Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (130 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (19 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

landmarkn: a notable or important event, place, or achievement; a significant object or feature that serves as a reference point
legislationn: a law or a set of laws suggested and then passed by a parliament, or the act of making or enacting laws
expandv: to increase or to make something greater in size, number, or importance
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
educationaladj: relating to education or providing knowledge or instruction
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
gapn: a conspicuous disparity or difference separates something such as a figure, people, their opinions, situation, etc.
awardn: a prize or other mark of recognition given in honor of an achievement
degreen: a unit of measurement for angles, temperature, or level of proficiency or achievement; a rank or level of academic or professional attainment
gendern: the range of characteristics of femininity and masculinity and differentiating between them, especially when considering social and cultural differences rather than differences in biology
inequalityn: the unfairness of a society in which some people have more opportunity, money, etc. than others; (mathematics) relation between two values when they are different
dividev: to separate or cause to separate into parts or groups
probableadj: likely to happen or likely to be true
synonymousadj: having the same or a similar meaning as another word or phrase
advancementn: the development, improvement, or progress of something
needlen: a thin, pointed object typically used for sewing or medical purposes; a metal or plastic instrument used for administering injections or drawing blood
compassn: a navigational instrument for finding directions with a needle that can move easily and that always points to the north; the limit or range of capability
suddenlyadv: quickly and unexpectedly
disorientv: to make someone confused about where they are or where they should go
lagv: to move or develop so slowly that you are behind other people, organizations, etc.
trailn: a path or track roughly through a countryside, mountain, or forest area, often made or used for a particular purpose; (verb) to lag or linger behind
academicadj: associated with schools, colleges, and universities, especially studying and thinking, not with practical skills
economicaladj: providing a satisfactory return on the money, time, or effort; not using more money, fuel, etc. than necessary
advancev: to go or move forward; to develop in a positive way
nationn: a large organized community of people living in a particular country or region and having a particular culture
mathematicsn: the science dealing with the logic of quantities, shapes, spaces, and arrangement
roughlyadv: approximately but not precisely; with a violent manner
essentiallyadv: relating to the essential features or concepts of anything
slightadj: very small in degree or amount
strugglev: to make a great effort to do something when it is difficult, or there are a lot of problems; to use force or violence to break away from restraint or constriction
intersectionn: a point where two or more roads, lines, etc., cross each other
attendv: to be present at an event, to go to a place
backgroundn: the details of a person’s social heritage, such as family, vocational or educational experience; past information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem
eliteadj: belonging to the wealthiest, most potent, best-educated, or best-trained group in a society
graspv: to take hold of something or someone quickly and firmly
starkadj: empty, simple, or apparent; devoid of any qualifications
affluentadj: rich and wealthy; having a lot of money and material wealth
communaladj: belonging to or used by a group rather than individuals; for common use
racialadj: of or related to the race (= classification of humans into groups based on physical traits or social relations)
injusticen: a violation of the rights of others or the laws of a society
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
intentionaladj: done, made or performed with purpose and intent
feministadj: describing a belief in and advocacy for achieving gender equality in social, political, and economic spheres; advocating for the rights and empowerment of women; (noun) a person who believes in and advocates for gender equality between men and women
conspiracyn: a secret agreement between two or more people to perform something harmful or illegal
eventuallyadv: finally, particularly after a long time or a lot of struggle, complications, and so on
overtakev: to catch up to and pass by someone or something that is in front of you, usually about moving vehicles; to come to a point where you become more successful, important, or influential than someone or something else
barriern: a fence or other obstruction that makes it hard to move or get in; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective
advantagen: a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favorable or superior position; a beneficial feature or asset that someone or something has
revn: a measure of the rate at which an engine or motor rotates, often expressed in revolutions per minute (RPM); (verb) to increase the number of rotations per minute
structuraladj: associated with the way on construction or organization of anything
disadvantagen: a drawback or a negative aspect of something; (verb) to put someone or something in an unfavorable position
brainn: the organ inside the head that is responsible for one’s movement, thought, memory, and feeling
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
impulsen: a sudden strong and unreflective wish or need to do something; the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
associatev: to mentally connect someone or something with someone or something else
prefrontaladj: in or about the foremost part of the frontal lobe of the brain
cortexn: the outermost layer of an organ, especially the brain
adolescentn: a young person who is in the process of developing from a child into an adult
referv: to direct someone’s attention, thoughts, or questions to another source or person; to mention, cite, or allude to something as evidence or support
etceteran: used to indicate that some other unspecified items or things could be included besides those already mentioned; and so on
cognitiveadj: of or relating to mental processes of understanding
chemistryn: the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
assignmentn: a duty or task given to someone, usually as part of their job or studies
supposev: to think that something is likely to be actual or possible
enticev: to attract or lure someone with something desirable or tempting
psychologyn: the scientific study of mind and behavior
urgev: to spur on or encourage someone, especially by cheers and shouts; (noun) a strong desire or impulse, especially one that is difficult to control or resist
excitingadj: causing a lot of interest or excitement
crucialadj: extremely vital or necessary
balancen: a condition in which everything has the same weight or force; something left after other parts have been taken away
graden: a particular level of quality, size, importance, etc.
backpackn: a bag or pack that is worn on the back, often used for carrying books, equipment, or supplies
labeln: a small piece of paper, fabric, or other material attached to an object and giving information about it; (verb) to assign to a category
bindv: to tie or fasten someone or something tightly with rope, string, etc. so that they cannot move or are held together strongly
resemblev: to look like or be similar to someone or something
intelligencen: the ability to learn, comprehend, or make judgments or conclusions based on reasons
ignorev: to intentionally not listen or pay attention to
policyn: a set of rules, guidelines, principles, or procedures that govern decision-making or action, often used in the context of business or government; a course of action or plan of action adopted or followed by an organization or individual to achieve a goal or objective
sensitiveadj: able to notice slight changes, signals, or influences; able to feel or perceive other’s feelings; susceptible to the things people say or do
specificadj: clearly defined or particular to a certain thing or situation; distinct, explicit, and precise
vividadj: producing very clear, powerful, and detailed images in the mind
incrediblyadv: in a way that is very difficult to believe; exceedingly or extremely
primaryadj: first or highest in rank, order, or importance; most fundamental or essential; pertaining to the initial or introductory stage of something, such as a school year or election cycle
interactiveadj: acting reciprocally; mutually responsive
dispelv: to remove something, especially a feeling of fear, doubt, and false idea
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
stemn: the central part of something from which other parts can develop or grow; the part of a word common to all its inflected variants; (verb) to grow out of, have roots in, or originate in
pegn: a small cylindrical or tapered pin used to fasten or secure something, such as clothing, on a line, or in carpentry and woodworking; (verb) to fasten or secure something using a peg or similar object; to mark or indicate a level or position using a peg or similar object
diagnosev: to determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a careful analysis
disabilityn: a physical or mental condition that makes it difficult for someone to do some things that other people do
medicn: a person trained to provide medical care, especially in an emergency
medicationn: a drug or other form of medicine that treats, prevents, or alleviates the symptoms of the disease
disablev: to cause someone or something to become unable to function properly or as intended; to incapacitate or immobilize
disabledadj: having a physical or mental condition that limits someone’s specific actions that most other people can do
recruitv: to persuade someone to work for a company; to find new members for an organization, the armed forces, etc.
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
launchv: to send or propel something into the air or space using a device such as a rocket, missile, or spacecraft; to make something available or on sale for the first time
scholarshipn: a grant or payment made to support a student’s education usually awarded based on academic or other achievements
professionn: an occupation or vocation requiring advanced education or specialized training
difficultyn: a condition or state that causes problems
inadvertentlyadv: unintentionally; accidentally; without purpose or deliberate intent
judgen: a person who makes decisions in a court of law; (verb) to determine the result of or form a critical opinion of something
blamev: to think or say that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad
recognizev: to acknowledge or realize something or someone; to identify, remember, or become aware of something that was previously known or encountered
malfunctionv: to fail to operate or work properly; to break down or stop functioning as expected or intended; (noun) a failure or defect in the way a machine, system, or device is supposed to operate
cousinn: the child of your aunt or uncle
zero-sumadj: referring to a situation in which an equal loss offsets each gain; describing a condition in which the total gains and losses balance to zero
damagev: to harm or cause injury to something or someone, often resulting in decreased value or functionality; to impair or negatively affect something, such as a reputation or relationship; (noun) harm or injury that is caused to a person, thing, or entity
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
commissionn: a formal instruction, command, or request given to a person or group; an official group of people entrusted by a government or other official body to control or enforce something
suiciden: the act of killing yourself intentionally
lonelinessn: a state or feeling of being unhappy because you have no connection with other people
belongv: to be the property of someone or something; to be a member or part of a group; to be in the proper or appropriate place
employv: to give somebody a job and pay them for it; to make use of
affordv: to have enough money or time to be able to buy or do something
responsibleadj: answerable or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management
acknowledgev: to accept or admit the existence, reality, or truth of something; to accept that someone or something has a particular authority or quality; to express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for someone’s help, commitment, etc.;
irresponsibleadj: not showing a proper sense of responsibility; not reliable
exploitv: to make full use of and gain an advantage from resources, opportunities, etc.
ballotn: a piece of paper used to cast a vote in an election
vacuumn: a space empty of matter; a device or tool used for cleaning or removing debris by creating suction
neglectv: to not give enough care or attention to something; to leave something undone
reefn: a long chain or range of rocks or sand near the ocean’s surface
aspectn: one part or feature of a situation, problem, subject, etc.
flourishv: to grow or develop vigorously or successfully
feminismn: the belief in and advocacy of equal rights, opportunities, and treatment for all genders, particularly women, and the recognition of the systematic and cultural oppression of women in society
liftv: to raise something to a higher position or level; to pick up something or somebody and move them to a different position
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
conversationn: an informal talk between two or more people to exchange their views, ideas, information, etc.
vulnerableadj: capable of being hurt or influenced physically or mentally