Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (194 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (62 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

siblingn: a brother or sister; member of a family born to the same parents
landscapen: an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view; a large area of land, especially in the country and relating to its appearance
burdenn: a duty, responsibility, etc. that is oppressive or worrisome; a load, typically a heavy one that is difficult to carry
ranchingn: the practice of raising livestock, typically cattle or sheep, on large areas of land, often referred to as ranches, for meat, wool, or other products
ranchn: a large farm typically devoted to raising cattle or other livestock; a rural property of considerable size and often featuring a large house
anchorn: a device, typically made of metal, that is used to moor a ship or boat in a particular place, typically by being dropped to the seabed; a central cohesive source of support and stability
adriftadj: without purpose or direction; floating with no clear destination or goal; lacking a stable or secure position or status
absencen: the fact or condition of being away from a place where they are typically anticipated to be
presencen: the fact or state that someone or something exists, occurs, or is present
manufacturev: to make goods in large numbers, usually in a factory using machines
equipv: to provide a person or a place with the things that are needed for a particular purpose or activity
tinn: a silvery-white metal that is typically soft and malleable, often used to make containers or packaging materials; a thin sheet of metal or metal alloy used for a variety of purposes
railroadn: metal tracks laid with rails on which trains run; a system of tracks with the trains operated by an organization
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
employv: to give somebody a job and pay them for it; to make use of
taglinen: a memorable slogan or catchphrase used in advertising or entertainment to promote a product, cause, or idea; a brief statement or phrase that sums up the essence of something
companionn: a person or an animal with whom you spend a lot of time, or you travel
entrepreneurn: an individual who creates or invests in one or more businesses, especially when this involves taking financial risks
cofoundern: one of several people who establishes an organization or starts a business
feministadj: describing a belief in and advocacy for achieving gender equality in social, political, and economic spheres; advocating for the rights and empowerment of women; (noun) a person who believes in and advocates for gender equality between men and women
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
commitv: to do something illegal or wrong
planetn: any of the nine large celestial bodies that circle in the solar system; any celestial body that revolves around a star
retiringadj: withdrawing from a position or activity, or becoming more secluded or reserved
conservationn: the protection of something important, such as the natural environment or artificial structures, especially from the damaging effects of human activity
refugeen: a displaced person who has crossed national borders and who cannot or is unwilling to return home due to political, religious, or economic reasons or because of a war
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
cabinn: a small, simple dwelling or shelter, typically made of wood and located in a remote or rural area; an enclosed compartment or area within a larger structure, such as an aircraft or ship, where passengers or crew members can sit or sleep
surroundv: to be all around something or somebody
primevaladj: relating to or existing at the earliest ages; ancient, primitive, or prehistoric
rainforestn: a forest rich in biodiversity that is generally found in tropical settings with heavy annual rainfall
alercen: a type of evergreen tree that is native to the Andes mountains of South America
gapn: a conspicuous disparity or difference separates something such as a figure, people, their opinions, situation, etc.
pan-Americanadj: relating to or involving all of North, Central, and South America
highwayn: a main road, especially one connecting major towns or cities
capen: a type of long, loose outer garment that covers the back, shoulders, and arms; a headland or promontory extending into the sea or other large body of water
hornn: a hard, pointed, often curved part that grows on the top of the heads of some animals, such as sheep and cows; a noisemaker or musical instrument that makes a loud noise when you blow through it
radicaladj: relating to the essential aspects of anything; far beyond the norm, mainly used of opinions and actions
spurn: a thing that encourages someone to do something; any sharply pointed projection; (verb) to incite or stimulate someone or something
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
diversityn: the quality or fact of many different types of things or people being included in something; a range of different things or people
destroyv: to ruin or damage severely or completely; to eradicate or eliminate completely
relentlessadj: persistent and determined; continuing despite difficulties or setbacks
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
industrialadj: of or relating to or resulting from industry
aquaculturen: the cultivation of aquatic organisms such as fish, seaweed, and shellfish for human consumption, as well as for environmental conservation and research purposes
malignantadj: having an evil or harmful nature or effect; cancerous, tending to invade or spread rapidly
threatn: a strong indication or likelihood of harm, danger, or adverse consequences; an expression of intent to inflict harm or injury on someone or something, often made as a means of coercion or intimidation
damn: a wall constructed over a river to block the flow of water, mainly used to generate energy
pristineadj: new and completely free from dirt or contamination
conflictn: a strong disagreement, argument, or a violent clash between two opposing groups or individuals
vibrationn: a continuous quick and slight shaking movement
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
latituden: the distance of a place north or south of the earth’s equator, measured in degrees; freedom from normal restraints in conduct
conen: a geometric shape that tapers to a point at one end and has a circular base at the other end
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
evolutionn: a gradual process of transformation of living things
worldviewn: a particular philosophy or cognitive orientation of life or conception of the world
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
destructiveadj: causing or able to cause tremendous and irreparable damage
welfaren: the general health, happiness, and prosperous of a person or group
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
wildlifen: animals, birds, insects, etc. that grow independently of people and live in natural conditions
resistancen: the act of defending oneself from an aggressor or refusing to accept something
trendn: a general direction in which something is changing or developing
Donn: a Spanish gentleman; a university lecturer, especially a senior member of a college at Oxford or Cambridge
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
acquirev: to buy or obtain something such as an asset, object, knowledge, etc., for oneself
disbelievern: a person who does not believe in something, such as a religion or idea
biologyn: the scientific study of life and the natural processes of living things
healv: to make a wound or injury to become well again
rewildv: to restore an area of land to its natural state, especially by reintroducing locally extinct species
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
acren: a unit of land area in the US Customary System and the British Imperial System, equal to 4,840 square yards (= 4,047 square meters)
assemblev: to collect in one place as a single group
privatelyadv: in a private manner; not publicly; secretly
infrastructuren: the basic systems, services, or features that are necessary for an organization or country, such as transport and power supplies
trailn: a path or track roughly through a countryside, mountain, or forest area, often made or used for a particular purpose; (verb) to lag or linger behind
donatev: to give money, food, clothes, etc. to help a person or organization
capitalismn: an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit
deployv: to move troops or weapons into a position or military action; to bring into something in an effective way
wealthn: a large amount of money, property, or other things that someone or an organization owns
devourv: to eat or consume something eagerly or ravenously; or to destroy something rapidly
philanthropyn: the practice of voluntarily helping the poor, especially by giving money
tremendousadj: very great in degree or extent or amount or impact; extremely good
suspicionn: the act of doubting something, especially something wrong
quartern: one of four equal parts; a fourth part or portion
downrightadj: (especially of something bad) complete and absolute; utter; (adverb) completely and absolutely
hostilityn: aggressive or unfriendly feelings or behavior
largelyadv: virtually entirely; to a large degree
permanentadj: lasting for a long time without essential change
temperateadj: mild or moderate in temperature or climate; exhibiting self-restraint, particularly about the consumption of food, drink, or other indulgences; showing moderation or restraint in behavior or attitude
grasslandn: a large area of land covered mainly by grass, with few or no trees, and typically used for grazing livestock
freshwateradj: living in, found in, or connecting with water that does not contain salt
wetlandadj: land that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such as swamps, marshes, and bogs
comprisev: to include or consist of something; the act of making up or forming something
donationn: a voluntary gift of money, service, or ideas that are given to a person or an organization, or the act of giving them
adjoiningadj: next to or in contact with something else; sharing a common border or boundary
territoryn: an area under the control of a ruler or state
kayakn: a small, narrow boat traditionally used by the Inuit people for hunting and fishing, which has a covered deck and is propelled using a double-bladed paddle
accidentn: an unfortunate event, especially one causing damage or injury
leanadj: having a noticeably small amount of body fat; (verb) to bend or move from a straight to a sloping posture
acceleratev: to make something faster or earlier; to cause to develop or progress more quickly
marineadj: relating to the sea and the creatures and plants that live there
roughlyadv: approximately but not precisely; with a violent manner
commercen: the activity of buying and selling things, especially on a large scale
extractn: a short passage taken from a book, piece of music, etc.; a substance obtained from something through a specific process; (verb) to obtain from something or to remove something by effort or force
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
partnershipn: the state of a cooperative relationship between people or groups, especially in business
expandv: to increase or to make something greater in size, number, or importance
foremostadj: most important, leading, or prominent
jeweln: a precious stone that is cut and polished for use in jewelry
like-mindedadj: having the same ideas or interests
functionn: the purpose or use of an object, system, or process; a particular activity or operation that is designed to serve a specific purpose; a mathematical concept that describes a relationship between two sets of values, called the input and output sets; (verb) to operate or work in a specific way, or to perform a particular task or purpose
ecosystemn: all the plants and living creatures in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
disappearv: to cease to exist or be visible
fragileadj: delicate or easily broken or damaged
eliminatev: to remove or get rid of someone or something
extinctadj: no longer in existence
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
thunderboltn: a powerful and loud electrical discharge in the atmosphere, usually accompanied by lightning; a sudden and unexpected event or experience that is shocking or overwhelming
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
flourishv: to grow or develop vigorously or successfully
reintroducev: to bring back something that has been previously abolished or discontinued
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
giantadj: enormous; much bigger or more important than similar items usually are
anteatern: a mammal that feeds on ants and termites, characterized by a long snout and a sticky tongue
pampasn: extensive grass plains in South America, particularly those found in Argentina and Uruguay
peccaryn: a mammal of the pig family, found in Central and South America, also known as javelina, which is typically smaller and has shorter legs than a domestic pig and can be found in a range of habitats from deserts to forests
macawn: a large, colorful parrot with a long tail found in tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, known for its striking plumage and its ability to mimic human speech and sounds
dispensev: to distribute, allocate, or deliver something to the intended recipients
capstonen: a final stone or brick placed on top of a structure, such as a wall or arch, often serving as a decorative element; a high point, or a crowning achievement
apexn: the highest point or tip of something
carnivoren: an animal that primarily eats meat as opposed to plant matter
ottern: a semiaquatic mammal with a sleek, streamlined body, short legs, webbed feet, and dense, soft fur, found in and around freshwater and coastal areas
severv: to break or separate something by cutting, especially suddenly and forcibly
cubn: a young of certain carnivorous mammals such as lion, bear, wolf, etc.; an awkward, rude, and inexperienced boy
releasev: to set free or allow to escape from confinement
recoverv: to return to a former condition, health, mind, or strength
jaguarn: a large animal of the cat family that has a yellowish-brown coat with black spots, mainly found in parts of Central and South America
ranchern: a person who owns, manages, or works on a ranch, especially one that is used for raising or grazing livestock
huemuln: a type of deer that is native to the Andes mountains of South America and is considered an endangered species
rhean: a large, flightless bird that is native to South America and is similar to an ostrich or emu
puman: a wild cat of the Americas that is similar in appearance to a lion and is also known as a cougar or mountain lion
absentadj: not present in a particular place at a particular time
nostalgian: a sentimental longing or wistful affection for a period in the past
despairn: the feeling that there is no hope and you cannot do anything to improve a difficult situation
contraryn: acting in opposition to what is expected or desired
motivatev: to make someone want to do something, especially something that requires tremendous work and effort
abundancen: a significant amount of something; the situation in which there is too much of something
journaln: a newspaper or magazine specialized in a specific topic or profession
dustyadj: covered with or characterized by dust; having a dry, powdery texture or appearance; having a lot of dust or dirt in the air
equitableadj: fair and impartial; treating everyone fairly
grazev: to feed on grass or other vegetation, especially by nibbling at it repeatedly; to break the skin of a body part by scraping
livestockn: farm animals and birds such as cows, sheep, and chickens
soiln: the top layer of Earth in which plants grow
erosionn: the wearing away of rock, soil, or land by natural processes such as wind or water
rampantadj: (especially of something bad or unwelcome) flourishing or spreading everywhere in a way that cannot be controlled
fencingn: the art or practice of fighting with swords, especially with foils, épées, or sabers, according to certain rules
corraln: a pen or enclosure for livestock, especially cattle or horses; an area surrounded by a fence
persecutev: to subject someone to hostility, ill-treatment, or harassment, especially because of their race, religion, or political beliefs; to oppress or mistreat someone because of their identity
gauchon: a cowboy or cattle herder from the South American grasslands, particularly those in Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil
capturev: to catch a person or an animal and confine them in an area which they cannot escape
imaginaryadj: existing only in someone’s mind
congratulationn: the act of expressing that someone has an occasion for celebration or the expression of pleasure at the success or good fortune of another
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
urgentadj: requiring immediate attention or action; pressing
survivaln: the state of continuing to exist or live, frequently in the face of difficulty or danger
dignityn: the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect; high office or rank or station
privilegen: a special right or advantage that only one person or group of people has, usually because they are rich and powerful in a society
coren: the most essential or fundamental part of something
coronavirusn: a large family of viruses that can cause illness in humans and animals, which name comes from the crown-like spikes on the surface of the virus, which can be seen under a microscope, and COVID-19 is caused by a specific type of coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2
desperateadj: feeling or showing a lack of hope and a willingness to do anything because of the problematic situation
circumstancen: the specific conditions or events that surround a particular situation or occurrence
precursorn: a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind and that contributes to or influences its growth
broadadj: very wide; general
damagev: to harm or cause injury to something or someone, often resulting in decreased value or functionality; to impair or negatively affect something, such as a reputation or relationship; (noun) harm or injury that is caused to a person, thing, or entity
crisisn: a time of great disagreement, confusion, or danger when problems must be resolved or critical decisions must be taken
warnv: to make someone aware of potential danger or difficulty, particularly one that may occur in the future
culpableadj: deserving blame or censure; responsible for an offense, mistake, or wrongdoing
chastisev: to criticize or reprimand severely; to discipline or punish for wrongdoing or mistake
inactionn: the lack of action or activity; the state of not doing anything; the failure to take action when action is needed
inspirev: to make somebody fill with the desire, confidence, or enthusiasm, especially to do something creative
awakenv: to stop sleeping or to cause someone to stop sleeping
globen: the earth or world, mainly used to emphasize its vastness
destinyn: the events that will inevitably happen to a particular person or thing in the future
sufferv: to experience pain, distress, or hardship; to undergo or endure something painful or unpleasant
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
electiveadj: of or using in elections; not compulsory
moraladj: concerned with the principles of what is right and wrong, fairness, honesty, etc.
imperativeadj: very important or requiring attention or action
reimaginev: to imagine or conceive of something in a new or different way
honorn: high regard or great respect for someone; the quality of having and doing based on a keen sense of morality; (verb) to show respect towards someone
intrinsicadj: belonging naturally; essential

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *