Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (142 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (32 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

supremeadj: highest in rank, level, or importance
abortionn: the intentional termination of a pregnancy at an early stage
overturnv: to turn something upside down; to upset
roen: the eggs or egg-filled ovaries of female fish, typically used as a food item
wadev: to walk through water that is not deep enough to swim in; to struggle or proceed slowly and laboriously through something, such as a difficult situation or a crowd of people
arguev: to express differing opinions or points of view, often in a heated or contentious manner; to present a case or reasoning to persuade or convince others
creditorn: a person, company, etc. to whom a debtor owes money
cofoundern: one of several people who establishes an organization or starts a business
reproductiveadj: connected with the process of reproduction; relating to reproducing babies, young animals, or plants
behalfn: represent; advantage, benefit, the interest of someone
depressv: to make someone feel sad, low in spirits, or without hope; to make markets, businesses, etc., less active
constitutionaladj: of or relating to a constitution (= the set of fundamental principles), especially of a country or government; existing as an essential characteristic
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
constitutionn: the set of fundamental principles or established precedents that a state, a country, or an organization is governed by; the act of forming or establishing something
overrulev: to make a decision or judgment that is different from an earlier one; to overturn or override a decision or action
underminev: to make someone or something less powerful, less effective, weaker gradually; to make someone’s fame, confidence, or authority less effective or weaker gradually
unavailableadj: not able to be used or accessed; not present, able to be found, or able to be contacted
gaspv: to inhale sharply and audibly, often in response to strong emotion or sensation; to catch one’s breath suddenly, often due to shock or surprise
federaladj: relating to a central government or national authority; refers to government policies, laws, or programs that are implemented at a national level rather than a state or local level
preservev: to keep or maintain a particular quality, feature, etc., especially to prevent it from decaying, being damaged, or being destroyed
decisionn: the act or process of making up someone’s mind about something; a choice or judgment reached after considering options
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
dignityn: the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect; high office or rank or station
opponentn: a person against whom you are playing or fighting in a game, competition, debate, etc.
banv: to officially or legally forbid or refuse to allow something
religionn: a deep conviction in a supernatural power that controls human destiny
fetusn: an unborn or unhatched animal in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature animal
circumstancen: the specific conditions or events that surround a particular situation or occurrence
imposingadj: having an appearance that commands respect and admiration; impressive or grand in scale or size
eliminatev: to remove or get rid of someone or something
alarmingadj: causing concern or apprehension; causing a feeling of danger, harm, or emergency; unsettling or disturbing
infantn: a baby or very young child
mortalityn: the quality or state of being subject to death
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
surgeryn: medical treatment of injuries or diseases involving an incision with instruments and often removing or replacing some parts of the body; the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
proceduren: a way of doing something, especially the official or well-known way
childbirthn: the act or process of giving birth to a baby
restrictionn: a limitation or constraint placed on something, or the act of limiting or constraining something
operatev: to work in a particular way; to supervise something
participatev: to take part in something
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
destinyn: the events that will inevitably happen to a particular person or thing in the future
convincedadj: completely certain about something; having a strong belief or conviction in a particular religion
radicaladj: relating to the essential aspects of anything; far beyond the norm, mainly used of opinions and actions
argumentn: a set of statements or reasons used to support or refute a proposition or theory; a verbal or physical fight or dispute
conferv: to have a meeting or discussion to come to a decision or agreement or exchange ideas; to bestow something
upholdv: to support or defend something, such as a law, idea, decision, etc.
chiefadj: most important or primary; (noun) a person who is in charge
justicen: the quality of being fair and reasonable and treating people equally according to their due
draftn: a preliminary version of something that is not yet in its final form
magicn: beliefs and actions employed to influence supernatural beings and forces; any art or performance that invokes supernatural powers
memoirn: a historical account or biography written from the writer’s knowledge of famous people, places, or events
repudiatev: to reject or disown something or someone
jointadj: shared, held, or made between two or more people; (noun) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton
obtainv: to get something, especially by making a great effort
viabilityn: the ability of something to be successful or to continue to exist
pregnantadj: having a baby or young animal developing in the uterus
territoryn: an area under the control of a ruler or state
permitv: to allow for something to happen or be done; (noun) the act of giving a formal, usually written, authorization
enactv: to make a law; to put something into practice
barriern: a fence or other obstruction that makes it hard to move or get in; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
undueadj: excessive, unwarranted, or improper; not justified by the circumstances; beyond what is appropriate or reasonable
burdenn: a duty, responsibility, etc. that is oppressive or worrisome; a load, typically a heavy one that is difficult to carry
increasinglyadv: more and more
conservativeadj: holding traditional views and values and opposed to change or innovation
dwindlev: to gradually decrease in size, amount, or strength; to become smaller
availv: to help or benefit; to use or take advantage of
countyn: an administrative division of a country or state, typically one of several comprising a larger division
providern: a person or an organization that supplies somebody with something needed or wanted
ruraladj: of or relating to the countryside
disabledadj: having a physical or mental condition that limits someone’s specific actions that most other people can do
difficultyn: a condition or state that causes problems
affordableadj: not expensive and able to pay
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
pendingadj: awaiting a decision or resolution; yet to be resolved
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
suev: to claim a person or organization, especially by filing a legal claim for money or redress
vigilantadj: keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties
bountyn: a reward offered for capturing or killing someone or for accomplishing a specific task
violationn: an action that breaches a law, rule, or agreement; an infringement of rights or duties
clinicn: a building or hospital department where people can go for medical care or advice, especially of a particular condition
criticn: someone who expresses opinions about the quality of books, music, etc.
stretchv: to make or be capable of making anything longer or broader without hurting or breaking
pro-choiceadj: advocating for the right of women to have control over their reproductive health and decisions, especially regarding abortion
legislatorn: a member of a group of people who has the power to make or enact laws
governorn: the person who holds the highest executive office in a state or province
medicationn: a drug or other form of medicine that treats, prevents, or alleviates the symptoms of the disease
criminaln: a person who has committed a crime
prosecutionn: the act of bringing legal charges against someone for a crime they are accused of committing; the legal team responsible for presenting the case against the defendant in a criminal trial
unintendedadj: not planned or meant
strategyn: a detailed plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall goal.
feasibleadj: capable of being or likely to be made, done, or achieved
quittern: a person who gives up easily or does not have the determination to finish what they have started
marblen: a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that has a pattern of lines going through it and takes a high polish used for sculpture and as building material; a small ball made of stone, especially one used in children’s games
staircasen: a set of stairs inside a building, usually with posts and bars that are fixed at the side
proposev: to make a proposal, declare a plan for something
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
belongv: to be the property of someone or something; to be a member or part of a group; to be in the proper or appropriate place
coalitionn: a temporary alliance formed by two or more political parties for combined action; the state of being combined into one body
electv: to choose someone for a specific position by voting for them; to decide or choose to do something
congressn: a formal meeting of the representatives of different countries, constituent states, organizations, trade unions, political parties, or other groups
championn: someone who has won first place in a competition; someone who fights for a specific group of people or a belief
politicallyadv: in a way that relates to the government or public affairs of a nation
wrestv: to forcibly take or pull something away from someone or something else; to obtain something with great effort or struggle; to twist or contort something
reinn: a long, narrow strap attached to a horse’s bit, used to control the animal while riding; a means of controlling or limiting something or someone’s actions and behavior; (verb) to control or restrain something, especially something that is becoming excessive or out of control
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
opposev: to be against or in conflict with something or someone; to resist or to try to prevent something from happening
agendan: a list or outline of things to be done, discussed, or considered
childcaren: a service involving care for other people’s children
universaladj: existing or affecting everywhere or everyone
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
maternaladj: relating to or characteristic of a mother; having feelings that are typical of a caring mother towards her child
paternityn: the state of being a father; the attribution of a specific child to a particular father; the characteristics or traits inherited or passed down from a father
accordn: an official agreement or treaty between two organizations, countries, etc.; (verb) allow to have
diseasen: a disorder or illness that affects the body or mind, often characterized by specific symptoms or abnormal functioning of organs or systems
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
relatev: to establish a connection or association between two or more things; to narrate or tell about an event, experience, or relationship; to empathize or feel sympathy with someone or something
systemicadj: affecting or related to the whole of something, especially the human body or a society
racismn: prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against a person or people based on their membership in a particular ethnic group, typically one that is a minority or marginalized
infertileadj: unable to grow crops or sustain life; not able to produce offspring or offspring that are viable
entitlev: to give someone the right to have or do something; to give a title to someone or something
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
pharmacyn: a place where medicines are prepared and dispensed; a drugstore or chemist’s
prescriptionn: a written or spoken instruction that directs a medical practitioner to prescribe a specific treatment or medication for a patient
walk-inadj: large enough to walk into; not arranged in advance; (noun) someone who arrives without an appointment, referral, or prior notice
doubtn: a feeling of being uncertain about something, especially about how good or accurate it is
importancen: the quality of being important and worthy of note
amendmentn: the act or the process of changing something, especially a document or proposed new law
equityn: the value of the shares issued by a company
guaranteev: to promise something will happen formally, especially that certain conditions about a product, service, or transaction would be met
permanentadj: lasting for a long time without essential change
politiciann: a person who is a member of a government or law-making organization, especially as an elected member of parliament, etc.
pronounn: a word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence, such as “he,” “she,” “they,” or “it”
willy-nillyadv: haphazardly or without a plan; in a disorganized, random, or chaotic manner; (adjective) of or relating to something that is done without thought, order, or planning
counciln: a group of people who have been elected or appointed to make decisions or give advice on a particular subject or in a particular place
legislaturen: a body of elected or appointed representatives who make laws for a country or state
willingnessn: the state of being ready or inclined to do something
direadj: extremely serious or urgent; critical, grave, or disastrous
paraphrasev: to restate or reword a passage in one’s own words, often to clarify or simplify the original meaning
antidoten: a chemical substance or remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison or disease
despairn: the feeling that there is no hope and you cannot do anything to improve a difficult situation

Leave a Reply