Important (Read me first!)

This post is a commentary and does not contain any copyrighted material of the reference source.

We strongly recommend accessing/buying the reference source at the same time.

Reference Source

You can understand each word more deeply by utilizing the following YouTube Posts and PDF files.
Also, see how to use Englist.me?

All Words (108 Words)

You can learn all the words from basic to advanced levels in the order they appear in the contents.
If you want learn all words quickly, you can use Quick Look Video.

Quick Look


Advanced Words (23 Words)

If you are confident in your vocabulary, you may prefer to study with content that covers only advanced-level words.

Word List

You can quickly review the words in this content from the list below.

carbonn: a chemical element that can be found in pure form as diamond or graphite, and it is also an essential part of coal and oil and is found in all plants and animals
removaln: the act of taking something away or off from a particular place
woollyadj: covered with thick, soft, and often curly hair or fibers; lacking clarity or precision
gorgeousadj: wonderful and attractive
obviousadj: easy to see, discover or understand
climaten: the weather in a particular location averaged over some long period
involvev: to include or affect someone or something as a necessary part of something else
atmospheren: the mass of air that surrounds the Earth; the pervading tone or mood of a place, situation, or creative work
controversialadj: causing a lot of hot public discussion and dispute
boardroomn: a room where the board of directors of a company or organization meets
shockn: a strong feeling or physical reaction to a sudden and unexpected event or experience, especially something unpleasant
utterlyadv: completely or absolutely
scenarion: a description of possible actions or events in the future; a written outline of a play, film, or literary work
commissionn: a formal instruction, command, or request given to a person or group; an official group of people entrusted by a government or other official body to control or enforce something
paneln: a square or rectangular and flat piece of something that forms a distinct section or component of something; a small group of specialists who discuss particular topics or give their advice or opinion about something
reductionn: a decrease in size, amount, or degree
floodn: a large amount of water flowing beyond its normal limits; an overwhelming number or amount
droughtn: a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain, leading to a shortage of water and often causing damage to crops and other vegetation
historicadj: famous or significant in history, or potentially so
emissionn: the act of production or sending out gas, heat, light, etc.
messn: a state of confusion, dirtiness, or untidiness; (verb) to fail to do something or to make something dirty or untidy
healv: to make a wound or injury to become well again
futuristn: a person who studies or predicts trends and developments, particularly in science, technology, or social systems, to anticipate what the future may hold
technologicaladj: based on scientific and industrial progress
chromen: a type of polished metal that is highly reflective and has a mirror-like finish; a web browser developed by Google
soiln: the top layer of Earth in which plants grow
undergroundadj: under the surface of the ground; a secret group organized to achieve a specific purpose, such as overthrowing the government or occupying a force
combinationn: a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities
ingenuityn: the quality of inventing things or solving problems in clever new ways
spectrumn: an ordered array of colors into which a light beam can be split
astonishingadj: surprising or shocking; difficult to believe
incredibleadj: unbelievable; enormous
capturev: to catch a person or an animal and confine them in an area which they cannot escape
fosterv: to promoto growth; to take care of another person’s child, usually for a limited time, without becoming their legal parents
biodiversityn: the number and variety of plants and animals that exist in a particular area or the world and make a balanced environment
competev: to strive to achieve more success than someone or something
survivev: to live or exist despite a dangerous event or period
deliberatelyadv: done in an intentional or slow and careful manner
buryv: to place a dead body in the ground, grave, or tomb
processn: a series of actions or operations performed to achieve a particular outcome or goal; a systematic procedure or approach used to accomplish a specific task or objective; a method of treating milk to make it suitable for consumption or use in other dairy products
sidelinen: a secondary or less significant job, interest, or activity; a line on the side of a sports field that players must stay behind; (verb) to remove someone from their position or role, often temporarily or as a result of a setback or failure
movementn: a group of people working together to achieve a shared goal, especially a political, social, or artistic one; the process of moving or being moved, physically or figuratively
modernadj: of or belonging to the present time or recent times
high-riseadj: describing a tall building or structure that has many floors or levels above the ground, often used to describe residential or commercial buildings in urban areas with multiple stories
secondlyadv: used to introduce the second point or item in a list or series of statements, considerations, etc.
displacev: to force someone or something to leave their home or place of origin, especially as a result of conflict, natural disaster, or manipulation
concreteadj: existing in a physical or material form rather than an abstract one; based on facts rather than ideas or guesses; made of or covered with cement
agriculturen: the practice or science of cultivating the land or raising stock
biocharn: a material produced by heating organic matter under low-oxygen conditions often used as a fertilizer or soil amendment
absencen: the fact or condition of being away from a place where they are typically anticipated to be
oxygenn: the chemical element with the symbol O that is present in air and water and is necessary for people, animals, and plants to live
indigenousadj: someone or something that is native to or occurring naturally in a particular place
generationn: all the people born and living at about the same time, regarded collectively; the production of heat or electricity
improvev: to make or become better
wisdomn: the quality of being wise, or the ability to use your knowledge and experience to make sensible decisions
basaltn: a dark, fine-grained volcanic rock that forms from the solidification of lava
volcanicadj: relating to or produced by or consisting of volcano
naturallyadv: as might be expected; by natural manners
chemicaladj: relating to or connected with chemistry;
unfortunatelyadv: by bad luck; unluckily
grindv: to reduce something to small particles or powder by crushing or rubbing it; to work hard over a long period of time
mineraln: a solid inorganic substance occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
bugbearn: a cause of dread or irritation; a persistent problem or source of annoyance; an imaginary creature used to frighten children
acidificationn: the act or process of becoming acid or making something become acid
croplandn: land used for growing crops, typically for agricultural purposes
chunkn: a thick and solid mass or piece of something
massiveadj: enormous amount; very heavy and solid
fann: a person who admires and supports a person, group, sport, sports team, etc.; a device for creating a current of air by the movement of a surface or surfaces
devicen: a piece of equipment, tool, or technology that serves a particular purpose or function, often mechanical or electronic
geologyn: a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
impressiveadj: arousing admiration due to size, quality, or skill
engineern: a person whose job is designing, building, or maintaining something such as machines, structures, or software
aimv: to try or plan to get or achieve something
originn: the first existence or beginning of something
squeezev: to apply pressure from two or more sides; to hold someone or something tightly in your arms, usually with fondness
poetryn: poems in general as a genre of literature
reversev: to change something’s direction, order, position, decision, etc., to the opposite one; (adjective) directed or moving toward the rear
valven: a device for controlling the flow of a fluid or gas through a pipe or duct by means of a movable part that opens, closes, or restricts the opening
operatev: to work in a particular way; to supervise something
geothermaladj: relating to or produced by the internal heat of the earth; often used to refer to energy produced by tapping into the natural heat of the earth
fossiln: any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing that has become hard and turned into rock
fueln: a substance that is typically burned to generate heat or energy
techniquen: a particular way or art of doing something that needs skill
investv: to put money, effort, time, etc. into something to make a profit or achieve a result
developv: to grow or expand; to improve or refine through a process of progress and refinement, often to achieve greater sophistication or complexity; to elaborate or add detail to something that is in the process of being created
curven: a bend or angle in a line or surface that deviates from a straight or flat path; a gradual or smooth change in direction or shape
affordableadj: not expensive and able to pay
conventionaladj: based on or following traditional rules, standards, customs, etc.
offsetv: to compensate for or counterbalance one influence against an opposing influence
commitmentn: a promise or firm decision to do something or to behave in a certain way
financen: the management of money, credit, banking, and investments, especially by a government or commercial organization; the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
couragen: the ability to face danger, difficulty, uncertainty, or pain without being overcome by fear or despair; the quality of being brave or courageous
confidencen: the feeling or attitude that one can trust or rely on the abilities or good qualities of someone or something
neatadj: clean or tidy, with everything in its place
islen: a small island, especially one in the sea
nativeadj: connecting with or describing someone’s birth country or place of birth, or someone born in a specific country or place
boarn: a wild pig, especially a male with tusks
undergrowthn: the plants, bushes, and vegetation that grow beneath the surface of a forest or woodland; the layer of plant life that exists at ground level beneath the taller trees and shrubs in a natural ecosystem
grazev: to feed on grass or other vegetation, especially by nibbling at it repeatedly; to break the skin of a body part by scraping
broadleafadj: having broad, flat leaves, as opposed to needle-like or narrow leaves; used to describe a type of plant or foliage; (noun) a type of plant or tree with wide, flat leaves, as opposed to narrow or needle-like leaves
oakn: a large deciduous tree that is common in northern regions and produces small nuts called acorns
beechn: a type of deciduous tree often used for timber or ornamental purposes
quarryn: a place where a stone or other materials are extracted from the ground; an animal or a person that is the target of hunting
scalableadj: capable of being easily expanded or increased in size, number, or scale to meet changing demands
damn: a wall constructed over a river to block the flow of water, mainly used to generate energy
healingn: the process of becoming or making somebody or something well again
hillsiden: the sloping side of a hill or mountain; a landscape feature characterized by a natural gradient or incline
emotionn: a strong feeling such as love, anger, etc. deriving from one’s situation, mood, or relationships with others

Leave a Reply