Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (81 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (29 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

constantadj: happening repeatedly or all the time
thudn: a dull, heavy sound made when a heavy object falls or strikes a surface, often with a low frequency and resonance
underneathadv: under or below something else
constrainv: to restrict or limit someone or something’s freedom or ability to do something
monotonyn: a situation in which something unchanging and boring
nowhereadv: not in, at, or to any place; not anywhere
torturen: the act of causing intense pain or suffering to someone to punish them, extract information from them, or for some other reason
crueladj: feeling or showing pleasure in causing pain or suffering to others
punishmentn: a penalty or consequence inflicted for wrongdoing or offense; a means of enforcing discipline or preventing further wrongdoing
treadmilln: a piece of exercise equipment consisting of a moving belt on which the user walks, jogs, or runs in place; a monotonous, repetitive task or activity that feels like it is going nowhere, much like a person walking on a treadmill
punn: a humorous play on words or use of words that sound similar but have different meanings, often for a comedic effect; a form of wordplay
abysmaladj: extremely bad or unsuccessful, to the degree of being bottomless or unfathomable
executionn: the act or process of carrying out a plan, order, or course of action; the act or process of carrying out the death penalty
deportv: to force someone to leave a country, typically on the grounds of illegal status or for having committed a crime
solituden: the state of being alone and isolated from others
filthyadj: dirty or unclean, often to an extreme or offensive degree; morally offensive or obscene
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
philanthropyn: the practice of voluntarily helping the poor, especially by giving money
celebrityn: someone who is well-known, particularly in the entertainment industry
direadj: extremely serious or urgent; critical, grave, or disastrous
reformn: the act of improving or correcting something that is wrong or bad; a change made to correct a flaw or problem
remodelv: to change the structure or form of something
rehabilitatev: to restore to good health or physical condition; to help someone return to a normal life, especially after a period of illness, addiction, or imprisonment
introductionn: a preliminary explanation or remarks given before the start of a text, performance, or event; the act of bringing something new into existence or introducing something to a wider audience or new market
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
paddlen: a flat, usually wooden implement with a handle used for stirring, mixing, or beating a liquid or substance
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
rotationn: the action or process of moving in a circle around an axis or center
gearn: a toothed wheel that engages another toothed mechanism to change the speed or direction of transmitted motion; a set of tools, equipment, or other items for a particular purpose
pumpv: to cause water, air, gas, etc. to move from one place to another by using mechanical equipment; to get or supply something such as money, information, etc. in significant quantities
crushv: to press it firmly, usually with your hands or a tool, so that it becomes flat or smaller
grainn: wheat or any other small hard seeds used as a food; a relatively small granular particle of a substance
originn: the first existence or beginning of something
devicen: a piece of equipment, tool, or technology that serves a particular purpose or function, often mechanical or electronic
fantasticadj: extremely good; excellent
whipv: to hit a person or an animal severely with a thin, flexible stick with a cord or leather thong at the end, as a punishment, discipline, etc.
rebuildv: to build again or anew
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
decimatev: to destroy a significant portion of something or reduce by ten percent; to cause extensive destruction or severe damage; to drastically reduce in size or number
estimatev: to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
equivalentn: having the same value, quality, meaning, purpose, etc.
roughlyadv: approximately but not precisely; with a violent manner
mountv: to increase, go up, or advance gradually or continuously; to prepare and supply with the necessary equipment for execution or performance; to ride on something or someone
halfwayadj: in or at a point midway or an equal distance between two points
empiren: a group of countries ruled by one leader or government
boastv: to talk about someone’s accomplishments, wealth, or abilities excessively with undue pride and self-satisfaction
unsurprisingadj: not surprising, and what was expected; able to be predicted
exertionn: the act of using one’s energy, effort, or strength to achieve something; a physical or mental effort that produces a result
combinev: to join or merge to form a single thing or group
nutritionn: the substances or the process that organisms take into their bodies as food for their growth and health
sufferv: to experience pain, distress, or hardship; to undergo or endure something painful or unpleasant
breakdownn: a failure or collapse of a system or organization
injuryn: harm done to a person’s or an animal’s body caused by an accident or an attack
creditorn: a person, company, etc. to whom a debtor owes money
tamev: to make wild animals domesticated or controlled, especially through specific training; (adjective) not dangerous or afraid of people, either naturally or because of specific training
boisterousadj: characterized by high energy, noise, or excitement; exuberant; rowdy
inmaten: a person who is confined to an institution such as a prison, hospital, or mental health facility
monotonousadj: lacking in variety, excitement, or interest; repetitive and tedious
steadyadj: firmly fixed, supported, or balanced; not shaking or moving
severityn: the quality or condition of being severe, strict, or harsh
constitutev: to be the essential or fundamental elements or parts of something; to establish, appoint, or assign someone to a particular office or position; to make up or compose something
banv: to officially or legally forbid or refuse to allow something
excessiveadj: greater than what seems necessary, normal, or desirable
vengeancen: the act of punishing or harming someone in return for something harmful that they have done
unsuspectingadj: unaware of the presence of danger; not suspicious
patentn: a legal document that grants an inventor exclusive rights to their invention for a certain period of time; the invention or process for which a patent has been granted
forerunnern: a person or thing that comes before another and serves as a sign or indication of what is to come; a predecessor or early stage of something
jogv: to run or move at a slow or leisurely pace, typically for exercise; to continue talking or writing without a definite plan or purpose
crazen: an enthusiasm for a particular activity, object, or idea that appears suddenly and achieves widespread but short-lived popularity; a fad
thrustv: to push or drive forcibly; to impose or insert; (noun) the force used in pushing
limelightn: a bright light produced by heating a piece of lime in an oxygen-hydrogen flame; a metaphorical expression meaning to be the center of attention or in the public eye
convenientadj: useful, helpful, or quick to do
improvev: to make or become better
aerobicadj: relating to or requiring oxygen; (noun) an exercise or form of physical activity that enhances cardiovascular fitness and endurance, such as running or cycling
unwantedadj: not wanted or desired
poundn: the standard unit of money in the UK; the standard unit of weight equal to 16 ounces
maintainv: to continue to uphold or sustain; to keep in a particular state or condition; to assert or declare something to be true
voluntaryadj: done of one’s own free will; without being forced or coerced
hopv: to jump lightly and quickly on one foot or both feet; to move rapidly from one place to another; to travel using an aircraft, bus, etc.