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All Words (366 Words)

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Advanced Words (75 Words)

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Word List

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certaintyn: the state of being certain
fossiln: any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing that has become hard and turned into rock
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
phasen: any stage in a series of events, change, or development
argumentn: a set of statements or reasons used to support or refute a proposition or theory; a verbal or physical fight or dispute
transitn: the act or process of passing through or across a place or state; transportation
compellingadj: arousing strong and irresistible interest, attention, or admiration
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
acceleratev: to make something faster or earlier; to cause to develop or progress more quickly
transitionn: the process or period of changing from one state or circumstance to another
acuteadj: extremely sharp or severe
radicaladj: relating to the essential aspects of anything; far beyond the norm, mainly used of opinions and actions
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
eviladj: profoundly immoral, cruel, and wicked; having or exerting a harmful effect on people
complicatedadj: involving a lot of different things or parts in a way that is difficult to understand or analyze
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
ridv: to make someone or something free of unwanted or unpleasant tasks, objects, or person
stickv: to put something, usually a sharp object, into something; to restrict yourself to doing or using one certain thing and not change; (noun) a thin piece of wood or other material
instancen: a particular example or single occurrence of something
renewableadj: capable of being renewed, extended, or replaced
coaln: a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock that is found below the ground and burnt to produce heat
debaten: a formal discussion or argument of opposing viewpoints, often to persuade others to adopt a specific position; a public discussion, often on an issue of current interest, in which participants offer opinions and differing perspectives
conceptn: an idea or principle associated with something abstract
dilemman: a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more options, especially that are equally unfavorable ones
knightn: a mounted soldier in the past, typically one of noble birth trained to fight in armor; (today in Great Britain) a person honored by the sovereign for personal merit
obstaclen: a thing that blocks one’s way or prevents or hinders progress
collaborationn: the act or situation of working together to create or produce something
temperaturen: the degree of hotness or coldness of a thing or place
heartfeltadj: genuine, sincere, and expressing deep feelings or emotions
crucialadj: extremely vital or necessary
crossroadn: a place where two or more roads or paths cross or intersect; a point of decision or choice, often involving significant consequences
overwhelmingadj: very great or intense; so powerful that you cannot fight or react against it
viableadj: capable of being done as intended; able to succeed
pathwayn: a track that constitutes or serves as a path; an approach or a way of doing something
navigatev: to plan and direct the way that a ship, plane, etc. will travel, often by using a map
cofoundern: one of several people who establishes an organization or starts a business
installmentn: one of a series of payments to be made, usually at regular intervals, towards the completion of a larger financial obligation, such as the payment of a loan or the purchase of a large item or service
credibleadj: capable of being trusted or believed
disagreev: to have or express a different opinion, idea, etc.
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
topicn: a subject that is being discussed or written about
coren: the most essential or fundamental part of something
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
straightforwardadj: easy to do or understand, or simple; free from ambiguity
urgentadj: requiring immediate attention or action; pressing
equitablyadv: in a just, fair, and impartial manner; without showing favoritism or bias towards any particular individual or group
curatorn: a person whose job is to manage the objects or artworks in a museum, art gallery, etc.
framen: a strong border or structure of the wood, metal, etc. that surrounds something such as a picture, door, or window
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
metricadj: using or relating to the meter as a unit of length; a system of related measures that facilitates the quantification of some particular characteristic
gigatonn: a unit of explosive energy equal to one billion tons of TNT (= a powerful, yellow explosive substance); one billion tons
dumpv: to deposit or dispose of something, such as trash, waste, etc., carelessly or hurriedly
contributev: to give something, especially money or goods, to provide or achieve something together with other people
greenhousen: a building with walls and roof made chiefly of transparent material, such as glass, for growing plants in
pollutionn: the introduction of harmful substances or waste into the natural environment that causes adverse change
crisisn: a time of great disagreement, confusion, or danger when problems must be resolved or critical decisions must be taken
explorationn: the activity of searching and finding out about something through a place
entirelyadv: completely
encouragev: to give someone support, confidence, or hope; to persuade someone to do or continue to do something by making it easier for them and making them believe it is a good thing to do
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
incrediblyadv: in a way that is very difficult to believe; exceedingly or extremely
complexityn: the state or quality of being complicated or intricate and difficult to understand
takeawayn: a message or conclusion that can be taken away from a situation or piece of information
eliminatev: to remove or get rid of someone or something
paneln: a square or rectangular and flat piece of something that forms a distinct section or component of something; a small group of specialists who discuss particular topics or give their advice or opinion about something
estimatev: to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
centigraden: a system of temperature measurement in which the freezing point of water is 0 degrees and the boiling point of water is 100 degrees; also known as the Celsius scale
emitv: to give off or send out something such as light, heat, sound, gas, etc.
trillionn: the number 1,000,000,000,000; a million million
cubicadj: having the shape of a cube or being of three dimensions; measured in units that are the third power of a linear unit
barreln: a large round container made of wood, metal, or plastic, with flat ends and, usually, curved sides; one of several units of volume
vastadj: enormous in size, number, amount, or quantity
drilln: a tool or machine used for making round holes or driving fasteners; a training or practice
electrifyv: to make a machine or system work by using electricity; to make someone extremely enthusiastic about or interested in something
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
extensionn: a thing that is added to something to make it longer, larger, or wider; an educational opportunity provided by colleges and universities to people who are not enrolled as regular students; an additional telephone set that is connected to the same telephone line
trickyadj: requiring care and skill because challenging to do or deal with
distinctionn: a difference or contrast between similar things or people
maintainv: to continue to uphold or sustain; to keep in a particular state or condition; to assert or declare something to be true
moralityn: principles of right and evil or good and bad behavior
absoluteadj: perfect or complete or to the most considerable degree possible
squeezev: to apply pressure from two or more sides; to hold someone or something tightly in your arms, usually with fondness
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
cumulativeadj: increasing or growing by one addition after another
capitan: a Latin word meaning “head,” used to express the amount for each person; any head or headlike expansion on a structure, as on a bone
emissionn: the act of production or sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
fractionn: a small part or item forming a piece of a whole; the quotient of two rational numbers
dramaticallyadv: in a very impressive manner
deployv: to move troops or weapons into a position or military action; to bring into something in an effective way
abatev: to lessen, reduce, or diminish in intensity or severity; to decline or wane in amount or strength over time
aimv: to try or plan to get or achieve something
reductionn: a decrease in size, amount, or degree
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
departuren: the act of leaving, especially to start a journey
fellowadj: someone who has the same job or interests as you, or is in the same class, profession, or situation as you
sustainableadj: able to continue or be continued for a long time
scenarion: a description of possible actions or events in the future; a written outline of a play, film, or literary work
compliantadj: willing to comply with rules, requests, or demands
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
concentrationn: the ability to focus all your time and energy on one thing without thinking about anything else.
progressiveadj: relating to or supporting development or advancement, especially social or political one
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
competentadj: having the necessary ability, knowledge, or skill to do something successfully
balancen: a condition in which everything has the same weight or force; something left after other parts have been taken away
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
adaptv: to make fit for or change to suit a new purpose or environment
infrastructuren: the basic systems, services, or features that are necessary for an organization or country, such as transport and power supplies
gapn: a conspicuous disparity or difference separates something such as a figure, people, their opinions, situation, etc.
widenv: to become or make something broader, wider, more extensive
pivotn: a change in direction or focus, especially in a business or political strategy; a fixed point that supports something that turns or balances
illusionn: a false idea or belief, especially about somebody or about a situation
combinationn: a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
advocacyn: the act of supporting or promoting a particular cause or point of view, often through public campaigning or lobbying
disruptv: to prevent or stop something, especially an event, activity, or process, from continuing in the usual way by causing a problem or disturbance
entrenchedadj: established firmly and securely
gaspv: to inhale sharply and audibly, often in response to strong emotion or sensation; to catch one’s breath suddenly, often due to shock or surprise
convertv: to have a talk with someone; (adjective) reversed in order, relation, or action
discoursen: any form of communication in speech or writing
urgencyn: the quality of being very important and needing to be dealt with immediately
skepticismn: an attitude of doubting or questioning that claims or statements are true or valuable or that something will happen; the disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge
deceptionn: the act of misleading or tricking someone, often by creating a false impression or concealing the truth; a fraudulent or dishonest action
urgev: to spur on or encourage someone, especially by cheers and shouts; (noun) a strong desire or impulse, especially one that is difficult to control or resist
human-madeadj: created or produced by humans; artificial
exploitationn: the process of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful
profitn: money that is earned in business or by selling things after deducting the costs involved
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
implyv: to indicate the truth or existence of something without referring to it
accidentn: an unfortunate event, especially one causing damage or injury
powerhousen: an electrical generating station; a person, organization, or thing that is extremely successful or influential
fairyn: a mythical being of folklore and romance usually depicted as having magic powers
talen: a story made up in someone’s imagination, especially one full of action and adventure
disastern: an unexpected event or series of events that cause widespread damage, destruction, or loss of life
denyv: to state that one refuses to admit the existence or truth of something
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
innovationn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation
delayv: to cause something to happen at a later time than originally intended or expected
logicn: a way of thinking or reasoning conducted or evaluated by strict validity principles; the study of correct reasoning or good arguments
mathematicsn: the science dealing with the logic of quantities, shapes, spaces, and arrangement
attituden: the way you think and feel about someone or something
assignmentn: a duty or task given to someone, usually as part of their job or studies
desperatelyadv: in a way that shows a lack of hope and a willingness to do anything because of the problematic situation; with great urgency
expansionn: the process of becoming larger or more extensive, or the result of this process
contestn: a competition in which people compete for supremacy in a sport or other activity; a struggle between rivals
perspectiven: a confident attitude toward something; a particular style of thinking about something
injusticen: a violation of the rights of others or the laws of a society
banv: to officially or legally forbid or refuse to allow something
economicaladj: providing a satisfactory return on the money, time, or effort; not using more money, fuel, etc. than necessary
consumev: to spend something, especially fuel, energy, or time, in a large amount
wattn: a standard unit for measuring electrical power
fann: a person who admires and supports a person, group, sport, sports team, etc.; a device for creating a current of air by the movement of a surface or surfaces
refrigeratorn: an appliance or device used for preserving and cooling food and beverages by maintaining a low temperature within a closed compartment
cookstoven: a stove or oven designed specifically for cooking food, often fueled by gas, electricity, or wood
carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
poorestadj: having the least wealth or resources
perceivev: to become aware or conscious of something through the senses
villainn: a character in a story, movie, or play which often opposes the hero, typically characterized as immoral, evil, or cruel
blamev: to think or say that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad
combinev: to join or merge to form a single thing or group
povertyn: the condition of being extremely poor
intertwinev: to twist together or become twisted together
moderateadj: being within reasonable limits; not excessive or extreme
concreteadj: existing in a physical or material form rather than an abstract one; based on facts rather than ideas or guesses; made of or covered with cement
steeln: a strong metal alloy made up of iron with typically a few tenths of a percent of carbon used for making things that need a strong structure
resilientadj: able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions
storagen: the act or process of putting in and keeping something in a particular place for use in the future; an electronic memory device that can store information
medicinaladj: of or relating to the treatment or cure of disease
droughtn: a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain, leading to a shortage of water and often causing damage to crops and other vegetation
fertilizern: a natural or chemical substance added to soil to make plants grow more successfully
pumpv: to cause water, air, gas, etc. to move from one place to another by using mechanical equipment; to get or supply something such as money, information, etc. in significant quantities
irrigationn: the agricultural practice of supplying land with water through pipes or channels so that crops grow well
desalinationn: the process of removing salt, especially from seawater
extentn: the point or degree or area to which something extends
abundancen: a significant amount of something; the situation in which there is too much of something
geothermaladj: relating to or produced by the internal heat of the earth; often used to refer to energy produced by tapping into the natural heat of the earth
hydropowern: electricity generated from the energy of moving water, usually using turbines and dams in rivers or other bodies of water
hypocrisyn: the practice of engaging in the same behavior or activity for which one criticizes another or the practice of claiming to have moral standards or beliefs to which one’s behavior does not conform
pursuev: to do something or attempt to attain something over time; to follow or seek someone or something, especially in trying to catch them
abundantadj: present in great quantity
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
feedstockn: the raw material or substances that are used to make a product, particularly in industrial or manufacturing processes
practicaladj: of or connected with actual use or real situation rather than with theory and ideas
domesticadj: relating to or inside a particular country, not foreign or international
imposev: to officially force a new law, tax, duty, etc. to be obeyed or received
unnecessaryadj: not needed or required; not essential or important
unjustadj: not fair or equitable; lacking in justice or impartiality; morally unacceptable or wrong
restrictionn: a limitation or constraint placed on something, or the act of limiting or constraining something
financingn: the process of providing funds for running a business, activity, or project; the money for a business, activity, or project
instituten: an organization that has a specific purpose, particularly one dealing with science, education, or a particular profession; (verb) to initiate, introduce, or establish something
continentn: one of the earth’s large landmasses; (adjective) abstaining from your feelings, especially your desire to have sex
convincingadj: able to make someone believe that something is true
livelihoodn: a means of earning money people need to pay for food, a place to live, clothing, etc.
globen: the earth or world, mainly used to emphasize its vastness
fortifyv: to make something stronger or more resistant to attack or damage; to give someone or something more strength or support
onslaughtn: a fierce or violent attack; a sudden and intense outburst of something, usually negative
shockn: a strong feeling or physical reaction to a sudden and unexpected event or experience, especially something unpleasant
dissuadev: to persuade someone not to do something; to discourage or deter someone from a course of action
intenseadj: (especially of a feeling) very strong; extremely sharp or severe
sub-Saharanadj: of or relating to or situated in the area south of the Sahara Desert
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
generatev: to produce or create something; to make offspring by reproduction
forefrontn: the leading or most important position or place; the forefront of a movement or cause
hydrogenn: the chemical element that is the lightest gas is colorless, odorless, tasteless, and combines with oxygen to form water
sinkv: to submerge or go down below the surface of a liquid or substance; to decline or deteriorate; to cause something to go down into a liquid substance or sink into something else
basinn: a natural depression or valley that is circular or oval on the surface of the earth, especially one that has water in it; a container with a bowl form that is typically used to hold food or liquids
consistentadj: always behaving or happening in the same way, or having the same thoughts, standards, etc.
decarbonizev: to stop or reduce emitting carbon gases, especially carbon dioxide, by replacing energy made from fossil fuels with renewable energy
bountifuladj: abundant or plentiful, often used to describe a source of food, wealth, or other resources
troublingadj: causing distress, anxiety, worry, or concern; disturbing; causing problems or difficulties
scarceadj: not abundant or plentiful, and therefore not easy to find or obtain
incurv: to suffer from something, usually something negative, such as a loss, cost, or financial burden; to become subject to something as a result of one’s actions or conduct
compoundn: an item composed of two or more distinct elements combined; a chemical formed by the combination of two or more elements
premiumn: an amount of money paid periodically; the price or cost of something, especially when it is considered to be of high quality or value; (adjective) having or reflecting superior quality or value
perceptionn: a belief, opinion, or image you have based on how you regard, understand, or interpret something; the ability to see, hear, or notice something through the senses
constantlyadv: all the time
depreciatev: to decrease in value or worth over time; to become less valuable or less esteemed over time
currencyn: a system of money in general use in a particular country
conventionallyadv: in a way that follows accepted customs, rules, or standards; in a way that is typical or traditional
revenuen: the income that a government receives from taxes or that a company earns from its business
financen: the management of money, credit, banking, and investments, especially by a government or commercial organization; the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
appetiten: a natural desire or craving for food or drink; a strong desire or liking for something
tricklev: to flow or drip slowly and in small amounts; to happen or occur gradually or in small quantities
pipelinen: a very long large tube that is usually underground and is used for carrying liquid or gas for long distances
mereadj: used to emphasize how insignificant or minor someone or something is
ingredientn: one of the things used to make something, especially one of the foods used to make a particular dish
cooperationn: the act or situation of working together with someone towards a shared purpose, benefit, etc.
sorelyadv: to a great extent; greatly or severely; in a way that causes pain, distress, or hardship
cuspn: a pointed end, especially the pointed end of a crescent moon or the part of a curve that is most curved
enterprisen: a business or company; a purposeful or industrious undertaking, especially one that requires effort
counterpartn: a person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing
grantv: to agree to give or allow somebody
tautologyn: an expression or statement in which a concept or meaning is repeated, often unnecessarily or redundantly, using different words or phrases
unfairadj: not giving equal treatment or opportunities to people involved; marked by injustice, partiality, or deception
concessionn: something that is granted or given up, often in a negotiation or argument; a place or stand where goods or services are sold or provided, often in a public setting such as a stadium or amusement park
sectorn: a distinct part or division of something often used to refer to a segment of an economy or industry; an area or field of work or activity
immediateadj: happening or done without delay or occurring shortly after something else
mission-criticaladj: essential to the success or functioning of a particular mission, task, or operation, often with significant consequences if not completed or accomplished correctly
levern: a handle used to operate a vehicle or a machine; a rigid bar resting on a pivot so that one end of it can be pushed or pulled easily
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
engagev: to attract and keep someone’s attention and interest; to participate in or obtain services of something
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
industrialadj: of or relating to or resulting from industry
landscapen: an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view; a large area of land, especially in the country and relating to its appearance
semblancen: the outward appearance or visible form of something, especially when it is different from the reality beneath; a vague or superficial similarity
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
alignv: to put or arrange two or more things in a straight line or to form a straight line
know-hown: practical knowledge, skills, or experience in a particular field or area, often acquired through personal experience or training
monetaryadj: of or relating to the money in the country
incrementn: a regular increase in the amount of something, such as money; a process of becoming larger, longer, or more important
financiern: a person or organization that deals with or manages large sums of money, particularly for investment or financial trading purposes
achievev: to successfully complete a task or goal, often through hard work, perseverance, and dedication; to attain or accomplish something that one has set out to do
ambitionn: a strong wish to do or achieve something
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
underminev: to make someone or something less powerful, less effective, weaker gradually; to make someone’s fame, confidence, or authority less effective or weaker gradually
confidencen: the feeling or attitude that one can trust or rely on the abilities or good qualities of someone or something
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
sociologistn: a person who studies the institutions and development of human society
consumptionn: the amount used or eaten; the act of using up a resource such as energy, food, or materials
retirev: to withdraw from one’s position or occupation, especially because of age
refineryn: a facility that is used to process, purify, and refine raw materials such as oil or metal into a more useful or valuable form
stoven: a kitchen appliance consisting of a flat top, usually with heating elements, used for cooking food
furnacen: an enclosed chamber for heating metal or glass to very high temperatures
hazardn: something dangerous and likely to cause damage
operatev: to work in a particular way; to supervise something
emergencyn: a sudden unforeseen crisis usually involving danger that requires immediate action
hazardousadj: involving risk or danger; unsafe or unhealthy
disproportionateadj: too large or too small when compared with something else, or not deserving its importance or influence
overburdenv: to burden or load someone or something with too much weight, responsibility, or work; to place an excessive or unfair demand on someone or something
underservedadj: inadequately or insufficiently provided with help, products, or services
optv: to make a choice from a range of possibilities
skyrocketv: to rapidly ascend to a very high level; increase rapidly;
abandonv: to leave a place, thing, or person with no intention of returning; (noun) a feeling of extreme emotional intensity
remedyn: a successful way of dealing with or improving an unpleasant or difficult situation or curing an illness
declinev: to become gradually smaller, fewer, worse, etc.; to refuse to accept
ongoingadj: continuing to exist or develop, or currently happening
expendituren: the act of spending money; the total amount of money spent
reliancen: the state of depending on or needing something or someone
outlastv: to endure or last longer than something else; to overcome challenges or obstacles and remain in existence
simultaneousadj: happening or being done at the same time
nowhereadv: not in, at, or to any place; not anywhere
urgentlyadv: in a way that requires immediate action or attention, especially before anything else, because of being very important
strategyn: a detailed plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall goal.
deadlinen: a date or period by which something must be done
assetn: something or someone that is useful or valuable quality, skill, etc.; valuable property
retirementn: the fact or act of stopping working and leaving one’s job
ampleadj: enough or more than enough; having plenty of something
implementv: to put a decision, plan, or system into effect
legislatev: to make or enact laws; to exert control or influence through the creation or enforcement of laws
commitv: to do something illegal or wrong
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
generatorn: a machine that produces electricity
presidentn: the leader of a republic, for example, the US; the person in charge of the organization such as a company, university, club, etc.
exceedv: to surpass or go beyond a limit, expectation, or requirement; to be better or greater than anticipated or desired
typicaladj: having the usual characteristics or traits of a specific group of things
lifespann: the length of time for which a person, animal lives, or thing exists
far-offadj: distant in time or space; remote; distant or unlikely to happen
vagueadj: not clearly expressed or understood
alternativen: one of two or more available possibilities or choice
unplannedadj: not planned or intended; not having been prearranged or organized
unacceptablyadv: in a way that is not acceptable or satisfactory
ethicsn: a branch of philosophy that considers what is morally right and wrong conduct; a set of beliefs about what is morally right and wrong
lasern: a device that emits powerful and narrow light that can be used as a tool to cut metal through a process of optical amplification
collidev: to hit something violently when moving
tragedyn: an event or situation causing great loss, misfortune, or destruction; a play or literature that deals with a severe and sad event and often ends with the death of the main character
technologicaladj: based on scientific and industrial progress
entrepreneurn: an individual who creates or invests in one or more businesses, especially when this involves taking financial risks
plummetv: to fall or drop suddenly and steeply; to decline rapidly or sharply
definitiveadj: serving to provide a final solution or to end a situation; final and not able to be changed
optimistn: a person who tends to expect the best in all things and to be hopeful and confident about the future
batteryn: a device that is placed inside a car, gadget, equipment, etc. and that provides electrical power to them
gridn: a pattern of regularly spaced horizontal and vertical lines; a system of high tension cables by which electrical power is distributed throughout a region
pacen: the speed at which someone or something moves, or the rate at which something happens or changes
exponentialadj: becoming more and more rapid; of or involving mathematical exponents
aviationn: the activity or process of designing, building, flying, and maintaining aircraft
commodityn: a product or a raw material that can be traded, bought, or sold
fluctuatev: to rise and fall irregularly or unexpectedly; to vary or change often and unpredictably
barriern: a fence or other obstruction that makes it hard to move or get in; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
reluctancen: a feeling of unwillingness or hesitation, especially when faced with a decision or undertaking
backyardn: a whole space behind and belonging to a house
permitv: to allow for something to happen or be done; (noun) the act of giving a formal, usually written, authorization
complaintn: a statement that expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance about something
simulatev: to make a pretense of someone’s behavior or looks; to reproduce something that exists in real life using computers, models, etc., usually for study or training purposes
reliabilityn: the quality of being able to be trusted or believed in doing what someone desires or requires
bulkn: the quantity or size of something that is very large; the main part of something
interiorn: the inside or inner part of something; the space within the walls of a building
voltagen: the difference in the force of an electric current between two points
transmitv: to send or forward an electronic signal; to pass something from one person or thing to another
efficientadj: performing at the highest level of productivity with the least wasted effort or resources; capable of achieving maximum output with minimum wasted effort, time, or materials
pennyn: a small denomination of currency or coin, typically the smallest unit of a currency system; in the US, a coin worth one cent
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
feasibleadj: capable of being or likely to be made, done, or achieved
advancev: to go or move forward; to develop in a positive way
denseadj: containing a large number of people or something with little space between them
largelyadv: virtually entirely; to a large degree
devoidadj: completely lacking or free from something
collaboratev: to work with someone else to produce or achieve something
resolvev: to find a suitable answer to the problems or difficulty
secondlyadv: used to introduce the second point or item in a list or series of statements, considerations, etc.
astonishingadj: surprising or shocking; difficult to believe
politiciann: a person who is a member of a government or law-making organization, especially as an elected member of parliament, etc.
conferv: to have a meeting or discussion to come to a decision or agreement or exchange ideas; to bestow something
polaradj: relating to, or close to, the North or South Pole; characterized by complete opposites
stancen: a way of thinking about something, especially expressed publicly; attitude or position of a standing person or animal
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
dialoguen: a conversation in a book, play, or film
essentialadj: indispensable; fundamental
rifeadj: full of, abundant with, or commonly present or encountered, often used to describe something undesirable or harmful
dynamicsn: the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of bodies under the action of forces, including the particular case in which a body remains at rest; forces that produce or stimulate movement, growth, or change
institutionalizev: to establish or make something a part of an institution (= a place such as a university, hospital, etc.)
structuraladj: associated with the way on construction or organization of anything
inequityn: a lack of fairness or justice; an unfair or unequal situation or practice
acknowledgev: to accept or admit the existence, reality, or truth of something; to accept that someone or something has a particular authority or quality; to express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for someone’s help, commitment, etc.;
judgmentn: the ability to form valuable opinions and make reasonable decisions
self-servingadj: concerned primarily with one’s interests and needs rather than those of others; motivated by a desire for personal gain or advantage
nuggetn: a small piece of gold or other precious metal or mineral found ready-formed in the earth; a small round piece of some food
ultimateadj: furthest or highest in degree or order
folkn: people in general, especially those of a particular group or type
jaden: a green or white mineral, typically composed of jadeite or nephrite, used for making jewelry and ornamental objects; an old or over-worked horse
overlookv: to fail to notice something; to watch over someone; to provide a view from above
cornyadj: overly sentimental or trite; lacking in originality or creativity; trying too hard to be funny or endearing
triben: a social group made up of members who live together, sharing the same language, culture, religion, etc., especially those who do not live in towns or cities
phrasen: a group of words that mean something specific when used together

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