Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (133 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (25 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

refugeen: a displaced person who has crossed national borders and who cannot or is unwilling to return home due to political, religious, or economic reasons or because of a war
victimn: a person who has been harmed, injured, or otherwise negatively affected by a particular action, circumstance, or event
oppressv: to treat people in a cruel and authoritarian way, especially by denying them the same freedoms, rights, etc. as other people
cardiologistn: a medical doctor who specializes in the study and treatment of the heart and the circulatory system
politiciann: a person who is a member of a government or law-making organization, especially as an elected member of parliament, etc.
outfitn: a set of clothing worn together, typically for a particular occasion or activity; any cohesive unit such as a company, military, etc.
scarfn: a piece of cloth worn around the neck or head for warmth, cleanliness, fashion, or religious reasons
arrangementn: a plan or preparation for the future event; the action or process of placing things in a particular order
monologuen: a solo speech or performance given by one person, typically in a theatrical or storytelling context, and often used to reveal aspects of the speaker’s thoughts, feelings, or backstory
hijabn: a headscarf traditionally worn by Muslim women to cover their hair and neck
lordn: a person who has general authority, control, or power over others; a man of noble rank or high office
wrapv: to cover or enclose something entirely with paper, cloth, or other material
biasn: a strong feeling in favor of or against one group of people, an idea, or thing, often not based on fair judgment
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
ultimateadj: furthest or highest in degree or order
associatev: to mentally connect someone or something with someone or something else
unconsciousadj: in the state of lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception, especially as the result of a head injury or illness
implicitadj: suggested but not directly expressed
prejudicen: a thought or feeling that is unfair and makes no sense, mainly when it is formed without enough thought or knowledge
ridiculousadj: very silly or unreasonable and deserving to be laughed at
detrimentaladj: causing harm or damage
diversityn: the quality or fact of many different types of things or people being included in something; a range of different things or people
workforcen: all the people who work in a company, industry, country, etc.
influencen: the ability to affect someone’s or something’s character, growth, or behavior, or the effect itself
federaladj: relating to a central government or national authority; refers to government policies, laws, or programs that are implemented at a national level rather than a state or local level
cabinetn: a piece of furniture with doors, shelves, and drawers used for storage or display; a small group of senior members of a government who act as official advisers for the President or Prime Minister
outsetn: the beginning of something
consciousadj: being aware of and able to respond to what is happening around you
discriminatev: to treat a person or particular group of people worse or better than another, especially in an unfair way; to recognize or perceive the difference between people or things
racistadj: characterized by or showing discrimination or prejudice against people of other races; (noun) a person with a prejudiced belief that one racial group is superior to others
lurkv: to wait somewhere secretly, especially because you are about to attack someone or do something bad or illegal
filtern: any of several types of equipment or systems used to separate particles from liquids or gases or to remove specific forms of light
accusev: to charge or criticize someone with a crime or wrongdoing
accusationn: a statement or claim alleging that someone has committed a crime, offense, or wrongdoing; a charge or indictment made against someone
identifyv: to recognize someone or something and say or prove who or what they are
acknowledgedadj: recognized or admitted as being true or valid
mitigatev: to make less severe or less intense; to alleviate or lessen the adverse effects of something
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
disabilityn: a physical or mental condition that makes it difficult for someone to do some things that other people do
normn: something that is regarded as usual, typical, or standard
circumstancen: the specific conditions or events that surround a particular situation or occurrence
dictatev: to state or give order with total authority; to say or read aloud for somebody else to write down or to be recorded
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
ubiquitousadj: being or existing everywhere at once
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
experimentn: the scientific test conducted to observe what happens and gain new knowledge
orchestran: a large group of musicians who play classical music together, usually with instruments such as strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion
apparentlyadv: based on what you have heard or read
presumablyadv: believed to be true or likely based on the available evidence, or supposed to be the case without definite proof
symphonyn: a long musical composition in Western classical music for orchestra, usually with three or four main parts called movements
blindadj: unable to see; unable or unwilling to perceive or understand the true nature of something
auditionn: a performance or test given by an actor, musician, or other performers to demonstrate their abilities and suitability for a particular role or position
immediateadj: happening or done without delay or occurring shortly after something else
clickety-clackn: a repetitive sound that is made by the clicking and clacking of a machine or device
heeln: the rounded back part of the foot below the ankle; someone who is morally reprehensible; (verb) to follow someone or something
hardwoodn: the wood of a broadleaf tree, such as oak, ash, or beech, as contrasted to that of conifers
progressionn: the act or process of changing to the next stage or phase or moving forward
preliminaryadj: serving as a preparation for something more important or extensive; introductory; taking place before the main event or decision
tripleadj: consisting of three items or people; three times as great or many
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
perceptionn: a belief, opinion, or image you have based on how you regard, understand, or interpret something; the ability to see, hear, or notice something through the senses
outcomen: the result or effect of an action, event, etc.
acknowledgev: to accept or admit the existence, reality, or truth of something; to accept that someone or something has a particular authority or quality; to express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for someone’s help, commitment, etc.;
horribleadj: extremely unpleasant or bad; causing fear or disgust
accidentn: an unfortunate event, especially one causing damage or injury
severelyadv: very badly or seriously
injuryn: harm done to a person’s or an animal’s body caused by an accident or an attack
surgeonn: a doctor who is trained to perform medical operations that involve cutting open a person’s body
initiallyadv: at the beginning; at first
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
topicn: a subject that is being discussed or written about
quotan: a limited amount or share of something assigned or allocated; a restriction on the number of people or goods that can enter or leave a country
criticismn: the act of analyzing, evaluating, or judging something, especially literary or artistic work, to find fault with it or to offer suggestions for improvement; the expression of disapproval or censure
meritn: the quality of being particularly good or worthy, especially to deserve praise or reward
chickn: a baby bird, especially a young chicken
sentimentaladj: connected with or resulting from someone’s emotions, rather than reason or realism
identicaladj: being the exact same one
resumev: to continue or begin anew after a pause or interruption
labn: a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a laboratory
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
deemv: to consider or decide something in a particular way
competentadj: having the necessary ability, knowledge, or skill to do something successfully
paradoxn: a statement, situation, or person that has two opposite facts or features and therefore seems impossible, is difficult to understand, or is strange;
ironicadj: using words to express something different from and often opposite to their literal or usual meaning, often for humorous or rhetorical effect
primaryadj: first or highest in rank, order, or importance; most fundamental or essential; pertaining to the initial or introductory stage of something, such as a school year or election cycle
hirev: to give somebody a job
masculineadj: having characteristics or an appearance that are usually regarded as typical or appropriate for men
entertainingadj: providing enjoyment or amusement, especially through being lively or amusing
rigv: to prepare or set up something in a certain way, typically in a carefully planned or fraudulent manner; to equip with sails or masts
surfv: to ride on or through waves while standing or lying down on a board or other object; to search or browse the Internet or other computer networks in a casual or aimless manner
gearn: a toothed wheel that engages another toothed mechanism to change the speed or direction of transmitted motion; a set of tools, equipment, or other items for a particular purpose
brilliantadj: extremely clever, skilled, or impressive
intenseadj: (especially of a feeling) very strong; extremely sharp or severe
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
essentiallyadv: relating to the essential features or concepts of anything
siliconn: a chemical element with the symbol Si that is a hard, brittle crystalline solid with a blue-grey metallic luster and used for the transistors and integrated circuit chips in computers
valleyn: a long depression on the surface of the land, which typically contains a river
bunchn: a grouping of several similar things which are growing or fastened together
technologicaladj: based on scientific and industrial progress
tricklev: to flow or drip slowly and in small amounts; to happen or occur gradually or in small quantities
executiven: a person or group of people with top-level management responsibility in a business or other organization; the branch that is responsible for implementing, administering, and enforcing laws, as well as running the day-to-day operations
fortunateadj: having good luck or lucky
AIn: (abbreviation for artificial intelligence) the theory and development of computer systems capable of doing activities that would ordinarily need human intelligence, such as object recognition, speech recognition, decision-making, and language translation
mentorn: a person who helps and advises a younger or less experienced person over time, usually at work or school
vernacularn: a language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region
attituden: the way you think and feel about someone or something
backgroundn: the details of a person’s social heritage, such as family, vocational or educational experience; past information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem
damnv: to express disapproval of or disappointment in something or someone; to condemn or to curse; (a swear word) an expression of anger
hallwayn: an interior passage or corridor onto which rooms open
poorestadj: having the least wealth or resources
suspiciousadj: making you feel that someone has done something wrong, illegal, or dishonest without any evidence
privilegen: a special right or advantage that only one person or group of people has, usually because they are rich and powerful in a society
amazingadj: extremely surprising, especially in a way that you like or admire
blessingn: a gift or favor from a higher power or force; an act or expression of approval, encouragement, or gratitude; something that brings happiness or good fortune
migratev: to move from one country or region to another and settle there; to move from one place to another periodically or seasonally
blessv: to make or pronounce holy; to hallow; to consecrate; to sanctify
belongv: to be the property of someone or something; to be a member or part of a group; to be in the proper or appropriate place
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
poetryn: poems in general as a genre of literature
slamv: to shut a door or window noisily; to strike something violently or noisily
awardn: a prize or other mark of recognition given in honor of an achievement
inspirationn: something that motivates or encourages someone to create or achieve something, or a feeling of excitement or creativity
oppositionn: the act of disagreeing or resisting; the state of strong disagreement
spectrumn: an ordered array of colors into which a light beam can be split
structuraladj: associated with the way on construction or organization of anything
patiencen: the ability to remain calm and composed in the face of adversity, delay, or frustration; the capacity to tolerate or endure difficult or unpleasant situations without becoming upset or angry
enrollv: to officially register or sign up for something, particularly a course of study, an organization, or a service
gradn: (informal for graduate) a student who has recently graduated or is about to graduate from a school, college, or university
tokenismn: the practice of making a minimal effort to be inclusive or diverse, often by including a small number of people from underrepresented groups in a token or symbolic way, without making any real changes to the systems or structures that maintain inequality
magicn: beliefs and actions employed to influence supernatural beings and forces; any art or performance that invokes supernatural powers
encouragev: to give someone support, confidence, or hope; to persuade someone to do or continue to do something by making it easier for them and making them believe it is a good thing to do
initialadj: of or happening at the beginning; (noun) the first letter of a word, especially a person’s name
betv: to risk money on the result of an event or a competition, such as a race or game, to get more money; to have faith or confidence in something