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All Words (82 Words)

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Advanced Words (27 Words)

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Word List

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trachean: the tube-like structure in the body through which air moves from the larynx (= a part of the human respiratory system located in the neck region) to the bronchi (= part of the respiratory system and are responsible for conducting air into the lungs), also known as the windpipe
bronchusn: (in the plural, “bronchi”) either of the two main branches of the trachea that lead to the lungs and distribute air to the bronchioles and alveoli
clustern: a group of similar things or people close together, often forming a distinct mass or unit
sacn: a bag or pouch, typically made of fabric or leather, used to hold something valuable or important; a structure resembling a bag in an animal or plant
alveolusn: (in the plural, “alveoli”) a small, hollow cavity, pit, or socket; the small sacs in the lungs, where gas exchange with the blood occurs
lungn: either of the two organs in the chest that people and some animals use for breathing
roughlyadv: approximately but not precisely; with a violent manner
facilitatev: to make something easier or more likely to happen
crucialadj: extremely vital or necessary
exchangev: to give something and receive something else in return, often with the implication that the items being traded are of equal or comparable value; (noun) the act of giving or taking something in return for something else; a place or system where goods or services can be bought, sold, or traded
oxygenn: the chemical element with the symbol O that is present in air and water and is necessary for people, animals, and plants to live
bloodstreamn: the blood flowing through the body
carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
oxiden: a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element
pneumonian: an infection or inflammation of the lungs, typically caused by bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms
wreakv: to cause or bring about something, often as a result of harmful or destructive actions or events
havocn: widespread destruction or devastation, often caused by natural disasters, war, or other violent events
infectionn: a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms or viruses have entered the body
fluidn: a substance that can flow and is not solid
pathogenn: a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that causes disease
virusn: a tiny infectious organic material that causes disease in people, animals, and plants
bacterian: single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms that exist in large numbers in the air, water, and soil, and also in living and dead creatures and plants, and are often a cause of disease
microscopicadj: tiny; exceedingly precise and detail-oriented; of or used in microscopy
invadev: to enter aggressively into another’s territory by military force for conquest and occupation
dropletn: a small drop of liquid
contaminatev: to make something impure, unclean, or poisonous by contact or mixture
respiratoryadj: relating to the organs and processes involved in breathing, such as the lungs and the act of inhaling and exhaling air
tractn: a region of land, often with a specific purpose or use, such as farming, forestry, or mining; a bundle of nerves or a system of organs in the body
defendv: to protect someone or something from attack, criticism, danger, etc.
mucociliaryadj: of or relating to the mucous membranes and the cilia (= tiny hairs) that line the respiratory system, transporting mucus (= a thick, slimy substance that is produced by the body’s mucous membranes) and other particles out of the body
escalatorn: a moving staircase or conveyor device that carries people between floors or levels of a building or structure
consistv: to be composed or made up of
mucusn: a slimy liquid produced inside the nose and other body parts for lubrication, protection, etc.
trapn: a piece of equipment or hole for catching animals or people; (verb) to catch animals or people and prevent them from escaping
ciliumn: a microscopic, hair-like cellular projection that is found on the surface of many cells in the body, helping them to move or trap debris
coughv: to expel air from the lungs suddenly and noisily, often as a reaction to irritation, illness, or some other physical condition; (noun) a sudden, forceful expulsion of air from the lungs, often accompanied by a distinctive sound
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
macrophagen: a large white blood cell that helps to engulf and destroy foreign objects or materials in the body, such as bacteria or cancer cells
envelopv: to surround and cover completely; to encase
destroyv: to ruin or damage severely or completely; to eradicate or eliminate completely
immuneadj: protected against a particular disease or toxin due to the presence of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
inflammationn: a physical condition in which a part of the body becomes red, painful, hot, and often swollen, especially as a reaction to infection or injury
by-productn: a secondary product produced during the manufacturing or processing of another product, often not the intended product but still useful or valuable in some way
symptomn: any sensation or change in body or mind that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
prescribev: (of a doctor) to advise and order the use of particular medicine or treatment for someone, especially in writing; to issue commands or orders for something
antibioticn: a substance or drug that kills or slows down the growth of bacteria
antiviraladj: inhibiting or stopping the growth and reproduction of viruses; (noun) any drug that destroys viruses
treatmentn: the way in which someone deals with or behaves towards someone or something; medical care provided to a patient for an injury or illness.
gradualadj: happening slowly over a long period of time or distance; not steep or abrupt
expelv: to officially force someone to leave a school, organization, or country
absorbv: to take in a fluid or other substance gradually
typicaladj: having the usual characteristics or traits of a specific group of things
fadev: to vanish; to fade away; to lose color; to lose freshness
recoverv: to return to a former condition, health, mind, or strength
severeadj: extremely serious or bad in feeling, manner, or strict and harsh; extremely strong or vigorous
hospitalizev: to admit someone to a hospital for medical treatment
ventilationn: the provision of fresh air, especially to a room or building
damagev: to harm or cause injury to something or someone, often resulting in decreased value or functionality; to impair or negatively affect something, such as a reputation or relationship; (noun) harm or injury that is caused to a person, thing, or entity
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
volumen: the amount of space occupied by an object or substance; the magnitude of sound
associatev: to mentally connect someone or something with someone or something else
geneticadj: of or relating to genes (= parts of the DNA in cells) or the science of genes
autoimmuneadj: relating to a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue, mistaking it for harmful foreign substances
disordern: an untidy state or a lack of organization; a physical condition or illness that causes problems with how a section of the body or brain functions
susceptibleadj: easily influenced, harmed, or affected by something
elderlyadj: (a polite word for) old
impairv: to damage something or make it weaker or worse
viraladj: relating to or caused by a virus
healthcaren: the organized activity or business of preserving mental and physical health by preventing or treating illness through services offered by the health profession
appropriateadj: suitable or proper in the circumstances; fitting
sustainedadj: lasting for a long time or continuing for a long time without becoming weaker or less intense
maintainv: to continue to uphold or sustain; to keep in a particular state or condition; to assert or declare something to be true
inflamev: to cause very strong feelings such as anger or excitement in a person or a group of people
pathwayn: a track that constitutes or serves as a path; an approach or a way of doing something
mechanismn: a part of a machine, or a set of parts that performs a task; a natural or established process that occurs during a specific situation or reaction
shockn: a strong feeling or physical reaction to a sudden and unexpected event or experience, especially something unpleasant
vaccinen: a substance that is put into the body and protects them from disease by causing them to produce antibodies (= proteins that attack harmful bacteria, viruses, etc.)
regularlyadv: at regular intervals or times
vulnerableadj: capable of being hurt or influenced physically or mentally

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