Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (166 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (31 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
immediatelyadv: now or without delay
waryadj: cautious or distrustful, especially because of a previous bad experience
crazyadj: stupid or not sensible; very angry
conspiracyn: a secret agreement between two or more people to perform something harmful or illegal
skepticaladj: doubting that something is accurate or useful
reliableadj: worthy of being relied on; trustworthy
clarifyv: to make something, such as a statement or situation, less confusing and more understandable
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
recommendv: to suggest that someone or something would be a suitable fit for a particular purpose or role
anti-agingadj: designed to prevent or reverse the effects of aging, often referring to cosmetic or medical interventions intended to improve skin elasticity, reduce wrinkles, or promote overall wellness in older adults
rollv: to move in a particular direction by turning over and over or from side to side
unemployedadj: not having a job, although able to work
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
distrustn: a lack of trust or confidence in someone or something
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
presidentn: the leader of a republic, for example, the US; the person in charge of the organization such as a company, university, club, etc.
trumpn: a playing card with a picture of a trumpeter on it, used in certain card games
dividev: to separate or cause to separate into parts or groups
relationn: the way two persons or groups of people feel and act toward one another
crucialadj: extremely vital or necessary
emotionaladj: relating to people’s feelings
anecdoten: a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
elitistadj: believing or showing the belief that some people are naturally superior to others and, therefore, should have more power and privilege
rigv: to prepare or set up something in a certain way, typically in a carefully planned or fraudulent manner; to equip with sails or masts
argumentn: a set of statements or reasons used to support or refute a proposition or theory; a verbal or physical fight or dispute
alternativen: one of two or more available possibilities or choice
debaten: a formal discussion or argument of opposing viewpoints, often to persuade others to adopt a specific position; a public discussion, often on an issue of current interest, in which participants offer opinions and differing perspectives
ridv: to make someone or something free of unwanted or unpleasant tasks, objects, or person
congressn: a formal meeting of the representatives of different countries, constituent states, organizations, trade unions, political parties, or other groups
racialadj: of or related to the race (= classification of humans into groups based on physical traits or social relations)
inequalityn: the unfairness of a society in which some people have more opportunity, money, etc. than others; (mathematics) relation between two values when they are different
draftn: a preliminary version of something that is not yet in its final form
segregationn: the act or process of separating or isolating people, things, or groups based on race, gender, religion, social class, or other characteristics; a political or social system that enforces such separation or isolation
disastern: an unexpected event or series of events that cause widespread damage, destruction, or loss of life
observev: to watch or notice something carefully, often to gather information or insights; to take note of something or someone; to celebrate or commemorate a special event or occasion
discriminatev: to treat a person or particular group of people worse or better than another, especially in an unfair way; to recognize or perceive the difference between people or things
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
unfairadj: not giving equal treatment or opportunities to people involved; marked by injustice, partiality, or deception
legislatev: to make or enact laws; to exert control or influence through the creation or enforcement of laws
povertyn: the condition of being extremely poor
immigrationn: the act or process of coming to live permanently in a foreign country
blindadj: unable to see; unable or unwilling to perceive or understand the true nature of something
rejectv: to refuse to accept, consider, or use something or someone
spotn: a particular location or place; a small round or roundish area, differing in color or feels from the surface around it
departv: to go away or leave, especially to start a journey
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
incrediblyadv: in a way that is very difficult to believe; exceedingly or extremely
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
accuracyn: the state or degree of being exact or correct; the ability to perform something with proficiency and without mistake
disillusionv: to disappoint someone or something because you found that something you believed in or hoped for was not as it seemed
analyzev: to think about in-depth and evaluate to discover essential features or meaning
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
accurateadj: correct and exact in all details
journalistn: a person who collects and writes news stories or articles for newspapers, magazines, radio, television, or other online media
geekn: a person who is highly interested and knowledgeable about a particular subject or field, often to the point of being obsessed
nerdn: a person who is very interested in and knowledgeable about a particular subject such as computers, mathematics, chess, etc.
ignorev: to intentionally not listen or pay attention to
pretensionn: the act of claiming or asserting something, especially without good reason or without evidence; an unfounded or excessive claim or ambition
humbleadj: having or showing a modest or low estimate of one’s quality or importance
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
uncertainadj: not being sure of something; not being able to choose
polln: an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people; the process of voting at an election
attemptn: an act or effort of trying to do something, especially something difficult
predictv: to state beforehand that something will happen in the future, mainly based on knowledge or experience
predictionn: the act of predicting the future by reasoning; a statement made about the future
damagev: to harm or cause injury to something or someone, often resulting in decreased value or functionality; to impair or negatively affect something, such as a reputation or relationship; (noun) harm or injury that is caused to a person, thing, or entity
democracyn: a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so
endeavorv: to make an earnest attempt or effort; to strive or work hard towards a goal or objective
electv: to choose someone for a specific position by voting for them; to decide or choose to do something
electorn: a person who has the right to vote in an election
outcomen: the result or effect of an action, event, etc.
academicadj: associated with schools, colleges, and universities, especially studying and thinking, not with practical skills
inaccurateadj: not completely correct or exact; not conforming to the truth or a standard
diverseadj: including numerous categories of individuals or entities; various
representativen: someone who speaks or acts officially on behalf of another person or group of people
reluctantadj: unwilling or hesitant to do something because of doubts or fears
shockingadj: extremely or surprisingly bad, or causing a strong emotional response such as surprise or disgust
necessarilyadv: in an essential manner; in such a way as could not be otherwise
probabilisticadj: characterized by the influence of chance or probability; involving the use of statistical models or methods to estimate likelihoods or risks
communicatev: to share or exchange information with others by speaking, writing, moving your body, or using other signals
decimaladj: based on or counted in the number 10
temperaturen: the degree of hotness or coldness of a thing or place
votern: a person who votes or has a legal right to vote in a political election
preciseadj: sharply exact or accurate or delimited
sleekadj: smooth and glossy in appearance or texture; streamlined and elegant in design or form; characterized by a polished or refined style or appearance
chartn: a visual display of information such as a diagram, lists of figures, etc.; a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea
visualizev: to form a mental image or concept of something; to make something visible
overstatev: to exaggerate or make something seem more important or serious than it is
certaintyn: the state of being certain
numbadj: unable to feel physical sensation and movement; not showing human feeling or sensitivity
brainn: the organ inside the head that is responsible for one’s movement, thought, memory, and feeling
criticismn: the act of analyzing, evaluating, or judging something, especially literary or artistic work, to find fault with it or to offer suggestions for improvement; the expression of disapproval or censure
buryv: to place a dead body in the ground, grave, or tomb
impreciseadj: not exact or accurate; not clearly stated or defined; lacking in specificity or detail
visualadj: relating to seeing or sight
influenzan: (formal for flu) a highly contagious viral disease that causes fever, severe aching, and catarrh and often occurs in epidemics
roughadj: not quite exact or correct; having or caused by an irregular surface
distributev: to give something to a large number of individuals, or to spread or furnish something
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
encouragev: to give someone support, confidence, or hope; to persuade someone to do or continue to do something by making it easier for them and making them believe it is a good thing to do
jabv: to poke or prod someone or something quickly and forcefully with a pointed object or part of the body; to make a sudden or quick thrusting movement; (noun) the act of administering a vaccination or injection with a needle
specificadj: clearly defined or particular to a certain thing or situation; distinct, explicit, and precise
injusticen: a violation of the rights of others or the laws of a society
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
solitaryadj: existing, living, or doing without others
confinementn: the act of confining or limiting movement, often by keeping someone in a specific place or within a specific area; a state of being physically or emotionally restricted or limited
conceptn: an idea or principle associated with something abstract
fecesn: waste matter eliminated from the bowels; excrement
accidentn: an unfortunate event, especially one causing damage or injury
surveyn: an investigation of the opinions, behavior, etc. of a particular group of people, made by asking people questions
facilityn: a building or place that provides a particular service or is used for a particular industry
redistributev: to share something among people in a different way
misleadv: to cause someone to believe something that is not true
frustratev: to hinder or prevent efforts, plans, or desires from doing, succeeding, or being fulfilled; to make someone feel upset or annoyed because they are unable to change or achieve something
relatev: to establish a connection or association between two or more things; to narrate or tell about an event, experience, or relationship; to empathize or feel sympathy with someone or something
columnn: one of the vertical blocks that split content on a page or screen from top to bottom; an upright pillar that often supports an arch, entablature, or other structure or stands alone as a monument
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
separatev: to force, take, or pull apart; mark as different
regretv: to feel sad, repentant, or disappointed over something you have done or something you have not been able to do
tattoon: a form of body modification made by inserting ink, dyes, or pigments, either permanent or temporary, into the skin to form a design
unavailableadj: not able to be used or accessed; not present, able to be found, or able to be contacted
appendixn: a small, tube-shaped organ attached to the large intestine in humans and some animals, which is believed to play a role in the immune system and digestion; supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
inscrutableadj: difficult to understand or interpret; mysterious or enigmatic; not easily read or deciphered
urinen: a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many other animals that are released from the body when you urinate
volumen: the amount of space occupied by an object or substance; the magnitude of sound
grabv: to take hold of something or someone suddenly with a hand, especially in a violent way
specificallyadv: only associated with or meant for one thing
veiln: a piece of fine cloth worn by women to cover or conceal the face; (verb) to cover, conceal, or obscure
niqabn: a piece of clothing worn by some Muslim women, consisting of a long robe-like garment that covers the body and a face veil that covers all or part of the face, leaving only the eyes visible
contextn: the circumstances, facts, or conditions that surround a particular event, situation, or statement and that give it meaning
zoomv: to move along very quickly; (noun) the act of rising upward into the air
educationaladj: relating to education or providing knowledge or instruction
varyv: to become different in terms of size, shape, etc.
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
nowadaysadv: at the current time, in comparison to the past
axisn: a real or imaginary straight line through a body or figure around which the object turns; a group of countries in special alliance
methodologyn: a set of ways or principles of doing, teaching, or studying something
opaqueadj: not transparent; not allowing light to pass through; not permitting a clear view
boringadj: lacking interest or excitement; tedious or dull
jihadn: a concept in Islam referring to a struggle or effort, often internal, to uphold or defend the faith, which can be interpreted in different ways, including as a spiritual or political struggle
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
scaryadj: causing fear or fright; frightening; intimidating
questionnairen: a form or document containing a series of questions used for surveying or gathering information from a group of people, often used in research, marketing, or social science studies
definev: to state or explain precisely the nature, scope, or meaning of something
peacefuladj: not involving violence, conflict, or war
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
violentadj: involving or caused by physical force or aggression against someone or something
holyadj: of or related to a god, divine power, or a particular religion
unbeliefn: a lack or absence of belief, typically in regard to religion or certain doctrines or ideas; skepticism or doubt
overlapv: to partially cover something by going beyond its edge
optv: to make a choice from a range of possibilities
identifyv: to recognize someone or something and say or prove who or what they are
roughlyadv: approximately but not precisely; with a violent manner
statisticiann: a person who studies or is an expert in statistics
impartialadj: not favoring one side or party over another; fair and unbiased in judgment or opinion
regardlessadv: not paying attention or considering something or someone even if the situation is bad or there are difficulties
servantn: a person who performs duties for others, especially a person employed in a house on domestic duties or as a personal attendant
propn: a piece of wood, metal, etc., placed beneath or against something to support it or keep it in position; a system, institution, or person that gives help or support to someone or something
referv: to direct someone’s attention, thoughts, or questions to another source or person; to mention, cite, or allude to something as evidence or support
bureaun: an office or agency that specializes in a particular type of work, often related to collecting or compiling data or information
laborn: productive work, especially physical work done for wages; the people who do manual or physical work in a country or company for wage; (verb) to work hard or to strive and make an effort to reach a goal
estimatev: to guess or calculate the cost, size, value, etc. of something
bunchn: a grouping of several similar things which are growing or fastened together