Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (124 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (28 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

rankn: a position in a hierarchy of status or authority; (verb) to take or have a position relative to others
tournamentn: a competition or series of contests involving several players or teams, leading to a final winner or winners
sponsorv: to provide funds for a particular event, program, individual, etc. as a way of advertising
billboardn: a large outdoor sign or display that is used for advertising, marketing, or public information, typically located along highways or main roads
traffickingn: the illegal trade in goods, services, or people, often across national borders
spiken: a narrow, thin, pointed piece of metal, wood, etc.; a sudden large increase in the magnitude or concentration of something
conventionn: a large formal assembly of people who do a particular job or have a similar interest or of a political party; something regarded as a normative example
awarenessn: the fact or state of knowing something exists and is important
inclinationn: a tendency or disposition to think, feel, or act in a certain way; a preference or bias; a degree of sloping
politelyadv: in a courteous or respectful manner, showing good manners or consideration for others
declinev: to become gradually smaller, fewer, worse, etc.; to refuse to accept
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
messyadj: disorganized and untidy
rampantadj: (especially of something bad or unwelcome) flourishing or spreading everywhere in a way that cannot be controlled
birthplacen: the house, town, etc., where someone was born
prevalentadj: existing very commonly in a particular area or in a specific time
illegaladj: not allowed by law
combinev: to join or merge to form a single thing or group
inevitablyadv: in a manner that cannot be avoided or prevented
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
curiosityn: a strong desire to know or learn about something
empathyn: the ability to share another person’s feelings or experiences by imagining that person’s situation
blamev: to think or say that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad
prostituten: a person, typically a woman, who engages in sexual activity in exchange for payment
victimn: a person who has been harmed, injured, or otherwise negatively affected by a particular action, circumstance, or event
confusev: to mistake one thing for another; to make somebody hard to understand
defraudv: to cheat or deceive someone to gain a financial or personal advantage; to violate someone’s trust for personal gain
coercev: to force, pressure, or compel someone to do something against their will or better judgment; to use threatening or intimidating tactics to persuade someone to comply with one’s demands
definitionn: a concise explanation of the meaning of a word, phrase, or symbol
transportn: a system for moving people or products from one location to another using automobiles, roads, and so on
facilitatev: to make something easier or more likely to happen
commercen: the activity of buying and selling things, especially on a large scale
automaticallyadv: without needing a direct human control
regardlessadv: not paying attention or considering something or someone even if the situation is bad or there are difficulties
fraudn: the crime of gaining money or financial benefits by deceiving people; a person who makes deceitful pretenses
coercionn: the use of force, threats, or intimidation to persuade someone to do something against their will; the practice of controlling or manipulating someone through the use of power or authority
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
socioeconomicadj: relating to the social and economic factors that shape an individual, group, or community, particularly in terms of income, occupation, education, and social class
barriern: a fence or other obstruction that makes it hard to move or get in; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
fosterv: to promoto growth; to take care of another person’s child, usually for a limited time, without becoming their legal parents
affluentadj: rich and wealthy; having a lot of money and material wealth
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
lurev: to tempt or persuade someone to do something
contractn: a legally binding agreement between two or more parties, setting out their rights and obligations to each other, typically in writing and enforceable by law
kidnappingn: the act of taking somebody away illegally and holding them captive
estimatev: to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
anticipatev: to expect or predict that something will happen; to tell in advance
laborn: productive work, especially physical work done for wages; the people who do manual or physical work in a country or company for wage; (verb) to work hard or to strive and make an effort to reach a goal
organizationn: a group of people who work together for a shared purpose
vulnerableadj: capable of being hurt or influenced physically or mentally
legislatev: to make or enact laws; to exert control or influence through the creation or enforcement of laws
arrestv: to take into custody
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
slaveryn: the practice or system of owning, buying, and selling people as property and forcing them to work
educatev: to provide or receive instruction or training over a period of time at a school, university, etc.
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
referv: to direct someone’s attention, thoughts, or questions to another source or person; to mention, cite, or allude to something as evidence or support
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
neatadj: clean or tidy, with everything in its place
stereotypen: a fixed and unvarying idea or image that people have about what someone or something is like, but which is often not true in reality and may cause hurt and offense
universaladj: existing or affecting everywhere or everyone
dentv: to make a depression or indentation in the surface of something; (noun) a depression scratched or carved into a surface
launchv: to send or propel something into the air or space using a device such as a rocket, missile, or spacecraft; to make something available or on sale for the first time
employv: to give somebody a job and pay them for it; to make use of
militaryadj: relating to or characteristic of members of the armed forces; of or relating to war or warfare
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
prohibitv: to officially stop something from being done or used, especially by enforcing the law
specificallyadv: only associated with or meant for one thing
enforcementn: the act of ensuring that rules, regulations, or laws are obeyed or implemented; the act of applying force or pressure to compel compliance with rules or laws
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
severv: to break or separate something by cutting, especially suddenly and forcibly
indicatev: to show, point out, or make known something, often through a sign or a symbol; to suggest or imply something without stating it directly
deterv: to discourage or prevent someone from doing something
humiliationn: the feeling of being made to feel ashamed or foolish
embarrassv: to cause someone to feel awkward, worried, or ashamed
equipv: to provide a person or a place with the things that are needed for a particular purpose or activity
sweepv: to clean something, especially a floor or an area, by using a broom; move swiftly and smoothly
complicitadj: involved in or responsible for a wrongful or unethical act, often through inaction or silence; in cooperation with another person or group
workforcen: all the people who work in a company, industry, country, etc.
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
highwayn: a main road, especially one connecting major towns or cities
slaven: a person who is, either legally or illegally, owned by someone; a person entirely dominated by some influence or a person
hotlinen: a telephone line that provides immediate emergency or special assistance
intervenev: to intentionally get involved in a situation to improve it or prevent it from getting worse
spotn: a particular location or place; a small round or roundish area, differing in color or feels from the surface around it
underageadj: below the legal age for a particular activity or behavior, often specifically referring to activities such as drinking, smoking, or voting
emergingadj: starting to exist, mature, or become well-known
rollv: to move in a particular direction by turning over and over or from side to side
braveadj: showing courage or fearlessness in the face of danger, difficulty, or adversity
cabn: a taxi or other vehicle that can be hired for transportation; the compartment from which a vehicle, such as a train or truck, is driven
emphasizev: to give or show particular importance to something
featn: a notable or impressive achievement, especially one that requires great skill or bravery
uniformadj: always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences; (noun) the special set of clothes worn by members of a particular group as a means of identification
proclaimv: to announce or state something publicly and forcefully
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
atrocityn: brutal act; an extremely wicked or cruel act
underlyingadj: significant as a cause or basis of something but not immediately apparent or stated clearly
enslavev: to make someone a slave; to deprive someone of their freedom of choice or action
saucen: a liquid or semi-solid food served on or used in preparing other foods
visan: an endorsement or authorization placed in a passport or travel document that allows the holder to enter or leave a particular country for a specific period of time; the process of applying for and obtaining such authorization
refusev: to show that one is not willing to do or accept something
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
transactionn: an instance of buying or selling something; the act or process of doing something
tunen: a musical composition or set of musical notes that are played or sung; (verb) to adjust or set something to a specific condition or standard
affiliatedadj: being associated with or connected to a larger organization, group, or system
seizev: to catch or take hold of someone or something suddenly and forcibly; to capture the attention or imagination of something
assetn: something or someone that is useful or valuable quality, skill, etc.; valuable property
hirev: to give somebody a job
survivorn: a person who remains alive after an event in which others have died
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
fleev: to leave by running away, especially out of fear or danger
attendantn: a person who is employed to provide a service or perform tasks, often in a public place, such as a flight attendant, parking attendant, or hospital attendant
crewn: a group of people who work together, especially on a ship or airplane
deltan: a triangular area of low and flat land that is formed when a river flows into a larger body of water and deposits sediment; an object shaped like an equilateral triangle
trafficn: the movement of vehicles, people, or goods along a route or through a transport system; the amount of such movement in a particular place or at a particular time
reunitev: to bring two or more people together again after a period of separation
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
fortunateadj: having good luck or lucky
employeen: a person who is hired to work for a business or organization in exchange for wages or salary; a worker
enforcev: to make sure that people obey a particular law, rule, or situation
penaltyn: a punishment for violating a law, rule, or contract
improvev: to make or become better