Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (183 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (23 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

strategyn: a detailed plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall goal.
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
abstractadj: based on general ideas, feelings, or qualities and not on any a physical or concrete existence
essentiallyadv: relating to the essential features or concepts of anything
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
timelessadj: not seeming to be altered by the passage of time or changes in fashion
arguev: to express differing opinions or points of view, often in a heated or contentious manner; to present a case or reasoning to persuade or convince others
premisen: a statement or proposition that is held to be true or from which a conclusion can be drawn
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
dramaticallyadv: in a very impressive manner
conceptn: an idea or principle associated with something abstract
originn: the first existence or beginning of something
intellectn: the ability to think logically and comprehend information, especially at an advanced level
giantadj: enormous; much bigger or more important than similar items usually are
concentrationn: the ability to focus all your time and energy on one thing without thinking about anything else.
massn: a large amount of a substance with no definite shape or form; a large number of people or things grouped or crowded together
overwhelmingadj: very great or intense; so powerful that you cannot fight or react against it
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
phenomenonn: something that exists and can be perceptible, especially one that is not fully understood
economicaladj: providing a satisfactory return on the money, time, or effort; not using more money, fuel, etc. than necessary
disproportionatelyadv: in a way that is not reasonably or appropriately balanced, equal, or distributed; in a manner that is unequal or excessive about something else
logicn: a way of thinking or reasoning conducted or evaluated by strict validity principles; the study of correct reasoning or good arguments
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
achievev: to successfully complete a task or goal, often through hard work, perseverance, and dedication; to attain or accomplish something that one has set out to do
competitiveadj: involving competition or competitiveness
advantagen: a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favorable or superior position; a beneficial feature or asset that someone or something has
introductionn: a preliminary explanation or remarks given before the start of a text, performance, or event; the act of bringing something new into existence or introducing something to a wider audience or new market
militaryadj: relating to or characteristic of members of the armed forces; of or relating to war or warfare
qualifiedadj: officially recognized as having completed a training course or passed the exams that are necessary to perform a particular job
componentn: one of several parts that combines with others to form something bigger
disadvantagen: a drawback or a negative aspect of something; (verb) to put someone or something in an unfavorable position
chainn: a series of connected links or objects; a system or group of interconnected elements; a restraint or shackle
sequencen: a series of related events, actions, numbers, etc., which have a particular order
assemblev: to collect in one place as a single group
distributev: to give something to a large number of individuals, or to spread or furnish something
accruev: (of a benefit or sum of money) to increase or accumulate in number or amount over a period of time
predicaten: a statement or assertion about something, especially a statement in logic or grammar; (verb) to base or found on a particular fact or assumption
recognitionn: the action or process of recognizing or being recognized, especially by remembering; an agreement that something is true or legal
transactionn: an instance of buying or selling something; the act or process of doing something
essencen: the basic or most important part or quality of something that makes it what it is
coordinatev: to bring the different parts of the activity and the people into an organized, ordered, or efficient relationship; (adjective) of equal importance, rank, or degree
efficientadj: performing at the highest level of productivity with the least wasted effort or resources; capable of achieving maximum output with minimum wasted effort, time, or materials
coordinationn: the act of making all the people involved in a plan or activity work together effectively; the ability to control different parts of the body effectively
boundaryn: a real or imaginary line that marks the limit or extent of something and separates it from other things or places
cooperationn: the act or situation of working together with someone towards a shared purpose, benefit, etc.
definev: to state or explain precisely the nature, scope, or meaning of something
encompassv: to surround or cover something completely; to include a large number of or different types of things entirely
heterogeneousadj: diverse in character or content; composed of parts of different kinds; not uniform
subsequentadj: happening or occurring later or after something else
erectv: to construct or build something; to cause to rise; (adjective) upright or vertical
invalidadj: not legally or officially recognized or acceptable; (verb) to remove someone from active duty; (noun) a person who is weakened or disabled by illness or injury
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
economicsn: the branch of social science that deals with the production, consumption, and transfer of goods and services
evolvev: to develop gradually, or to cause the development of something or someone gradually
contextn: the circumstances, facts, or conditions that surround a particular event, situation, or statement and that give it meaning
transformv: to change in outward structure or looks;
explodev: to burst or break open violently and noisily; to cause something to burst or break open
dramaticadj: very sudden, very excellent, or full of action and excitement
fashionn: a style that is popular at a particular time or place; the state of being popular
profoundadj: extremely great; sensed or experienced very strongly; displaying a high level of knowledge or comprehension
consequencen: the outcome of a particular action or event, especially relative to an individual
gluen: a sticky substance used for joining things together; a bonding agent made from animal or synthetic materials
economizev: to reduce or minimize expenses, waste, or resources; to use or manage money, time, or materials in a frugal or efficient manner
verticaladj: upright or perpendicular to a horizontal surface or line
integratev: to combine one thing with another so that they form a whole or work together; to accept equal participation for members of all races and ethnic groups
necessarilyadv: in an essential manner; in such a way as could not be otherwise
competitorn: a person who participates in a sporting contest; a person or organization that competes with others, particularly in business
penetratev: to pass into or through something, often by overcoming resistance
intermediateadj: situated between two locations, things, states, etc.; around the middle of a scale of evaluation
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
specificadj: clearly defined or particular to a certain thing or situation; distinct, explicit, and precise
encyclopedian: a comprehensive reference work containing articles on a wide range of subjects or numerous aspects of a particular field or discipline, usually arranged alphabetically or thematically
leathern: a material made from the skin of an animal, typically by tanning, and used for clothing, shoes, furniture, and other items
commissionn: a formal instruction, command, or request given to a person or group; an official group of people entrusted by a government or other official body to control or enforce something
salespersonn: a person whose job is to sell goods in a shop or directly to customers
magnituden: the extent, level, importance, or amount of something
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
collapsev: to fall down or give way suddenly, often after breaking apart
deconstructv: to break something down into its separate parts to interpret or analyze it; to interpret or analyze a text, an artwork, etc. to show that there is no fixed meaning
occasionallyadv: now and then; sometimes but not often
replacev: to take the place of something
manifestv: to show something such as feeling, attitude, quality, etc. clearly through signs or actions
Wikipedian: an online encyclopedia that allows users to contribute and edit articles collaboratively; a vast and frequently updated repository of information on a wide range of topics
nounn: a word that generally functions as the name of a specific object or set of objects
verbn: a word or phrase that describes an action, state, or experience
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
generatev: to produce or create something; to make offspring by reproduction
dominantadj: more important, influential, or easy to notice than anything else of the same type
frameworkn: the structural components of a building or object that support its weight and give it form; the underlying structure of a system, concept, or text
autonomousadj: capable of governing or controlling its affairs
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
hierarchyn: a system in which people or things are organized into different levels of importance from highest to lowest
fragmentn: a small piece or part broken off or detached
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
graphn: a picture consisting of a line, lines, points, etc., that shows how two or more sets of certain quantities are related to each other
posev: to present a risk, problem, or other issues that must be addressed
distinguishv: to notice or understand the difference between two people or things
revolutionn: a large-scale attempt to overthrow the government of a country, often using violence or war;
analogadj: relating to or using signals or information represented by a continuous physical quantity such as spatial position, voltage, etc.
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
substituten: a person or thing acting or serving instead of another one; (verb) to act as a something or someone instead of another one
digitaladj: processing or storing information as a succession of 1 and 0 to show that a signal is present or missing; relating to the use of computer technology, especially the internet
observev: to watch or notice something carefully, often to gather information or insights; to take note of something or someone; to celebrate or commemorate a special event or occasion
servern: a computer program or a device from which other computers get information; a person who serves food in a restaurant
entirelyadv: completely
courtesyn: polite behavior or remark that shows respect for other people
predictableadj: capable of being known, seen or declared in advance
implyv: to indicate the truth or existence of something without referring to it
hundredfoldadj: a hundred times as great or as much
multiplyv: to add a number to itself a specified number of times; to increase or cause to increase very much in number or quantity
proportionn: a part, share, or amount of something considered in comparative relation to a whole
quantityn: the amount or number of something; magnitude
submitv: to give or offer a document, proposal, etc. to a decision-maker for examination or consideration
genomen: the complete set or sequence of genes of a human, animal, plant, or other living things
culminationn: the peak highest point or climax of something, especially happening after a long time
makeupn: colored substances used on someone’s face to improve or change their appearance
confidentadj: feeling sure about your abilities or qualities or having trust in people, plans, or the future
predictv: to state beforehand that something will happen in the future, mainly based on knowledge or experience
extraordinaryadj: exceptional, unexpected, very unusual; surpassing the ordinary or usual
enterprisen: a business or company; a purposeful or industrious undertaking, especially one that requires effort
representativen: someone who speaks or acts officially on behalf of another person or group of people
diseasen: a disorder or illness that affects the body or mind, often characterized by specific symptoms or abnormal functioning of organs or systems
buckn: a male deer; a unit of currency, especially the US dollar; a sudden jolt or movement; a young man; (verb) to resist or oppose something, such as an authority, trend, or convention
retailn: the sale of goods or services to consumers, especially in small quantities, either directly to the end customer or through retail outlets
clinicaladj: of or relating to the examination and treatment of patients rather than theoretical or laboratory studies
medicinaladj: of or relating to the treatment or cure of disease
combinev: to join or merge to form a single thing or group
interactionn: the act of connecting with someone, mainly when working, playing, or spending time with them
ambientadj: relating to the immediate surroundings of something; creating a particular atmosphere or mood, often through sound or lighting
devicen: a piece of equipment, tool, or technology that serves a particular purpose or function, often mechanical or electronic
medicaladj: relating to the treatment of illness or injuries; relating to the practice of medicine
increasinglyadv: more and more
fabulousadj: extremely pleasing or good; based on or told of in traditional stories
colossaladj: extremely large and impressive
databasen: a large amount of data stored in a computer system in such a way that it can be searched and updated easily
compatibleadj: capable of coexisting or working together without conflict or inconsistency; harmonious or well-matched
instituten: an organization that has a specific purpose, particularly one dealing with science, education, or a particular profession; (verb) to initiate, introduce, or establish something
corporationn: a large company or group of companies that are controlled together by law as a single unit
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
proprietorn: a person who owns and runs a business, especially a hotel, a shop, or a company
implicitadj: suggested but not directly expressed
mereadj: used to emphasize how insignificant or minor someone or something is
institutionaladj: of, in, or relating to a large important organization, such as a university or bank; organized as or forming part of the standard systems, practices, etc.
disciplinen: the practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using and punishments if these are broken; a region of activity, knowledge, or influence
oligopolyn: a market structure characterized by a small number of large firms dominating and controlling a specific industry or market, these firms have significant market power and often collaborate to set prices or restrict competition
competitionn: a situation in which someone is attempting to beat or outperform another
structuren: the way of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts, or a complex thing constructed of many parts
horizontaladj: parallel to the ground or in a baseline; being at the same level as all members of a group
plummetv: to fall or drop suddenly and steeply; to decline rapidly or sharply
polaradj: relating to, or close to, the North or South Pole; characterized by complete opposites
separatev: to force, take, or pull apart; mark as different
polarizationn: the division or separation of something into two opposing or contrasting groups or factions; the condition of being polarized or having poles
scalableadj: capable of being easily expanded or increased in size, number, or scale to meet changing demands
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
conventionaladj: based on or following traditional rules, standards, customs, etc.
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
oppositionn: the act of disagreeing or resisting; the state of strong disagreement
typicaladj: having the usual characteristics or traits of a specific group of things
telecomn: (a shortened form of telecommunications) the communication of information over long distances through various means such as phones, television, radio, and the internet
fibern: thread or filament used to make a vegetable tissue, mineral material, or textile
opticsn: the academic study of vision and light
pharmaceuticaladj: relating to the production and selling of the medical drugs
sectorn: a distinct part or division of something often used to refer to a segment of an economy or industry; an area or field of work or activity
conservev: to protect something, especially the natural environment or culture, from change, damage, or destruction
reversev: to change something’s direction, order, position, decision, etc., to the opposite one; (adjective) directed or moving toward the rear
traditionn: a belief, custom, or way of doing something that has been passed down from generation to generation within a group or society
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
curaten: a clergyman who is in charge of a parish; a person in charge of a museum, gallery, or church, responsible for the care and display of its collections and exhibitions; (verb) to carefully select, organize, and maintain items in a collection, exhibition, or presentation
definitionn: a concise explanation of the meaning of a word, phrase, or symbol
outcomen: the result or effect of an action, event, etc.
presupposev: to assume or require as an essential condition or prerequisite; to take for granted or consider as a necessary assumption before further discussion or action
accommodatev: to provide someone with a place to live or to be stored in; to make fit for or to change to suit a new purpose
collaborationn: the act or situation of working together to create or produce something
simultaneouslyadv: at the same time
motivationn: the reason or enthusiasm for acting or behaving in a particular way
infrastructuren: the basic systems, services, or features that are necessary for an organization or country, such as transport and power supplies
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
cooperativeadj: involving doing something jointly or working with others to achieve a common goal
competev: to strive to achieve more success than someone or something
transformationn: a complete change in form, nature, or appearance of someone or something
renderv: to bring someone or something into a particular state; to provide something such as service, help, etc.
obsoleteadj: no longer in use or helpful because something newer or better has been invented and introduced