Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (148 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look



YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (48 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

skyscrapern: a very tall building, typically one in a city
noisyadj: making a lot of sounds, especially loud or disruptive sound
cabn: a taxi or other vehicle that can be hired for transportation; the compartment from which a vehicle, such as a train or truck, is driven
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
transformv: to change in outward structure or looks;
attractv: to draw or entice someone or something towards them through the qualities they have, especially positive ones
unsuccessfuladj: failing to accomplish an intended result or having an unfavorable outcome; not successful
contributionn: the act of giving something, especially money, to a particular cause or organization; a voluntary gift as of money or service or ideas made to some worthwhile cause
wonkn: a person who is very interested in or knowledgeable about a particular subject, especially one regarded as dry or nerdy
behaviorismn: a psychological approach that emphasizes the study of observable behaviors and the environmental factors that influence them, often without reference to internal mental processes
vestn: a sleeveless garment that is usually worn over a shirt and serves either as a protective layer or as an article of clothing for extra warmth; (verb) to give or confer a right, power, or authority
midtownn: the central area of a city or town, typically a busy commercial or business district
phenomenonn: something that exists and can be perceptible, especially one that is not fully understood
profoundadj: extremely great; sensed or experienced very strongly; displaying a high level of knowledge or comprehension
enormousadj: extremely large or great
impressiveadj: arousing admiration due to size, quality, or skill
stepfathern: a man who is married to one’s mother but is not one’s biological father
accidentn: an unfortunate event, especially one causing damage or injury
firsthandadv: from the source; directly; (adjective) received directly from a source
incredibleadj: unbelievable; enormous
dedicationn: a lot of time and energy that someone puts in for an activity or purpose because they believe it is important
peacefuladj: not involving violence, conflict, or war
cravev: to have a strong desire for something; to long for or want intensely
comfortn: a state of physical ease and freedom from pain or constraint
greeneryn: plant life, especially lush and flourishing vegetation
trespassern: someone who unlawfully enters or intrudes upon someone else’s property or land without permission; a person who intentionally or unintentionally violates boundaries, rules, or limits
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
sightn: the ability to see; anything that is seen
plazan: a public square, marketplace, or similar open area in a town, especially in Spanish-speaking countries
spartanadj: of or relating to Sparta (= a prominent city-state in Laconia, in ancient Greece) or its people; showing self-discipline and determination, especially in the face of hardship or adversity
associatev: to mentally connect someone or something with someone or something else
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
architecturen: the art and science of designing and constructing buildings
desolateadj: deserted, barren, or lonely; causing a feeling of sadness or hopelessness
downrightadj: (especially of something bad) complete and absolute; utter; (adverb) completely and absolutely
architectn: a person whose job is to design plans to be used in making something, such as buildings
plinthn: a heavy base or support on which a statue, column, or other architectural element rests; a platform or pedestal that raises something above its surroundings or provides a solid foundation
toleratev: to allow something to exist or happen, even if it is disliked or opposed
sculpturen: the art of creating three-dimensional objects or forms, typically by carving, modeling, or casting in a variety of materials such as stone, wood, metal, or clay
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
maintainv: to continue to uphold or sustain; to keep in a particular state or condition; to assert or declare something to be true
undesirableadj: not wanted or looked upon favorably; unwanted or unpleasant in nature, character, or appearance
bleakadj: unlikely to be favorable; unpleasantly cold and damp; offering little or no hope
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
commercen: the activity of buying and selling things, especially on a large scale
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
alignv: to put or arrange two or more things in a straight line or to form a straight line
conflictn: a strong disagreement, argument, or a violent clash between two opposing groups or individuals
giganticadj: extremely large
landfilln: a site for the disposal of waste materials
batteryn: a device that is placed inside a car, gadget, equipment, etc. and that provides electrical power to them
sandyadj: covered with or containing sand; (especially of hair color) pale yellowish to yellowish brown
wastelandn: a barren or uncultivated area of land that has been left deserted or uninhabitable, typically due to a natural disaster, pollution, or human destruction; a place or situation that is devoid of life or anything of value
bankruptadj: unable to pay one’s debts; having been reduced to a state of financial ruin; lacking in something essential or fundamental
insaneadj: extremely stupid, crazy, or dangerous; mentally ill
complementv: to improve or make something more appealing by adding or contributing extra features to it
reversev: to change something’s direction, order, position, decision, etc., to the opposite one; (adjective) directed or moving toward the rear
equationn: the act of regarding as equal; (mathematics) a statement that expresses the equality of two expressions by connecting them with the equals sign
affordv: to have enough money or time to be able to buy or do something
sectn: a group of people who follow a particular religious or philosophical belief system, especially one that is regarded as outside the norm or mainstream
esplanaden: a wide, open area, typically by the sea or a river, used for recreational activities or public events
insistv: to say something clearly or demand something forcefully, especially when other people disagree with or oppose what you say
mockupn: a full-scale or scaled-down model or representation of a design or concept, typically used for demonstration, evaluation, or testing purposes before the final product is produced
railingn: a horizontal barrier or fence supported by posts or columns, often used for safety or decorative purposes, particularly on balconies, staircases, or along the edge of a building or platform
benchn: a long, flat surface, often elevated and supported by legs, used for sitting, working, or displaying objects; persons who administer justice
sandn: finely granulated particles of rock or mineral material typically found along beaches, deserts, or riverbeds; used in construction, landscaping, and other applications requiring drainage or abrasive action
swirlv: to move in a circular or spiral pattern
ruinv: to damage, spoil, or demolish something; (noun) an unrecoverable state of devastation and destruction,
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
graniten: a tough, durable, and coarse-grained igneous rock often used in construction for buildings, monuments, and sculptures
commissionern: an official member of a government department or another organization who is responsible for controlling something or performing specific duties
additionn: the act or process of adding something to something else; the process of adding numbers
immigrantn: a person who has come to a country where they were not born to live there permanently
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
prospectn: the possibility or likelihood of something happening or being successful; a person or thing that is likely to succeed or become popular; a potential customer or client; (verb) to explore for useful or valuable things or substances, such as minerals
surroundv: to be all around something or somebody
handlev: to deal with a situation, problem, or strong emotion
assetn: something or someone that is useful or valuable quality, skill, etc.; valuable property
transitn: the act or process of passing through or across a place or state; transportation
puzzlen: a situation that is difficult to follow or solve; a game, problem, or toy that tests a person’s ingenuity or knowledge; (verb) to cause someone to feel confused because of something difficult to understand
redirectv: to change the direction or course of something; to send in a different direction
redov: to do again, usually to correct or improve upon a previous attempt; to renovate or redesign something to make it better or more suitable
zonen: a specific area, region, or section that is marked off or defined in some way
reshapev: to change the form or structure of something
prohibitv: to officially stop something from being done or used, especially by enforcing the law
orientedadj: referring to someone or something that is focused or directed toward a particular goal or objective; organized around a specific principle or approach
unbelievableadj: beyond belief or understanding and extremely surprising
ambitiousadj: having a great desire to attain achievement, power, or wealth
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
approvev: to think that someone or something is favorable, acceptable, or appropriate; to officially accept a plan, request, etc.
fakeadj: not genuine; fraudulent or counterfeit
swelterv: to feel extremely hot and uncomfortable
incrediblyadv: in a way that is very difficult to believe; exceedingly or extremely
geekyadj: characterized by an intense interest or expertise in a particular subject or hobby, sometimes to the detriment of social skills or other interests
predictableadj: capable of being known, seen or declared in advance
subwayn: an underground railway system, typically in a city
exhaustn: the system in a vehicle that removes waste gases from the engine; (verb) to make someone completely tired
enervatev: to weaken or drain someone’s physical, mental, or emotional energy or vitality; to make someone feel exhausted, debilitated, or lacking in strength or enthusiasm
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
abandonv: to leave a place, thing, or person with no intention of returning; (noun) a feeling of extreme emotional intensity
degradev: to make something worse, especially in quality; to show or treat someone in a way that makes them seem no value and do not have the respect or reasonable opinion of others
waterfrontn: the area of land along the edge of a body of water, such as a lake, river, or ocean
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
obligationn: the state of being morally or legally bound to do or pay something
magnificentadj: extremely beautiful and impressive; grand or noble in thought or deed
uplandn: an elevated or high-lying area of land, typically with a higher elevation than the surrounding area, often characterized by hills, mountains, or plateaus
faithn: complete trust in something or someone’s ability or knowledge; a strong belief in religion, divine power, etc.
ferryn: a boat or ship used to transport people, vehicles, or goods across a body of water, especially on a regular schedule
boroughn: a town, city, or district that is an administrative unit, typically smaller than a city
messn: a state of confusion, dirtiness, or untidiness; (verb) to fail to do something or to make something dirty or untidy
essentiallyadv: relating to the essential features or concepts of anything
landlockedadj: referring to a country or region that is surrounded by land with no direct access to the sea or ocean
corporationn: a large company or group of companies that are controlled together by law as a single unit
reclaimv: to take back something previously lost, given, or paid, or ask to have it back
rebuildv: to build again or anew
practicallyadv: almost or nearly
widenv: to become or make something broader, wider, more extensive
laptopn: a portable computer that is small enough to be carried around easily and used on your lap
tapv: to hit someone or something quickly, gently, and often repeatedly; to use existing resources, such as energy, knowledge, etc.
doen: a mature female of mammals of which the male is called a buck, such as a deer or a rabbit
pop-upn: an item, event, or shop that appears or happens suddenly, unexpectedly, and usually for a limited time; (verb) to appear or open suddenly and unexpectedly, as a window or menu on a computer screen
trafficn: the movement of vehicles, people, or goods along a route or through a transport system; the amount of such movement in a particular place or at a particular time
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
elevatev: to raise something from a lower to a higher position; to give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
railwayn: a transportation system consisting of tracks and trains, usually used for the transportation of goods or passengers over long distances
seedn: a small, hard, often round, a reproductive structure that contains a plant’s genetic material and is capable of growing into a new plant
landscapen: an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view; a large area of land, especially in the country and relating to its appearance
viaductn: a long bridge or elevated structure, typically consisting of a series of arches or spans, used to carry a road, railroad, or canal over a valley, gorge, or other obstacle
appointv: to give someone a job or role, especially as a public official or member of an organization; to arrange or decide on a time or a place
demolitionn: the act of destroying or tearing down a building or other structure
priorityn: something that is more important than other things and should be dealt with first
phenomenallyadv: extremely or exceptionally, especially in a way that is surprising
contestn: a competition in which people compete for supremacy in a sport or other activity; a struggle between rivals
terrificadj: causing terror or fear; extremely great or intense; very good or excellent
pitn: a hole in the ground or a cavity in a surface; a place for storing or holding something; a section of a theater or sports arena where people can sit
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
temporarilyadv: for a limited time only or not permanently
disassemblev: to take apart, dismantle, or separate a device, machine, or other objects into its parts or components
gleamv: to reflect light in a way that creates a shining or bright and attractive appearance; to become visible or apparent
nonstopadj: without intermediate stops between source and destination
negotiationn: the process of discussing and reaching an agreement with others
grantv: to agree to give or allow somebody
vigilantadj: keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties
championn: someone who has won first place in a competition; someone who fights for a specific group of people or a belief
outsetn: the beginning of something
violn: a stringed instrument, typically with six strings and frets, played with a bow, also called a viola da gamba
invadev: to enter aggressively into another’s territory by military force for conquest and occupation
ignorev: to intentionally not listen or pay attention to