Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (224 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (57 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

standpointn: a particular perspective or position from which something is viewed or considered; a point of view or opinion on a specific matter
geographyn: a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth
categoricaladj: stating something as an absolute fact, without the possibility of doubt or exception; relating to or included in a category or categories
variableadj: likely to change or vary often; (noun) a symbol, like x or y, that is used in mathematical or logical expressions to represent a value that may be changed
collidev: to hit something violently when moving
segmentn: a part or section of something; a distinct group within a larger whole
demographicn: a statistic characterizing that describes people or groups of people based on their age, sex, income, etc.
imbalancen: a situation in which two or more things are not equal or equally treated
gapn: a conspicuous disparity or difference separates something such as a figure, people, their opinions, situation, etc.
wealthn: a large amount of money, property, or other things that someone or an organization owns
generationn: all the people born and living at about the same time, regarded collectively; the production of heat or electricity
upheavaln: great change, disruption, or disturbance; (geology) a rise of land to a higher elevation
conflictn: a strong disagreement, argument, or a violent clash between two opposing groups or individuals
witn: the ability to say or write things or ideas in a clever and humorous way
refugeen: a displaced person who has crossed national borders and who cannot or is unwilling to return home due to political, religious, or economic reasons or because of a war
dislocatev: to move out of a position of the bone in a joint; to put out of its usual place, position, or relationship
crisisn: a time of great disagreement, confusion, or danger when problems must be resolved or critical decisions must be taken
industrializev: to organize the production of something into an industry
rustn: a reddish-brown coating or corrosion layer that forms on iron or steel as a result of exposure to moisture and oxygen; the process of corrosion on metal caused by oxidation
beltv: to sing loudly and forcefully; to hit someone or something hard; (noun) a strip of leather or other material worn to tie or buckle something around the body
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
technologicaladj: based on scientific and industrial progress
disruptv: to prevent or stop something, especially an event, activity, or process, from continuing in the usual way by causing a problem or disturbance
AIn: (abbreviation for artificial intelligence) the theory and development of computer systems capable of doing activities that would ordinarily need human intelligence, such as object recognition, speech recognition, decision-making, and language translation
automaticadj: able to work or operate with little or no direct human control; independent of external control
stableadj: firm and steady; not easily moved, disturbed, or changed
zoomv: to move along very quickly; (noun) the act of rising upward into the air
negativeadj: having the quality of something bad or harmful; expressing refusal
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
settlev: to reach an agreement of disagreement
multiplyv: to add a number to itself a specified number of times; to increase or cause to increase very much in number or quantity
infrastructuren: the basic systems, services, or features that are necessary for an organization or country, such as transport and power supplies
mobilityn: the ability to move or be moved freely or easily from one place, job, or social class to another
massn: a large amount of a substance with no definite shape or form; a large number of people or things grouped or crowded together
migrationn: the movement of animals to a new location, frequently as the seasons change
divev: to jump into the water with your head and arms going in first, or to move down to a deeper level underwater
distributev: to give something to a large number of individuals, or to spread or furnish something
pixeln: the smallest unit of an image that can be displayed or manipulated electronically, typically a point of light on a computer screen or in a digital image
tragicadj: causing great sadness or suffering; very unfortunate
advancev: to go or move forward; to develop in a positive way
suitableadj: fit or appropriate; proper; adapted
survivabilityn: the ability to remain alive or continue to function, especially in difficult or threatening circumstances
animationn: the technique of photographing successive drawings or positions of puppets or models to create an illusion of movement when the film is shown as a sequence; enthusiasm and energy in the way you look or behave
indexn: a list of items, such as names, subjects, or keywords, that is arranged in a particular order and is usually found at the end of a book or document; a number or symbol that indicates the value or level of something, such as a stock index or a temperature index
derivev: to obtain or receive something from a source
measurementn: the act or process of finding something’s size, quantity, or degree
temperaturen: the degree of hotness or coldness of a thing or place
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
strictadj: strongly limiting someone’s freedom; allowing no deviation from a standard, rule, belief, etc.
decreasinglyadv: in a manner that becomes less and less over time, quantity, or degree
relativeadj: considered and evaluated through comparison with something else
ironyn: the expression of one’s meaning by using language that usually signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or rhetorical effect
profoundadj: extremely great; sensed or experienced very strongly; displaying a high level of knowledge or comprehension
paradoxn: a statement, situation, or person that has two opposite facts or features and therefore seems impossible, is difficult to understand, or is strange;
encounterv: to face something, particularly something unpleasant or difficult, while attempting to do something else; to meet, especially unexpectedly
depopulatev: to decrease the population of a place, often because of disease, war, or other disasters; to remove people from a place, often forcibly
mortalityn: the quality or state of being subject to death
fertilityn: the state or quality of being able to produce babies, young animals, fruit, or new plants
declinev: to become gradually smaller, fewer, worse, etc.; to refuse to accept
immigrationn: the act or process of coming to live permanently in a foreign country
residev: to live in a particular place, typically for a prolonged period of time
landmassn: a large area of land, especially one that is distinct from surrounding areas by its topography, geology, or biota
territorialadj: related to a specific country’s ownership of land or water
optimizev: to make the best or most effective use of something
survivaln: the state of continuing to exist or live, frequently in the face of difficulty or danger
wanderv: to walk around slowly or to a place, often without any clear purpose or direction
continentn: one of the earth’s large landmasses; (adjective) abstaining from your feelings, especially your desire to have sex
arrangementn: a plan or preparation for the future event; the action or process of placing things in a particular order
republicn: a state or country in which the people and their elected representatives hold supreme power and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch
gulfn: a large ocean inlet or deep bay that is partially enclosed by land
steadyadj: firmly fixed, supported, or balanced; not shaking or moving
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
precedentn: a previous event or action that serves as an example or rule to authorize or justify similar events or actions in the future
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
predictv: to state beforehand that something will happen in the future, mainly based on knowledge or experience
peakn: the point to which something or someone is at its strongest, best, or most successful; the pointed top of a mountain
mismatchv: to put together or match items that are not compatible or do not fit well together; to be different from or not correspond to something else
shrinkv: to become smaller, or to make something smaller in size or amount
reproducev: to make a copy of something such as a picture, piece of text, music, etc.; to produce offspring through a sexual or asexual process
surgen: a sudden and great increase of something, such as a feeling, the amount or number, etc.
geopoliticaladj: of or relating to political activity or relations between countries and groups of countries, as influenced by the physical features of a country or area
sizableadj: large in size or amount
steepadj: having a sharp inclination or slope
argumentn: a set of statements or reasons used to support or refute a proposition or theory; a verbal or physical fight or dispute
boomn: a sudden increase in economic activity, or a sudden happening that brings good fortune; a deep, loud, and prolonged sound
confidentadj: feeling sure about your abilities or qualities or having trust in people, plans, or the future
pluraln: the grammatical form of a noun or pronoun indicating that it refers to more than one thing or person
pronounn: a word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence, such as “he,” “she,” “they,” or “it”
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
loyaladj: giving or remaining firm and constant support to a person, institution, product, etc.;
nationalityn: the legal status or right of belonging to a particular country
sustainableadj: able to continue or be continued for a long time
primarilyadv: mainly
definitionn: a concise explanation of the meaning of a word, phrase, or symbol
saken: purpose; reason for wanting something done
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
educationaladj: relating to education or providing knowledge or instruction
decentadj: satisfactory, acceptable, or good in a general sense
stabilityn: the quality or attribute of being firm and steadfast
retrofitv: to put a new component or accessory into a machine that did not initially have it when manufactured
retoolv: to adapt, modify, or overhaul something, often a system or process, to make it more efficient or effective for its intended purpose or to meet changing needs or demands
attractv: to draw or entice someone or something towards them through the qualities they have, especially positive ones
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
engagev: to attract and keep someone’s attention and interest; to participate in or obtain services of something
talentn: a natural ability to be good at something; someone who has a natural ability to be good at something
untanglev: to separate or straighten out something that is tangled, confused, or complicated; to clarify or make sense of something difficult to understand or explain
dilemman: a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more options, especially that are equally unfavorable ones
fragmentn: a small piece or part broken off or detached
insecureadj: not firm or firmly fixed; likely to fail or give way, or not assured of safety
supposev: to think that something is likely to be actual or possible
scenarion: a description of possible actions or events in the future; a written outline of a play, film, or literary work
constructv: to build or create something; to assemble or combine different parts to form something whole
axisn: a real or imaginary straight line through a body or figure around which the object turns; a group of countries in special alliance
visibleadj: capable of being seen; or open to easy view
fortressn: a large and strongly built structure, typically with high walls and a moat, used as a military defense or for protection against attackers
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
wardn: a room in a hospital for patients requiring special care
medievaladj: relating to or belonging to the Middle Age that is for the period of A.D.600 to A.D. 1450
thrustv: to push or drive forcibly; to impose or insert; (noun) the force used in pushing
huntv: to go after and try to catch wild animals to kill them for food, sport, or profit
droughtn: a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain, leading to a shortage of water and often causing damage to crops and other vegetation
floodn: a large amount of water flowing beyond its normal limits; an overwhelming number or amount
fleev: to leave by running away, especially out of fear or danger
grabv: to take hold of something or someone suddenly with a hand, especially in a violent way
acquirev: to buy or obtain something such as an asset, object, knowledge, etc., for oneself
migrantn: a traveler who moves from one region or country to another, especially to find work or better living conditions; a bird or an animal that moves from one place to another
tunen: a musical composition or set of musical notes that are played or sung; (verb) to adjust or set something to a specific condition or standard
affordableadj: not expensive and able to pay
decarbonizev: to stop or reduce emitting carbon gases, especially carbon dioxide, by replacing energy made from fossil fuels with renewable energy
emissionn: the act of production or sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
incumbentn: a person who currently holds a particular position or job, especially in politics or public office; a duty or obligation that is required as part of a particular role or job
disposev: to put things or people in a particular manner or position; to incline someone towards a specific activity or mood; throw or cast away
principlen: a fundamental law or truth that explains or controls how something happens or works
abundantadj: present in great quantity
survivev: to live or exist despite a dangerous event or period
advocaten: a person who supports or suggests an idea, development, or way of doing something
laborn: productive work, especially physical work done for wages; the people who do manual or physical work in a country or company for wage; (verb) to work hard or to strive and make an effort to reach a goal
locatev: to specify or determine the exact position of someone or something
sovereigntyn: supremacy or authority, especially supreme authority over a country
stewardn: a person responsible for the management and care of another’s property or for the supervision of the domestic staff of a large household or organization; a person in charge of arranging for the supply of food to a college, club, etc.
perpetualadj: continuing for an extended period in the same way without stopping or being interrupted
tramplev: to step heavily on something or someone, causing damage or injury
shiftn: a slight transition in position, direction, or trend
attituden: the way you think and feel about someone or something
immigrantn: a person who has come to a country where they were not born to live there permanently
universaladj: existing or affecting everywhere or everyone
relevancen: the state or degree of being closely connected or appropriate to the matter at hand
frictionn: the force that opposes motion between two objects in contact, especially by producing heat and wear, and is proportional to the normal force between the objects
backlashn: a strong negative reaction to something; a movement back from an impact
cautionn: great care and attention that you take to avoid danger or mistakes; a warning against certain acts
large-scaleadj: involving many people or things and involving a lot of change or activity
mentionv: to speak or write about something or someone briefly
bureaucracyn: a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives
contentiousadj: likely to cause people to disagree and argue; liking to argue
trumpn: a playing card with a picture of a trumpeter on it, used in certain card games
congressionaladj: of or relating to Congress, especially to the Congress of the United States
delegaten: a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular, an elected representative sent to a conference; (verb) to transfer power to someone
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
positv: to suggest or accept something as fact or as a basis for argument or consideration
overcompensatev: to take excessive or extreme measures to make up for a perceived deficiency or lack, often resulting in an overcorrection
reformn: the act of improving or correcting something that is wrong or bad; a change made to correct a flaw or problem
underwayadj: having started and currently in progress
digitn: one of the elements that collectively form a system of numeration; a finger, thumb, or toe
quotan: a limited amount or share of something assigned or allocated; a restriction on the number of people or goods that can enter or leave a country
politicizev: to make something political or to involve it in politics, often for personal or ideological gain or to influence public opinion
detrimentn: something that causes harm, injury, or damage
cynicaladj: believing that people are motivated by self-interest; distrustful of human sincerity or integrity
sweatn: the salty liquid that is produced by the glands in the skin, especially when the body is hot or under stress
paperworkn: administrative tasks that involve writing or typing documents
intentionallyadv: in a planned or intended way
fendern: a barrier that surrounds the wheels of a vehicle to block splashing water or mud; a cushion-like device that reduces shock due to an impact
coalitionn: a temporary alliance formed by two or more political parties for combined action; the state of being combined into one body
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
nursen: a healthcare professional who is trained to provide care for the sick or injured; (verb) to try to cure by special care or treatment of an illness or injury
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
veerv: to change direction suddenly or sharply; to turn or swerve from one course or direction to another
nationalistadj: relating to or supporting a political ideology that emphasizes a strong sense of national identity and devotion to one’s own country
xenophobicadj: showing strong dislike or fear of people from other countries or cultures; having a strong bias or prejudice against outsiders
proofn: a fact or piece of information that shows something is true or exists
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
reactionaryadj: relating to or advocating a return to a previous state of affairs or method of doing things, typically one that is seen as outdated or regressive
outcomen: the result or effect of an action, event, etc.
panacean: a remedy or solution that is believed to be a cure for all illnesses or problems; something that is seen as a universal cure-all
disbelievern: a person who does not believe in something, such as a religion or idea
assimilatev: to take in and understand information or ideas; to integrate
ethosn: the set of beliefs and attitudes that belong to a particular community, nation, ideology, or a person
identityn: the fact of being who or what somebody or something is; the features, emotions, or ideas that distinguish persons from one another
archaicadj: old and no longer used or applicable; of or seeming to belong to an ancient period in history
ethnicadj: relating or belonging to a group of people who share a cultural tradition
chauvinistn: a person who is aggressively or excessively patriotic and who believes in the superiority of their gender, race, or nationality, often to the detriment or oppression of others
evolvev: to develop gradually, or to cause the development of something or someone gradually
multiculturaladj: relating to or characterized by several cultures (= beliefs, languages, customs, traditions, etc.)
bondn: a close emotional connection between two or more people; a certificate of debt that a government or corporation issues to raise money
cultn: a small religious group, especially one that is not part of a larger religion and that is regarded as outside the norm; followers of an exclusive system of beliefs and practices
insularadj: relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island, especially an isolated one; interested only in your own country, group, ideas, etc., and not in those from outside
governv: to legally control and direct a country, city, group of people, etc. and be responsible for introducing new laws, organizing and maintaining public services
preciseadj: sharply exact or accurate or delimited
oppositionn: the act of disagreeing or resisting; the state of strong disagreement
pragmaticadj: practical rather than idealistic
importancen: the quality of being important and worthy of note
dynamismn: the quality of being characterized by continuous change, activity, and progress; energy or forcefulness in movement or action
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
migratev: to move from one country or region to another and settle there; to move from one place to another periodically or seasonally
inequalityn: the unfairness of a society in which some people have more opportunity, money, etc. than others; (mathematics) relation between two values when they are different
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
pie-in-the-skyadj: having unrealistic or impractical ideas or expectations; being overly optimistic or fanciful
adoptionn: the action or fact of legally taking another’s child as one’s own; the act of accepting with approval
citizenshipn: the status of being a member of a particular country
definitelyadv: without any question and beyond doubt; clearly
germn: a very tiny living that causes the disease; a piece of something such as an organism, concept, etc., capable of growing into a new one or part of one
suppressv: to bring something under control by force or authority; to put an end by force
burdenn: a duty, responsibility, etc. that is oppressive or worrisome; a load, typically a heavy one that is difficult to carry
contributorn: a person or thing that adds to the achievement, production, or growth of something (such as a project, organization, or publication); a donor or benefactor
buckn: a male deer; a unit of currency, especially the US dollar; a sudden jolt or movement; a young man; (verb) to resist or oppose something, such as an authority, trend, or convention
allocatev: to give or distribute something, such as resources or duties, to someone or something for a particular purpose
diminishv: to reduce or be reduced in size, extent, or importance; to make something smaller, weaker, etc.
skewv: to turn or place at an angle; to make biased or distorted with the result that it is not accurate, fair, normal, etc.
inadequateadj: not sufficient or enough
emergev: to move out of or away from something and become visible
policymakern: a person in charge of or involved in developing action plans for a political party, business, etc.
journalistn: a person who collects and writes news stories or articles for newspapers, magazines, radio, television, or other online media
servantn: a person who performs duties for others, especially a person employed in a house on domestic duties or as a personal attendant
provokev: to stimulate or give rise to a particular reaction or have a particular effect

Leave a Reply