightly and quickly, making a step from one foot to the other with a hop or bounce; to intentionally fail to do something which would normally do
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
academyn: a school for special training; a type of official organization that aims to encourage and develop standards in its particular field
toyn: a thing, typically a small model or replica of something that is played with, especially by children
giantadj: enormous; much bigger or more important than similar items usually are
fleshn: the soft substance composing the body of a person or animal, as opposed to bones and other structures
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
surprisinglyadv: in a way that causes amazement or wonder
microscopen: an instrument used to see objects or substances that are too small to be seen with the naked eye
massn: a large amount of a substance with no definite shape or form; a large number of people or things grouped or crowded together
brainn: the organ inside the head that is responsible for one’s movement, thought, memory, and feeling
teemv: to be abuzz; to move in large numbers; to fall heavily
ecosystemn: all the plants and living creatures in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
microorganismn: a very small living thing that may exist in its single-celled form or as a colony of cells and is too small to be seen without a microscope
sufficientadj: adequate; enough for a particular purpose or requirement
sequencen: a series of related events, actions, numbers, etc., which have a particular order
amazingadj: extremely surprising, especially in a way that you like or admire
microbiomen: the community of microorganisms (= living things too small to be seen) that can usually be found living together in any given environment or the human body
diversityn: the quality or fact of many different types of things or people being included in something; a range of different things or people
variationn: the act or state of changing; a difference or change in the way something is done, made or said
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
deann: a person in charge of a college, faculty, or other academic departments, tasked with overseeing its operations, policies, and staff; a senior member of a profession or organization who is highly respected for their knowledge and experience
medicaladj: relating to the treatment of illness or injuries; relating to the practice of medicine
afterwardadv: after the time mentioned
transplantv: to move or transfer something from one place or person to another; to take living tissue or an organ from one person, animal, part of the body, etc. and put it into or onto another
collaborationn: the act or situation of working together to create or produce something
colonn: the punctuation mark ( : ) used to introduce a list, summary, explanation, etc., or before reporting what someone has said; a significant part of the large intestine, the final section of the digestive system
ileumn: the third and final segment of the small intestine, located between the jejunum and the large intestine, where absorption of nutrients takes place
recipientn: a person who receives something
strikingadj: attractive and distinctive enough to draw notice; exceedingly appealing, frequently in an odd manner
donorn: a person or an organization that makes a gift of money, food, supplies, etc. to a cause or fund; in medicine, a person who gives blood or tissue or an organ to be used in another person
sterilizev: to make something free of all forms of life, especially bacteria or viruses, by using heat, chemicals, or radiation
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
fortunateadj: having good luck or lucky
surgeonn: a doctor who is trained to perform medical operations that involve cutting open a person’s body
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
theoreticaladj: relating to the concepts and principles upon which a particular topic is founded, rather than practice and experience
expansionn: the process of becoming larger or more extensive, or the result of this process
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
vaginan: the passage in the body of a woman or female animal that connects her outer sex organs to her uterus
deliveryn: the act of taking or sending something to a destination; the bringing of a baby during childbirth
associatev: to mentally connect someone or something with someone or something else
cesareanadj: ( also known as “C-section”) relating to the delivery of a baby through a surgical incision made in the mother’s abdomen and uterus rather than through vaginal birth
sectn: a group of people who follow a particular religious or philosophical belief system, especially one that is regarded as outside the norm or mainstream
colonizev: to establish a colony in or on a specific place; to settle or occupy in large numbers
carvev: to create something by cutting wood or stone; to turn sharply
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
metabolismn: the set of chemical reactions in cells or organisms that are necessary for life-sustaining
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
odorn: a distinctive or unpleasant smell; a scent or aroma that can be sensed through the sense of smell
functionn: the purpose or use of an object, system, or process; a particular activity or operation that is designed to serve a specific purpose; a mathematical concept that describes a relationship between two sets of values, called the input and output sets; (verb) to operate or work in a specific way, or to perform a particular task or purpose
phobian: an extreme or irrational fear of a particular object, person, situation, or activity; a type of anxiety disorder
cleanlinessn: the state of being clean or free from dirt, dust, or foreign substances; the practice of maintaining good hygiene and cleanliness
antibioticn: a substance or drug that kills or slows down the growth of bacteria
pumpv: to cause water, air, gas, etc. to move from one place to another by using mechanical equipment; to get or supply something such as money, information, etc. in significant quantities
excessiveadj: greater than what seems necessary, normal, or desirable
chemicaladj: relating to or connected with chemistry;
obesityn: the condition of being significantly overweight, typically defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater.
disruptv: to prevent or stop something, especially an event, activity, or process, from continuing in the usual way by causing a problem or disturbance
probioticn: a substance, typically a live bacterium, that is ingested to provide health benefits, particularly in aiding digestion or strengthening the immune system
definitelyadv: without any question and beyond doubt; clearly
necrosisn: the death of cells or tissues in a localized area of the body caused by injury, infection, or disease often results in the formation of scar tissue
colitisn: inflammation of the colon; a condition that results in diarrhea, abdominal pain, and cramping
prematureadj: occurring or done too early; happening before the appropriate time; born before the end of a full-term pregnancy
infantn: a baby or very young child
horribleadj: extremely unpleasant or bad; causing fear or disgust
coprophagyn: the consumption of feces, particularly by animals or insects
veterinariann: (formal for a vet) a medical professional who specializes in the care and treatment of animals, especially those that are domesticated or kept as pets
bootyn: valuable or stolen goods, especially that taken in war or other conflicts; a person’s bottom
colicn: a condition typically occurring in infants, characterized by severe and often fluctuating pain in the abdomen caused by intestinal or digestive disturbances
ailmentn: a slight but often persistent illness
cown: a domesticated mammal with characteristic features such as a hump, large udders, and curved horns that is raised for its milk or meat
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
fistn: a hand with the fingers clenched tightly into the palm to form a hard rounded shape; an act of striking someone or something with the fist
ruminatev: to think deeply about something; to ponder
digestiveadj: relating to or capable of causing or promoting digestion of food
tractn: a region of land, often with a specific purpose or use, such as farming, forestry, or mining; a bundle of nerves or a system of organs in the body
fecesn: waste matter eliminated from the bowels; excrement
intransigencen: refusal to compromise or negotiate; unyielding stubbornness or inflexibility in the face of different opinions, proposals, or circumstances
infectiousadj: able to be passed quickly from one person, animal, or plant to another, especially through air or water
difficilen: a bacterium of the genus Clostridium that can cause severe diarrhea, particularly in a hospital or nursing home settings; a disease caused by this bacterium; (adjective) difficult or hard to do, understand, or deal with
infectionn: a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms or viruses have entered the body
systemicadj: affecting or related to the whole of something, especially the human body or a society
messn: a state of confusion, dirtiness, or untidiness; (verb) to fail to do something or to make something dirty or untidy
patientn: a person who is receiving medical treatment, care, or attention from a healthcare professional, such as a doctor, nurse, or therapist; a personal quality or characteristic
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
correlativeadj: having a mutual relationship; referring to two or more things that are closely connected and affect or depend on each other; (noun) something that is closely related or connected, often used to describe a term that is opposite or complementary to another
causaladj: relating to or indicating a cause or the relationship between causes and effects; resulting from a cause
wrapv: to cover or enclose something entirely with paper, cloth, or other material
hormonen: a chemical substance made by organs that encourages or influences the development, growth, sex, etc., of an animal and is carried around the body in the blood
shrugv: to raise your shoulders and then drop them to say you do not know or are not interested
complainv: to say dissatisfaction or annoyance about something or somebody
typicaladj: having the usual characteristics or traits of a specific group of things
endocrinologyn: the study of hormones, their regulation, and their effects on the body; includes the study of endocrine glands such as the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, and adrenal gland
invisibleadj: impossible or nearly impossible to see
contextn: the circumstances, facts, or conditions that surround a particular event, situation, or statement and that give it meaning