Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (208 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (59 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

dysfunctionn: a problem or fault in a system, organism, or part of the body or machine
helplessadj: unable to take care of oneself or to do things without help
hopelessadj: having no hope; despairing; having no chance of success
naughtyadj: badly behaved; disobedient
rowdyn: a person who behaves in a loud, rough, or disorderly manner, causing a disturbance or annoyance to others
scoldv: to reprimand or criticize someone severely or angrily
cabinetn: a piece of furniture with doors, shelves, and drawers used for storage or display; a small group of senior members of a government who act as official advisers for the President or Prime Minister
punn: a humorous play on words or use of words that sound similar but have different meanings, often for a comedic effect; a form of wordplay
amazev: to fill with wonder, surprise, or admiration
slagn: the waste matter separated from metals during refining or smelting that is a glass-like by-product, usually a mixture of silicon, sulfur, phosphorous, and other substances; the rough and jagged pieces of rock ejected by a volcano
locatev: to specify or determine the exact position of someone or something
parliamentn: a legislative body, especially the one that represents the people of a country or state
expensen: the money, time, or effort incurred or required for something
receiptn: a written or printed statement acknowledging that something has been paid for or received; the act of receiving something
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
nuclearadj: of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom; deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
bunkern: a concrete shelter or underground room, typically for storing ammunition or protecting people from enemy fire; a hazard on a golf course; a large container for storing fuel
resistancen: the act of defending oneself from an aggressor or refusing to accept something
revolutionizev: to bring about a complete or radical change in something, often through the introduction of new methods or ideas
intentionn: something you want to do and are going to do
protractv: to prolong or lengthen in time; to extend the duration of something
eminentadj: famous, respected, or important, especially in a particular profession; standing above others in quality or position
judgen: a person who makes decisions in a court of law; (verb) to determine the result of or form a critical opinion of something
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
stickv: to put something, usually a sharp object, into something; to restrict yourself to doing or using one certain thing and not change; (noun) a thin piece of wood or other material
delayv: to cause something to happen at a later time than originally intended or expected
retrospectiveadj: looking back on or dealing with past events or situations, particularly those that are considered important or influential; an exhibition or showing of a particular artist’s work, covering an extended period of time
transparencyn: the condition or quality of being easy to see through
digitn: one of the elements that collectively form a system of numeration; a finger, thumb, or toe
scanv: to examine something hastily, with the eyes or with a machine, to get information
electronn: a tiny particle with the negative electrical charge
databasen: a large amount of data stored in a computer system in such a way that it can be searched and updated easily
diskn: a flat, circular plate, typically made of metal, glass, or plastic, used for storing data or playing music
sauntern: a leisurely and unhurried walk or stroll, often taken for pleasure or to enjoy the surroundings; (verb) to walk in a slow, relaxed, and leisurely way, often in a confident and self-assured manner
telegraphn: a method of long-distance transmission of messages by electrical or radio signals
revelationn: a fact that has been disclosed to others, especially a surprising one; the act of revealing or telling the fact or truth to others; communication of knowledge to humans by a divine or supernatural agency
pornographyn: materials such as films, photographs, or written descriptions that depict or describe sexual activity graphically or explicitly, often intended to be sexually arousing
mortgagen: a loan secured by the collateral of a specific property, such as a house, that is repaid over a set period of time with interest; the legal agreement governing this loan
resignedadj: having accepted something unpleasant or difficult, particularly a job or situation, without complaint or resistance; accepting one’s fate or circumstances
resignv: to give up a position or job voluntarily; to accept something unpleasant or undesirable as inevitable
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
electv: to choose someone for a specific position by voting for them; to decide or choose to do something
mandaten: an official or authoritative instruction or command; a commission or authority to carry out a particular task
lordn: a person who has general authority, control, or power over others; a man of noble rank or high office
jailn: a facility where criminals are kept to be punished for their crimes; a prison
fraudn: the crime of gaining money or financial benefits by deceiving people; a person who makes deceitful pretenses
clashn: a fight or argument between two groups of people; a loud noise caused by striking against something
wign: a head covering made of synthetic or real hair worn for a variety of reasons, including as a fashion accessory, to conceal hair loss or baldness, or as part of a costume
pryv: to force open or to try to get information from someone by asking too many questions
suddenlyadv: quickly and unexpectedly
confrontv: to face, meet or deal with a problem or difficult situation or person
arrangementn: a plan or preparation for the future event; the action or process of placing things in a particular order
slightlyadv: in a small degree or extent; a little
embarrassv: to cause someone to feel awkward, worried, or ashamed
spyn: a person who is employed or trained to observe or gather information in secret, often for military or political purposes; a person who secretly or illegally gathers information about a private individual or organization
indicationn: a sign or remark that something exists, is real, or is likely to occur
investigatev: to conduct a systematic or formal inquiry to identify and evaluate the facts of a crime, problem, statement, etc. to establish the truth
journalistn: a person who collects and writes news stories or articles for newspapers, magazines, radio, television, or other online media
nichen: a specialized role or position that a species occupies within an ecosystem; a job or position particularly well suited to the person who occupies it
mainstreamn: the ideas, opinions, beliefs, etc., that are considered normal or accepted by most people
increasinglyadv: more and more
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
enlightenmentn: education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge
principlen: a fundamental law or truth that explains or controls how something happens or works
divineadj: of, from, or like a god; holy or sacred
subordinateadj: of lower rank or importance, often used to describe a person in a position of inferiority or inferior status; serving as a secondary or supporting element to something else
churchn: a building or institution dedicated to religious worship or activities; a Christian religious organization or denomination
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
suppressv: to bring something under control by force or authority; to put an end by force
cheaplyadv: in a stingy or inexpensive manner
discussv: to talk about or examine in detail through conversation or debate; to exchange ideas, opinions, or information on a particular topic
plotn: a secret plan or scheme to achieve a specific goal; the plan or main story of a literary work; (verb) to plan secretly, usually something illegal
revolutionn: a large-scale attempt to overthrow the government of a country, often using violence or war;
stripv: to remove the surface from something; (noun) a sizeable narrow piece of something such as paper, metal, cloth, etc., or area of land, sea, etc.
massn: a large amount of a substance with no definite shape or form; a large number of people or things grouped or crowded together
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
financen: the management of money, credit, banking, and investments, especially by a government or commercial organization; the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
volumen: the amount of space occupied by an object or substance; the magnitude of sound
analyzev: to think about in-depth and evaluate to discover essential features or meaning
disclosuren: the act of making something known or revealing information that was previously hidden or secret, often used in legal or financial contexts
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
conventionn: a large formal assembly of people who do a particular job or have a similar interest or of a political party; something regarded as a normative example
dumpv: to deposit or dispose of something, such as trash, waste, etc., carelessly or hurriedly
sewv: to join, fasten, or repair two pieces of something by putting the thread through them with a needle
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
briberyn: the practice or attempt of offering something, usually money, to gain an unlawful advantage
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
assetn: something or someone that is useful or valuable quality, skill, etc.; valuable property
inequalityn: the unfairness of a society in which some people have more opportunity, money, etc. than others; (mathematics) relation between two values when they are different
underpinv: to support or strengthen the foundations of something
top-downadj: controlled or implemented from the highest level of authority or management
hierarchyn: a system in which people or things are organized into different levels of importance from highest to lowest
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
largelyadv: virtually entirely; to a large degree
crisisn: a time of great disagreement, confusion, or danger when problems must be resolved or critical decisions must be taken
legitimacyn: the state or quality of being allowed and acceptable under the law; the state or quality of being founded on a reasonable or acceptable reason
dragv: to pull or haul with force
screamv: to give a loud, high shout suddenly, especially because of fear, anger, excitement, etc.; to utter or declare in a very loud voice
baconn: a type of salt-cured pork that is usually sliced and fried; a meat product that is derived from the back or sides of a pig
platformn: the raised flat space close to the track at a train station where passengers get on or off the train; (technology) a computational or digital environment in which a piece of software is executed
hasslen: something inconvenient, annoying, or troublesome; a difficult or irritating experience or situation
criminaln: a person who has committed a crime
zoomv: to move along very quickly; (noun) the act of rising upward into the air
appropriateadj: suitable or proper in the circumstances; fitting
correspondencen: the letters, emails, etc., especially official or business ones; the quality or state of being the same in amount, number, status
archn: a curved structure with two supports that holds the weight of something above it, such as a bridge or the upper part of a building
collaboratev: to work with someone else to produce or achieve something
protestn: a strong expression of disagreement, disapproval, or opposition
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
collapsev: to fall down or give way suddenly, often after breaking apart
reformn: the act of improving or correcting something that is wrong or bad; a change made to correct a flaw or problem
spearheadv: to lead or initiate an effort or campaign
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
initiativen: the ability to act or make decisions independently and with confidence; a plan or action proposed or taken to address a problem or need
whistleblowern: a person who reveals or reports illegal, unethical, or immoral activities, primarily in the workplace or government, that are not publicly known but harm the public interest or other people
libeln: a false and damaging statement about someone that is published or broadcast to a wide audience, often to harm their reputation or character
journalismn: the profession or activity of writing or reporting news for publication or broadcast
dashboardn: a control panel set within the central console of a vehicle or small aircraft; a diagram that depicts critical information, typically one that provides a business overview
dictatorn: a political leader who has complete power over a country, especially one who has obtained control by force
funneln: a tube or pipe that is wide at the top, sloping sides, narrow at the bottom, used for pouring liquids or powders into a small opening; a smokestack on a ship or steam engine
agglomeratev: to collect or gather into a mass or cluster; to form or cause to form a cluster or agglomeration; to unite or join together, especially in a haphazard or consolidated manner
relativeadj: considered and evaluated through comparison with something else
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
illegitimateadj: not legally valid or recognized
leakv: to allow liquid or gas to get in or out from a hole or crack in a pipe or container
investigationn: the act or process of thoroughly examining a crime, problem, statement, etc., to uncover the truth
defendv: to protect someone or something from attack, criticism, danger, etc.
dispatchv: to send someone or something somewhere for a particular purpose; to send a message or piece of information
diplomacyn: the art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations, organizations, or people; the fine art of dealing with people in a sensitive and effective way
diplomatn: a person appointed by a government to conduct diplomacy (= the management of relationships between countries) with one or more other countries or international organizations
cablen: a set of wires covered by plastic or rubber that carries electricity, phone signals, etc.; a solid thick rope made of twisted hemp or steel wire
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
disgruntledadj: displeased, dissatisfied, or resentful, often because of unfair treatment or perceived injustices
firsthandadv: from the source; directly; (adjective) received directly from a source
amazingadj: extremely surprising, especially in a way that you like or admire
wizardn: a person who is skilled in magic or a particular technical field
grandadj: important and large in size, scope, or extent
statesmann: a man who is a respected leader or politician in national or international affairs
pompousadj: having or exhibiting excessive self-esteem or exaggerated dignity; very grand and elaborate
politiciann: a person who is a member of a government or law-making organization, especially as an elected member of parliament, etc.
gossipn: conversation or discussion about other people’s personal affairs, often of a trivial or idle nature involving sharing rumors, hearsay, or speculation about the lives of others
graspv: to take hold of something or someone quickly and firmly
magicn: beliefs and actions employed to influence supernatural beings and forces; any art or performance that invokes supernatural powers
fascinatingadj: extremely interesting
endemicadj: (of a disease or other problem) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area
corruptionn: dishonest, harmful, or illegal behavior, especially of people in positions of power
embezzlev: to dishonestly take or steal money or property that one has been entrusted with, especially by one’s employer or another authority
enrichv: to make better or improve in quality by adding something else
secrecyn: the state or quality of being kept hidden or private; the act of keeping something confidential or unknown to others
mentionv: to speak or write about something or someone briefly
vulnerableadj: capable of being hurt or influenced physically or mentally
exposedadj: having no protection or shield from something, such as bad weather, attack, or criticism
handyadj: valuable and convenient; easy or ready to reach or use
abdicatev: to give up, renounce, or relinquish a throne, right, or responsibility
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
threatenv: to utter intentions of injury or punishment against someone
suev: to claim a person or organization, especially by filing a legal claim for money or redress
remarkableadj: worthy of attention because unusual or special
inconsistentadj: not remaining constant or in agreement
ideologyn: a set of beliefs or philosophies that an economic or political system is based on
incrediblyadv: in a way that is very difficult to believe; exceedingly or extremely
seductiveadj: tempting or alluring attractively or persuasively; often used to describe a person, behavior, or idea that is intended to lure or entice someone into a specific action or belief
skepticismn: an attitude of doubting or questioning that claims or statements are true or valuable or that something will happen; the disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge
humilityn: the quality or condition of being humble; a low estimate of one’s self
reformern: a person who makes changes to a system or law to improve it
autocratn: a ruler with complete power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force
corruptadj: characterized by dishonest behavior or actions, often involving bribery, fraud, or the abuse of power for personal gain; morally or ethically flawed or polluted; (verb) to make someone or something morally depraved or causing it to become dishonest
embodyv: to represent or exemplify something; to give tangible form to an abstract idea
severelyadv: very badly or seriously
posev: to present a risk, problem, or other issues that must be addressed
definitelyadv: without any question and beyond doubt; clearly
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
opaqueadj: not transparent; not allowing light to pass through; not permitting a clear view
metropolitanadj: of or relating to a large city or a city that is considered to be the cultural or economic center of a region or country
commissionern: an official member of a government department or another organization who is responsible for controlling something or performing specific duties
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
judicialadj: of or relating to a court, a judge, or legal judgment
oversightn: the act of supervising or watching over something; a mistake caused by not paying enough attention to something
faithn: complete trust in something or someone’s ability or knowledge; a strong belief in religion, divine power, etc.
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
legislationn: a law or a set of laws suggested and then passed by a parliament, or the act of making or enacting laws
cyberadj: relating to or involving computers, computer networks, or virtual reality
intelligencen: the ability to learn, comprehend, or make judgments or conclusions based on reasons
dronen: a low continuous humming noise; someone who takes more time than necessary; a pilot-less aerial vehicle that is operated by remote control
domesticadj: relating to or inside a particular country, not foreign or international
surveillancen: the act of carefully monitoring a person suspected of a crime or a place where a crime may be committed or expected
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
securityn: the state of being free from danger, risk, or harm; measures taken to protect against threats or attacks; a financial asset, such as a stock or bond that derives value exclusively from the ownership interest or claim to a particular underlying asset or obligation
agencyn: an organization or business that is responsible for specific activities or services, especially when representing other organizations or businesses; the capacity or power to act or exert influence; the ability to make decisions and take action
giantadj: enormous; much bigger or more important than similar items usually are
colossaladj: extremely large and impressive
capitoln: a building that houses a legislative assembly, especially the US Congress
interceptv: to stop and catch someone or something to prevent them from continuing to a destination
trafficn: the movement of vehicles, people, or goods along a route or through a transport system; the amount of such movement in a particular place or at a particular time
troublemakern: a person who intentionally causes difficulties or problems for others, often by disruptive or provocative behavior; a person who tends to create or attract trouble or controversy
panicn: a sudden strong feeling of fear that cannot be controlled and prevents reasonable thought and action
kitn: a set of tools, supplies, or equipment for a particular purpose
basementn: a room or a part of a building that is partly or entirely below ground level
algorithmn: a set of rules or rigorous instructions typically used to solve a specific problem or to perform a computation
troublesomeadj: causing difficulty or annoyance for someone
complainv: to say dissatisfaction or annoyance about something or somebody
arrestv: to take into custody
fairyn: a mythical being of folklore and romance usually depicted as having magic powers
talen: a story made up in someone’s imagination, especially one full of action and adventure
nightmaren: a very frightening or unpleasant dream
grimadj: looking or sounding very serious or gloomy
brutaladj: harsh or cruel
acknowledgev: to accept or admit the existence, reality, or truth of something; to accept that someone or something has a particular authority or quality; to express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for someone’s help, commitment, etc.;