Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (122 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Advanced Words (36 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

YouTube Post

Vocabulary Builder

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

transportn: a system for moving people or products from one location to another using automobiles, roads, and so on
congestv: to make something blocked or crowded so as to hinder or prevent freedom of movement or flow of liquid
pollutionn: the introduction of harmful substances or waste into the natural environment that causes adverse change
smartphonen: a mobile phone that functions as a computer and connects to the Internet
survivev: to live or exist despite a dangerous event or period
introductionn: a preliminary explanation or remarks given before the start of a text, performance, or event; the act of bringing something new into existence or introducing something to a wider audience or new market
jitneyn: a small bus or van used for transportation, often operating on a fixed route and charging a low fare
inventionn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation; the act of inventing
salespersonn: a person whose job is to sell goods in a shop or directly to customers
cruisen: a voyage on a large ship for pleasure; driving or traveling at a leisurely pace
downtownadv: in or towards the central area of a town or city
hometownn: the town or city where one was born or grew up
trolleyn: a wheeled cart or platform used for transporting items or goods; (in British English) a device for collecting electrical power from an overhead line to power an electric vehicle; (in American English) a shopping cart used in supermarkets
slangn: informal or non-standard language that is often used within a specific group or culture and may not be considered appropriate in a professional or formal context
nickeln: a silver-white metallic element with the symbol Ni, used in many alloys and as a coin; a United States coin worth one-twentieth of a dollar
perspectiven: a confident attitude toward something; a particular style of thinking about something
monopolyn: exclusive control or possession of something, especially an area of business; a board game in which players try to gain a monopoly on real estate
juggernautn: a large, unstoppable force or machine that crushes everything in its path; a powerful and overwhelming force or institution
licensen: an official permission or authorization to do, use, or own something; a legal document that grants the holder the right to perform certain activities, such as driving a car, practicing a profession, or using a particular product or service
pricyadj: expensive or costly; having a high price or worth
installv: to fix furniture, a machine, or a piece of equipment into position so that it can be used; put into an office or a position
perniciousadj: causing harm or destruction, often in a subtle or gradual way
innovationn: the creation of a new device or process resulting from study and experimentation
unfortunateadj: having bad luck or fortune; unlucky
skyrocketv: to rapidly ascend to a very high level; increase rapidly;
statisticsn: the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data
phenomenonn: something that exists and can be perceptible, especially one that is not fully understood
trafficn: the movement of vehicles, people, or goods along a route or through a transport system; the amount of such movement in a particular place or at a particular time
carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
footprintn: a mark of a foot, shoe, or animal’s foot left on a surface
spewv: to eject forcefully and abundantly; to flow out rapidly and in large amounts
idleadj: not working hard or not having a job; useless
hunkn: a large, strong, attractive man; a large piece or chunk, especially meat
steeln: a strong metal alloy made up of iron with typically a few tenths of a percent of carbon used for making things that need a strong structure
skyscrapern: a very tall building, typically one in a city
massn: a large amount of a substance with no definite shape or form; a large number of people or things grouped or crowded together
transitn: the act or process of passing through or across a place or state; transportation
denseadj: containing a large number of people or something with little space between them
sophisticatedadj: having a great deal of worldly experience and knowledge of people’s behavior, culture, and fashion
grandadj: important and large in size, scope, or extent
ambitionn: a strong wish to do or achieve something
ultimateadj: furthest or highest in degree or order
duplicatev: to make or be an exact copy of something; to reproduce something
essentiallyadv: relating to the essential features or concepts of anything
fortunateadj: having good luck or lucky
resoundv: to make a loud, deep sound that echoes
rollv: to move in a particular direction by turning over and over or from side to side
metricadj: using or relating to the meter as a unit of length; a system of related measures that facilitates the quantification of some particular characteristic
carpooln: a group of people who regularly travel together in one vehicle, typically to commute to work or school
exponentialadj: becoming more and more rapid; of or involving mathematical exponents
urbanadj: relating to or located in a town or city
suburbn: an outlying district or residential area of a city or town, typically comprising middle-class and affluent neighborhoods
drivewayn: a private road leading from a street or road to a house or garage, typically providing access for vehicles
commutern: a person who regularly travels long distances between their home and place of work, typically by public transportation or car
launchv: to send or propel something into the air or space using a device such as a rocket, missile, or spacecraft; to make something available or on sale for the first time
commutev: to regularly travel a particular journey, especially between one’s home and place of work; (noun) a regular journey of some distance to and from your place of work
appn: (abbreviation for application) software designed to run on smartphones and other mobile devices or inside a web browser on a PC
hitchv: to move something into a different position jerkily; to travel by getting free rides from motorists; to hook or entangle
governmentn: the group of people with authority to control a country or state
determinantn: a factor, circumstance, or condition that contributes to the shaping, influencing, or determining of a particular outcome or result
criminaln: a person who has committed a crime
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
opportuneadj: suitable or happening at a time that is suitable or convenient for a particular purpose
excitev: to make someone feel suddenly enthusiastic or eager
reclaimv: to take back something previously lost, given, or paid, or ask to have it back
absolutelyadv: without restriction or limitation; completely or utterly
astoundv: to surprise or shock someone with wonder very much
boldadj: brave, daring, and confident; not frightened of danger or afraid to say what you feel or to take risks
braveadj: showing courage or fearlessness in the face of danger, difficulty, or adversity
redesignv: to design something again, especially in a different or modified form; (noun) the process of designing something again
accomplishv: to finish or achieve something successfully
luxuryn: a state of great comfort or sophistication, mainly provided by expensive and beautiful things
brandn: a type of product, service, etc., made by a particular company and sold under a specific name; identification mark on the skin of livestock, criminals, etc., made by burning
badgen: a small emblem or token worn as a symbol of belonging or rank, often used by law enforcement or military organizations
rickshawn: a light two- or three-wheeled passenger carriage, typically pulled by a human runner or cyclist, commonly used in some Asian cities as a mode of transportation
iconn: a picture or statue of a holy person considered to be a sacred thing; a little icon on the screen of a computer or smartphone that denotes an application or a file
Sanskritn: an ancient language of India and an important sacred language in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism; used as a scholarly and literary language in South Asia for thousands of years
mandarinn: an influential and high-ranking official, notably in the civil service; the branch of Chinese, which is the official language of China
sweatn: the salty liquid that is produced by the glands in the skin, especially when the body is hot or under stress
slightlyadv: in a small degree or extent; a little
enigman: a puzzling or mysterious person, place, or thing; something that is difficult or impossible to understand or explain; a riddle or mysterious puzzle that requires a solution
investorn: someone who puts money or capital into something to gain financial returns
entrenchedadj: established firmly and securely
industriousadj: hardworking, diligent, and persistent in effort
fierceadj: severe and violent in a way that is frightening
relentlessadj: persistent and determined; continuing despite difficulties or setbacks
competitorn: a person who participates in a sporting contest; a person or organization that competes with others, particularly in business
controversyn: a lot of discussion and argument about something, often involving strong feelings of anger or disapproval
upsetadj: causing or marked by anxiety, uneasiness, trouble, or grief; (verb) to make someone anxious, unhappy, or angry
entrepreneurn: an individual who creates or invests in one or more businesses, especially when this involves taking financial risks
evidentadj: apparent to the mind, senses, or judgment
cementv: make fast as if with cement; (noun) a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay, used with water, sand, and small stones to make concrete
constantlyadv: all the time
occasionallyadv: now and then; sometimes but not often
madadj: insane, especially due to a mental illness; very angry
helln: the place thought to be where bad people go and are punished after death, often depicted as being located beneath the earth; an extraordinarily unpleasant or difficult place
feen: a sum of money charged for a particular service
claimv: to assert that something is true; to demand or request something as one’s own; to lay legal or moral right to something; (noun) a demand or assertion of a right or something that one believes to be true
affordv: to have enough money or time to be able to buy or do something
originn: the first existence or beginning of something
summonv: to order someone to come to or be present at a specific place such as a court, or to arrange a meeting formally
economyn: the system by which a country or region produces manages, and distributes goods and services, including the money and finances involved in these activities; (of an airline) the lowest-priced, most basic option for seating in commercial travel
visionaryadj: having or showing exceptional foresight and imagination; not practical or realizable; speculative
divern: a person who dives, especially one who does so professionally or as a sport; a bird that dives into the water to catch fish or other prey
pickupn: a type of vehicle with an open-air cargo bed at the back used for transporting goods or equipment; the act of collecting or gathering someone or something from a particular location; a warrant to take someone into custody
mathematicsn: the science dealing with the logic of quantities, shapes, spaces, and arrangement
incredibleadj: unbelievable; enormous
hypen: advertisements and media discussions informing the public about a product and how nice or vital it is
transitionn: the process or period of changing from one state or circumstance to another
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
manufacturev: to make goods in large numbers, usually in a factory using machines
trillionn: the number 1,000,000,000,000; a million million
frustratev: to hinder or prevent efforts, plans, or desires from doing, succeeding, or being fulfilled; to make someone feel upset or annoyed because they are unable to change or achieve something
anxiousadj: worried and nervous
improvisationn: the act of making something up on the spot or creating or performing something without preparation
anxietyn: a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something that is happening or might happen in the future
optimisticadj: hoping or expecting that good thing will happen or something will be successful
resistv: to refuse to accept something and attempt to prevent it from happening
embracev: to accept something willingly and enthusiastically; (noun) the act of clasping another person in the arms as in greeting or affection
optimistn: a person who tends to expect the best in all things and to be hopeful and confident about the future
vocationaladj: of or relating to an occupation or employment; providing or undergoing training in special skills that prepare you for a particular job
gratefuladj: feeling or showing an appreciation of kindness; thankful