Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (258 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (88 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

privilegen: a special right or advantage that only one person or group of people has, usually because they are rich and powerful in a society
incredibleadj: unbelievable; enormous
photographn: a picture or image that is produced by a camera; a visual representation or record of a person, object, or scene that has been captured electronically or on film
distantadj: far away in space, time, or where you are; far apart in relevance, relationship, or kinship
landscapen: an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view; a large area of land, especially in the country and relating to its appearance
stringn: long, thin material used for tying things together, composed of several twisted threads
epiphanyn: a moment of sudden and great realization or revelation; a Christian festival, held on 6 January, celebrating the visit of the three wise men to the infant Jesus
sunrisen: the time in the morning when the sun first appears in the sky
rainbown: an arch of colors in the sky caused by the refraction and dispersion of sunlight through rain
affordv: to have enough money or time to be able to buy or do something
fancyv: to want to do or have something; (noun) something that many people believe but that is false, or that does not exist; imagination or fantasy
outdoorsadv: in or into the open air; outside a building or structure
rodentn: a small, gnawing mammal, such as a mouse, rat, or squirrel, that has sharp incisors and typically has a long, thin tail
gnawv: to bite or chew on something persistently or nervously; to wear away at something gradually
despairn: the feeling that there is no hope and you cannot do anything to improve a difficult situation
storytellingn: the act or art of narrating or writing stories
heritagen: the culture and traditions that are passed down from previous generations
alarmingadj: causing concern or apprehension; causing a feeling of danger, harm, or emergency; unsettling or disturbing
disconnectv: to unfasten or disjoin something, especially to break the connection between a supply of gas, water, or electricity and a piece of equipment
visualadj: relating to seeing or sight
creaturen: a living being, especially an animal
willingnessn: the state of being ready or inclined to do something
swampn: an area of low-lying land that is flooded or saturated with water, often having a growth of natural vegetation
advocaten: a person who supports or suggests an idea, development, or way of doing something
behalfn: represent; advantage, benefit, the interest of someone
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
gapn: a conspicuous disparity or difference separates something such as a figure, people, their opinions, situation, etc.
aestheticadj: connected with the enjoyment or study of beauty
ultimateadj: furthest or highest in degree or order
backyardn: a whole space behind and belonging to a house
adventuren: a journey or a series of events that is unusual, exciting, or dangerous
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known
incorporatev: to include something as a part of a larger entity
curiosityn: a strong desire to know or learn about something
blessv: to make or pronounce holy; to hallow; to consecrate; to sanctify
relativeadj: considered and evaluated through comparison with something else
blankadj: without any writing or printing; empty or devoid of ideas, information, or meaning; unable to remember or recall information
canvasn: the heavy, closely woven fabric used for making tents, sails, etc. and by artists for painting on
fancifuladj: characterized by or involving imaginative and unrealistic ideas or concepts; existing or perceived only in the imagination
imaginaryadj: existing only in someone’s mind
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
darev: to have the courage to do something
underwateradv: below or under the surface of the water
folkn: people in general, especially those of a particular group or type
sunshinen: the direct light and heat that comes from the sun
rivaln: a person, company, or thing competing with others for the same thing or in the same area
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
promotev: to encourage or persuade people to like, buy, use, do, or support something; to raise someone to a higher position or rank
canoen: a narrow, light boat with pointy ends and no keel that is propelled by a paddle
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
priden: a feeling of deep pleasure or satisfaction derived from one’s achievements
compoundn: an item composed of two or more distinct elements combined; a chemical formed by the combination of two or more elements
definev: to state or explain precisely the nature, scope, or meaning of something
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
aquifern: an underground layer of rock, sand, or Earth that can take in and hold water
deemv: to consider or decide something in a particular way
scaryadj: causing fear or fright; frightening; intimidating
spookv: to frighten or scare, and often provoke into violent action; (noun) someone unpleasantly strange or eccentric; ghost
ancestorn: a person from whom one is descended; a forefather
warnv: to make someone aware of potential danger or difficulty, particularly one that may occur in the future
hauntedadj: inhabited, visited, or frequented by ghosts or spirits; disturbed or troubled by persistent or disturbing memories or emotions
eviladj: profoundly immoral, cruel, and wicked; having or exerting a harmful effect on people
spiritn: the part of a person which is the seat of their mind, feelings, and character rather than their physical body; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
negativeadj: having the quality of something bad or harmful; expressing refusal
disinterestn: lack of interest, concern, or involvement in a particular matter; impartiality or neutrality
silentadj: without any or little sound
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
surroundv: to be all around something or somebody
wetlandadj: land that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such as swamps, marshes, and bogs
regardv: to think about or consider somebody or something in a specified way
obstaclen: a thing that blocks one’s way or prevents or hinders progress
overcomev: to succeed in controlling or dealing with something, such as a problem or difficulty; to defeat or overwhelm someone
ecosystemn: all the plants and living creatures in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
monetaryadj: of or relating to the money in the country
harborn: an area of water next to the coast where ships and boats are protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures; (verb) keep in one’s possession
alligatorn: a large semiaquatic reptile with a long tail, powerful jaws, and rough skin, native to the Americas and China
cuddlev: to hold close and lovingly in one’s arms, often for comfort or affection; to snuggle or nestle against someone or something
ambassadorn: a diplomatic representative of a country who is sent to another country or international organization
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
drainv: to empty or dry something by removing the liquid from it
agriculturen: the practice or science of cultivating the land or raising stock
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
essencen: the basic or most important part or quality of something that makes it what it is
conservationn: the protection of something important, such as the natural environment or artificial structures, especially from the damaging effects of human activity
backpedalv: to move the petals backward on a bicycle; to change someone’s previous action or opinion
soddenadj: soaked or saturated with liquid, usually water; thoroughly wet, often to the point of being heavy, limp, or difficult to manage; lacking firmness or resilience
unlockv: to open something, such as a door, window, etc., usually using a key
interspeciesadj: occurring between or involving different species; pertaining to interactions between different species
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
watershedn: an area of land that separates rivers that flow to different seas or drainage basins
prothonotaryn: a high-ranking clerk, typically found in certain legal or ecclesiastical organizations, responsible for recording and maintaining official documents
warblev: (of a bird) to sing, particularly with an unstable high voice
nestn: a structure in which animals lay their eggs or give birth to their young
breedv: to keep animals for producing offspring in a regulated manner
floodn: a large amount of water flowing beyond its normal limits; an overwhelming number or amount
gulfn: a large ocean inlet or deep bay that is partially enclosed by land
rollv: to move in a particular direction by turning over and over or from side to side
crazyadj: stupid or not sensible; very angry
hometownn: the town or city where one was born or grew up
sodn: a section of grass-covered surface soil held together by matted roots; a piece of turf or the layer of soil and grass cut and used to establish a new lawn or repair an existing one; a derogatory term for a person, often used to express annoyance or contempt
narrativen: a story or a description of a series of events or process of telling a story
unravelv: undo twisted, knitted, or woven threads by separating it
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
preservev: to keep or maintain a particular quality, feature, etc., especially to prevent it from decaying, being damaged, or being destroyed
aboundv: to exist in large numbers or quantities
uncomfortableadj: providing or feeling physical discomfort or slight pain
wadev: to walk through water that is not deep enough to swim in; to struggle or proceed slowly and laboriously through something, such as a difficult situation or a crowd of people
latentadj: existing but not yet expressed, active, or visible; hidden or dormant
palpableadj: able to be felt or touched; easily perceivable or noticeable; tangible
ancientadj: relating to the long ago, particularly the historical period preceding the fall of the Western Roman Empire; very old
adaptv: to make fit for or change to suit a new purpose or environment
discomfortn: a feeling of being uncomfortable physically or mentally or being embarrassed; a slight pain
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
urbanadj: relating to or located in a town or city
digitaladj: processing or storing information as a succession of 1 and 0 to show that a signal is present or missing; relating to the use of computer technology, especially the internet
vulnerableadj: capable of being hurt or influenced physically or mentally
concreteadj: existing in a physical or material form rather than an abstract one; based on facts rather than ideas or guesses; made of or covered with cement
yieldn: the total output of crops, profits, etc. that are produced; (verb) to produce or supply helpful something, such as a profit, an amount of food, or information
cypressn: a tall, conical-shaped evergreen tree with small, needle-like leaves and small cones, often used in landscaping and as ornamental trees
mosquiton: a small flying insect whose female bites people and animals and sucks their blood, and sometimes transmits serious diseases such as malaria
reptilen: a cold-blooded animal that has dry, scaly skin and lays eggs on land, such as snakes, lizards, and turtles
affirmationn: a statement declaring something to be true strongly
embracev: to accept something willingly and enthusiastically; (noun) the act of clasping another person in the arms as in greeting or affection
whollyadv: completely, entirely, or altogether; without exception or reservation
obsessv: to fill the mind of someone continually so that one can’t think of anything else
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
enchantv: to cast a spell on; to fascinate or charm someone
corkscrewn: a twisting device used for opening bottles or jars with a cork or other stopper, typically consisting of a spiral metal rod attached to a handle
reintroducev: to bring back something that has been previously abolished or discontinued
inspirev: to make somebody fill with the desire, confidence, or enthusiasm, especially to do something creative
roughlyadv: approximately but not precisely; with a violent manner
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
chainn: a series of connected links or objects; a system or group of interconnected elements; a restraint or shackle
downpourn: a heavy rain that often starts suddenly
overflowv: to flow or run over the edge or brim of a container or surface; to be more than enough
spillv: to cause or allow liquid to run or flow over the edge of its container by accident
westwardadj: directed or going towards the west; located in the west; moving or facing towards the west
topographyn: the arrangement and physical features of a particular area or region, including its natural and artificial elements and their relative positions and elevations; the study or description of this arrangement and these features
slewv: to turn or slip abruptly and sharply; (past for of) slay; (noun) a large number or amount or extent
mangroven: a tropical coastal tree or shrub that grows in saline soil and has prop roots that help to stabilize it
bayn: a part of the coast that is partially enclosed by land; a compartment or section of a ship or building
emeraldadj: having a deep, rich green color, like that of an emerald gemstone
gemn: a precious or semiprecious stone, usually of high quality and often used as jewelry; something that is considered to be a highly prized and valuable possession or attribute of a person or thing
estuaryn: a place where a river meets the sea, typically where the fresh and saltwater mix
invisibleadj: impossible or nearly impossible to see
boundaryn: a real or imaginary line that marks the limit or extent of something and separates it from other things or places
pollutedadj: contaminated with harmful or poisonous substances
insufficientadj: not enough for a particular purpose
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
preciseadj: sharply exact or accurate or delimited
damn: a wall constructed over a river to block the flow of water, mainly used to generate energy
dredgev: to remove debris or objects from a body of water or other areas by scooping or dragging, often using special equipment called a dredge; to bring something to the surface by this process
intrinsicallyadv: from the inherent nature or quality of something or arising from within
peakn: the point to which something or someone is at its strongest, best, or most successful; the pointed top of a mountain
valleyn: a long depression on the surface of the land, which typically contains a river
humankindn: the whole of the living human inhabitants of the earth
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
floridadj: decorated with elaborate designs or ornamentation; overly ornate or showy
pulsen: the regular heartbeat as it sends blood around the body, especially when it is felt at the wrist or side of the neck; a solid regular vibration of sound, electric current, light, or other waves
acren: a unit of land area in the US Customary System and the British Imperial System, equal to 4,840 square yards (= 4,047 square meters)
endlessadj: having no end or conclusion; infinitely very large in size or amount
sugarcanen: a tall, tropical grass that is grown for its sweet, juice-filled stalks, which are used to make sugar and other products
dumpv: to deposit or dispose of something, such as trash, waste, etc., carelessly or hurriedly
exceedinglyadv: to an extreme degree
fertilizern: a natural or chemical substance added to soil to make plants grow more successfully
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
iconn: a picture or statue of a holy person considered to be a sacred thing; a little icon on the screen of a computer or smartphone that denotes an application or a file
snailn: a slow-moving mollusk with a spiral shell that it uses to protect its body
kiten: a toy made of a light frame covered with cloth or plastic and joined to a long string that you fly in the air
aquaticadj: growing or living in, on or near, or connected with water
gastropodn: a class of mollusk that typically have a coiled or spiral shell, including snails, slugs, and whelks
diken: a wall or embankment built to hold back water and prevent flooding; a barrier made of earth, stone, or concrete; a narrow channel cut into rock or soil by erosion
declinev: to become gradually smaller, fewer, worse, etc.; to refuse to accept
brainstormingn: a group activity or business method in which a group of people meet and think about something at the same time to solve a problem or to create good ideas
sketchn: a simple, quickly-made picture that does not have many details; a short descriptive summary of something
wildlifen: animals, birds, insects, etc. that grow independently of people and live in natural conditions
biologyn: the scientific study of life and the natural processes of living things
endangeredadj: at risk of extinction because it is facing significant threats
permitv: to allow for something to happen or be done; (noun) the act of giving a formal, usually written, authorization
submergev: to put something under water or to go under water; to bury or hide something deeply or completely
platformn: the raised flat space close to the track at a train station where passengers get on or off the train; (technology) a computational or digital environment in which a piece of software is executed
waistn: the part of the human body between the ribs and hips or the corresponding part in other animals
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
dawnn: the time of day when the sun’s light starts to show in the sky
duskn: the period of the day just before nightfall when the light begins to fade; the darker part of twilight
narratev: to tell a story or give an account of events, often in a chronological or logical sequence; to provide a voiceover or commentary for a film or other media
cattailn: a tall, reed-like aquatic plant with long, flat leaves and cylindrical spikes at the top, commonly found in marshy areas
scanv: to examine something hastily, with the eyes or with a machine, to get information
trapn: a piece of equipment or hole for catching animals or people; (verb) to catch animals or people and prevent them from escaping
beelinen: a straight, direct route taken with or as if with the intentions of a bee flying to its hive or a source of nectar or pollen
straightadj: extending or moving in one direction without bending or curving; having no deviations
sunburnn: a painful reddening of the skin caused by overexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays
suddenlyadv: quickly and unexpectedly
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
perspectiven: a confident attitude toward something; a particular style of thinking about something
unhealthyadj: not conducive to good health; detrimental to physical or mental well-being
freshwateradj: living in, found in, or connecting with water that does not contain salt
equivalentn: having the same value, quality, meaning, purpose, etc.
sharkn: a long-bodied, mostly predatory marine fish that has sharp teeth and a pointed fin on its back; a person who is ruthless, greedy, and dishonest
tragicadj: causing great sadness or suffering; very unfortunate
misunderstandv: to interpret or understand something in the wrong way
apexn: the highest point or tip of something
predatorn: an animal whose natural behavior is to prey on others
architectn: a person whose job is to design plans to be used in making something, such as buildings
excavatev: to dig or remove earth, rocks, or other materials from the ground or a site, often to uncover or discover something
keystonen: the central stone at the top of an arch, which holds all other stones in place
dominatev: to have or control a lot of power and influence over somebody or something
pitn: a hole in the ground or a cavity in a surface; a place for storing or holding something; a section of a theater or sports arena where people can sit
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
rallyv: a public meeting of a group of people intended to arouse enthusiasm
troopn: a group of soldiers, especially a large one; a group of people, animals, or things considered as a unit.
ubiquitousadj: being or existing everywhere at once
banv: to officially or legally forbid or refuse to allow something
plumen: a large feather or group of feathers worn as an ornament or a symbol of achievement or distinction, especially on a hat
reboundv: to spring back into a former shape or position after being compressed or stretched
drawdownn: the reduction or depletion of a resource, such as water, as a result of extraction or use; the act of withdrawing funds from an account or asset, typically associated with investment or borrowing
tactileadj: relating to the sense of touch; tangible or perceptible through the sense of touch
feedern: an animal being fattened or suitable for fattening; a device or system that supplies something to a particular recipient or process
concentrationn: the ability to focus all your time and energy on one thing without thinking about anything else.
indicatorn: something that shows or points out what a situation is like or how a situation is changing
drasticadj: radical and extreme; likely to have a significant or far-reaching impact
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
disruptv: to prevent or stop something, especially an event, activity, or process, from continuing in the usual way by causing a problem or disturbance
screamv: to give a loud, high shout suddenly, especially because of fear, anger, excitement, etc.; to utter or declare in a very loud voice
fragileadj: delicate or easily broken or damaged
resilientadj: able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions
unstoppableadj: impossible to stop or prevent
immovableadj: firmly fixed in place; unable to be moved or changed easily; unyielding or inflexible
frontiern: a border that separates two countries, or the area near this line
appraisaln: an evaluation or assessment of the value, quality, or condition of something or someone, often in a professional or organized manner
biodiversityn: the number and variety of plants and animals that exist in a particular area or the world and make a balanced environment
fortunateadj: having good luck or lucky
debaten: a formal discussion or argument of opposing viewpoints, often to persuade others to adopt a specific position; a public discussion, often on an issue of current interest, in which participants offer opinions and differing perspectives
undertakingn: a task, business, assignment, or project, especially one that is essential or challenging
residentn: a person who lives in a particular place or has their home in a place
stewardn: a person responsible for the management and care of another’s property or for the supervision of the domestic staff of a large household or organization; a person in charge of arranging for the supply of food to a college, club, etc.
electv: to choose someone for a specific position by voting for them; to decide or choose to do something
hirev: to give somebody a job
ecologyn: the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
cloakn: a type of loose, outer garment worn over the shoulders and fastened at the neck, often with a hood; something that covers or conceals something else; a mask or disguise
grandadj: important and large in size, scope, or extent
canyonn: a large deep valley with very steep sides of rock and usually formed by a river
beaconn: a light or other visible object serving as a signal, guide, or warning
compassn: a navigational instrument for finding directions with a needle that can move easily and that always points to the north; the limit or range of capability
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
emblemn: a design or symbol that represents a quality or idea
encouragev: to give someone support, confidence, or hope; to persuade someone to do or continue to do something by making it easier for them and making them believe it is a good thing to do
swampyadj: characterized by marshes, bogs, or other wetlands that are often overgrown with dense vegetation
wastelandn: a barren or uncultivated area of land that has been left deserted or uninhabitable, typically due to a natural disaster, pollution, or human destruction; a place or situation that is devoid of life or anything of value
importancen: the quality of being important and worthy of note
ambitiousadj: having a great desire to attain achievement, power, or wealth
spotlightn: a beam of light used to illuminate a particular area or person
healv: to make a wound or injury to become well again
attachv: to fasten, join, or connect one thing to another
planetn: any of the nine large celestial bodies that circle in the solar system; any celestial body that revolves around a star
prodv: to poke or jab with a pointed object, often to urge or encourage movement or action; to provoke or stimulate someone to take action or respond in a particular way