Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (44 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (10 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

clonen: a plant or animal whose genetic information is identical to that of a parent organism from which it was created; an unauthorized copy or imitation
reproductiveadj: connected with the process of reproduction; relating to reproducing babies, young animals, or plants
nuclearadj: of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom; deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
geneticadj: of or relating to genes (= parts of the DNA in cells) or the science of genes
identicaladj: being the exact same one
twinn: either of two children born at the same time from the same mother
rearadj: at, toward, or near the back part of something; (verb) to look after a child until it is an adult
instituten: an organization that has a specific purpose, particularly one dealing with science, education, or a particular profession; (verb) to initiate, introduce, or establish something
donorn: a person or an organization that makes a gift of money, food, supplies, etc. to a cause or fund; in medicine, a person who gives blood or tissue or an organ to be used in another person
fertilizev: to cause an egg, female animal, or plant to develop by joining sperm from the male with them; to add a natural or chemical substance to land to make plants grow well
mammaryadj: of or relating to the breasts or milk-secreting organs
glandn: a group of cells in an animal’s body that produce substances needed by the body and release them through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
ewen: a female sheep, especially a fully grown one
shockn: a strong feeling or physical reaction to a sudden and unexpected event or experience, especially something unpleasant
dividev: to separate or cause to separate into parts or groups
embryon: an animal organism in the early stages of growth, either in its mother’s womb or in an egg, or a plant that is developing in a seed
astoundv: to surprise or shock someone with wonder very much
livern: a large organ in the body, involved in many metabolic processes, such as detoxification of the organism, and the synthesis of proteins
entirelyadv: completely
extractn: a short passage taken from a book, piece of music, etc.; a substance obtained from something through a specific process; (verb) to obtain from something or to remove something by effort or force
reprogramv: to modify or recreate a program
telomeren: a structure that protects the terminal regions of chromosome
strandn: a very thin natural or synthetic thread, wire, hair, etc.; (verb) to leave or drive a vessel, fish, etc., aground or ashore
chromosomen: a long and string-like DNA molecule containing the part or all of the genetic material of an organism that controls what an animal or plant is like
structuren: the way of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts, or a complex thing constructed of many parts
genen: the fundamental unit of heredity and the sequence of nucleotides in DNA that codes for the creation of RNA or protein.
lambn: a young sheep; the flesh of a young domestic sheep eaten as food
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
euthanizev: to put a sick, injured, or very old animal to death humanely
lungn: either of the two organs in the chest that people and some animals use for breathing
cripplingadj: causing someone to become unable to walk or move; causing severe damage or harm
arthritisn: inflammation of one or more joints of the body, which include pain and stiffness
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
cattlen: cows, bulls, and buffalos that are raised for their milk or meat as farm animals
reconstructv: to build or form something again that has been damaged or destroyed
survivev: to live or exist despite a dangerous event or period
unsuccessfuladj: failing to accomplish an intended result or having an unfavorable outcome; not successful
attemptn: an act or effort of trying to do something, especially something difficult
largelyadv: virtually entirely; to a large degree
unreportedadj: not told to someone in authority or the public
breedv: to keep animals for producing offspring in a regulated manner
old-fashionedadj: of or relating to a time in the past; not modern
experimentn: the scientific test conducted to observe what happens and gain new knowledge
terminatev: to bring to an end or stop

Leave a Reply