Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (122 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (38 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

neocortexn: the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for higher brain functions such as conscious thought and decision-making
rindn: the tough outer layer of something, such as a fruit or cheese; a strip or ring of the outer skin, covering, or layer on an object
rodentn: a small, gnawing mammal, such as a mouse, rat, or squirrel, that has sharp incisors and typically has a long, thin tail
creaturen: a living being, especially an animal
walnutn: a nut of a tall deciduous tree, commonly eaten as a snack or used in baking; the wood of this tree, used for furniture and other applications
brainn: the organ inside the head that is responsible for one’s movement, thought, memory, and feeling
mammalianadj: of or relating to mammals, a class of warm-blooded vertebrate animals that typically nurse their young and have hair or fur on their skin; characterized by mammalian qualities, such as nurturing and protective behavior
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
predatorn: an animal whose natural behavior is to prey on others
viraladj: relating to or caused by a virus
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
adoptv: to choose to follow something; to legally take a child from another family and care for them as if they were one’s own
lifetimen: the duration of someone’s life or something’s existence;
evolvev: to develop gradually, or to cause the development of something or someone gradually
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
violentadj: involving or caused by physical force or aggression against someone or something
extinctionn: the complete disappearance of a species from the earth
dinosaurn: a large extinct reptile, often with an armored back, long neck, tail, and bony plates on the skin
extinctadj: no longer in existence
overtakev: to catch up to and pass by someone or something that is in front of you, usually about moving vehicles; to come to a point where you become more successful, important, or influential than someone or something else
ecologyn: the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment
nichen: a specialized role or position that a species occupies within an ecosystem; a job or position particularly well suited to the person who occupies it
anthropomorphizev: to attribute human characteristics, emotions, and abilities to non-human entities
biologyn: the scientific study of life and the natural processes of living things
evolutionn: a gradual process of transformation of living things
pacen: the speed at which someone or something moves, or the rate at which something happens or changes
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
distinctiveadj: having a quality or characteristic that makes it stand out from others
ridgen: a long, narrow, raised landform or rock formation
stretchv: to make or be capable of making anything longer or broader without hurting or breaking
napkinn: a small piece of cloth or paper used for wiping one’s mouth and hands while eating; a decorative cloth placed on a table for formal occasions
structuren: the way of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts, or a complex thing constructed of many parts
convolutionn: a complex or intricate twist, turn, or arrangement of something; a complex or winding thought process, argument, or situation
sublimationn: the process of transforming a solid directly into a gas (or vice versa) without passing through the intermediate liquid phase; (of psychology) the channeling of repressed emotions or impulses into socially acceptable behavior or productive activities
motivationn: the reason or enthusiasm for acting or behaving in a particular way
conquestn: the act or process of taking control of a country, area, or situation
sublimeadj: of such excellence, grandeur, or beauty as to inspire great admiration or awe
poemn: a piece of writing that emphasizes the expression of feelings and ideas by paying particular attention to diction (sometimes rhyme), rhythm, and imagery
appn: (abbreviation for application) software designed to run on smartphones and other mobile devices or inside a web browser on a PC
modulen: a self-contained unit or component of a larger system or structure; a standardized unit of computer hardware or software designed to perform a specific function
implementv: to put a decision, plan, or system into effect
hierarchyn: a system in which people or things are organized into different levels of importance from highest to lowest
presidentn: the leader of a republic, for example, the US; the person in charge of the organization such as a company, university, club, etc.
thesisn: a written essay, especially one submitted for a university degree, that sets out the author’s findings on a particular subject
plethoran: an overabundance or excess of something; a state of having too much of something
neurosciencen: the scientific study of the function, structure, and disorder of the brain and the nervous system
spatialadj: of or relating space and the position, area, and size of things
resolutionn: a firm decision or determination to do or not do something; the action of solving a problem, dispute, or conflict; the quality of being resolved or determined; the clarity and sharpness of an image or display
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
internv: to put someone in prison, especially for political or military reasons; (noun) a student or trainee who works, sometimes for free, to get work experience or to fulfill qualification criteria
bunchn: a grouping of several similar things which are growing or fastened together
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
probableadj: likely to happen or likely to be true
axonn: a long and slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that sends out signals away from the nerve cell
conceptualadj: related to or founded on ideas, principles
abstractadj: based on general ideas, feelings, or qualities and not on any a physical or concrete existence
lookoutn: a person or group of people who are responsible for watching for danger or other potential threats and warning others of their presence
thresholdn: the floor or ground that forms the bottom of a doorway and offers support when passing through a doorway; the smallest detectable sensation
sloppyadj: characterized by a lack of order or neatness; careless, disorganized, or careless in appearance or performance
ordinaryadj: not different, exceptional, or unexpected in any way, especially in quality, ability, size, or degree
fabricn: cloth or other material produced by weaving wool, cotton, silk, etc., used for making clothes, covering furniture, etc.
perfumen: a liquid that emits and diffuses a pleasant smell, usually used on the skin
cortexn: the outermost layer of an organ, especially the brain
ironicadj: using words to express something different from and often opposite to their literal or usual meaning, often for humorous or rhetorical effect
sophisticatedadj: having a great deal of worldly experience and knowledge of people’s behavior, culture, and fashion
complicatedadj: involving a lot of different things or parts in a way that is difficult to understand or analyze
beneathadv: in or to a lower place than someone or something
surgeryn: medical treatment of injuries or diseases involving an incision with instruments and often removing or replacing some parts of the body; the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
consciousadj: being aware of and able to respond to what is happening around you
surgeonn: a doctor who is trained to perform medical operations that involve cutting open a person’s body
receptorn: an organ having nerve endings that respond to stimulation such as heat or cold and makes the body react in a particular way
stimmingn: a behavior often exhibited by individuals on the autism spectrum characterized by repetitive bodily movements or sounds, such as hand flapping or rocking, often used as a form of self-regulation or sensory stimulation
triggerv: to make something happen suddenly; to cause something such as a device, machine, etc. to function
reflexn: an automatic and unthinking response to a particular stimulus; a physical reaction to external stimuli
detectv: to find or recognize something, especially something difficult to see, hear, etc.
humorn: the quality of being amusing or funny; the liquid parts of the body
hilariousadj: extremely funny
typicaladj: having the usual characteristics or traits of a specific group of things
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
algorithmn: a set of rules or rigorous instructions typically used to solve a specific problem or to perform a computation
jeopardyn: the state of being in danger or at risk of harm or loss
broadadj: very wide; general
combinev: to join or merge to form a single thing or group
queryn: a question or inquiry, often used in the context of research, information-gathering, or data analysis; a request for information
tiresomeadj: causing weariness, boredom, or annoyance; dull, monotonous, or tedious
frothn: a mass of small bubbles on the surface of a liquid caused by agitation or fermentation; a light, airy, or frothy substance; foam or lather
meringuen: a sweet, whipped dessert topping made from egg whites and sugar, usually baked or cooked and used to top pies, cakes, or pastries
haranguev: to aggressively or forcefully address a group of people, often with a lengthy and impassioned speech; to criticize or scold someone at length and with intensity; (noun) a lengthy and aggressive speech or lecture
Wikipedian: an online encyclopedia that allows users to contribute and edit articles collaboratively; a vast and frequently updated repository of information on a wide range of topics
encyclopedian: a comprehensive reference work containing articles on a wide range of subjects or numerous aspects of a particular field or discipline, usually arranged alphabetically or thematically
enginen: a machine that converts thermal energy to mechanical work; something that has an important role used to achieve a purpose
combinationn: a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities
glutathionen: a tripeptide molecule composed of the amino acids glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine produced naturally in the body, which is a powerful antioxidant that plays a crucial role in the body’s defense against free radicals and supports the immune system
supplementn: something that is added to something else to make it better or complete it
barriern: a fence or other obstruction that makes it hard to move or get in; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
summarizev: to give a brief statement of the most important facts or ideas about something
botn: a computer program or software application that is capable of performing automated tasks, often on the internet; a type of electronic device that provides autonomous service or assistance to users
exponentialadj: becoming more and more rapid; of or involving mathematical exponents
trendn: a general direction in which something is changing or developing
shrinkv: to become smaller, or to make something smaller in size or amount
capillaryn: a tube of small internal diameter; any of the minute tubes that carry blood
syntheticadj: made by combining chemical substances as opposed to being naturally occurring
extensionn: a thing that is added to something to make it longer, larger, or wider; an educational opportunity provided by colleges and universities to people who are not enrolled as regular students; an additional telephone set that is connected to the same telephone line
complexityn: the state or quality of being complicated or intricate and difficult to understand
hybridadj: composed of different elements or mixed characters
acceleratev: to make something faster or earlier; to cause to develop or progress more quickly
expandv: to increase or to make something greater in size, number, or importance
humanoidn: a machine or creature that has a body shape similar to that of a human
foreheadn: the part of the face above the eyebrows and below the hairline; the upper part of the face that extends from the eyes to the hairline
primaten: any mammal of the order Primates, which includes monkeys, apes, and humans
slantv: to lean or slope in a particular direction; to present or interpret information or a situation in a biased or distorted way
brown: the ridge over the eye sockets; the forehead
qualitativeadj: relating to or involving qualities, such as properties, characteristics, or features, rather than quantities or numbers, often used to describe research or analysis that focuses on subjective or non-measurable factors
quantitativeadj: relating to, measuring, or expressing in terms of quantity; involving numerical or statistical data
expansionn: the process of becoming larger or more extensive, or the result of this process
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
quantityn: the amount or number of something; magnitude
leapv: to jump or spring into the air, often with the feet leaving the ground or a surface below; to move quickly or suddenly, often forward or upward
conferv: to have a meeting or discussion to come to a decision or agreement or exchange ideas; to bestow something
architecturen: the art and science of designing and constructing buildings
enclosuren: a wall, fence, or other barriers that surround an area, keeping it separate and protected