Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (127 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (23 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

labn: a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a laboratory
discoveryn: the act or process of finding information, a place, or an object, or learning about something that was previously not known
swiftadj: happening, moving, or capable of moving quickly
healv: to make a wound or injury to become well again
technologicaladj: based on scientific and industrial progress
chaptern: a separate section of a written work usually numbered and titled
innovationn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
pandemicn: an outbreak of a disease that affects many people over a very wide area
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
approvev: to think that someone or something is favorable, acceptable, or appropriate; to officially accept a plan, request, etc.
syntheticadj: made by combining chemical substances as opposed to being naturally occurring
biologyn: the scientific study of life and the natural processes of living things
nanoscaleadj: on a scale that can be measured in nanometres (= one billionth of a meter); on a very small scale
blockchainn: a system in which a growing list of payment records, called blocks, made in cryptocurrency is maintained across several computers that are securely linked
quantumn: the smallest amount or unit of something, especially (electromagnetic) energy
computev: to make a mathematical calculation
combinev: to join or merge to form a single thing or group
blendv: to mix or combine two or more substances
start-upn: a newly established company or business
venturen: a business project or activity that is risky or daring
fundamentaladj: forming an essential base or core from which everything else develops or is affected
identifyv: to recognize someone or something and say or prove who or what they are
constraintn: a limit or restriction on something, such as an action, behavior, or thought
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
nuclearadj: of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom; deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
fusionn: the process of combining two or more things to form a single entity
mobilityn: the ability to move or be moved freely or easily from one place, job, or social class to another
robotaxin: a type of autonomous vehicle that operates as a taxi service, transporting passengers without the need for a driver
hubn: the central or main part of a particular place, activity, network, etc.; the central part of a car wheel, fan, propeller, etc., through which the shaft or axle passes
emergingadj: starting to exist, mature, or become well-known
intelligencen: the ability to learn, comprehend, or make judgments or conclusions based on reasons
digitaladj: processing or storing information as a succession of 1 and 0 to show that a signal is present or missing; relating to the use of computer technology, especially the internet
platformn: the raised flat space close to the track at a train station where passengers get on or off the train; (technology) a computational or digital environment in which a piece of software is executed
acceleratev: to make something faster or earlier; to cause to develop or progress more quickly
phasen: any stage in a series of events, change, or development
relyv: to require a specific thing or the assistance and support of someone or something to continue, run properly, or succeed.
ecosystemn: all the plants and living creatures in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
cyclen: an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs; a bicycle or motorcycle
disciplinen: the practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using and punishments if these are broken; a region of activity, knowledge, or influence
cooperationn: the act or situation of working together with someone towards a shared purpose, benefit, etc.
competitionn: a situation in which someone is attempting to beat or outperform another
ultimateadj: furthest or highest in degree or order
transformv: to change in outward structure or looks;
ongoingadj: continuing to exist or develop, or currently happening
pioneern: inventor; explorer; someone who is among the first to achieve something
disruptv: to prevent or stop something, especially an event, activity, or process, from continuing in the usual way by causing a problem or disturbance
aerospaceadj: pertaining to the design, engineering, science, and technology related to the Earth’s atmosphere and the exploration or use of space beyond it
reusev: to use something again or more than once
rocketn: a large tube-shaped object that moves very first by a stream of gases let out behind it, used for space travel or as a weapon
spaceshipn: (especially in science fiction) a spacecraft designed to carry a crew into interstellar space
achievev: to successfully complete a task or goal, often through hard work, perseverance, and dedication; to attain or accomplish something that one has set out to do
advancev: to go or move forward; to develop in a positive way
chemicaladj: relating to or connected with chemistry;
verticaladj: upright or perpendicular to a horizontal surface or line
integratev: to combine one thing with another so that they form a whole or work together; to accept equal participation for members of all races and ethnic groups
modularadj: consisting of distinct or separable parts or units that can be joined together and form a complete whole
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
softwaren: a set of computer programs and associated documentation and data for doing particular computational jobs
aspectn: one part or feature of a situation, problem, subject, etc.
creativeadj: relating to or involving the use of skill and original and unusual ideas to create something
physicsn: the science of matter and energy and their interactions
analogadj: relating to or using signals or information represented by a continuous physical quantity such as spatial position, voltage, etc.
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
knightn: a mounted soldier in the past, typically one of noble birth trained to fight in armor; (today in Great Britain) a person honored by the sovereign for personal merit
automatedadj: carried out by machines or computers to replace or decrease human labor
roboticadj: of or relating to mechanical robots; (robotics) the interdisciplinary branch of computer science and engineering with the practical use of robots
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
internaladj: of or relating to the inside of something
metagenomicsn: the study of genetic material recovered from environmental samples rather than from individual organisms to understand the diversity and function of microbial communities
databasen: a large amount of data stored in a computer system in such a way that it can be searched and updated easily
enzymen: a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction
geneticadj: of or relating to genes (= parts of the DNA in cells) or the science of genes
proteinn: a molecule made up of a long chain of amino acids, which is essential for the structure and function of the body’s tissues
microorganismn: a very small living thing that may exist in its single-celled form or as a colony of cells and is too small to be seen without a microscope
mammalianadj: of or relating to mammals, a class of warm-blooded vertebrate animals that typically nurse their young and have hair or fur on their skin; characterized by mammalian qualities, such as nurturing and protective behavior
convergev: to move or draw together at a specific location; (of lines) to move towards the same point where they join or meet
facilityn: a building or place that provides a particular service or is used for a particular industry
operatev: to work in a particular way; to supervise something
investorn: someone who puts money or capital into something to gain financial returns
rethinkv: to consider again a plan, idea, etc., especially to change it
governv: to legally control and direct a country, city, group of people, etc. and be responsible for introducing new laws, organizing and maintaining public services
orientedadj: referring to someone or something that is focused or directed toward a particular goal or objective; organized around a specific principle or approach
nitrogenn: a chemical element with the symbol N and atomic number 7, which is a highly reactive element that forms part of many compounds, including amino acids and proteins
fertilizern: a natural or chemical substance added to soil to make plants grow more successfully
greenhousen: a building with walls and roof made chiefly of transparent material, such as glass, for growing plants in
pollutev: to make an area or substance, such as land, air, water, etc., dirty or harmful to living things by adding waste matter or harmful chemicals
bacterian: single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms that exist in large numbers in the air, water, and soil, and also in living and dead creatures and plants, and are often a cause of disease
intersectv: to meet or cross one another
disciplinaryadj: of or relating to the punishment of people who break the rules; of or relating to a specific field of academic study
concreteadj: existing in a physical or material form rather than an abstract one; based on facts rather than ideas or guesses; made of or covered with cement
commonwealthn: a community of nations or people or a state in which the people hold the supreme power
breakthroughn: a sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development that helps to improve a situation or provide an answer to a problem
calculationn: the act or process of using numbers to judge an amount of something
simulatev: to make a pretense of someone’s behavior or looks; to reproduce something that exists in real life using computers, models, etc., usually for study or training purposes
doableadj: possible to do; capable of existing, taking place, or proving true
corporateadj: of or relating to a large company
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
plasman: (biology) the yellow-colored liquid component of blood, in which blood cells are suspended; (physics) one of the four fundamental states of matter consisting of positive ions and free electrons
collaboratev: to work with someone else to produce or achieve something
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
adoptv: to choose to follow something; to legally take a child from another family and care for them as if they were one’s own
assumev: to think or accept something to be true without having proof of it; to take or begin to have power; to begin to exhibit a specific quality or appearance
prototypen: a first or preliminary example of something such as a device or vehicle from which other forms are developed
anticipatev: to expect or predict that something will happen; to tell in advance
frictionn: the force that opposes motion between two objects in contact, especially by producing heat and wear, and is proportional to the normal force between the objects
aviationn: the activity or process of designing, building, flying, and maintaining aircraft
aimv: to try or plan to get or achieve something
urbanadj: relating to or located in a town or city
fleev: to leave by running away, especially out of fear or danger
mergev: to combine or integrate things, or to cause this to happen
economicsn: the branch of social science that deals with the production, consumption, and transfer of goods and services
lighthousen: a tower or other structure that is equipped with a powerful light designed to guide ships safely to harbor or warn them of impending danger
ruthlessadj: lacking in pity or compassion; willing to do whatever it takes to achieve their goals, regardless of the consequences for others
parametern: a numerical or other measurable factors that characterize a system or set of data
transparentadj: easy to perceive, detect, or understand; (of a material or article) permitting light to pass through freely
circuitn: (in electrical engineering) an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow; a journey or route around a particular place or area
electronn: a tiny particle with the negative electrical charge
fermentationn: the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and the giving off of the heat
petroleumn: a flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons that occurs naturally in certain rock formations and can also be refined to produce fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
cultivatev: to prepare and foster land for growing crops or plants
eliminatev: to remove or get rid of someone or something
congestv: to make something blocked or crowded so as to hinder or prevent freedom of movement or flow of liquid
plaguen: any epidemic disease with a high death rate; (also called pest) a serious, sometimes fatal, infection spread by rats that causes fever and swellings on the body
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
invitev: to ask someone to come or join; to offer an opportunity or possibility for something to happen or take place

Leave a Reply