Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (176 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (48 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

electv: to choose someone for a specific position by voting for them; to decide or choose to do something
slaveryn: the practice or system of owning, buying, and selling people as property and forcing them to work
presidentn: the leader of a republic, for example, the US; the person in charge of the organization such as a company, university, club, etc.
climaxn: the most intense or exciting moment of an event or experience; the point of highest dramatic tension or emotional intensity in a story, plot, or performance
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
gayadj: homosexual; happy, carefree
ballotn: a piece of paper used to cast a vote in an election
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
grantv: to agree to give or allow somebody
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
presidencyn: the office or term of the President of a country or organization
lesbiann: a woman who is attracted romantically and sexually to other women
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
sufferv: to experience pain, distress, or hardship; to undergo or endure something painful or unpleasant
defeatv: to win against somebody in a fight, war, or attempt
immediatelyadv: now or without delay
blamev: to think or say that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad
largelyadv: virtually entirely; to a large degree
incorrectadj: not in accordance with fact or truth or not accurate
polln: an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people; the process of voting at an election
pervasiveadj: spreading or existing throughout every part of a thing or place
homophobian: a strong fear, aversion, or hostility towards people who are homosexual or towards homosexuality itself; discrimination or prejudice against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals based on their sexual orientation or gender identity
grabv: to take hold of something or someone suddenly with a hand, especially in a violent way
coveragen: the reporting or news of an important event, sports, subject, etc.; the amount, range, area, or quality of something that something provides
achievev: to successfully complete a task or goal, often through hard work, perseverance, and dedication; to attain or accomplish something that one has set out to do
racistadj: characterized by or showing discrimination or prejudice against people of other races; (noun) a person with a prejudiced belief that one racial group is superior to others
epithetn: a descriptive word or phrase used to characterize or describe someone or something; a term or nickname that highlights a particular quality, attribute, or characteristic
participatev: to take part in something
rallyv: a public meeting of a group of people intended to arouse enthusiasm
dismissv: to regard something or someone as not important and not worth considering; to terminate someone’s employment
ignorev: to intentionally not listen or pay attention to
resentv: to feel anger, bitterness, or indignation towards someone or something as a result of unfair treatment or perceived injustice; to harbor negative feelings towards someone or something
comparisonn: the consideration or examination of the similarities between two or more people or things
sinkv: to submerge or go down below the surface of a liquid or substance; to decline or deteriorate; to cause something to go down into a liquid substance or sink into something else
competev: to strive to achieve more success than someone or something
overwhelmv: to defeat someone or something by using a great deal of force; to have a strong emotional effect on somebody
frankadj: honest and sincere; open and candid in expression
documentaryn: a film or a radio or television program that gives facts and information about a subject; of or derived from official documents
filmmakern: a person who makes films, typically as a profession
yellv: to shout in a sudden and loud way
instinctn: an inborn behavioral pattern that is often responsive to specific stimuli; an innate feeling that causes you to act or believe that something is true
pitn: a hole in the ground or a cavity in a surface; a place for storing or holding something; a section of a theater or sports arena where people can sit
abstractadj: based on general ideas, feelings, or qualities and not on any a physical or concrete existence
beneficiaryn: a person who receives benefits or advantage from something, especially a financial trust or a will
marchv: to walk militarily with stiff, regular steps
acceleratev: to make something faster or earlier; to cause to develop or progress more quickly
pacen: the speed at which someone or something moves, or the rate at which something happens or changes
shockn: a strong feeling or physical reaction to a sudden and unexpected event or experience, especially something unpleasant
reshapev: to change the form or structure of something
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
institutionalizev: to establish or make something a part of an institution (= a place such as a university, hospital, etc.)
increasinglyadv: more and more
interconnectv: to connect similar things
incredibleadj: unbelievable; enormous
tacticsn: the methods or strategies used to achieve a specific goal or outcome, particularly in the context of military, business, or sports
strategyn: a detailed plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall goal.
visualadj: relating to seeing or sight
timelinen: a series of events arranged in chronological order and displayed along a line, usually drawn left to right or top to bottom
milestonen: an important event or stage in the development or progress of something; a stone by the side of a road to show distances
boycottv: to refuse to buy, use, or patronize a particular product or service as a form of protest or to bring about change; (noun) a deliberate and organized refusal to buy or use a product, service, or organization as a form of protest or to apply pressure for change
protestn: a strong expression of disagreement, disapproval, or opposition
segregationn: the act or process of separating or isolating people, things, or groups based on race, gender, religion, social class, or other characteristics; a political or social system that enforces such separation or isolation
transitn: the act or process of passing through or across a place or state; transportation
refusev: to show that one is not willing to do or accept something
galvanizev: to stimulate or shock someone into taking action; to cover metal containing zinc to protect it from rust
homosexualadj: sexually attracted to people of one’s own sex
illegaladj: not allowed by law
folkn: people in general, especially those of a particular group or type
stonewallv: to refuse to answer questions or provide information; to delay discussion or decision
patronn: a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, or activity; a loyal or regular customer of a particular shop, restaurant, etc.
sparkv: to start something or make it grow, especially suddenly; to emit a tiny piece of fire or electricity
riotn: a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd, characterized by destruction of property, looting, arson, and attacks on individuals
incidentallyadv: by the way; as an aside or in passing
Latinan: a female person of Latin American origin or descent; a term used to refer to women from Latin American countries or with Latin American heritage
forefrontn: the leading or most important position or place; the forefront of a movement or cause
rebellionn: an act of violent or open resistance to an established government or ruler
intersectionn: a point where two or more roads, lines, etc., cross each other
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
racismn: prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against a person or people based on their membership in a particular ethnic group, typically one that is a minority or marginalized
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
identityn: the fact of being who or what somebody or something is; the features, emotions, or ideas that distinguish persons from one another
brutalityn: the quality or state of being cruel or savage
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
seminaladj: highly original, influential, or innovative; containing the seeds or beginnings of future development or growth; (of medicine) of or relating to semen or the male reproductive system
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
brilliantadj: extremely clever, skilled, or impressive
fierceadj: severe and violent in a way that is frightening
advocaten: a person who supports or suggests an idea, development, or way of doing something
testamentn: a thing that proves the existence or truth of something else
ferventadj: characterized by intense or passionate emotion or enthusiasm; showing great warmth or devotion
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
visibleadj: capable of being seen; or open to easy view
inspirev: to make somebody fill with the desire, confidence, or enthusiasm, especially to do something creative
pioneern: inventor; explorer; someone who is among the first to achieve something
jackn: a mechanical device used for lifting or supporting heavy objects
proportionn: a part, share, or amount of something considered in comparative relation to a whole
severv: to break or separate something by cutting, especially suddenly and forcibly
energizev: to give energy or vitality to someone or something; to invigorate
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
declarev: to say, state, or announce something clearly, officially, or publicly
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
celebratedadj: renowned for possessing admirable attributes
groundworkn: the basic or preparatory work or steps that provide a foundation for something
supremeadj: highest in rank, level, or importance
invalidadj: not legally or officially recognized or acceptable; (verb) to remove someone from active duty; (noun) a person who is weakened or disabled by illness or injury
prohibitv: to officially stop something from being done or used, especially by enforcing the law
racialadj: of or related to the race (= classification of humans into groups based on physical traits or social relations)
landmarkn: a notable or important event, place, or achievement; a significant object or feature that serves as a reference point
defendv: to protect someone or something from attack, criticism, danger, etc.
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
deceasedadj: no longer alive; dead
propertyn: a thing or things that belong to someone
heterosexualadj: attracted to individuals of the opposite sex
citev: to refer to something such as a passage, book, etc. as evidence for a theory or as a reason why something has happened
precedentn: a previous event or action that serves as an example or rule to authorize or justify similar events or actions in the future
factoadj: of or relating to facts; done in reality; actually existing or occurring
grapplev: to make a strenuous effort to solve a problem; to engage in a close fight or conflict without weapons
capturev: to catch a person or an animal and confine them in an area which they cannot escape
gearn: a toothed wheel that engages another toothed mechanism to change the speed or direction of transmitted motion; a set of tools, equipment, or other items for a particular purpose
bubblen: a thin, round, and often transparent mass of gas that is surrounded by a thin layer of liquid; a state of economic or social prosperity that is unsustainable and eventually collapses
clipn: a small metal or plastic device used for holding an object or objects together or in place; a short part of electronic media, either an audio clip or video clip
convincev: to persuade someone or make someone believe that something is true
votern: a person who votes or has a legal right to vote in a political election
mastn: a long pole aboard a boat or ship that holds up the sails
AIn: (abbreviation for artificial intelligence) the theory and development of computer systems capable of doing activities that would ordinarily need human intelligence, such as object recognition, speech recognition, decision-making, and language translation
straightadj: extending or moving in one direction without bending or curving; having no deviations
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
representv: to speak, act, or be present on behalf of another person or group; to form or constitute
volunteern: a person who performs or offers to perform a job or service without being paid for or forced to do
amazingadj: extremely surprising, especially in a way that you like or admire
restrictedadj: limited in extent, number, scope, or action, especially by official rules, laws, etc.
blueprintn: a photographic print of an early plan for a building or machine
expandv: to increase or to make something greater in size, number, or importance
amendmentn: the act or the process of changing something, especially a document or proposed new law
turnaroundn: the amount of time needed to prepare a vessel or ship for a return trip; a change or improvement in the condition, performance, or affairs of something
monumentaladj: great in importance or influence, size, extent, or solidity; massive
pathologyn: the study of the nature and cause of diseases and disorders; the medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders
revilev: to criticize, condemn, or verbally abuse someone or something in a highly insulting or contemptuous manner
criminaln: a person who has committed a crime
questn: a long or challenging search for something
dignityn: the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect; high office or rank or station
maintainv: to continue to uphold or sustain; to keep in a particular state or condition; to assert or declare something to be true
inaugurationn: the formal beginning or initiation of something, especially the beginning of a political leader’s term in office; a ceremony marking the beginning of an organization or event
evidentadj: apparent to the mind, senses, or judgment
forebearn: an ancestor or a precursor
internv: to put someone in prison, especially for political or military reasons; (noun) a student or trainee who works, sometimes for free, to get work experience or to fulfill qualification criteria
contextn: the circumstances, facts, or conditions that surround a particular event, situation, or statement and that give it meaning
demonstratev: to display something or give an exhibition to an interested audience
disobediencen: the act of refusing or failing to follow orders or rules
nonviolencen: the use of peaceful means, such as civil disobedience or passive resistance, rather than violence to achieve a goal, especially in the context of political or social change
bedrockn: the solid rock underlying soil or alluvium
relativeadj: considered and evaluated through comparison with something else
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
segregatev: to separate or set apart from others, often based on race, gender, or some other characteristic
urbanadj: relating to or located in a town or city
ruraladj: of or relating to the countryside
immigrantn: a person who has come to a country where they were not born to live there permanently
churchn: a building or institution dedicated to religious worship or activities; a Christian religious organization or denomination
mosquen: a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret (= slender tower with balconies)
synagoguen: (also “shul”) a Jewish house of worship, typically consisting of a hall for prayer and study and often containing a sanctuary, a social hall, and a collection of administrative offices
universaladj: existing or affecting everywhere or everyone
intimateadj: having a very close friendship, personal
brutaladj: harsh or cruel
apartheidn: a system of racial segregation and discrimination that was enforced in South Africa from 1948 to 1994; any similar system of discrimination or segregation based on race, ethnicity, or other factors
ashn: the powdery residue left after the burning of a substance, typically containing minerals and other impurities; the solid remains of a dead person after cremation
discriminatev: to treat a person or particular group of people worse or better than another, especially in an unfair way; to recognize or perceive the difference between people or things
banv: to officially or legally forbid or refuse to allow something
orientationn: a person’s basic attitudes, beliefs, and preferences about particular things; a course introducing a new situation or environment
constitutionn: the set of fundamental principles or established precedents that a state, a country, or an organization is governed by; the act of forming or establishing something
mereadj: used to emphasize how insignificant or minor someone or something is
castv: to cause light or shadow to appear on a surface; to assing or choose someone such as an actor or representative, especially by selection process
chainn: a series of connected links or objects; a system or group of interconnected elements; a restraint or shackle
enhancev: to increase or improve the quality, amount, or strength of someone or something
victoriousadj: being the winner in a game, competition, election, war, etc.