Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (136 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (32 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

fordn: a shallow place in a river or stream where it is possible to walk or drive across
Senaten: a legislative body, especially the upper house of a parliament
desperatelyadv: in a way that shows a lack of hope and a willingness to do anything because of the problematic situation; with great urgency
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
editorialadj: relating to the expression of opinions or interpretations in the media
suitn: a set of clothes that are made from the same material; a claim or complaint that a person or organization can file in court against another party; (verb) to be fit or acceptable for
shinyadj: reflecting light and having a bright and smooth surface
pennyn: a small denomination of currency or coin, typically the smallest unit of a currency system; in the US, a coin worth one cent
receptionistn: a person employed at a front desk or in a waiting area of an office, hotel, or other organization, whose job is to greet visitors, answer phones, and perform other general administrative tasks
corridorn: a hallway or passageway, especially one connecting rooms or areas within a building or structure
starkadj: empty, simple, or apparent; devoid of any qualifications
uniformadj: always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences; (noun) the special set of clothes worn by members of a particular group as a means of identification
drainv: to empty or dry something by removing the liquid from it
ruthlesslyadv: without compassion or pity; mercilessly
realisticadj: having or showing a sensible and practical idea that is possible to achieve
invitev: to ask someone to come or join; to offer an opportunity or possibility for something to happen or take place
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
mothn: an insect with wings similar to a butterfly that travels at night and is attracted to light
extraordinaryadj: exceptional, unexpected, very unusual; surpassing the ordinary or usual
uncomfortableadj: providing or feeling physical discomfort or slight pain
environmentn: the natural world such as air, water, and land in which humans, animals, and plants live
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
equivalentn: having the same value, quality, meaning, purpose, etc.
railn: a long, thin piece of metal or wood that is used to make fences or as a support for something; (verb) to complain bitterly
shockn: a strong feeling or physical reaction to a sudden and unexpected event or experience, especially something unpleasant
silentadj: without any or little sound
colleaguen: one of a group of a coworker, especially in a profession or a business
warnv: to make someone aware of potential danger or difficulty, particularly one that may occur in the future
topicn: a subject that is being discussed or written about
militantn: willing to use force or violence to achieve a political or social goal
ruinv: to damage, spoil, or demolish something; (noun) an unrecoverable state of devastation and destruction,
decidev: to make up someone’s mind about something; to come to a conclusion or judgment after considering options
anxiousadj: worried and nervous
boldadj: brave, daring, and confident; not frightened of danger or afraid to say what you feel or to take risks
electv: to choose someone for a specific position by voting for them; to decide or choose to do something
racialadj: of or related to the race (= classification of humans into groups based on physical traits or social relations)
discriminatev: to treat a person or particular group of people worse or better than another, especially in an unfair way; to recognize or perceive the difference between people or things
eternaladj: being without beginning or end; lasting forever
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
quantifiableadj: able to be measured, expressed, or quantified in numerical or statistical terms
disparityn: a significant difference or inequality between two or more things
ignorev: to intentionally not listen or pay attention to
wealthn: a large amount of money, property, or other things that someone or an organization owns
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
healthcaren: the organized activity or business of preserving mental and physical health by preventing or treating illness through services offered by the health profession
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
fortunen: a large amount of money or property; chance or luck as an unknown and arbitrary force affecting human affairs
publiclyadv: in a manner accessible to or observable by the public; by the government
experimentn: the scientific test conducted to observe what happens and gain new knowledge
corporationn: a large company or group of companies that are controlled together by law as a single unit
boardroomn: a room where the board of directors of a company or organization meets
weirdadj: extraordinary, unexpected, or difficult to explain
institutionalizev: to establish or make something a part of an institution (= a place such as a university, hospital, etc.)
grapplev: to make a strenuous effort to solve a problem; to engage in a close fight or conflict without weapons
complainv: to say dissatisfaction or annoyance about something or somebody
elicitv: to obtain information or a reaction from someone, usually with difficulty
sympathyn: the feeling of being sorry for someone who is experiencing a difficult or unpleasant situation; understanding or sharing someone else’s feelings or emotions
citev: to refer to something such as a passage, book, etc. as evidence for a theory or as a reason why something has happened
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
diversityn: the quality or fact of many different types of things or people being included in something; a range of different things or people
threatenv: to utter intentions of injury or punishment against someone
blindadj: unable to see; unable or unwilling to perceive or understand the true nature of something
pretensionn: the act of claiming or asserting something, especially without good reason or without evidence; an unfounded or excessive claim or ambition
surroundv: to be all around something or somebody
bunchn: a grouping of several similar things which are growing or fastened together
accidentaladj: happening or existing by chance or unintentionally
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
embracev: to accept something willingly and enthusiastically; (noun) the act of clasping another person in the arms as in greeting or affection
awkwardadj: making you feel uncomfortable or embarrassed; causing inconvenience or difficulty
spiritn: the part of a person which is the seat of their mind, feelings, and character rather than their physical body; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
debunkv: to expose or dismiss as false, exaggerated, or worthless
stereotypen: a fixed and unvarying idea or image that people have about what someone or something is like, but which is often not true in reality and may cause hurt and offense
drilln: a tool or machine used for making round holes or driving fasteners; a training or practice
breathn: the air that is taken into and expelled from your lungs; the process of taking into and expelling air from your lungs
exasperatedadj: feeling intense irritation or frustration, especially over a persistent problem or difficulty
annoyv: to make someone angry, anxious, or irritating slightly
discomfortn: a feeling of being uncomfortable physically or mentally or being embarrassed; a slight pain
relaxv: to become or cause someone to become less active or tense and calmer
affordv: to have enough money or time to be able to buy or do something
braveadj: showing courage or fearlessness in the face of danger, difficulty, or adversity
entrepreneurn: an individual who creates or invests in one or more businesses, especially when this involves taking financial risks
proactiveadj: acting in advance to deal with an expected difficulty or to take advantage of an opportunity.
honestyn: the quality of being truthful, sincere, and morally upright; adherence to moral and ethical principles
couragen: the ability to face danger, difficulty, uncertainty, or pain without being overcome by fear or despair; the quality of being brave or courageous
braveryn: courage in the face of danger
skipv: to move along lightly and quickly, making a step from one foot to the other with a hop or bounce; to intentionally fail to do something which would normally do
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
quintessencen: the perfect example of a quality or class
inclusiveadj: including much or everything, and especially including stated limits; not excluding any of the people, things, ideas, etc. involved in something
notchn: a V-shaped cut or indentation made in a surface or edge; a level of achievement or success; a point or degree of measurement or comparison
diverseadj: including numerous categories of individuals or entities; various
slaten: a flat piece of rock or stone that is typically used as a roofing or flooring material; a list of candidates for an election arranged in a specific order
candidaten: a person who is seeking or being considered for some kind of position, title, honor, or award; a job applicant
bristlen: a stiff, short hair on a mammal’s skin or a natural or artificial brush; a stiff, sharp point on a plant such as a thorn or a prickle; (verb) to react defensively to something; to stand up stiffly and be rigid
hirev: to give somebody a job
cablen: a set of wires covered by plastic or rubber that carries electricity, phone signals, etc.; a solid thick rope made of twisted hemp or steel wire
franchisen: a legal agreement between two parties in which one party grants the other the right to use or sell its products or services under a specific brand name and business model; a business that operates under such an agreement; the right to vote in an election
saucen: a liquid or semi-solid food served on or used in preparing other foods
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
competitiveadj: involving competition or competitiveness
advantagen: a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favorable or superior position; a beneficial feature or asset that someone or something has
extendv: to broaden in scope, range, or area
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
mathematicsn: the science dealing with the logic of quantities, shapes, spaces, and arrangement
calculationn: the act or process of using numbers to judge an amount of something
intellectn: the ability to think logically and comprehend information, especially at an advanced level
smallpoxn: a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, weakness, spots on the skin, and often death
epidemicn: the widespread outbreak of a particular disease in a large number of people at the same time
ravagev: to cause damage to something badly
stumpv: to cause to be perplexed or confused; (noun) the base part of a tree that remains standing after the tree has been felled
diseasen: a disorder or illness that affects the body or mind, often characterized by specific symptoms or abnormal functioning of organs or systems
unlikelyadj: not probable or likely to happen
dairyn: a room, building, or establishment where milk and milk products are produced and processed; milk and milk products, such as butter and cheese
maidn: a girl or young woman employed to do domestic work
vaccinatev: to treat with a vaccine, usually by injection, to produce immunity against a disease
bovineadj: relating to or resembling cows or cattle; pertaining to the characteristics or behavior of bovines
firmadj: resolute or unwavering in decision-making or action; strong or secure in structure, make, or composition; reliable, trustworthy, or dependable; (noun) a business or company
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
observev: to watch or notice something carefully, often to gather information or insights; to take note of something or someone; to celebrate or commemorate a special event or occasion
purposefuladj: having a specific aim or purpose; determined
intentionallyadv: in a planned or intended way
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
insightn: the ability to gain an accurate and deep understanding of people or situations; an accurate and deep understanding of what something is like
individualn: a single person or thing, as distinct from a group
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
unbelievableadj: beyond belief or understanding and extremely surprising
disconnectv: to unfasten or disjoin something, especially to break the connection between a supply of gas, water, or electricity and a piece of equipment
evictv: to expel someone from a property, especially with the support of the law
brutaladj: harsh or cruel
pragmatistn: a person who practically approaches situations and problems; someone who prioritizes usefulness and functionality over abstract principles or ideals
crackv: to break or cause to break without dividing into separate parts; (noun) a line on the surface of something along which it has separated without breaking
dawnn: the time of day when the sun’s light starts to show in the sky
achievev: to successfully complete a task or goal, often through hard work, perseverance, and dedication; to attain or accomplish something that one has set out to do
weavev: to make cloth, a carpet, a basket, etc., by repeatedly crossing a single thread through two sets of long threads at a right angle to them
fabricn: cloth or other material produced by weaving wool, cotton, silk, etc., used for making clothes, covering furniture, etc.
shrinkv: to become smaller, or to make something smaller in size or amount