Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (98 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (25 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
corridorn: a hallway or passageway, especially one connecting rooms or areas within a building or structure
conservationistn: a person who advocates or acts to protect and preserve the environment and wildlife
ecosystemn: all the plants and living creatures in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
landscapen: an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view; a large area of land, especially in the country and relating to its appearance
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
endangeredadj: at risk of extinction because it is facing significant threats
rhinocerosn: (also rhino) a large, thick-skinned mammal with one or two horns on the nose, typically found in Africa and Asia.
orangutann: a large long-armed ape with red-brown hair that lives in Borneo and Sumatra and has arboreal habits
roamv: to move about or travel aimlessly or without a fixed destination; to wander
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
patriarchaladj: relating to or characteristic of a society or system in which men hold the dominant roles and positions of power; male-dominated
operatev: to work in a particular way; to supervise something
subservientadj: willing to obey or serve someone else without question or complaint; excessively obedient or submissive
congregatev: to come together or gather in a group or assembly; to collect or accumulate in a particular place or area
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic
relativeadj: considered and evaluated through comparison with something else
consultv: to seek or get advice or information from a person, book, or other source having special knowledge on a particular subject
conservev: to protect something, especially the natural environment or culture, from change, damage, or destruction
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
aspectn: one part or feature of a situation, problem, subject, etc.
straightforwardadj: easy to do or understand, or simple; free from ambiguity
accompanyingadj: being in a position next to or near something or someone
trekn: a long and difficult journey, typically on foot
witn: the ability to say or write things or ideas in a clever and humorous way
encroachmentn: an act of moving or advancing into someone else’s territory or area of control; an invasion or infringement upon someone else’s rights or interests
timbern: the wood of trees cut and prepared for construction
encroachv: to advance beyond the usual or acceptable limit gradually and often without being noticed; to infringe upon someone’s territory, rights, privacy, etc.
warnv: to make someone aware of potential danger or difficulty, particularly one that may occur in the future
upstreamadj: in the direction against a stream’s current; (adverb) toward the source or beginning of a stream, river, or process
disastern: an unexpected event or series of events that cause widespread damage, destruction, or loss of life
downstreamadv: in the direction that a stream or river flows; (adjective) in the direction of a stream’s current
rainfalln: the amount of rain that falls in a specific location at a particular moment
flashn: a sudden intense burst of radiant energy; a momentary brightness
floodn: a large amount of water flowing beyond its normal limits; an overwhelming number or amount
landsliden: a large, sudden movement of a mass of rock, earth, or other material down a slope
destroyv: to ruin or damage severely or completely; to eradicate or eliminate completely
essentialadj: indispensable; fundamental
infrastructuren: the basic systems, services, or features that are necessary for an organization or country, such as transport and power supplies
villagern: a person who lives in a village or small rural community; a person who is part of a close-knit and traditional community
refugen: the state of being safe or protected from danger, trouble, or difficulty, or a place providing shelter or protection from them
sheltern: a structure built to protect from poor weather, danger, or attack:
refugeen: a displaced person who has crossed national borders and who cannot or is unwilling to return home due to political, religious, or economic reasons or because of a war
privacyn: someone’s right to keep their personal matters and relationships not watched or interrupted by other people
uniformadj: always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences; (noun) the special set of clothes worn by members of a particular group as a means of identification
contestn: a competition in which people compete for supremacy in a sport or other activity; a struggle between rivals
patchn: a small piece of material or fabric used to repair or reinforce a tear, hole, or damaged area; a small plot of land used for cultivation or a specific purpose
declarev: to say, state, or announce something clearly, officially, or publicly
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
acknowledgev: to accept or admit the existence, reality, or truth of something; to accept that someone or something has a particular authority or quality; to express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for someone’s help, commitment, etc.;
paperworkn: administrative tasks that involve writing or typing documents
affirmv: to assert that something is true or real; to state positively
obtainv: to get something, especially by making a great effort
permitv: to allow for something to happen or be done; (noun) the act of giving a formal, usually written, authorization
proposaln: a formal suggestion or offer, sometimes a written one
waterfalln: a point in a river or stream where water falls from a high place, for example, over a cliff or rock
orchidn: a plant with showy or unusual flowers, typically having either a single, complex flower or a cluster of small flowers, many of which are prized for their beauty and often cultivated as ornamental plants
crewn: a group of people who work together, especially on a ship or airplane
orientv: to position or adjust someone or something for a particular purpose; (noun) the countries of Asia
floran: all the plants in a particular region or time, typically regarded as a whole
faunan: the animal life of a particular region, habitat, or geological period
wildlifen: animals, birds, insects, etc. that grow independently of people and live in natural conditions
degradev: to make something worse, especially in quality; to show or treat someone in a way that makes them seem no value and do not have the respect or reasonable opinion of others
awesomeadj: inspiring fear, admiration, or respect; very good, nice, fun, etc.
conservationn: the protection of something important, such as the natural environment or artificial structures, especially from the damaging effects of human activity
patronn: a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, or activity; a loyal or regular customer of a particular shop, restaurant, etc.
underminev: to make someone or something less powerful, less effective, weaker gradually; to make someone’s fame, confidence, or authority less effective or weaker gradually
patiencen: the ability to remain calm and composed in the face of adversity, delay, or frustration; the capacity to tolerate or endure difficult or unpleasant situations without becoming upset or angry
persistentadj: continuing firmly or obstinately in the course of action despite difficulty or opposition; lasting or enduring without fading or being lost over time
embeddedadj: fixed firmly into the surface of something
navigatev: to plan and direct the way that a ship, plane, etc. will travel, often by using a map
trickyadj: requiring care and skill because challenging to do or deal with
conservativeadj: holding traditional views and values and opposed to change or innovation
parachuten: a device used to slow the motion of people or objects through an atmosphere consisting of a large piece of thin cloth that is attached to them and opens out in the air
instantlyadv: immediately
tropicaladj: originating in, located in, or characteristic of the tropics
stabilizev: to become or cause to become steady or unlikely to give way
efficientadj: performing at the highest level of productivity with the least wasted effort or resources; capable of achieving maximum output with minimum wasted effort, time, or materials
avertv: to prevent something dangerous or undesirable from happening
biodiversityn: the number and variety of plants and animals that exist in a particular area or the world and make a balanced environment
collapsev: to fall down or give way suddenly, often after breaking apart
overhauln: a thorough examination, evaluation, or inspection of something, often with the intent of making necessary improvements; a major reorganization or restructuring of a system or process; (verb) to thoroughly examine, repair, and improve something to ensure that it is functioning properly and up to standard
grassrootsadj: of or relating to the ordinary people in a society or an organization as constituting a fundamental political and economic group
fractionn: a small part or item forming a piece of a whole; the quotient of two rational numbers
decision-makern: a person who makes important decisions, especially at a high level in an organization
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
wisdomn: the quality of being wise, or the ability to use your knowledge and experience to make sensible decisions
untappedadj: not yet used or exploited
appreciatev: to value and acknowledge the worth of someone or something; to be grateful for something or someone
underresourcedadj: lacking sufficient resources, especially financial or material support, to carry out a particular task, project, or mission
forestryn: the science, art, and practice of managing forests, including planting, cultivating, and caring for trees and conserving and developing natural forests
eliteadj: belonging to the wealthiest, most potent, best-educated, or best-trained group in a society
worsenv: to become or make something worse
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
complexityn: the state or quality of being complicated or intricate and difficult to understand
locatev: to specify or determine the exact position of someone or something
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result

Leave a Reply